*Sh. Samrat Bandopadhyay
Nestled in the throbbing business arterial route of EM Bypass in Kolkata, the Science City of Kolkata is the largest science center of the Indian subcontinent and one of the finest in the world. Managed by National Council of Science Museums (NCSM), Ministry of Culture, Government of India, the first phase of the centre was thrown open to public in 1997 and the second phase in 2010. The sprawling green campus presenting Science and Technology in a stimulating and engaging manner to visitors of all age groups, including children, is actually built on a previous landfill area of the city. The environment conscious institute today is a place to experience and relive the living history and traditional culture of bygone days. The solid waste management here is also an example for building structures on an eco-friendly and environmentally sustainable basis.
Science City is the place where visitors throng to cherish and relive the ambience of excitement of dinosaur era in the ‘Evolution Park’ as one walks through the evolutionary phases of life and has a glimpse of those gigantic extinct animals of the past.
The Age of Science and Technology has grown by leaps and bounds. Central Government’s tremendous efforts towards a ‘DIGITAL INDIA’ find a living example in this vibrant learning campus. The digital technology opens a plethora of opportunities for visitors to experience living moments, expositions and immersive images with extraordinary variety.
The decision of the Culture Ministry to provide a facelift to the existing 2D theatre replacing it with a 3D full dome space theatre system with a particularly high resolution imagery and state-of-art LED dome lighting, sound system along with comfortable seating arrangement, will provide an enthralling and vivid experience that will be etched in visitors’ minds even after leaving the campus of Science City. Scientific phenomena explained through a narrative are set to appeal to the young minds of the country. The erstwhile Space Theatre was first of its kind facility in the country that attracted around 7.2 million footfalls during its operation for two decades. The Ministry of Culture’s plan to fund about 20 cr for the switch from existing 2D celluloid based film projection system to a 3D digital immersive projection system for the theatre will augment a new chapter in its modernization approach and capture the eyeballs of the visitors to a new unprecedented level. The fully built technologically advanced dome will have the scope to display wide range of topics from astronomy, geosciences to other natural scientific phenomena. The Facility which will be ready for visitors by December of 2018 will certainly be a milestone in the field of scientific explorations.
The renovation of the Science City will be a value add-on to the learning experience for sightseers with a scientific temper and an enduring appreciation for the innovativeness of engineering marvels by architecture professionals and civil engineers of the region. A case in point is the ‘DYNAMOTION’ building architecture, which houses a plethora of interactive exhibits on physical science, along with a unique experience of walking on the floor piano and creating mesmerizing music as one walk past the space.
In the Science Park, people come close to nature with flora and fauna in an environment friendly surrounding and help learn and synergize the basic tenets of science in an all-inclusive manner. The Park’s interactive exhibits are simulative to that learning experience of our age old tradition and interactive kiosks with multimedia facility are an add-on to the learning experience.
Another striking section of Science City is the ‘Digital Panorama on Human Evolution’ which provides a 360 degree view of a narrative in a video format in a huge cylindrical screen. Started in 2016 it is the first of its kind in the country. The presentation hall presents exhibits and mannequins depicting pre-historic human species with varied flora and fauna of those times. There is an awe-inspiring feeling of moving in a space ship as one gazes at the screen unfolding all around. The Science and Technology Heritage of India exhibition gallery houses dioramas exhibiting emerging technologies over the ages with a special focus on mathematics, basic science and scientific development of Metallurgy, Information Technology, Medical Science and town planning of ancient India. The curator of this fascinating exhibition put special emphasis on the fact that the Indian Civilization dated back more than 7000 hours while all other civilizations of the world are less than 5000 year old.
The Science City of Kolkata resembles a living architecture of a modern era, typifying a blend of ‘SMART CITY’ with ‘DIGITAL INDIA’ and ethos of ‘MAKE IN INDIA’ built and weaved on the fabric of culture and tradition of the rich and diverse heritage of modern ‘NEW INDIA’!!
*Sh. Samrat Bandopadhyay is Deputy Director (M&C), PIB, Kolkata