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Government of India

Year End Review – 2018- Ministry of Finance

Year End Review – 2018- Ministry of Finance 

The Indian Government has made significant strides in the last 4 years in taking India to new heights in terms of the welfare of the citizenry, the overall structure& growth of the economy, and creating a strong presence as an emerging global power.

To fuel such achievements, the Government has worked tirelessly for shouldering a number of bold and important socio-economic reforms. The Government has undertaken its reform drive with the spirit of inclusiveness of the marginalized and hitherto socio-economically neglected classes in the overall development process. To this end, right at the beginning of its term, the Government came-up with the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana(PMJDY) in August 2014, for giving space to the deprived classes into the formal banking system and making Financial Inclusion as its prime goal. Pradhan Mantri Jan DhanYojana’s success has led to the creation of the much needed financial infrastructure, which serves as a runway for taking-off other Social Security Schemes like Atal Pension Yojana (APY), Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana(PMSBY) and Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana(PMJJBY).

Taking a step further towards up-liftment of the neglected, the Government recognized the need for targeted welfare reforms to cater to special needs of certain sections of the society. In this direction, the Government came-up with Pradhan Mantri Sukanya Samridhi Yojana, which provides financial security to the girl child when she grows up.

Not only financial security, but also the financial independence of the women was taken care of through Stand Up India Scheme, which expands its ambit to Schedule Castes and Schedule Tribes. Stand Up India gives subsidized loans to harness and ignite the latent entrepreneurial zeal of the hitherto disadvantaged communities.

Financial needs of all the stakeholders ranging from the budding entrepreneurs to the hard-working farmers have also been catered to through various initiatives.An important initiative in this direction is the Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana. During the Financial Year 2018-19, the number of loans sanctioned are 2,81,08,814 with total amount sanctioned worth Rs.1,48,503.57 Crore, with total amount disbursed Rs.1,42,009.91 Crore.

Alongside the farmer’s needs have also been addressed. The Kisan Credit Card Scheme (KCC) was strengthened for contributing towards the liberation of peasantry from the shackles of exploitative money lenders by improving their access to formal credit.

Reforms and initiatives like GST, Demonetization, Operation Clean Money and Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code have made the Indian economy more efficient and transparentand haveensured financial discipline along with better compliance.

The success of Government’s policies is further reaffirmed and underscored when the International Organizations like the World Bank and IMF recognize India as the fastest growing Emerging Economyin the world and applaud the resilient and stable growth India has witnessed.

According to a recent World Bank report, India is a top improver in the Ease of Doing Business Rankings for the second year in a row. India has improved 65 places from 142 to 77 in span of last 4 years which is a remarkable achievement in itself.

A Department-wise description of the Major Activities undertaken during the year 2018 is as follows.

Department of Economic Affairs (DEA)

Overall fundamentals of the economy remained strong for the Year 2018-19

Macroeconomic Indicator For Year 2018-19
GDP Growth Rate (%) 7.1 (Up to Q2)
CPI 3.9% (Q2)
WPI 4.64% (over November, 2017)
Current Account Deficit (CAD) US$ 15.8 billion (Q1)
Trade Deficit US$ 45.7 billion (Q1)
External Debt to GDP Ratio (%) 20.5% ( till March, 2018)
FDI Inflows US $16,868 million (April –June, 2018)
Foreign Exchange Reserves US$ 393.7 billion

(As on November 30, 2018)

(Source; RBI Bulletin,PIB Website)

GDP and the Economy

The Indian Economy is on track to maintain a high growth rate in the current global environment.

The share of Indian economy in world(measured as a ratio of India’s GDP to world’s GDP at current US$) increased from 2.6 percent in 2014 to 3.2 percent in 2017 (as per World Development Indicators database). The average share of Indian economy in world during 1960 to 2013 was 1.8 percent. The average growth of the Indian economy during 2014-15 to 2017-18 was 7.3 per cent, fastest among the major economies in the world.

Indian economy is projected to be the fastest growing major economy in 2018-19 and 2019-20 (International Monetary Fund October 2018 database). This is borne by GDP growth of 7.6 per cent in the first half of 2018-19.

The Second Quarter has seen a reasonable overall GDP growth of 7.1%.  The H-1 2018-19 growth of the GDP is 7.6% and the H-1 GVA growth is 7.4%.  The Growth in the Second Quarter is on higher base compared to the growth of the First Quarter.

The Manufacturing Growth on a base of 7.1% in Q2 2017-18 has been 7.4% in Q2 of 2018-19.  The Construction Sector has grown by 7.8%.  The Gross Fixed Capital Formation as a ratio of GDP has increased by almost 1.3 percentage points over Q2 of last year.  The Exports for Q-2 have grown by 13.4%.  The Government consumption for the Quarter has also significantly increased by 12.7%.


This is ratified in the reports of International Organizations like World Economic Forum.

As per the World Economic Situation and Prospects 2018 Report of the United Nations, the outlook for India remains largely positive, underpinned by robust private consumption and public investment as well as ongoing structural reforms.

According to the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business 2018 Report, India’s ranking improved by 65 positions to 77th rank in 2018. 

The Government of India has taken various initiatives to improve the confidence in the Indian economy and boost the growth of the economy and which, inter-alia, include; fillip to manufacturing, concrete measures for transport and power sectors as well as other urban and rural infrastructure, comprehensive reforms in the foreign direct investment policy, special package for textile industry, push to infrastructure development by giving infrastructure status to affordable housing and focus on coastal connectivity.

Inflation during 2017-18 Averaged to the Lowest in the Last Six Years 

Inflation in the country continued to moderate during 2017-18. Consumer Price Index(CPI) based headline inflation averaged 3.3 per cent during the period which is the lowest in the last six financial years. This has been stated in the Economic Survey 2017-18 placed in Parliament by the Union Minister for Finance and Corporate Affairs, Shri Arun Jaitley.

This progress is a result of a number of initiatives and reforms undertaken by the government which follows in the subsequent pages.

Curbing Black Money

 The Government first targeted the black money outside India.  Asset holders were asked to bring this money back on payment of penal tax. Those who failed to do so are being prosecuted under the Black Money Act.  Details of all accounts and assets abroad which have reached the Government resulted in action against the violators.

 Steps for Curbing the Black Money stashed abroad has led to Positive Results

The Government of India has taken various steps for curbing the black money stashed abroad, which has led to positive results. These steps include the following:

  1. India has been a leading force in the efforts to forge a multi-lateral regime for proactive sharing of Financial Information known as Automatic Exchange of Information (AEOI) which will greatly assist the global efforts to combat tax evasion. The AEOI based on Common Reporting Standard (CRS) has commenced from 2017 enabling India to receive financial account information of Indian residents in other countries.
  2. India has also entered into information sharing agreement with the USA under the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) of USA. The exchanges under FATCA have taken place for the financial years 2014, 2015 and 2016.
  3. Indian Money in Swiss Bank: The data collected by Swiss National Bank in collaboration with Bank for International Settlements (BIS) shows that the loans and deposits of Indians, other than Banks, in the Swiss banks decreased by 34.5% in the year 2017 as compared to 2016. Further, there has been significant reduction in Swiss non-bank loans and deposits of Indians by 80.2% between 2013 and 2017.

  Unearthing Benami Property

  • Income Tax Department steps-up actions under Prohibition of Benami Property Transactions Act : Benami properties of more than Rs. 3,500 crore in more than 900 cases attached

Cabinet approves appointment of Adjudicating Authority and establishment of Appellate Tribunal under Prohibition of Benami Property Transactions Act, 1988. The approval will result in effective and better administration of cases referred to the Adjudicating Authority and speedy disposal of appeals filed against the order of the Adjudicating Authority before the Appellate Tribunal.

  • New Benami Transactions Informants Reward Scheme, 2018 was launched by the Income Tax Department’

Under the Benami Transactions Informants Reward Scheme, 2018, a person can get reward up to Rs. One crore for giving specific information in prescribed manner to the Joint or Additional Commissioners of Benami Prohibition Units (BPUs) in Investigation Directorates of Income Tax Department about benami transactions and properties as well as proceeds from such properties which are actionable under Benami Property Transactions Act, 1988, as amended by Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Amendment Act, 2016.

  • Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill

With the assent of the President of India, the Fugitive Economic Offenders Ordinance, 2018 was promulgated; New law laid down the measures to empower Indian authorities to attach and confiscate the proceeds of crime associated with economic offenders and the properties of the economic offenders.

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri NarendraModi, has approved the proposal of the Ministry of Finance to introduce the Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill, 2018 in Parliament.  The Bill would help in laying down measures to deter economic offenders from evading the process of Indian law by remaining outside the jurisdiction of Indian courts.

 The cases where the total value involved in such offences is Rs.100 crore or more, will come under the purview of this Bill.



The Bill is expected to re-establish the rule of law with respect to the fugitive economic offenders as they would be forced to return to India to face trial for scheduled offences. This would also help the banks and other financial institutions to achieve higher recovery from financial defaults committed by such fugitive economic offenders, improving the financial health of such institutions.

  • ShellCompanies

Task Force on Shell Companies took pro-active and coordinated steps to check the menace of shell companies: The major achievements of the Task Force include the compilation of a database of shell companies by SFIO. This database, as on date, comprises of 3 lists, viz the Confirmed List, Derived List and Suspect List. The Confirmed List has a total of 16,537 confirmed shell companies on the basis of the information received from the various Law Enforcement Agencies of the companies found to be involved in illegal activities.

Push to MSME sector:

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi launched historic Support and Outreach Initiative for MSME Sector

  • 59 minute loan portal to enable easy access to credit for MSMEs
  • Mandatory 25 percent procurement from MSMEs by CPSEs
  • Ordinance for simplifying procedures for minor offences under Companies Act

The Prime Minister, Shri NarendraModi, launched a historic support and outreach programme for the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) sector. As part of this programme, the Prime Minister unveiled 12 key initiatives which will help the growth, expansion and facilitation of MSMEs across the country.

The Prime Minister said that the success of economic reforms launched by the Union Government can be gauged from the rise in India’s “Ease of Doing Business Rankings,” from 142 to 77 in four years.

The Prime Minister said that there are five key aspects for facilitating the MSME sector. These include access to credit, access to market, technology upgradation, ease of doing business, and a sense of security for employees. He said that as a Diwali gift for the sector, the 12 announcements he is making, will address each of these five categories.


Access to Credit

As the First Announcement, the Prime Minister announced the launch of the 59 minute loan portal to enable easy access to credit for MSMEs. He said that loans uptoRs. 1 crore can be granted in-principle approval through this portal, in just 59 minutes. He said a link to this portal will be made available through the GST portal. The Prime Minister asserted that in New India, no one should be compelled to visit a bank branch repeatedly.

The Prime Minister mentioned the Second Announcement as a 2 percent interest subvention for all GST registered MSMEs, on fresh or incremental loans. For exporters who receive loans in the pre-shipment and post-shipment period, the Prime Minister announced an increase in interest rebate from 3 percent to 5 percent.

The Third Announcement made by the Prime Minister was that all companies with a turnover more than Rs. 500 crore, must now compulsorily be brought on the Trade Receivables e-Discounting System (TReDS). He said that joining this portal will enable entrepreneurs to access credit from banks, based ontheir upcoming receivables. This will resolve their problems of cash cycle.

Access to Markets

The Prime Minister said that on access to markets for entrepreneurs, the Union Government has taken a number of steps already. In this context, he made his Fourth Announcement thatPublic Sector Companies have now been asked to compulsorily procure 25 percent, instead of 20 percent of their total purchases, from MSMEs.

The Prime Minister said his Fifth Announcement is related to women entrepreneurs. He said that out of the 25 percent procurement mandated from MSMEs, 3 percent must now be reserved for women entrepreneurs.

The Prime Minister said that more than 1.5 lakh suppliers have now registered with GeM, out of which 40,000 are MSMEs. He said transactions worth more than Rs. 14,000 crore have been made so far through GeM. He said the Sixth Announcement is that all Public Sector Undertakings of the Union Government must now compulsorily be a part of GeM. He said they should also get all their vendors registered on GeM.

Technology Upgradation

Coming to technological upgradation, the Prime Minister said that tool rooms across the country are a vital part of product design. His seventh announcement was that 20 hubs will be formed across the country, and 100 spokes in the form of tool rooms will be established.

Ease of Doing Business

On Ease of Doing Business, the Prime Minister’sEighth Announcement was related to pharma companies. He said clusters will be formed of pharma MSMEs. He said 70 percent cost of establishing these clusters will be borne by the Union Government.

The Prime Minister’s Ninth Announcement on Simplification of Government Procedures was that the return under 8 labour laws and 10 Union regulations must now be filed only once a year.

The Prime Minister’s Tenth Announcement was that now the establishments to be visited by an Inspector will be decided through a computerised random allotment.

The Prime Minister noted that as part of establishing a unit, an entrepreneur needs two clearances namely, environmental clearance and consent to establish. HisEleventh Announcement was that under air pollution and water pollution laws, now both these have been merged as a single consent. He further said that the return will be accepted through self-certification.

As the Twelfth Announcement, the Prime Minister mentioned that an Ordinance had been brought, under which, for minor violations under the Companies Act, the entrepreneur will no longer have to approach the Courts, but can correct them through simple procedures.

Social Security for MSME Sector Employees

The Prime Minister also spoke of social security for the MSME sector employees. He said that a mission will be launched to ensure that they have Jan Dhan Accounts, Provident Fund and Insurance.

The Prime Minister said that these decisions would go a long way in strengthening the MSME sector in India. He said the implementation of this Outreach Programme will be intensively monitored over the next 100 days.

SIDBI launched a National Level Entrepreneurship Awareness Campaign, UdyamAbhilasha (उद्यमअभिलाषा) in 115 Aspirational Districts identified by NITI Aayog in 28 States and reaching to around 15,000 youth.

Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme 2018 -19: TheGovernment of India, in consultation with the Reserve Bank of India, has decided to issue Sovereign Gold Bonds-2018-19. The Sovereign Gold Bonds will be issued every month from October 2018 to February 2019.

Fifteenth Finance Commission constituted a High Level Group to examine the strengths and weaknesses for enabling balanced expansion of Health Sector
The Fifteenth Finance Commission has constituted a High Level Group consisting of eminent experts from across the country in Health Sector. Dr. RandeepGuleria, Director, AIIMS, New Delhi will be its Convenor.

International Agreements and Engagements

There have been a number of International Agreements and Engagements that has helped India to increase and enhance its Global Presence.

Some of the International appointments and engagements are as under:

  • India became the Vice Chair of the Asia Pacific Region of World Customs Organisation(WCO) for a period of two years, from July, 2018 to June, 2020.

 Some Important Loan Agreements: 

  1. Government of India and Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed $80 million loan agreement to help boost youth employability in the state of Himachal Pradesh.
  2. The Government of India and World Bank signed $100 million project to boost rural economy of Tamil Nadu.
  3. The Government of India and Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed $250 million loan to improve rural connectivity in the 5 states of Assam, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and West Bengal under PMGSY.
  4. Government of India and Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed $75 million loan to improve urban services in 4 Karnataka towns
  5. Government of India and Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed $200 million loan to improve State Highways in Bihar
  6. Government of India and the World Bank signed $310 million loan agreement for Jharkhand Power System Improvement Project to provide reliable, quality, and affordable 24×7 electricity to the citizens of Jharkhand
  7. Government of India and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed $105 million loan to Support Hydropower Transmission in Himachal Pradesh
  8. Government of India and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed $300 million loan to support India Infrastructure Finance Company Limited (IIFCL)in India
  9. Government of India and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed $169 million loan to provide water and sanitation services in Tamil Nadu
  10. India and Japan signed a loan agreement worth Rs. 1817 crore for the ‘Project for the Construction of Turga Pumped Storage (I)’contributing to the industrial development and living standard improvement in the state of West Bengal.
  11. Indo- Japanese agreements for bilateral currency swap arrangement of seventy five billion dollars
  12. Cabinet approved Memorandum of Understanding between India and Singapore on setting up of a Joint Working Group on FinTech
  13. Cabinet approved signing of bilateral investment agreement between India Taipei Association in Taipei and the Taipei Economic and Cultural Center in India
  14. India and ADB signed $110 Million Loan to improve rural connectivity in Madhya Pradesh
  15. Government of India and The Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed $100 million loan agreement to expand sewerage and drainage coverage in Kolkata
  16. Government of India and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed $ 150 million loanagreementto support India’s first global skills park in state of Madhya Pradesh
  17. India and ADB signed $240 million loan to provide safe drinking water service in 3 West Bengal districts
  18. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and India signed $150 million loan to improve regional connectivity
  19. India and Japan signed loan agreement for construction of Mumbai-Ahmedabad high speed rail project (I) and Kolkata East West Metro Project (III) with Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
  20. India signed financing loan agreement with the World Bank for US$ 74 million for Uttarakhand Workforce Development Project (UKWDP)
  21. Cabinet approvedMoU on collaborative research on distributed ledger and block chain technology in the context of development of digital economy by Exim Bank under BRICS Interbank Cooperation Mechanism
  22. Government of India and ADB signed $346 million loan to improve state highways in Karnataka
  23. Government of India and ADB signed $375 million loan to improve irrigation efficiency in Madhya Pradesh
  24. Cabinet approved Memorandum of Understanding between India and USA in insurance regulatory sector
  25. Government of India and the World Bank signed $300 million agreement to help scale-up India’s Energy Efficiency Program
  26. The Government of India, Government of Rajasthan and World Bank signed a $250 million agreement to support electricity distribution sector reforms in Rajasthan
  27. Indo-German Government to Government Umbrella agreements worth Euro 653.7 million (approx. Rs. 5253 crore) on Financial Cooperation and Technical Cooperation 2017 were signed.
  28. India signed loan agreement with the World Bank for USD 21.7 million for strengthening the Public Financial Management in Rajasthan Project;
  29. Cabinet approvedMoU between India and Turkey on trade in poppy seeds to ensure quick and transparent processing for import of poppy seeds from Turkey
  30. CBDT notified the protocol amending the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA) between India and Kuwait
  31. India signed loan agreement with World Bank for US$ 125 million for “Innovate in India for Inclusiveness Project”
  32. Government of India and World Bank signed agreement to improve rural road network in Madhya Pradesh
  33. India signed loan agreement with World Bank for USD 48 million for Meghalaya community – led Landscapes Management Project
  34. Government of India,Government of Maharashtra and the World Bank signeda new project to benefit over 25 million small and marginal farmers in Maharashtra.
  35. India and ADB signed $120 million loan to improve rail infrastructure
  36. Cabinet approved agreement for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and Prevention of Fiscal Evasion between India and Iran
  37. Cabinet approved agreement between India and Jordan on cooperation and mutual administrative assistance in customs matters
  38. Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Government of India signed $ 84 million loan for improvement and expansion of water supply in the state of Bihar
  39. Government of India signed a MoU with Canada’s International Development Research Centre (IDRC) in national capital​.
  40. India and Iran signed in New Delhi an agreement for the Avoidance of Double Taxation (DTAA) and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with respect to taxes on income.
  41. Cabinet approved signing and ratification of protocol amending the agreement between India and China for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion
  42. Cabinet approved signing of India-Australia Memoranda of Understanding (MoUs) for Secondment Programme.

Department of Revenue


 This year on 1st July 2018, theGovernment of India celebrated the 1st GST Day.

GST Revenue Collections

The GST Revenue collection for the month of November 2018 has crossed Ninety-Seven Thousand Crore rupees. The total gross GST revenue collected in the month of November, 2018 is Rs. 97,637 crore of which CGST is Rs. 16,812 crore, SGST is Rs. 23,070 crore, IGST is Rs. 49,726 crore (including Rs. 24,133crore collected on imports) and Cess is Rs. 8,031 crore (including Rs. 842 crore collected on imports).   


GST Council: Important decisions

GST Council 31st Meeting:

GST Rate Cuts on Goods

GST Council in the 31st Meeting held on 22nd December, 2018 at New Delhi took following major decisions relating to changes in GST rates, and clarification (on goods). The decisions of the GST Council have been presented for easy understanding. The same would be given effect to through Gazette notifications/ circulars which shall have force of law.



  1. GST rate reduction on goods which were attracting GST rate of 28% :
  2. 28% to 18%
  • Pulleys, transmission shafts and cranks, gear boxes etc., falling under HS Code 8483
  • Monitors and TVs of uptoscreen size of 32 inches
  • Re-treaded or used pneumatic tyres of rubber;
  • Power banks of lithium ion batteries. Lithium ion batteries are already at 18%. This will bring parity in GST rate of power bank and lithium ion battery.
  • Digital cameras and video camera recorders
  • Video game consoles and other games and sports requisites falling under HS code 9504.
  1. 28% to 5%
  • Parts  and accessories for the carriages for disabled persons
  1. GST rate reduction on other goods,-
  1. 18% to 12%
  • Cork roughly squared or debagged
  • Articles of natural cork
  • Agglomerated cork
  1. 18% to 5%
  • Marble rubble
  1. 12% to 5%
  • Natural cork
  • Walking Stick
  • Fly ash Blocks
  1.  12% to Nil:
  • Music Books
  1. 5% to Nil
  • Vegetables, (uncooked or cooked by steaming or boilinginwater), frozen, branded and put in a unit container
  • Vegetable provisionally preserved (for example by sulphur dioxide gas, in brine, in sulphur water or in other preservative solutions), but unsuitable in that state for immediate consumption.
  1. Miscellaneous
  • Exemption from GST on supply of gold by Nominated Agencies to exporters of article of gold Jewellery.
  • Exemption from GST on proceeds received by Government from auction of gifts received by President, Prime Minister, Governor or Chief Minister of a State and public servants, the proceeds of which is used for public or charitable cause.
  • Exemption from IGST/Compensation cess on vehicles imported for temporary purposes under the Customs Convention on the Temporary importation of Private Road Vehicles (carnet de passages-en-douane).
  • Rate of 5%/18% to be applied based on transaction value of footwear
  • Uniform GST rate of 12% on Flexible Intermediate Bulk Container (FIBC) from existing 5%/12% (depending on the value)

GST on solar power generating plant and other renewable energy plants

  • GST rate of  5% rate has been prescribed on renewable energy devices & parts for their manufacture (bio gas plant/solar power based devices, solar power generating system (SGPS) etc) [falling under chapter 84, 85 or 94 of the Tariff]. Other goods or services used in these plants attract applicable GST.
  • Certain disputes have arisen regarding GST rates where specified goods attracting 5% GST are supplied along with services of construction etc and other goods for solar power plant.
  • To resolve the dispute the Council has recommended that in all such cases, the 70% of the gross value shall be deemed as the value of supply of said goods attracting 5% rate and the remaining portion (30%) of the aggregate value of such EPC contract shall be deemed as the value of supply of taxable service attracting standard GST rate.

GST Rate Cuts on Services

GST Council in the 31stmeeting held on 22nd December, 2018 at New Delhi took following decisions relating to changes in GST rates, ITC eligibility criteria, exemptions andclarificationson connected issues.The decisions of the GST Council have been presented in this note in simple language for easyunderstanding. The same would be given effect to through Gazette notifications/ circulars which shall have force of law.

 Reduction in GST rates/exemptions on Services:

  1. GST rate on cinema tickets above Rs. 100 shall be reducedfrom 28% to 18% and on cinema tickets uptoRs. 100 from 18% to 12%.
  2. GST rate on third party insurance premium of goods carrying vehicles shall be reduced from 18% to 12%
  3. Services supplied by banks to Basic Saving Bank Deposit (BSBD) account holders under PradhanMantri Jan DhanYojana (PMJDY) shall be exempted.
  4. Services supplied by rehabilitation professionals recognized under Rehabilitation Council of India Act, 1992at medical establishments, educational institutions, rehabilitation centers established by Central Government / State Government or Union Territories or entity registered under section 12AA of the Income-tax Actshall be exempted.
  5. Services provided by GTA to Government departments/local authorities which have taken registration only for the purpose of deducting tax under Section 51 shall be excluded from payment of tax under RCM and the same shall be exempted.
  6. Exemption on services provided by Central or State Government or Union Territory Government to their undertakings or PSUs by way of guaranteeing loans taken by them from financial institutions is being extended to guaranteeing of such loans taken from banks.
  7. Air travel of pilgrims by non-scheduled/charter operations, for religious pilgrimage facilitated by the Government of India under bilateral arrangements shall attract the same rate of GST as applicable to similar flights in Economy class (i.e. 5% with ITC of input services).


  1. Parliament and State legislatures shall be extended the same tax treatment with regard to payment of tax under RCM (reverse charge mechanism)as available to Central and State Governments.
  2. Security services (supply of security personnel) provided to a registered person,except Government Departments which have taken registration for TDS and entities registered under composition scheme, shall be put under RCM.
  3. Services provided by unregistered Business Facilitator (BF) to a bank and agent of Business correspondent (BC) toa BC shall be put under RCM.

GST Council’s 30th Meeting:

During the 30th Meeting of the GST Council, the proposal of the State of Kerala for imposition of Cess on SGST for rehabilitation and flood affected works was discussed in detail.  The Council decided to constitute a 7-Member Group of Ministers (GoM) to examine this issue in depth.  Accordingly, the Union Finance Minister, Shri ArunJaitley, had approved the constitution of a Group of Ministers on 28thSeptember, 2018 to examine the issue regarding ‘Modalities for Revenue Mobilization in case of Natural Calamities and Disasters’ 

GST Council :28th Meeting:

The GST Council in its 28th Meeting took the following decisions on GST Rate on Goods and Services.

GST Rate on Goods:

  1. GST rates reduction on 28% items:
  1. 28% to 18%
  • Paints and varnishes (including enamels and lacquers)
  • Glaziers’ putty, grafting putty, resin cements
  • Refrigerators, freezers and other refrigerating or freezing equipment including water cooler, milk coolers, refrigerating equipment for leather industry, ice cream freezer etc.
  • Washing machines.
  • Lithium-ion batteries
  • Vacuum cleaners
  • Domestic electrical appliances such as food grinders and mixers & food or vegetable juice extractor, shaver, hair clippers etc
  • Storage water heaters and immersion heaters, hair dryers,  hand dryers, electric smoothing irons etc
  • Televisions upto the size of 68 cm
  • Special purpose motor vehicles. e.g., crane lorries, fire fighting vehicle, concrete mixer lorries, spraying lorries
  • Works trucks [self-propelled, not fitted with lifting or handling equipment] of the type used in factories, warehouses, dock areas or airports for short transport of goods.
  • Trailers and semi-trailers.
  • Miscellaneous articles such as scent sprays and similar toilet sprays, powder-puffs and pads for the application of cosmetics or toilet preparation.
  1. 28% to 12%
  • Fuel Cell Vehicle. Further, Compensation cess shall also be exempted on fuel cell vehicle.
  1. Refund of accumulated credit on account of inverted duty structure to fabric manufacturers: Fabrics attract GST at the rate of 5% subject to the condition that refund of accumulated ITC on account of inversion will not be allowed. However, considering the difficulty faced by the Fabric sector on account of this condition, the GST Council has recommended for allowing refund to fabrics on account of inverted duty structure. The refund of accumulated ITC shall be allowed only with the prospective effect on the purchases made after the notification is issued.

III. GST rates were recommended to be brought down from,-

  1. 18%12%/5% to Nil:

o    Stone/Marble/Wood Deities

o    Rakhi [other than that of precious or semi-precious material of chapter 71]

o    Sanitary Napkins,

o    Coir pith compost

o    Sal Leaves siali leaves and their products and Sabai Rope

o    PhoolBhariJhadoo [Raw material for Jhadoo]

o    Khali dona.

o    Circulation and commemorative coins, sold by Security Printing and Minting Corporation of India Ltd [SPMCIL] to Ministry of Finance.

  1. 12% to 5%:

o    Chenille fabrics and other fabrics under heading 5801

o    Handloom dari

o    Phosphoric acid (fertilizer grade only).

o    Knitted cap/topi having retail sale value not exceeding Rs. 1,000

  1. 18% to 12%:

o    Bamboo flooring.

o    Brass Kerosene Pressure Stove.

o    Hand Operated Rubber Roller.

o    Zip and Slide Fasteners.

  1. 18% to 5%:

o    Ethanol for sale to Oil Marketing Companies for blending with fuel

o    Solid bio fuel pellets

  1. Rate change made in respect of footwear

o    5% GST is being extended to footwear having a retail sale price up to Rs. 1000 per pair

o    Footwear having a retail sale price exceeding Rs. 1000 per pair will continue to attract 18%

V.GST rates were recommended to be brought down for specified handicraft items [as per the definition of handicraft, as approved by the GST council]

  1. 18% to 12%:

o    Handbags including pouches and purses; jewellery box

o    Wooden frames for painting, photographs, mirrors etc

o    Art ware of cork [including articles of sholapith]

o    Stone art ware, stone inlay work

o    Ornamental framed mirrors

o    Glass statues [other than those of crystal]

o    Glass art ware [ including pots, jars, votive, cask, cake cover, tulip bottle, vase ]

o    Art ware of iron

o    Art ware of brass, copper/ copper alloys, electro plated with nickel/silver

o    Aluminium art ware

o    Handcrafted  lamps (including panchloga lamp)

o    Worked vegetable or mineral carving, articles thereof, articles of wax, of stearin, of natural gums or natural resins or of modelling pastes etc, (including articles of lac, shellac)

o    Ganjifa card

  1. 12% to 5%:

o    Handmade carpets and other handmade textile floor coverings (including namda/gabba)

o    Handmade lace

o    Hand-woven tapestries

o    Hand-made braids and ornamental trimming in the piece

o    Toran

  1. Miscellaneous Change relating to valuation of a supply

o    IGST @5% on Pool Issue Price (PIP) of Urea imported on Government account for direct agriculture use, instead of assessable value plus custom duty.

o    Exemption from Compensation cess to Coal rejects from washery [arising out of cess paid coal on which ITC has not been taken].

GST Rate on Services

The GST Council in its 28th meeting took following decisions relating to exemptions / changes in GST rates / ITC eligibility criteria, rationalization of rates / exemptions and clarification on levy of GST on services.

It would be noted that multiple reliefs from GST taxation have been provided to following categories of services –

(i) Agriculture, farming and food processing industry,

(ii) Education, training and skill development,

(iii) Pension, social security and old age support.

Hotel industry has been given major relief by providing that the rate of tax on accommodation service shall be based on transaction value instead of declared tariff.

Services provided in sectors like banking, IT have been provided relief by exempting services supplied by an establishment of a person in India to any establishment of that person outside India [related party].

As a green initiative, GST on supply of e-books has been reduced from 18 to 5%.


Sector –Farmers/ Agriculture/ Food Processing

  1. Exempted services by way of artificial insemination of livestock (other than horses).
  2. Exempted warehousing of minor forest produce in line with exemptions provided to the agricultural produce.
  3. Exempted the works of installation and commissioning undertaken by DISCOMS/ electricity distribution companies for extending electricity distribution network upto the tube well of the farmer/ agriculturalist for agricultural use.
  4. Exempted services provided by FSSAI to food business operators.

Education/ Training/ Skill Development

  1. Reduced rate of GST from 18% to 5% on supply only of e-books for which print version exist.

Social Security/ Pension Security/ Senior Citizens

  1. Exempted services provided by Coal Mines Provident Fund Organisationto the PF subscribers from the applicability of GST on the lines of EPFO.
  2. Exempted supply of services by an old age home run by State / Central Government or by a body registered under 12AA of Income Tax Act) to its residents (aged 60 years or more) against consideration upto Rupees Twenty Five Thousand per month per member provided consideration is inclusive of charges for boarding, lodging and maintenance.
  3. Exempted GST on the administrative fee collected by National Pension System Trust.
  4. Exempted services provided by an unincorporated body or a non-profit entity registered under any law for the time being in force, engaged in activities relating to the welfare of industrial or agricultural labour or farmer; or for the promotion of trade, commerce, industry, agriculture, art, science, literature, culture, sports, education, social welfare, charitable activities and protection of environment, to own members against consideration in the form of  membership fee up to an amount of one thousand rupees per member per year.

Banking/ Finance/ Insurance

  1. Exempted Reinsurance Services provided to specified Insurance Schemessuch as Pradhan MantriRashtriyaSwasthyaSuraksha  Mission (PMRSSM) (Ayushman Bharat), funded by Government.

Government Services

  1. Exempted services provided by Government to ERCC by way of assigning the right to collect royalty, DMFT etc. from the mining lease holders.
  2. Exempted the guarantees given by Central/State Government/UT administration to their undertakings/PSUs.


  1. Exempted GST on import of services by Foreign Diplomatic Missions/ UN & other International Organizations based on reciprocity.
  2. Exempted services supplied by an establishment of a person in India to any establishment of that person outside India, which are treated as establishments of distinct persons in accordance with Explanation I in section 8 of the IGST Act provided the place of supply is outside the taxable territory of India in accordance with section 13 of IGST Act
  3. Prescribed GST rate slabs on accommodation service based on transaction value instead of declared tariff which is likely to provide major relief to the hotel industry.
  4. Prescribed GST rate of 12% with full ITC under forward charge for composite supply of multimodal transportation.
  5. Rationalized thenotificationentry prescribing reduced GST rate on composite supply of works contract received by the Government or a local authority in the course of their sovereign functions.
  6. Rationalized entry relating to composite supply of food and drinks in restaurant, mess, canteen, eating joints and such supplies to institutions (educational, office, factory, hospital) on contractual basis at GST rate of 5%; and making it clear that the scope of outdoor catering under 7(v) is restricted to supplies in case of outdoor/indoor functions that are event based and occasional in nature.

Also, the GST Council in its 28th Meeting had approved the New Return Formats and associated changes in law. It may be recalled that in the 27thMeeting held on 4thof May, 2018, the Council had approved the basic principles of GST return design and directed the law committee to finalize the return formats and changes in law. The formats and business process approved in 28th meeting were in line with the basic principles with one major change i.e., the option of filing quarterly return with monthly payment of tax in a simplified return format by the small tax payers.


GST Refunds

Total GST refunds to the tune of Rs 91,149 crores have been disposed by CBIC and State authorities out of the total refund claims of Rs 97,202 crores received so far. Thus, the disposal rate of 93.77 per cent has been achieved. The pending GST refund claims amounting to Rs 6,053 crores are being expeditiously processed so as to provide relief to eligible claimants. Refund claims without any deficiency are being cleared expeditiously.

GST Evasion


E-way Bill System

 The E-way Bill System had been introduced nation-wide for inter-State movement of goods with effect from 1st April, 2018 while the States were given the option to choose any date till 3rd June, 2018 for the introduction of the E-way bill system for intra-State supplies. The objectives of E-way bill system are as below:

  1. single and unified E-way bill for inter-State and intra-State movement of goods for the whole country in self-service mode,
  1. enabling paperless and fully online system to facilitate seamless movement of goods across all the States,
  1. improve service delivery with quick turnaround time for the entire supply chain and provide anytime anywhere access to data/services,
  1. to facilitate hassle free movement of goods by abolishing inter-State check posts across the country

Demonetization and Unearthing Black Money

The larger purpose of demonetisation was to move India from a Tax Non-compliant society to a compliant society.  This necessarily involved the formalization of the Economy and a blow to the black money.

Demonetization compelled holders of cash to deposit the same in the banks.  The enormity of cash deposited and identified with the owner resulted in suspected 17.42 lakh account holders from whom the response has been received online through non-invasive method. Larger deposits in banks improved lending capacity for the banks.  A lot of this money was diverted to the Mutual Funds for further investments.  It became a part of the formal system.

The impact of demonetization has been felt on collection of personal income tax.  Its collections were higher in Financial Year 2018-19 (till 31-10-2018) compared to the previous year by 20.2%.  Even in the corporate tax the collections are 19.5% higher.  From two years prior to demonetization, direct tax collections have increased 6.6% and 9% respectively.  In the next two years, post demonetization the increase by 14.6% (part of the year before impact of demonetization in 2016-17) and an increase of 18% in the year 2017-18.

Appropriate action by the Income-tax Department (ITD) and other Law Enforcement Agencies has been taken against those involved in the misuse of the Scheme of Demonetization.

During the period November 2016 to March, 2017, ITD conducted searches in 900 groups, involved in various activities and business, leading to seizure of Rs. 900 crores, including cash seizure of Rs. 636 crores. During the same period, 8239 surveys were conducted leading to detection of undisclosed income of Rs. 6745 crores.

With the objective of obtaining people’s participation in the Income Tax Department’s efforts to unearth black money and reduce tax evasion, a new reward scheme titled “Income Tax Informants Reward Scheme, 2018” has been issued by the Income Tax Department, superseding the earlier reward scheme issued in 2007.

Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT)

The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has entered into nine more Unilateral Advance Pricing Agreements (UAPAs) during the month of July, 2018. With the signing of these Agreements, the total number ofAPAs entered into by the CBDT has gone up to 232, which includes 20 Bilateral Advance Pricing Agreements (BAPAs). 

Direct Tax

There has been continuous increase in the amount of income declared in the returns filed by all categories of taxpayers over the last three Assessment Years (AYs). For AY 2014-15, corresponding to FY 2013-14 (base year), the return filers had declared gross total income of Rs.26.92 lakh crore, which has increased by 67% to Rs.44.88 lakh crore for AY 2017-18, showing higher level of compliance resulting from various legislative and administrative measures taken by the Government, including effective enforcement measures against tax evasion.

Refunds amounting to Rs.1.23 lakh crore have been issued during April, 2018 to November, 2018, which is 20.8% higher than refunds issued during the same period in the preceding year.

So far as the Growth Rate for Corporate Income Tax (CIT) and Personal Income Tax (PIT) is concerned, the Growth Rate of Gross Collections for CIT is 17.7% while that for PIT (including STT) is 18.3%.

According to the Direct Tax Statistics released by CBDT:

  • There is a constant growth in direct tax-GDP ratio over last three years and the ratio of 5.98% in FY 2017-18 is the best DT-GDP ratio in last 10 years.
  • There is a growth of more than 80% in the number of returns filed in the last four financial years from 3.79 crore in FY 2013-14 (base year) to 6.85 crore in FY 2017-18.
  • The number of persons filing Return of Income has also increased by about 65% during this period from 3.31 crore in FY 2013-14 to 5.44 crore in FY 2017-18.

Department of Financial Services

Reforms for addressing the Non-Performing Assets (NPAs) of Public Sector Banks (PSBs):

The government has strongly come out with key measures and reforms in order to address the increase in NPAs, which are detailed as under.

  1. Recapitalization of Public Sector Banks (PSBs):

Government moved proposal in Parliament for enhanced bank re-capitalisation outlay from Rs.65,000 crore to Rs.1,06,000 crore in the current financial year to propel economic growth, cementing India’s position as the fastest growing economy of the world. This would enable infusion of over Rs.83,000 in Public Sector Banks (PSBs). 

The enhanced provision is aimed at:

(1)  Meeting regulatory capital norms

(2)  Providing capital to better-performing PCA Banks to achieve 9% Capital to Risk-weighted Asset Ratio (CRAR); 1.875% Capital Conservation Buffer and the 6% Net NPA threshold, facilitating them to come out of PCA

(3)  Facilitating non-PCA banks that are in breach of some PCA thresholds to not be in breach

(4)  Strengthen amalgamating banks by providing regulatory and growth capital

Following comprehensive clean-up of the banking system under Government’s 4R’s approach of Recognition, Resolution, Recapitalisation and Reforms, the envisaged recapitalisation would equip banks financially at levels higher than the global norms. In this connection, it is pertinent that India’s capital norms for banks are 1% higher than the norms recommended under the global Basel-III framework. Further, unlike the early intervention regime of other major economies, India’s PCA framework for weaker banks has more onerous thresholds, viz., higher capital thresholds and a Net NPA threshold that further embeds capital requirement on account of provisioning of NPAs. Today’s proposal in an expression of Government’s commitment that each PSB is an article of faith, and aims at securing compliance even for the higher regulatory norms.

  1. One market place for Public Sector Bank loans

The reforms agenda aimed at Enhanced Access & Service Excellence (EASE), encapsulates a synergistic approach to ensuring prudential and clean lending, better customer service, enhanced credit availability, focus on Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs), and better governance.

  1. Consolidation of Regional Rural Banks (RRBs)

With a view to enable Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) to minimize their overhead expenses, optimize the use of technology, enhance the capital base and area of operation and increase their exposure, the Government has sought comments of respective State Governments and Sponsor Banks on a roadmap for Amalgamation of RRBs within a State.

Apart from these measures, a number of other measures have been undertaken. As a result, PSBs recovered an amount of Rs. 1,58,259 crore, during the financial years 2015-16 to 2017-18.

  1. To avoid recurrence and for stringent recovery, the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (IBC) has been enacted to create a Unified Framework for resolving insolvency and bankruptcy matters.
  2. The Banking Regulation Act, 1949 was amended, to provide for authorization to RBI to issue directions to banks to initiate the insolvency resolution process under IBC. Under this, by adopting a creditor-in-saddle approach, with the interim resolution professional taking over management of affairs of Corporate Debtor at the outset, the incentive to resort to abuse of the legal system was taken away. This coupled with debarment of wilful defaulters and persons associated with NPA accounts from the resolution process, has effected a fundamental change in the creditor-debtor relationship.
  3. Further, as per RBI’s directions, cases have been filed under IBC in the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) in respect of 39 large defaulters, amounting to about Rs. 2.69 lakh crore funded exposure (as of December 2017).
  4. In addition, recapitalisation of PSBs, announced and initiated by the Government, has enabled upfront provisioning, easing apprehensions in actively pursuing resolution.
  5. Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act, 2002 (SARFAESI Act) has been amended for faster recovery with a provision for three months imprisonment in case the borrower does not provide asset details and for the lender to get possession of mortgaged property within 30 days. Also, six new Debts Recovery Tribunal have been established to expedite recovery.
  6. PSB Reforms Agenda announced by the Government, PSBs have committed to strengthen recovery mechanism by setting-up Stressed Asset Management Verticals for focussed recovery, clean and effective post-sanction follow-up on large-value accounts by tying up with Agencies for Specialized Monitoring for loans of Rs. 250 crore and above, and strict segregation of pre- and post-sanction roles for enhanced accountability.
  7. To reduce incidence of default on account of and to effect recovery from wilful defaulters, as per RBI’s instructions, wilful defaulters are not sanctioned any additional facilities by banks or financial institutions, their unit is debarred from floating new ventures for five years, and lenders may initiate criminal proceedings against them, wherever necessary.
  8.  Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) Regulations have been amended to debar wilful defaulters and companies with wilful defaulters as promoters/directors from accessing capital markets to raise funds.
  9.  Further, the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code has been amended to debar wilful defaulters from participating in the insolvency resolution process.

Global Recognition of Government’s Reform Drive

The reform drive undertaken by the government has been recognized by International Organizations like Standard &Poor’s which states, inter-alia, that “the worst is almost over for India’s banks”. It states that the Government is working on a four-pronged strategy to improve the health of the banking sector: recognition, resolution, recapitalisation and reform (“4Rs”), and that their stable outlook on the banks reflect their view that the “4Rs” and other initiatives taken by the Government and RBI will strengthen the banking system over the next couple of years.

Streamlining of National Pension System (NPS) 


The Union Cabinet in its Meeting on 6th December, 2018 has approved the following

Financial Inclusion

Finance Ministry launches Mobile Application “Jan DhanDarshak” as a part of Financial Inclusion

Department of Financial Services (DFS), Ministry of Finance and National Informatics Centre  (NIC) has jointly developed a mobile app called Jan DhanDarshak as a part of financial inclusion (FI) initiative . As the name suggests, this app will act as a guide for the common people in locating a financial service touch point at a given location in the country.

Major Schemes and their Improvements:

Issue of Kisan Credit Cards

There is positive growth in terms of both individual policies as well as first year premium during 2017-18. Apart from interest rates, there are other factors which affect the life insurance growth such as overall economic growth, sales force, product portfolio, level of competition with other financial products etc. 


Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY): Under Pradhan Mantri Jan DhanYojana33.4 Crore beneficiaries banked so far ₹85,494.69 Crore balance in beneficiary accounts as on 17th December, 2018

Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana extended up to March 2020: Exemption of Interest Income on deposits increased to Rs 50,000. Existed limit on investment under PMVVY enhanced to Rs 15 lakhs.

Sukanya Samridhi Account Scheme: Until 30 June, 2018 more than 1.39 crore accounts have been opened across the country in the name of girl-child securing an amount of Rs.25,979.62crore.

Atal Pension Scheme: The Subscriber base under APY has crossed 1.24 crore mark; More than 27 lacs new subscribers have joined the Scheme during the Current Financial Year 2018-19 (As on 2nd November,2018). The Scheme is very easy to understand and it is very transparent. States like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Karnataka are the top contributors in APY enrollment. The Scheme allows any Indian Citizen between the age group of 18-40 years to join through the bank or post office branches where one has the savings bank account.

Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana(PMSBY) and  Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY)

  • Pradhan MantriSurakshaBimaYojana:  As per data uploaded by banks, the number of persons enrolled under Pradhan MantriSurakshaBimaYojana (PMSBY) as on 31.10.2018 is 14.27 Crores.
  • Pradhan MantriJeevanJyotiBimaYojana:5.47 crore subscribers under Pradhan MantriJeevanJyotiBimaYojana (PMJJBY) with 1.10 lakh claims, involving an amount of Rs. 2,206.28 crore settled so far. (As on 8th September,2018)

Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana

Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana (PMMY) is a scheme launched by the Hon’ble Prime Minister on April 8, 2015 for providing loans upto 10 lakh to the non-corporate, non-farm small/micro enterprises. These loans are classified as MUDRA loans under PMMY. During the financial year 2018-19, the number of loan sanctioned are 2,92,30,665 with total amount sanctioned Rs. 1,53,783.83Crores, with total amount disbursed Rs.1,47,115.20Crores (As 14th December,2018)

Stand Up India Scheme

Progress around Stand-Up India Scheme is as under

    Performance under Stand Up India Scheme   (Amt. in Rs. Crore)
          SC     ST       Women     Total
  No Of Sanctioned   No Of Sanctioned No Of   Sanctioned   No Of   Sanctioned
    A/Cs Amt.   A/Cs   Amt. A/Cs   Amt.   A/Cs     Amt.
  31.10.2018 9175 1776.87   2770 557.35 54135   12096.91   66080   14431.14

 Rates of Small Saving Schemes was increased for Financial Year 2018-19.


Public Financial Management System (PFMS) Achieves a Historical Record Breaking Volume of Digital Transaction

Public Financial Management System (PFMS) is an ambitious project of Government of India being implemented by Controller General of Accounts, Ministry of Finance. PFMS has proved as a robust digital platform towards Prime Minister’s vision of DIGITAL INDIA.

On 28th March, 2018, an historic amount of Rs. 71,633.45 crore has been digitally transacted/routed through PFMS Portal for 98, 19,026 transactions in a single day.

  1. Department of Disinvestment and Public Asset Management (DIPAM)
  • As on 11th December, 2018, the Government had realized Rs. 34,005.05 crore as disinvestment proceeds against the BE of Rs. 80,000 crore during the current financial year (2018-19).
  • The FFO 3 of CPSE-ETF in November 2018 was the biggest disinvestment transaction through ETF raising Rs. 17,000 crore.
  • Total disinvestment proceeds during 2017-18 was Rs. 1,00,056.91crorevis-a-vis the revised target of Rs. 1,00,000 crore.
  • CPSEs constitute 8.81% and 8.89% of the total market capitalisation of companies listed at BSE and NSE respectively (as on 7th December, 2018)
  • The Initial Public Offering (IPO) of CPSE IRCON had been subscribed 9.5 times. The Government expected to raise Rs 466 crore from the issue. IRCON is the second CPSE to launch an IPO in the Current Fiscal besides being the second Railway CPSE to be listed on the stock markets after RITES in June this year.
Mishra Dhatu Nigam Ltd. (MIDHANI) 25 434.14 75%
Bharat 22 ETF 8325.26
RITES 12.60 460.51 87.40%
Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd. 25.5 342.90 74.5%
Coal India Ltd. 3.19 5218.30 75.46%
KIOCL Ltd. 1.983 205.34 99.06%
HSCC (India) Ltd. 100 285.00
CPSE-Exchange Traded Fund (FFO3) 17000.00
National Aluminium Company Ltd. 1.80 260.41 56.77%
NLC India Ltd. 989.86
Coal India Ltd. 0.01 17.33 75.12%

(Source – DIPAM site)

  • Further Fund Offer of Bharat – 22 ETF had been a resounding success with strong participation of FIIs.
  • Also, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri NarendraModi had given ‘in principle’ approval for strategic disinvestment of 100% Government of India’s shares in DCIL to consortium of four ports namely, Vishakhapatnam Port Trust, Paradeep Port Trust, JawaharLal Nehru Port Trust and Kandla Port Trust.
  • In January, The Government of India had also entered into an agreement with ONGC for the strategic sale of its 51.11% equity share-holding in HPCL at a consideration of Rs. 36,915 crore.

Department of Expenditure

  • The Finance Minister said that in order to impart unquestionable credibility to the Government’s commitment for the revised fiscal glide path, he proposed to accept key recommendations of the Fiscal Reform and Budget Management (FRBM) Committee relating to adoption of the Debt Ruleand to bring down the Central Government’s Debt to GDP ratio to 40%. The Government also accepted the recommendation to use Fiscal Deficit target as the key operational parameter.
  • Presenting the General Budget 2018-19 in Parliament here, the Union Minister for Finance and Corporate Affairs, Shri ArunJaitely  said that the total earmarked allocation for SCs in 279 programmes had been increased from Rs.34,334 crore in 2016-17 to Rs.52,719 crore in RE 2017-18.  Likewise, for STs, earmarked allocation had been increased from Rs.21,811 crore in 2016-17 to Rs.32,508 crore in RE 2017-18 in 305 programmes.  The Finance Minister said that earmarked allocation had been further increased to Rs.56,619 crore for SCs and Rs.39,135 crore for STs in BE 2018-19.
  • The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri NarendraModi has approved to release an additional installment of Dearness Allowance (DA) to Central Government employees and Dearness Relief (DR) to pensioners w.e.f. 01.07.2018 representing an increase of 2% over the existing rate of 7% of the Basic Pay/Pension, to compensate for price rise.
  •  Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) had been made applicable across the country vide M/o Finance OM dated 12.12.2014. Till 15/02/2018, 366 such schemes/components were identified where cash was directly transferred to bank account of the beneficiaries. Till 15/02/2018, Rs. 2,64,113 crore was transferred to the beneficiaries in the Cash Schemes.
  • Total Agriculture Credit Disbursement increased from Rs. 9,15,509.92 Crore in 2015-16 to Rs. 11,68,502.84 Crore in 2017-18
  • To enhance their skills and keep pace with the changes in the World Global Environment, the Department of Expenditure took the lead role in the capacity building of Financial Advisers



Year End Review: Ministry of Coal

Achievements of Ministry of Coal in the Year 2018

The production of raw coal during April-November 2018-19 was 433.896 Million Tonne (MT) compared to 394.910 MT during the corresponding period of previous year.

Coal production and coal dispatch/off-take of CIL during April-November 2018-19 was 358.322 MT and 392.091 MT respectively.

SHAKTI policy has allowed continuation of the existing coal supply to the capacities of about 68,000 MW at the rate of 75% of Annual Contracted Quantity (ACQ). The coal supply may further be increased in future based on coal availability.

During the period 2017-18, CIL has approved five opencast projects having an annual total capacity of 24.85 MTY and sanctioned capital of Rs 4264.90 Crore.

In order to address the issue of evacuation of coal from three potential coalfields, Government of India has taken up implementation of Three Railway Projects in Jharkhand, Odisha and Chhattisgarh.

UTTAM APP launched in April, 2018 to help all consumer/stakeholders as well as Coal Companies access the decl.


  • The production of raw coal in the country during April-November 2018-19 was 433.896 Million Tonne (MT) compared to 394.910 MT during the corresponding period of previous year.
  • The overall growth in Coal production during April- November, 2018 was 9.8%.
  • Coal India Limited (CIL) Coal Production and Off-take (during April-November 2018)
    • Coal production and coal dispatch/off-take of Coal India Limited (CIL), the state sector coal mining company, during April-November 2018-19 was 358.322 MT and 392.091 MT respectively.
    • Production and dispatch growth of CIL was 8.8% and 6.6% respectively during April-November 2018-19.
    • Generally, it is observed that coal production slows down considerably between June–September every year.
    • The production has picked up from October onwards.
Fact Apr-Nov. 2018 Apr-Nov 2017 Increase in absolute term Growth
Production of CIL (in MT) 358.322 329.297 29.025 8.8%
Dispatch of CIL (in MT) 392.091 367.805 24.286 6.6%

All India month wise progressive coal production (in million tonnes)

  Apr Till


Till Jun Till  Jul Till  Aug Till  Sep Till  Oct Till



(Till Nov. 2018)

53.78 110.53 165.08 214.06 260.97 310.73 370.95 433.90

(Till Nov. 2017)

46.05 95.86 144.22 188.85 234.65 281.32 335.34 394.91

Monitoring of coal supplies to Power Utilities

The stock positions of Power Houses having critical and super critical stock for the year 2015-16 to 2018-19 (till Nov) is as under:

Date Quantity

(in MT)

No. of Critical Power Houses No. of Super Critical Power Houses Total Stock

(in days)

31.03.2015 26.10 12 6 18 18
31.03.2016 38.87 0 0 0 27
31.03.2017 27.74 1 0 1 19
31.03.2018 16.27 10 18 28 10
30.11.2018 12.94 12 11 23 8

In addition to the monitoring mechanism available at coal companies and CIL, coal supplies to Power Utility Sector is monitored regularly by an Inter-Ministerial sub-group comprising representatives of Ministry of Power, Ministry of Coal and Ministry of Railways constituted by Infrastructure review Committee of Cabinet Secretariat. This Sub-Group takes various operational decisions for meeting any contingent situations relating to Power Sector including critical coal stock position for power plant.

Power Sector Linkage Policy – SHAKTI

CCEA on 17.05.2017 approved fading away of the existing LoA-FSA regime and introduced Scheme for Harnessing and Allocating Koyala (Coal) Transparently in India (SHAKTI), 2017, which was issued by Ministry of Coal on 22.05.2017. The Policy provides for the following:

  • SHAKTI policy has allowed continuation of the existing coal supply to the capacities of about 68,000 MW at the rate of 75% of Annual Contracted Quantity (ACQ). The coal supply may further be increased in future based on coal availability. Also, the policy has enabled about 19,000 MW capacities out of the 68,000 MW which have delayed in commissioning for signing of Fuel Supply Agreements (FSA) provided these plants are commissioned within 31.03.2022. The plants to whom LoAs were issued have been made eligible for signing of FSAs under para A (i) of SHAKTI Policy. As per Para A (i) of SHAKTI Policy dated 22.05.2017, FSA may be signed with the pending LoA holders after ensuring that the plants are commissioned, respective milestones met, all specified conditions of the LoA fulfilled within specified timeframe and where nothing adverse is detected against the LoA holders.

With these, the old regime of LoA-FSA came to finality and fade away:

Following are considered under new more transparent coal allocation policy for Power Sector, 2017-SHAKTI (Scheme for Harnessing and Allocating Koyala (coal) Transparently in India):

  • CIL/ SCCL may grant coal linkages to State/Central Gencos/JVs at notified price on recommendations of Ministry of Power.
  • Linkages to IPPs having PPA based on domestic coal but no linkage.
  • Linkages to IPPs/ Power Producers without PPAs shall be on auction basis where methodology would be similar to that followed under linkage auction to non-regulated sector.
  • Coal linkages may also be earmarked for fresh PPAs, by pre-declaring the availability of coal linkage with description, to the States. States may indicate these linkages to Discoms/ SDAs.
  • Power requirement of group of States can also be aggregated and procurement of such aggregated power can be made by an agency designated by Ministry of Power or authorized by such States on the basis of tariff based bidding.
  • Linkages shall be granted for full normative quantity to Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) incorporated by nominated agency for setting up Ultra Mega Power Projects (UMPP) under Central Government initiative through tariff based competitive under the guidelines for determination of tariff, on the recommendation of MoP.
  • Ministry of Coal in consultation with Ministry of Power may formulate a detailed methodology of a transparent bidding process for allocating coal linkages to IPPs, having PPAs based on imported coal, with full pass through of cost saving to consumers.

As of now, coal linkages have been granted under Para A (i), B (i) & B (ii) of the aforesaid Policy. During the period of January to November, 2018, 12 Fuel Supply Agreements have been signed by Coal India Limited under the SHAKTI Policy, 2017.

Details of coal linkages granted under various provisions of SHAKTI as of now are as under:

  • Under paraA(i) of SHAKTI: Clearance has been given for signing of FSA for 6 power plants with a total capacity of 4730 MW.
  • Para B(i) of SHAKTI:18 TPPs granted linkage for a total capacity of 21880 MW.
  • Para B(ii) of SHAKTI: Linkage auction under para B(ii) of SHAKTI policy was conducted in Sep’17 whereby 27.18 MT of annual coal linkage was booked by ten provisional successful bidders for 9045 MW capacity. Fuel supply Agreement has been executed with seven of ten successful bidders, as of now.

Auction of Linkages of Non-Regulated Sector

Policy for Auction of Linkages to Non-Regulated Sector was issued on 15.02.2016. All allocations of Linkages/LoAs for non-regulated sector viz. Cement, Steel/Sponge Iron, Aluminium and others (excluding Fertilizer (urea) sector), including their CPPs, shall be auction based. Till 10th October, 2018, 71.72 MTPA of coal quantity have been booked under the linkage auctions conducted by Coal India Limited in 4 tranches. The percentage gain over notified price of non-power is 17.90%. Fourth tranche of auction is underway from June, 2018 onwards. A total quantity of 26.54 MT has been booked by Sponge Iron, Cement & CPP sub sector in the fourth tranche of auction till 10th October, 2018 and the average gain over notified price for the above 3 sub sectors have been 30.25%.

  • Rationalization of Coal Linkage

An Inter-Ministerial Task Force (IMTF) was constituted in June, 2014 to undertake a comprehensive review of existing sources of coal with a view to optimize transportation cost and materialization under the given technical constraints. The report of the IMTF duly approved by the Competent Authority was circulated to the concerned. On the recommendation of the IMTF, three stage rationalization was undertaken. The linkage rationalization for State/Central PSUs was implemented initially, based on IMTF recommendation and carried forward by CIL based on coal availability and requests of PSU TPPs. Overall movement rationalization of 55.66 MT of coal has taken place with annual potential savings of Rs. 3359 Crore.

Recently, Ministry of Coal has issued the Policy for Linkage Rationalization for Independent Power Producers (IPPs) vide its letter dated 15.05.2018 which started with rationalization of linkages of State/ Central Gencos. As per this policy, CIL has rationalized for a quantity of 5.42 MT for State/Central Gencos with a potential savings of 292 Crores (approx., as estimated by the power plants) which is under the process of implementation.

In addition, an Inter Ministerial Task Force has also been constituted on 18.10.2018 to examine the possibility of further rationalization of Coal linkages, including swapping of imported coal being transported to hinterland with domestic coal transported near coastal areas. Four meetings of the IMTF has been held.

  • Bridge Linkage

Policy for grant of ‘Bridge Linkage’ to specified end-use plants of Central and State Public Sector Undertakings (Both in Power as well as Non-Power sector) which have been allotted coal mines/ blocks was issued on 08.02.2016. Bridge Linkage shall act like a short term linkage to bridge the gap between requirement of coal of a specified end use plant of Central and State PSUs and the start of production from the linked allotted coal mine/block. So far, Bridge Linkages have been granted to 31 TPPs and 1 CPP. During the period between January, 2018 to 22nd November, 2018, Bridge Linkages have been granted to 2 TPPs.

  • Third Party Sampling

Guidelines on Third Party Sampling at the loading end – Standard Operationg Procedure were issued on 26.11.2015. CIMFR has also been permitted for undertaking of sampling and analysis of coal at unloading / receipt end by the Thermal Power Plants. The progress of the Third Party Sampling is being reviewed periodically by a Committee jointly chaired by Joint Secretary (Coal) and Joint Secretary (Thermal).

CIMFR has completed signing of tripartite agreement for a quantity of 548 million tonne on annual basis. Sampling for almost entire supply to power utilities under FSA / MoU has already been covered by CIMFR.

In addition, Third Party sampling has been extended to Non-Power consumers taking coal under different FSAs and e-auction on optional basis. IIT-ISM and QCI have been engaged for undertaking Third Party Sampling for Non-Power consumers and Power consumers taking coal under forward e-auction.

An APP named as UTTAM (Unlocking Transparency by Third Party Assessment of Mined Coal) has been launched in April, 2018 and all consumer/stakeholders as well as Coal Companies can access the declared grade, third party sample analysis results and referee analysis results through this APP.


Now, coal supply under all FSAs and e-auction for both power utilities and non-power consumers have been covered under Third Party Sampling. Consumers are now paying the coal value for the quality of coal supplied to them based on analyzed grade given by independent third party agencies.

Disinvestment during FY 2018-19

  • Coal India OFS: Disinvestment of 10% paid up equity capital in CIL was approved by the CCEA in November, 2015. Out of the above, during FY 2018-19, 3.19% shares were disinvested through Offer For Sale (OFS) mode.
  • BHARAT 22 ETF: Consequent upon the CCEA’s authorisation, the alternative mechanism has approved the creation of a new exchange traded fund namely Bharat 22 ETF. As per the composition of the basket, CIL & NLC will have weight of 3.3% & 0.3% respectively in the above Equity Traded Fund(ETF).

During FY 2018-19, 0.225% of CIL’s Shares and 0.10 % of NLCIL Shares was divested through Bharat 22 ETF.

  • NLCIL’s Buyback: During current year i.e. 2018-19, buyback of 14,19,31,818 fully paid-up equity shares of Rs.10 each at a price of Rs.88 per equity share has already been approved by NLCIL’s Board. Ministry of Coal also conveyed the approval of Government from promoter vide letter dated 09.10.2018 to support the proposed buy back of shares by NLCIL.
  • CPSE ETF: Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) on 2nd May 2013 has approved the setting up of CPSE-ETF comprising equity shares of listed CPSEs.

Accordingly, shares of CIL was disinvested by way of placement in CPSE-ETF Scheme in three installments of 0.35% in March 2014, 0.67% in January 2017 & 0.25 % in March 2017.

Further, DIPAM vide OM dated 06.11.2018 informed about Further Fund Offer of CPSE ETF wherein the composition of basket has been revised. Earlier only Coal India Limited was the part of basket but now NLCIL has also been included in the basket

Shares for the above FFO3 of CPSE ETF has already been transferred to DIPAM. 2.21% & 1.62% shareholding of GoI in CIL & NLCIL, are disvested through FFO3 CPSE ETF. Balance shares are yet to be received from DIPAM.

Allocation of Coal Blocks/Mines under the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015

  • Under the provisions of the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015 and Rules made there under, so far 85 coal mines have been successfully allocated (originally 92 coal mines were allocated, later on Coal Mine Development and Production Agreement were terminated in respect of 7 coal mines). Of these 85 coal mines, 25 have been allocated through Electronic Auction (24 to private companies and 1 to a Government Company) and 60 have been allocated to Government Companies through Allotment. Out of these 85 coal mines, 48 coal mines have been allocated to the regulated sector i.e. power, 21 coal mines to the non-regulated sector (NRS) i.e. iron & steel, cement and captive power as well as 16 coal mines for sale of coal. Allotment/ Vesting Orders have been issued for 77 coal mines. During the year 2018, 3 coal mines have been allotted to Coal India Ltd. These are Bijahan, East of Damogoria and Utkal – A. The auction process of 18 Coal mines and allotment process of 8 coal mines have been initiated.
  • The coal mines allocated under the said Act are to be developed as per the terms and conditions as well as milestones listed in Schedule-E of Coal Mine Development and Production Agreement (CMDPA)/ Allotment Agreement entered by the Successful Bidders / Allottees with the Nominated Authority. Any violation of the stipulated terms and conditions is to attract action as appropriate under provisions of the agreement. During the year 2018 an amount of Rs. 428 Crore  have been recovered as appropriated amount from Performance Security as Bank Guarantee.
  • It may be noted that a High Power Expert Committee (HPEC) was constituted to examine efficacy and challenges in the current bidding system and suggest changes for conducting auction of coal mines in future which submitted its report on 12.07.2018. Upon examination and detailed deliberations on the said report of HPEC and recommendations of the Committee of Secretaries thereon, vide O.M. dated 12.10.2018, directions containing guidelines for future allocation of Coal Mines has been issued to Nominated Authority for taking further necessary action accordingly.

Operationalization of allocated Coal Blocks/Mines under the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015

  • During the year 2018, 6 Coal Mines have become operational:
  1. Aradhagram
  2. Manoharpur
  3. Gare Palma IV/8
  4. Talaipalli
  5. Dulanga
  6. Pachwara North
  • In order to monitor the development of Coal mines, regular meeting by Secretary (Coal) and Nominated Authority are being held. .During the year 2018, Secretary (Coal) has held 7 meetings on 11/01/2018, 27/02/2018, 19/04/2018, 23/07/2018, 01/08/2018, 05/09/2018 &14/11/2018. Meeting of Nominated Authority was conducted on 20/09/2018 and 05/11/2018.
  • Auctioned coal mines– Out of the 15 operational (Schedule II) coal mines auctioned under the provisions of the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015, mining operations have commenced/mine opening permission granted in 12 coal mines. The remaining 3 Schedule II coal mines are awaiting various clearances for operationalization. In respect of these 3 non-operational Schedule II coal mines, action has been/is being taken as per the provisions of Coal Mine Development and Production Agreement.
  • Further, out of the 10 Schedule III coal mines, 1 coal mine was granted Mining Opening Permission. Remaining Schedule III coal mine are scheduled to be operational from June 2018 onwards as they were not operational at the time of the allocation.
  • Allotted coal mines– Out of the 18 operational (Schedule II) coal mines allotted to Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs)/GENCOS, 4 coal mines are operational as on date. Out of 42 Schedule III & I coal mines (24 Schedule III+ 18 Schedule I) 06 coal mines have been granted Mining Opening Permission. Schedule III & I coal mines are scheduled to be operational from June 2018 onwards as they were not operational at the time of the allocation.
  • Status of Coal  Production:

A total of 56.13 MT coal has already been produced till October 2018 from the operational coal mines after allocation under the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act’ 2015.

  • Revenue Generated:

A total revenue of Rs. 6096.50/- Crores (excluding Royalty, taxes, cess, etc.) comprising of the upfront payments and monthly payments upto November 2018 , has already been generated from the coal mines on account of auction/allotment proceeds from allocation of said mines.

  • Coal Block Allocation under MMDR Act, 1957
    • Identification of 137 additional Non-CIL coal blocks out of which 89 coal blocks are available for allocation under MMDR Act, 1957.
    • Deocha Pachami Coal Block has been allocated under MMDR Act, 1957 to the West Bengal Power Development Corporation Limited (WBPDCL) on 06.06.2018.
    • 6 Coal Blocks have been decided to allocate under MMDR Act, 1957 to Coal India Ltd./its Subsidiaries.
    •  Agreement on one Lignite Block (Bharkandam) has been signed on 30.01.2018.
  • Exploration of Coal

CMPDIL drilling target for FY 2018-19 under the sub scheme of Promotion (Regional) Exploration is 2,22,000 Meters which is 47,000 Meters more than previous year drilling. And under the sub scheme of Detailed Drilling in Non-CIL blocks is 512500 Meters which is 13000 Meter more than previous year drilling.

  • Safety Audit

Mine Rescue Team of WCL, a subsidiary of CIL achieved “Most Active Team” Award in the International Mines Rescue Competition (IMRC) 2018 held at Yekaterinburg, Russia. An in-house Rock Testing Laboratory established in Nagpur, WCL for determination of Rock Mass Rating (RMR) of strata was accredited with NABL certificate.

  •  Grading of Quality of Coal

During 2017-18, random sampling (3 sets) by CCO teams for 333 seams/seam fractions & sidings of CIL Subsidiaries and SCCL were carried out under the Colliery Control Rules, 2004 and the Coal Mines (Conservation and Development) Rules, 2011 for approving grades for FY 2018-19. No. of mines involved were 177, in which re-gradation was done for 124 mines which resulted in down gradation of 78 mines and up gradation of 46 mines.

Research and Development

The research & Development (R&D) activity is administered through an Apex Body namely, Standing Scientific Research Committee (SSRC) with Secretary (Coal as its Chairman.

As on 01.04.2018, there were Seventeen (17) on-going research projects, out of which four (4) projects have been completed till date.

Ongoing research projects cover the following Areas:

  • Improvement in production, productivity and safety in coal mines,
  • Coal beneficiation
  • Protection of environment and ecology.
  • Clean coal technology

Total approved outlay of the 17 on-going research projects are amounting to Rs. 104.57 Crore.

Status of ongoing projects

  • There are 117 ongoing mining projects costing Rs 20 crore and above under implementation in CIL. Out of these 117 projects, 63 projects (54%) are on schedule and 54 projects (46%) are delayed.  In SCCL, there are 20 Mining projects (14 opencast and 6 underground) costing Rs. 20 Crore and above under various stages of implementation in SCCL with sanctioned capital cost of Rs. 6865.72 Crore, of which, 14 Projects are on schedule (as per FR/RCE), 6 Projects are delayed.
  • The main reasons for delay are Forestry Clearances, land acquisition and related R&R problems, adverse geo-mining conditions etc. Coal companies are regularly monitoring implementation of the project at various levels and interacting with concerned authorities at State and Central levels to resolve the issues coming in the way of projects implementation.

New Projects

  • During the period 2017-18, CIL has approved five opencast projects having an annual total capacity of 24.85 MTY and sanctioned capital of Rs 4264.90 Crore.

Rail infrastructure for evacuation of coal

  • In order to address the issue of evacuation of coal from three potential coalfields viz. North Karanpura in Jharkhand, lb-valley in Odisha and Mand-Raigarh in Chhattisgarh, Government of India has taken up implementation of 3 railway projects namely Tori-Shivpur-Katotia in North Karanpura, Jharkhand; Jharsuguda-Barpalli-Sardega in lb-valley, Odisha and Bhupdeopur-Korichapar-Dharamjaigarh in Chhattisgarh.
  • The construction of the Tori-Shivpur new BG Rail line of 44.37 km, with a revised capital outlay of Rs. 2399 Crore has been completed in the month of September 2018 (single line). The doubling of the rail line, OHE and signaling works are in progress. The works are being executed by East Central Railway. The construction of the Shivpur-Kathotia section of 49.085 km length, with a revised capital outlay of Rs. 1799.64 Crore has been taken up by a Rail JV company “Jharkhand Central Railway limited” (JCRL) formed with CCL (64%), IRCON (26%) and Govt. of Jharkhand (10%). The DPR and Inflated Mileage have been communicated by EC Railway and Railway Board on 27-02-2018 and 13-06-2018 respectively. Signing of Concession Agreement with EC Railway and Financial Closure of JCRL is under progress. Centre line pegging has been completed; physical work is expected to start by Jan. 2019 after financial closure and forest clearance
  • The construction of the Jharsuguda-Barpali-Sardega new BG Rail line of 52.41 km, with a revised capital outlay of Rs. 1044 Crore has been completed in the month of March 2018. The single line was commissioned on 08.03.2018 and coal loading started from 05.04.2018. The work was executed by South East Railway.
  • For development of Bhupdeopur-Korichapar-Dharamjaigarh Rail infrastructure two Special Purpose Vehicle (SPVs) were formed to develop the East and West coal corridors, namely Chhattisgarh East Railway Limited (CERL) & Chhattisgarh East-West Railway Limited (CEWRL) with equity participation of SECL (64%), lRCON (26%) and Govt. of Chhattisgarh (10%).
  • Land acquired under CBA(A&D) Act, 1957:

Land acquired under Coal Bearing Areas (Acquisition & Development) Act, 1957 [CBA (A&D) Act, 1957] during the period from 01.04.2018 till date are as under:

S.No Name of the Company Name of the Project Area in Hectares
1 RRVUNL (A state Govt. undertaking) Parsa Coal Block, District Surguja and Surajpur, Chhattisgarh 1252.447
2 DVC (A Govt. Corporation under M/o Power Tubed Coal Block, Distt. Latehar, Jharkhand 460.00
3 SECL Risdi-Sonpuri Block, District Korba, CG 1050.593
4 ECL Jhanjra-Jamgora Block, Distt. Burdwan, WB 30.00
5 CCL Pichhri Opencast Project-II, District Bokaro, Jharkhand 31.93
Total:   2824.970

International Co-operation

An MOU was signed between Central Mine Planning & Design Institute Limited (CMPDI) and Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia on 16.11.2018.

A key focus of this MOU will be on fostering opportunities for innovative collaboration among scientific leaders and the focus areas would be:

Encourage substantial research cooperation in some or all of the fields of:

  • 2D/3D Seismic Data Analysis for Mapping Coal Seam Including Thin Seams
  • Hydro-Geological Modelling
  • Thick Seam Mining Using Long wall Technology Top Coal Caving
  • High Productive Underground Mining Technology
  • Coal Mine Methane
  • Ventilation Air Methane Mitigation Technologies
  • Drill Hole Geophysical Logging and Data Analysis for Geotechnical Characterisation
  • Mine Gas Capture and Utilisation
  • Strata Control in Underground Coal Mines
  • Slope Stability in Opencast Mines and Overburden Dumps Stability
  • Remediation of Dust from Opencast Mines
  • Coal Cleaning and Preparation (Development of Cost-Effective and High Efficiency Technologies)
  • Coal Blending for Combustion and Gasification Applications
  • Elemental Study (Ash Analysis) for Coal Characterisation
  • Study of Trace Elements and Rare Earth in Coal and Non-Coal Strata
  • Mine Reclamation and Rehabilitation Using Remote Sensing
  • Intelligent Mining, Sensing, and Automation
  • Data Driven Mining Decisions
  • Online Coal Quality Monitoring and Management


वर्ष 2018 के दौरान पर्यटन मंत्रालय की मुख्य उपलब्धियां

                  वर्षांत समीक्षा- 2018: पर्यटन मंत्रालय 

भारतीय पर्यटन मार्ट का पहला संस्‍करण नई दिल्‍ली में आयोजित  

नई ‘अतुल्‍य भारत’ (इन्‍क्रेडीबल इंडिया) वेबसाइट और मोबाइल ऐप शुरू  

धरोहर गोद लें परियोजना के अंतर्गत 10 समझौता ज्ञापनों पर हस्‍ताक्षर  

नोएडा और तिरूपति में भारतीय पाक शास्‍त्र संस्‍थान के परिसरों का उद्घाटन

पर्यटन मंत्रालय पर्यटन के विकास और उसे बढ़ावा देने के लिए राष्‍ट्रीय नीतियां और कार्यक्रम तैयार करने वाली शीर्ष एजेंसी है। इस प्रयास में, मंत्रालय विभिन्‍न केन्‍द्रीय मंत्रालयों/एजेंसियों, राज्‍य सरकारों/संघशासित प्रशासनों और निजी क्षेत्र के प्रतिनिधियों सहित क्षेत्र के अन्‍य साझेदारों के साथ परामर्श और उनके साथ मिलकर काम करता है। पर्यटन आर्थिक विकास का प्रमुख इंजन और भारत सहित अनेक देशों में विदेशी मुद्रा अर्जित करने का एक महत्‍वपूर्ण स्रोत है। इसमें बड़े पैमाने पर विविध प्रकार के रोजगार सृजित करने की क्षमता है जिनमें विशेषज्ञता से लेकर अप्रशिक्षित रोजगार शामिल है। पर्यटन रोजगार के अतिरिक्‍त अवसर सृजित करने में प्रमुख भूमिका निभा सकता है। यह इक्विटी के साथ विकास हासिल करने में भी महत्‍वपूर्ण भूमिका निभा सकता है। इसका मुख्‍य उद्देश्‍य भारत में पर्यटन को बढ़ावा देना और उसे सुगम बनाना है। मंत्रालय की कुछ जिम्‍मेदारियों में पर्यटन के बुनियादी ढांचे में वृद्धि, वीजा को आसान बनाना, पर्यटन सेवा प्रदाताओं की सेवाओं में गुणवत्‍ता पूर्ण मानकों का भरोसा देना आदि शामिल हैं।

पर्यटन संबंधी आंकड़े

जनवरी-नवम्‍बर 2018 की अवधि के दौरान 93,67,425 विदेशी पर्यटक भारत आए जबकि जनवरी-नवम्‍बर 2017 में केवल 88,67,963 पर्यटक आए थे जो 5.6% की वृद्धि को दर्शाता है।

  • जनवरी-नवम्‍बर 2018 के दौरान ई-पर्यटन वीजा पर 20,61,511 पर्यटकों का आगमन हुआ जबकि जनवरी-नवम्‍बर 2017 में यह संख्‍या केवल 14,56,615 थी जो 41.5% की वृद्धि को दर्शाता है।
  • जनवरी-अक्‍तूबर 2018 के दौरान विदेशी मुद्रा से 1,58,846 करोड़ रुपये की आमदनी हुई जबकि जनवरी-अक्‍तूबर 2017 में यह केवल 1,41,965 करोड़ रुपये थी जो 11.9% की वृद्धि को दर्शाता है।
  • राज्‍यों/संघ शासित प्रदेशों में 2017 के दौरान आने वाले घरेलू पर्यटकों की संख्‍या 1652.5 मिलियन थी जबकि 2016 में यह केवल 1615.4 मिलियन थी जो 2016 के मुकाबले 2017 में 2.3% की वृद्धि को दर्शाता है।

पर्यटन के बुनियादी ढांचे का विकास:

  • पर्यटकों को पर्यटन के बेहतर अनुभव प्रदान करने के लिए पर्यटन ढांचे के विकास को प्राथमिकता दी जा रही है। पूरे देश में स्‍वदेश दर्शन योजना के अंतर्गत विषय वस्‍तु आधारित सर्किटों को विकसित किया जा रहा है। वर्ष 2018-19 के दौरान 384.67 करोड़ रुपये की कुल राशि से 7 परियोजनाओं को मंजूरी दी गई। इसके साथ ही इस योजना के अंतर्गत अब तक 5873.99 करोड़ रुपये की राशि से कुल 73 परियोजनाओं को मंजूरी दी जा चुकी है। इसमें देश के 30 राज्‍यों और संघशासित प्रदेशों को शामिल किया गया है।
  • स्‍वदेश दर्शन योजना के अंतर्गत अगस्‍त से दिसम्‍बर 2018 के बीच मणिपुर, अरुणाचल प्रदेश, आन्‍ध्र प्रदेश, नागालैंड, छत्‍तीसगढ़ और मध्‍य प्रदेश राज्‍यों में 9 परियोजनाओं की शुरूआत की गई। पर्यटन सुविधा केन्‍द्र, ईको लॉग हट्स, ध्‍वनि और प्रकाश शो, हेलीपैड कैफेटेरिया, सड़क किनारे सुख-सुविधाएं, ग्रामीण क्षेत्र में पगडंडियां, जेटी, बोट क्‍लब, एडवेंचर जोन, विवेचना केन्‍द्र, जल क्रीड़ाएं, शिल्‍प ग्राम, जनजातीय विषय वस्‍तुओं पर आधारित ग्राम, जगमगाहट आदि जैसी सुविधाएं उपरोक्‍त परियोजनाओं के अंतर्गत विकसित की गई हैं।
  • तीर्थयात्रा कायाकल्प और आध्यात्मिक, विरासत वृद्धि अभियान पर राष्‍ट्रीय मिशन (प्रशाद) योजना के अंतर्गत कुछ पहचाने गए तीर्थ स्‍थलों के समन्वित विकास का काम हाथ में लिया गया है। वर्ष 2018-19 के दौरान 39.24 करोड़ रुपये की कुल धनराशि के साथ एक परियोजना को मंजूरी दी गई। इस योजना के अंतर्गत 727.16 करोड़ रुपये की लागत से अब तक कुल 24 परियोजनाओं की मंजूरी दी जा चुकी है।
  • पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने वर्ष 2018-19 के दौरान बुनियाद ढांचे के विकास के लिए कोच्चि बंदरगाह ट्रस्‍ट और मोरमू गांव बंदरगाह ट्रस्‍ट को केन्‍द्रीय वित्‍तीय सहायता प्रदान की।

एक धरोहर गोद लो’ परियोजना:

  • पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने संस्‍कृति मंत्रालय और भारतीय पुरातत्‍व सर्वेक्षण (एएसआई) के सहयोग से “एक धरोहर गोद लो’’ परियोजना की शुरूआत की ताकि विभिन्‍न प्राकृतिक/सांस्‍कृतिक धरोहर स्‍थलों, स्‍मारकों और पर्यटन के अन्‍य स्‍थलों पर विश्‍व स्‍तर की पर्यटन सुविधाएं प्रदान की जा सकें। इस परियोजना की योजनाओं में धरोहर स्‍थलों/स्‍मारकों और पर्यटन के अन्‍य स्‍थलों को निजी क्षेत्र की कम्‍पनियों, सार्वजनिक क्षेत्र की कम्‍पनियों और व्‍यक्तियों को सौंपना शामिल है ताकि विभिन्‍न पर्यटन सुविधाओं का विकास किया जा सके। निम्‍नलिखित स्‍थलों पर पर्यटन सुविधाएं विकसित करने के लिए समझौता ज्ञापनों पर हस्‍ताक्षर किए गए हैं:
  1. गंगोत्री मंदिर के आसपास का क्षेत्र और गोमुख, उत्‍तराखंड जाने का मार्ग
  2. माउंट स्‍टोक कांगड़ी मार्ग, लद्दाख, जम्‍मू और कश्‍मीर
  3. लाल किला, नई दिल्‍ली
  4. गंडीकोटा किला, आन्‍ध्र प्रदेश
  5. सूरजकुंड, हरियाणा
  6. जंतर मंतर, दिल्‍ली
  7. कुतुब मीनार, दिल्‍ली
  8. अजन्‍ता गुफाएं, महाराष्‍ट्र
  9. लेह किला, जम्‍मू और कश्‍मीर
  10. हम्‍पी (हजारा राम मंदिर), कर्नाटक

प्रतिष्ठित पर्यटन स्‍थलों का विकास:

    • पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने प्रतिष्ठित पर्यटन स्‍थलों के रूप में विकसित करने के लिए 12 समूहों के 17 स्‍थानों की पहचान की। प्रतिष्ठित पर्यटन स्‍थलों के रूप में विकसित करने के लिए पहचाने गए स्‍थलों के नाम हैं- ताज महल, फतेहपुर सीकरी, अजंता, एलोरा, हुमांयु का किला, कुतुब मीनार, लाल किला, कोलवा समुद्र तट, आमेर का किला, सोमनाथ, धोलावीरा, खजुराहो, हम्‍पी, महाबलीपुरम, काजीरंगा, कुमारकोम और महाबोधी मंदिर। मास्‍टर प्‍लान तैयारी के अंतिम चरणों में है।

भारत पर्व:

  • पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने गणतंत्र दिवस समारोहों के दौरान 26 से 31 जनवरी, 2018 तक लाल किला, दिल्‍ली में भारत पर्व का आयोजन किया। इस पर्व को आयोजित करने का मुख्‍य उद्देश्‍य देश प्रेम जागृत करना, देश की समृद्ध सांस्‍कृतिक विविधता को बढ़ावा देना, आम जनता की अधिक भागीदारी सुनिश्चित करना और ‘एक भारत श्रेष्‍ठ भारत’, ‘देखो अपना देश’ और ‘सभी के लिए पर्यटन’ की संकल्‍पना को लोकप्रिय बनाना है। भारत पर्व का मुख्‍य आकर्षण गणतंत्र दिवस की झांकियां, सांस्‍कृतिक कार्यक्रम, सशस्‍त्र सेनाओं के बैंड, खाद्य और हस्‍तशिल्‍प की दुकानें थीं।

पर्यटन पर्व:

  • पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने केन्‍द्रीय मंत्रालयों, राज्‍य सरकारों/संघशासित प्रशासनों आदि के सहयोग से राष्‍ट्रीय स्‍तर पर पर्यटन पर्व, 2018 मनाया। इस पर्व का आयेाजन 16 से 27 सितम्‍बर, 2018 के दौरान किया गया जिसमें पर्यटन के महत्‍व के बारे में जागरुकता पैदा करने के लिए 32 राज्‍यों/संघशासित प्रदेशों में 3200 से अधिक गतिविधियां आयोजित की गईं। 
      पर्यटन पर्व, 2018 का उद्देश्‍य ‘देखो अपना देश’ के संदेश का प्रसार करना था, ताकि भारतीयों को देश के विभिन्‍न पर्यटन स्‍थलों की यात्रा करने के लिए प्रोत्‍साहित किया जा सके और ‘सभी के लिए पर्यटन’ के संदेश को फैलाया जा सके। पर्व के दौरान राज्‍य के पैवीलियन, शिल्‍प की दुकानें, खाने-पीने की दुकानें, सांस्‍कृतिक कार्यक्रम, पाकशास्‍त्र प्रदर्शन आदि आगुन्‍तकों के लिए आकर्षण का प्रमुख केन्‍द्र थे।

भारतीय पर्यटन मार्ट 2018:

भारतीय पर्यटन मार्ट 2018 के पहले संस्‍करण का आयोजन भारतीय पर्यटन और आतिथ्‍य एसोसिएशन के महासंघ (फेथ) ने पर्यटन मंत्रालय और राज्‍य सरकारों/संघशासित प्रशासनों के सहयोग से 16 से 18 सितम्‍बर, 2018 तक अशोक होटल, चाणक्यपुरी, नई दिल्‍ली में किया।

भारतीय पर्यटन मार्ट ने पर्यटन से जुड़े विभिन्‍न साझेदारों को विदेशी खरीदारों के साथ संपर्क साधने और व्‍यवसाय करने के लिए एक मंच प्रदान किया।

अतुल्‍य भारत वेबसाइट:

  • पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने 14 जून, 2018 को नई अतुल्‍य भारत (इन्‍क्रेडीबल इंडिया) वेबसाइट की शुरूआत की। इस वेबसाइट में भारत को आध्‍यात्‍म, धरोहर, साहस, संस्‍कृति, योग, स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य और अन्‍य प्रमुख अनुभवों के आसपास घूमने वाले एक पूर्णतावादी स्‍थल के रूप में दर्शाया गया है। वेबसाइट में अंतर्राष्‍ट्रीय मानकों वाली प्रवृत्तियों और प्रौद्योगिकियों को अपनाया गया है जिनका उद्देश्‍य भारत को एक ‘‘अवश्‍य यात्रा करने वाले’’ स्‍थल के रूप में बताया गया है। वेबसाइट की अनेक उपयोगी विशेषताएं हैं जिन्‍होंने इसे अधिक संवादमूलक बनाया है और वेबसाइट यात्रियों को आकर्षित करती है।

ऑनलाइन अध्‍ययन प्रबंधन प्रणाली:

  • पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने पर्यटन सहायकों के रूप में कार्य करने के लिए कुशल मानव शक्ति सृजित करने के लिए ऑनलाइन अध्‍ययन प्रबंधन प्रणाली की शुरूआत की। इस पहल से देश के सुदूरवर्ती भागों में रहने वाले युवक कौशल हो सकेंगे और अखिल भारतीय स्‍तर पर पर्यटकों की मदद कर सकेंगे। ऑनलाइन अध्‍ययन कार्यक्रम से नौकरियां सृजित की जा सकेंगी और उचित दामों पर पर्यटकों को मदद दी जा सकेगी। अतुल्‍य भारत पर्यटन सहायक प्रमाणीकरण के लिए इस समय देशभर के 3800 से अधिक नाम लिखे हुए हैं।

अतुल्‍य भारत मोबाइल ऐप:

  • पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने 27 सितम्‍बर, 2018 को अतुल्‍य भारत मोबाइल ऐप की शुरूआत की। अतुल्‍य भारत मोबाइल ऐप में भारत को आध्‍यात्‍म, धरोहर, साहस, संस्‍कृति, योग, स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य और अन्‍य प्रमुख अनुभवों के आसपास घूमने वाले एक पूर्णतावादी स्‍थल के रूप में दर्शाया गया है। मोबाइल ऐप को आधुनिक यात्रियों की प्राथमिकताओं को ध्‍यान में रखकर तैयार किया गया है और इसमें अंतर्राष्‍ट्रीय मानकों वाली प्रवृत्तियों और प्रौद्योगिकियों को अपनाया गया है। यह ऐप प्रत्‍येक चरण में भारत की यात्रा करने वाले यात्रियों की सहायता करने के लिए विशेषताओं से सज्जित है।

अंतर्राष्‍ट्रीय बौद्ध सम्‍मेलन-2018:  

  • पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने महाराष्‍ट्र, बिहार और उत्‍तर प्रदेश की सरकारों के साथ सहयोग करके ‘‘बुद्ध मार्ग-सजीव धरोहर’’ शीर्षक से अंतर्राष्‍ट्रीय बौद्ध सम्‍मेलन-2018 (आईबीसी-2018) का आयोजन किया। राष्‍ट्रपति ने 23 अगस्‍त, 2018 को नई दिल्‍ली के विज्ञान भवन में इस सम्‍मेलन का उद्घाटन किया। 
      इस कार्यक्रम के बाद अजन्‍ता (महाराष्‍ट्र), राजगीर, नालन्‍दा और बोधगया (बिहार) और सारनाथ (उत्‍तर प्रदेश) स्थित स्‍थलों की यात्रा का आयोजन किया गया। इस सम्‍मेलन का सहयोगी देश जापान था। सम्‍मेलन के दौरान ‘आधुनिक समाज में सजीव बौद्ध धरोहर की भूमिका’ विषय पर विचार-विमर्श, विदेशी और भारतीय टूर ऑपरेटरों के बीच बी2बी बैठक, निवेशकों का शिखर सम्‍मेलन तथा पर्यटन मंत्रालय और राज्‍य सरकारों द्वारा प्रस्‍तुतियों का आयोजन किया गया। बौद्ध सम्‍मेलन के उद्घाटन सत्र के दौरान पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने अपनी वेबसाइट की शुरूआत की और देश के बौद्ध स्‍थलों के बारे में एक 60 सेकेंड की नई फिल्‍म दिखाई गई।

प्रसार और प्रचार:

    • पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने भारतीय पर्यटन के लिए प्रमुख और संभावित स्रोत बाजारों को शामिल करते हुए विदेशी बाजारों में ग्‍लोबल मीडिया मुहिम शुरू की। ये मुहिम इलेक्‍ट्रॉनिक, ऑनलाइन और प्रिट मीडिया में जारी की गई जिसमें डिजीटल और सोशल मीडिया तथा विभिन्‍न उपभोक्‍ता प्राथमिकताओं को पूरा करने के लिए विषय क्षेत्र संबंधी रचनात्‍मकता के इस्‍तेमाल पर विशेष ध्‍यान दिया गया।
    • टेलीविजन, सोशल मीडिया और ऑनलाइन पोर्टलों पर दुनियाभर में योग, स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य, वन्‍य जीव, विलासिता और पाक शैली विषय पर बनी 5 प्रचारात्‍मक फिल्‍में दिखाई गईं। दिल्‍ली, मुम्‍बई और चेन्‍नई में भी स्‍थान के बारे में प्रचार करने वाली फिल्‍में बनाई गईं।
    • सोशल मीडिया 5 फिल्‍मों और बुद्ध की भूमि फिल्‍म को 189 मिलियन व्‍यूज (मत) मिले। सभी फिल्‍में ( 5 फिल्‍में- योग, स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य, वन्‍य जीव, विलासिता और पाक शैली) अंग्रेजी में बनाई गई थीं- जिनमें 9 अंतर्राष्‍ट्रीय भाषाओं (जर्मन, फ्रेंच, स्‍पेनिश, इटेलियन, रूसी, चीनी, जापानी, कोरियाई और अरेबिक) में पार्श्‍व स्‍वर दिए गए थे। इन फिल्‍मों को दुनियाभर के ग्‍लोबल टेलीविजन चैनलों/प्रवासी भारतीय चैनलों के साथ-साथ चैनलों के भाषाई फीड में भी दिखाया गया।
  • पूर्वोत्‍तर क्षेत्र, जम्‍मू और कश्‍मीर, पर्यटन स्‍थलों पर स्‍वच्‍छता, योग (अंतर्राष्‍ट्रीय योग दिवस के साथ पड़ने वाले), प्रतिष्ठित स्‍थलों, स्‍टेच्‍यू ऑफ यूनिटी तथा मंत्रालय द्वारा आयोजित भारत पर्व और पर्यटन पर्व के प्रसार के लिए टेलीविजन, ऑनलाइन पोर्टलों और वेबसाइटों सहित विभिन्‍न मीडिया, आउटडोर डिजीटल, सिनेमाघरों, रेडियों, एयरलाइन बोर्डिंग पासों, रेलवे टिकटों आदि पर घरेलू प्रचार किया गया।
  • पर्यटन मंत्रालय के सोशल मीडिया अकाउंट पर सक्रिय प्रचार किया गया। इसके अलावा इस बात को ध्‍यान में रखा गया कि किसी भी स्‍थान की ब्रांडिग और मार्केटिंग के लिए सोशल मीडिया एक प्रभावी साधन हो सकता है। मंत्रालय ने फरवरी 2018 में एक ‘सोशल मीडिया की इन्‍फ्लूऐंसर’ अभियान ‘‘द ग्रे‍ट इंडियन ब्‍लॉग ट्रेन’’ का आयोजन किया, जिसमें दुनियाभर के ब्‍लॉगरों को विभिन्‍न राज्‍यों में चलने वाली लग्‍जरी ट्रेनों में यात्रा करने के लिए आमंत्रित किया गया। भारत सहित 23 देशों के कुल 57 ब्‍लॉगरों ने चार लग्‍जरी ट्रेनों यानी पैलेस ऑन व्‍हील्‍स, महाराजा एक्‍सप्रेस, डेक्‍कन ओडिसी और गोल्‍डन चेरियट में एक सप्‍ताह यात्रा की। इस अभियान से लग्‍जरी ट्रेनों और ब्‍लॉगरों द्वारा अपने यात्रा अनुभवों के बारे में प्रकाशित ब्‍लॉगों, वीडियो और फोटो के जरिए व्‍यापक प्रचार हुआ।


  • ई-वीजा की पांच उप-श्रेणियां यानी ई-पर्यटन वीजा, ई-बिजनेस वीजा, ई-मेडिकल वीजा, ई-मेडिकल सहायक वीजा और ई-सम्‍मेलन वीजा हैं।
  • ई-वीजा 26 निर्दिष्‍ट हवाई अड्डों ( अहमदाबाद, अमृतसर, बागडोगरा, बेंगलुरू, कालीकट, चेन्‍नई, चंडीगढ़, कोच्चि, कोयम्बटूर, दिल्‍ली, गया, गोवा, गुवाहाटी, हैदराबाद, जयपुर, कोलकाता, लखनऊ, मदुरै, मुम्बई, नागपुर, पुणे, तिरुचिरापल्‍ली, त्रिवेन्‍द्रम, वाराणसी और विशाखापत्‍तनम) तथा 5 निर्दिष्‍ट बंदरगाहों (कोचीन, गोवा, मंगलौर, मुंबई, चेन्‍नई) में प्रवेश के लिए वैध है।
  • वर्तमान में ई-वीजा योजना 166 देशों के नागरिकों के लिए उपलब्‍ध है।

लीगेसी विंटेज होटल:

  • पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने लीगेसी विंटेज होटलों की अवधारणा की शुरूआत की ताकि धरोहर संपत्तियों/ईमारतों की सामग्री से निर्मित होटलों (यानी ऐसी संपत्तियां अथवा इमारतें जिनका निर्माण वर्ष 1950 से पहले हुआ है) को शामिल किया जा सके बशर्ते होटल के निर्माण में इस्‍तेमाल कम से कम 50% सामग्री धरोहर संपत्तियों अथवा इमारतों से प्राप्‍त की गई हो। ऐसे होटल प्राचीन युग का माहौल और परिवेश बनाने में मदद करेंगे। ऐसे होटलों को 3 उप-श्रेणियों लीगेसी विंटेज (बेसिक), लीगेसी विंटेज (क्‍लासिक) और लीगेसी विंटेज (ग्रेंड) के अंतर्गत वर्गीकृत किया जाएगा।

राष्‍ट्रीय होटल प्रबंधन और खानपान टेक्‍नोलॉजी परिषद (एनसीएचएमसीटी):  

  • वर्ष 2018-19 के दौरान 5,759 छात्रों ने बी.एससी प्रोग्राम, 121 छात्रों ने एम.एससी प्रोग्राम और 3,735 छात्रों ने एनसीएचएमसीटी से संबद्ध होटल प्रबंधन संस्‍थानों और फूड क्राफ्ट संस्‍थानों से आतिथ्‍य और होटल प्रशासन में डिप्‍लोमा और क्राफ्ट पाठ्यक्रम पास किया।

भारतीय यात्रा और पर्यटन प्रबंधन संस्‍थान (आईआईटीटीएम):

  • वर्ष 2018-19 के दौरान एमबीए के 330 छात्रों ने भारतीय यात्रा और पर्यटन प्रबंधन संस्‍थान से यात्रा और पर्यटन प्रबंधन की पढ़ाई की।

भारतीय पाक शास्‍त्र संस्‍थान (आईसीआई), नोएडा कैम्‍पस:

  • पाक शास्‍त्र पाठ्यक्रमों को शुरू करने के लिए भारतीय पाक शास्त्र संस्थान (आईसीआई), नोएडा कैम्पस का उद्घाटन 27 अप्रैल, 2018 को किया गया। यह आतिथ्‍य और पाक कला में अनुसंधान और विकास के क्षेत्र में विशेषज्ञता प्राप्‍त कुशल मानवशक्ति के सृजन की प्रतिबद्धता की तर्ज पर बनाया गया। आईसीआई के नोएडा कैम्‍पस में आधुनिक ‘‘भारतीय पाक शास्‍त्र संग्रहालय’’ होगा जहां समृद्ध ऐतिहासिक और विविध पाक शैली वस्‍तुएं तथा अन्‍य साहित्‍य को रखा जाएगा। यह भारतीय पाक शैली की विरासत को सुरक्षित रखने का एक अनोखा मंच प्रदान करेगा। आईसीआई, नोएडा का परिसर और इमारत का निर्माण 2,31,308 वर्ग फुट क्षेत्र में किया गया है और इसे समय पर पूरा किया गया। इसमें विश्‍व स्‍तर की बुनियादी ढांचा सुविधाओं का निर्माण करने में दो वर्ष लगे।

भारतीय पाक शास्‍त्र संस्‍थान (आईसीआई), तिरुपति:

  • भारतीय पाक शास्‍त्र संस्‍थान (आईसीआई) कैम्‍पस,तिरूपति का उद्घाटन 24 सितम्‍बर 2018 को किया गया। तिरूपति स्थित पाक शास्‍त्र संस्‍थान, 14 एकड़ भूमि में फैला हुआ है और इस परियोजना को 97.92 करोड़ रूपये की लागत से पूरा किया गया। आईसीआई तिरूपति कैम्‍पस में आधुनिक रसोई, प्रयोगशालाओं और कक्षाओं के साथ एक शैक्षिक खंड; व्‍यावसायिक रेस्‍तरां; पाक शास्‍त्र संग्रहालय, अधिकारी गैस्‍ट हाउस, वीआईपी कॉटेज, लड़के और लड़कियों के लिए छात्रावास तथा कर्मचारियों के लिए आवास है।  भारतीय पाक शास्‍त्र संस्‍थान (आईसीआई) स्‍थापित करने का मुख्‍य उद्देश्‍य भारतीय पाक कला के बारे में जानकारी को सुरक्षित रखना, दस्‍तावेज बनाना, उसे बढ़ावा देना और जानकारी का प्रसार करना है ताकि भारतीय पाक कला के प्रति विशेष दिलचस्‍पी रखने वालों की जरूरतों को पूरा करने के अलावा ‘भोजन’ को आला पर्यटन उत्‍पाद के रूप में बढ़ावा दिया जा सके।

स्‍वच्‍छ भारत मिशन :

  • पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने 15 सितम्‍बर से 2 अक्‍तूबर 2018 तक स्‍वच्‍छता ही सेवा अभियान चलाया। देश भर के विभिन्‍न पर्यटन स्‍थलों पर स्‍वच्‍छता कार्यों को हाथ में लिया गया जिसमें स्‍थानीय समुदायों, साझेदारों, पर्यटन मंत्रालय के अंतर्गत भारतीय पर्यटन कार्यालयों और राज्‍य/संघ शासित सरकारों ने बढ़-चढ़कर हिस्‍सा लिया। पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने 16 से 30 सितम्‍बर 2018 तक रोजाना स्‍वच्‍छ पखवाड़ा भी मनाया। इसके अंतर्गत देश भर के विभिन्‍न स्‍थलों/स्‍थानों पर पर्यटन मंत्रालय, होटल प्रबंधन संस्‍थानों और पर्यटन और यात्रा प्रबंधन संस्‍थानों के अधिकारियों ने विभिन्‍न कार्यक्रम किए। स्‍वच्‍छता पर होटल प्रबंधन संस्‍थान (आईएचएम) के छात्रों के लिए राष्‍ट्रीय स्‍तर के क्विज़ और निबंध प्रतियोगिता का आयोजन किया गया और विजेताओं को  पुरस्‍कार दिए गए। पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने वर्ष 2018-19 के लिए स्‍वच्‍छता कार्य योजना का कार्य हाथ में लिया है जिसे देश भर से चुने गए 29 राज्‍यों/संघ शासित प्रदेशों में 180 स्‍थलों/स्‍थानों (540 गतिविधियां) में भारतीय पर्यटन और यात्रा प्रबंधन संस्‍थान (आईआईटीटीएम) द्वारा कार्यान्वित किया गया है। एसएपी गतिविधियों में पर्यटकों, स्‍कूल/कॉलेज के छात्रों और पर्यटन साझेदारों के बीच स्‍वच्‍छता के बारे में जागरूकता पैदा करना शामिल है। एसएपी के अंतर्गत इन कार्यों का दायित्‍व देश भर के केन्‍द्रीय और राज्‍य आईएचएम द्वारा भी लिया गया है।



Year End Review – 2018 Ministry of Defence

Ministry of Defence

It was an eventful year for Ministry of Defence. Government of India took policy decision to set up two Defence Production Corridors, one each in Uttar Pradesh (UP) and Tamil Nadu. These would go a long way in making India self-reliant in defence production through ‘Make in India’ initiatives. It was also a year of another milestone for women empowerment in the country when the first-ever all-women crew circumnavigated the globe in an indigenously built 56-foot Indian Navy Sailing Vessel, ‘INSV Tarini’.


The achievement can be gauged from the fact that Prime Minster Shri Narendra Modi started his address to the nation from the ramparts of Red Fort on the 72nd Independence Day this year mentioning the feat only. He aptly said, “We have been celebrating this festival of independence, at a time when our daughters from states of Uttarakhand, Himachal, Manipur, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh have come back after circumnavigating the seven seas. They have come back amongst us by (unfurling tricolour in seven seas) turning the seven seas into the colour of our Tricolour.”

The 10th edition of biennial ‘DefExpo’ was organised from April 11-14, 2018 in Chennai, Tamil Nadu successfully. It was inaugurated by the Prime Minister on April 12, 2018.


The tagline of the event was ‘India: The Emerging Defence Manufacturing Hub’. India joined the elite group of nation which have developed the Air-to-Air refuelling system for military class aircraft when Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) ‘Tejas’ successfully completed mid-air refuelling trial by wet (actual) engagement, transferring 1,900 kgs fuel from IAF IL78 mid-air refuelling tanker on September 10, 2018.

Raksha Mantri Smt Nirmala Sitharaman launched ‘Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti’ on November 27, 2018. The main idea behind this is to migrate from the culture of seeking Transfer of Technology (ToT) from foreign sources to generating Intellectual Property in India, to achieve the goal of self-reliance in Defence sector.

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi attended the Combined Commanders’ Conference at Air Force Station, Jodhpur on September 28, 2018 and also launched ‘Parakram Parv’, there. Ministry of Defence enhanced financial decision-making powers of the Vice Chiefs of the three Services by five times to Rs 500 crores in order to expedite the decision making process involved in the revenue procurements of the Armed Forces.

Raksha Mantri took this important decision to augment the arms and ammunition reserves of the Armed Forces to enhance their operational preparedness.Minister of External Affairs Smt Sushma Swaraj and Minister of Defence Smt Nirmala Sitharaman and Secretary of State of the United States Mr Michael Pompeo and Secretary of Defence Mr James Mattis had inaugural India-US Ministerial 2+2 Dialogue in New Delhi on September 6, 2018.

The four span of temporary bridge on the old Ferozpur-Lahore highway over river Satluj River (Hussainiwala Barrage) connecting Hussainiwala Enclave from Ferozpur has been replaced by constructing a new bridge. The bridge was dedicated to the nation by Raksha Mantri Smt Nirmala Sitharaman on August 12, 2018. Hussainiwala is the place where freedom fighters Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev, who made supreme sacrifice for their motherland, were cremated.

Whenever the nation has faced calamities, the Armed Forces have been standing firm with helping hand in trying times. This year was no different. Armed Forces played pivotal role in Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) during natural disasters that include cyclone‘Titli’, Kerala floods, cyclone ‘Gaja’ saving many lives, livestock and property.

Department of Defence Production

  • Government of India has decided to set up two Defence Production corridors, one each in Uttar Pradesh (UP) and Tamil Nadu. The Prime Minister during the UP Investors Meet held on February 21 to 22, 2018 alsoannounced setting up of one such corridor in the Bundelkhand Region of UP. For setting up of the proposed Corridor in UP, six nodal points have been identified viz. Aligarh, Agra, Chitrakoot, Jhansi, Kanpur and Lucknow. The proposed corridors in Tamil Nadu are: Chennai, Coimbatore, Hosur, Salem and Tiruchirappalli. The scheme envisages support to 06 to 08 Defence Testing Infrastructure (DTI), depending upon the requirement of the lab, to be set up with a total assistance grant ofRs 400 crore. The assistance for individual DTI set up under the scheme shall be 75 per cent of the approved project cost. The implementation of the scheme will be through a Special Purpose  Vehicle(SPV) which will carry out the business of setting up, operating and maintaining the DTI or througha Government agency.
  • The 10th edition of ‘DefExpo’ was organised from April 11 to 14, 2018 in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. The DefExpo 2018 was formally inaugurated by the Prime Minister on April 12, 2018. It for the first time projected India’s Defence manufacturing capabilities to the world. This was also reflected in the tagline for the Expo i.e. ‘India: The Emerging Defence Manufacturing Hub’.
  • Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX) a scheme of Department of Defence Production (DDP), formulated in collaboration with Start Up India and Atal Innovation Mission, with the objective of bringing Start-ups to solve problems of defence production, innovate new technologies required by defence forces and reduce dependence on imported technology was launched by the PM during DefExpo 2018 on 12.04.2018. iDEX is aimed at creation of an ecosystem to foster innovation and technology development in Defence and Aerospace by engaging Industries including MSMEs, Start-ups, Individual Innovators, R&D institutes and Academia and provide them grants/funding and other support to carry outR&D.
  • Asregardsland systems, OFB unveiled its 155mmx52Calibre Mounted Gun System (MGS) and also showcased it prime product 155mm x 45 Calibre ‘Dhanush’ Artillery gun, Tank T-90, T-72 Bridge Layer Tank as part of live demonstration equipment. OFBdisplayed its various weapon systems along with ammunition and related accessories. The other attractions of OFB pavilion was its AK-630 Naval gun, CRN-91, 20mm Anti Material Rifle “Vidhvansak”, 7.62×51 mm Assault Rifle, 7.62x39mm Assault Rifle “GHAATAK”, JVPC, 12 Bore Pump Action Gun, Assault Rifle 5.56mm INSAS IC, .32 revolver and dummy of large, medium and small calibre ammunition as well as special protective clothing.
  • A Defence Investor Cell has been made functional in Department of Defence Production (DDP). It will play an important role in acting as one-step solution for all types of defence production related queries. Nodal Officers have been designated, subject wise to respond to the queries.
  • A new and simplified Make-II procedure has been launched in January 2018 for simplification of collaboration between Government and Private Indian Industry for indigenous design,development and manufacture of defence equipment.
  • Maiden flight of indigenously developed Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS) integrated on LCH has been conducted successfully by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) on January 31, 2018. The flight was of 20 min duration and engagement of this system was flawless through out the flight.
  • The improved design of HTFE-25(Core-2)engine run was successfully carried out by HAL on January 10, 2018. The HTFE-25 Core-2 light up was flawless in the very first attempt. Its engine has an improved HP Compressor spool configuration to cater to upcoming twin-spool Full Engine development.
  • 3rd Scorpene Submarine of Project-75, ‘Karanj’ was launched by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited(MDL) on 31.01.2018.
  • DDP has declared 236 items as Non-core in two phases which are being produced by Ordnance Factory Board(OFB). Incontinuation to the same, 39 more items have been added to the list on 16.01.2018. Therefore, we have now 275 items in total which have been declared as Non-core and these items can be procured by the Indian Defence Forces directly from the trade without seeking No Objection Certificate (NOC) from OFB.
  • AoN (Acceptance of Necessity) has been accorded for procurement of 7.44 lakh nos of Assault Rifles, 3.64 lakh nos of Close Quarter Carbines and 0.41 lakh nos of Light Machine Gun from the Indian Defence Industry. Twenty-five per cent of the above quantities have been reserved for OFB and the remaining 7 per cent will be procured from Indian Defence Industry through competitive bidding wherein OFB would be allowed to participate.
  • Raksha Mantri and Telangana Minister for Industries and Information and Technology, Shri KT Rama Rao inaugurated the Tata Boeing Aerospace facility, a joint venture between Boeing Corporation and the Tata Group firm Tata Advanced Systems (TASL), for manufacturing of the fuselage for the AH-64 Apache combat helicopters at Hyderabad on March 1, 2018. The Company expects to begin commercial supply from its newly-opened facility by the end of the year.
  • The 3rd submarine of the Scorpene/Project-75 (Karanj), was launched by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL) on January 31, 2018.
  • Prime Minister of Sri Lanka commissioned GSL built ‘SLNS Sindurala’ in Sri Lanka Navy on 19 April 2018 at Colombo Port. With delivery of this vessel on 22 March 2018, GSL has successfully completed this prestigious export project for constructing two large sized Advanced Off shore Patrol Vessels (AOPVs) for Sri Lanka Navy.
  • All the DPSUs have migrated their website from.(dot)com to.(dot)in.
  • An Intellectual Property Rights Facilitation Cell has been created in DGQA with members drawn from OFB and DPSUs to facilitate innovations from the Ordnance FactoriesandDPSUs. It is established to create a structured mechanism and to boost IP culture which would enhance the intellectual capital i.e., vital for encouraging in house R&D in these organisations. Some of the role and responsibilities of the IPF Cell are to provide general advisory about IPRs, such as patents, trademarks, designs and copyrights etc. For initiating, the IPR training and lectures are being conducted.
  • As per provisional figures, Value of Production in respect of OFB and DPSUs has been increased by 8.21 per cent CAGR in Financial Year 2017-18 to Rs 58,759 crore against Rs 55,357 crore last FY

(Rs in crore)

SI. DPSU 2016-17 2017-18 CA GR
1 OFB 14825 14,829 9.28%
2 HAL 17104 17,200 1.83%
3 BEL 9244 10,667 17.01
4 BEML 2624 3,196 7.12%
5 BDL 4661 4,584 18.28%
6 MDL 3523 4,250 5.76%
7 GRSE 928 1,343 -5.92%
8 GSL 1030 1,370 33.95%
9 HSL 618 590 27.90%
10 MIDHANI 800 730 4.48%
TOTAL 55357 58,759 8.21%

  • All DPSUs have registered on Trade Receivables Discounting System (TReDS) platform which enables buyers to negotiate better terms with MSME vendors and facilitates financing of Trade receivables of MSME.
  • A comprehensive Cyber Security Framework for DDP has been formulated to ensure a strong, robust and resilient Cyber Security environment within DDP and organizations under it. The Framework is based on a comprehensive risk management approach and its governance by considering Cyber Security risks. As a capacity building activity, workshop for CISOs of various subordinate offices of DDP is proposed to be conducted on November 19,2018 in NewDelhi.
  • On 26/06/2018, the Department of Defence Production notified a simplified procedureforissueofAuthorisationforexportofdefenceitems.Thesimplificationsinclude thefollowing:-
    • In repeat orders of same product to the same entity, consultation process has been done away with and permission is issued immediately.
    • For the repeat order of same product to different entity, the consultation earlier done with all stake holders is now limited only with MEA.
    • In Intra-Company business (which is especially relevant for outsourcing of work by defence related parent company aboard to its subsidiary in India), the earlier requirement of getting End User Certificate (EUC) from the Government of importing country has been done away with and ‘Buying’ Company is authorized to issue theEUC.
    • The legitimate export of the parts and components of small arms and body armour for civil use are now being permitted after prior consultation with MEA.
    • For export of items for exhibition purposes, the requirement of consultation with stakeholders has been done way with (except for select countries).
    • Delegation of powers to DRDO, DGOF, and CMD’s of DPSUs for exploring export opportunities and participation in global tenders.
  • Ordnance Factory in Avadi, Chennai ‘Engine Factory Avadi (EVA)’ has successfully indigenised two tank heavy vehicle engines viz. 1000 HP engine V92S2 engine for T-90 Bhisma Tank and V-46-6 engine for T-72 Ajeya Tank and its variants which were hitherto imported. The cost of indigenised engine is nearly 50 per cent of imported engines and based on committed demand of Indian Army. This effect is expected to save Rs800 crore to Government over next 10 years.
  • Raksha Mantri Smt Nirmala Sitharaman launched ‘Defence India Startup Challenge‘ in Bengaluru on 4, August 2018 with the overall objective of making India self-reliant for meeting the requirements of national defence.


  • In addition, following initiatives were launched by RM in this event.
    • SPARK: Support for Prototype & Research Kickstart (in Defence)
    • Framework for iDEXPartners
    • ‘Promotion of Startups under Make-II procedure of DPP 2016’
  • As a major boost to Defence export, the Department of Defence Production notified an Scheme for Promotion of Defence Exports on 04.10.2018. The Scheme provides two options:
    1. Ministry of Defence will certify products “Fit for Indian Military Use” if technically qualified during procurement process but not eventually selected for procurement.
    2. Potential Defence Exporters can get certification of products by Ministry of Defence (against a given set of specifications) even if product is not required by Indian Defence Forces. The scheme is expected to address a long-standing demand of defence and aero space industry.
  • It has been decided to hold the 12th edition of “Aero India 2019” at Air Force Station, Yelahanka, Bengaluru, from 20 to 24 February, 2019. This five-day event will combine a major trade exhibition for the aerospace and defence industries with public air shows. Aero India is a flagship event of MoD held every two years. banner3banner4As envisaged in Digital India Programme of Government of India, Aero India portal the single window online facility for all interfaces with industry and public. It has made an arrangement for registration by participants, booking of space by exhibitors, bookings of meetings/venues, etc. completely online through website (­India).The payments being received for these booking are totally online and the exhibitors are able to monitor online the space booked by them. This has made the system easy and transparent with no room for interference from any one, which is similar to other world famous international events being organised these days. Till 31st October,almost70 per cent ofthe space available at the venue is already booked. Since, early bird discount was offered up to that date.
  • HAL’s Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) ‘Tejas’ has successfully completed mid-air refuelling trial by wet (actual) engagement, transferring 1900 kgs fuel from IAF IL78 mid-air refuelling tanker on  September10, 2018. The refuelling was carried out at an altitude of 20,000 feet and air craft speed of 270k not store fuel all the internal tanks and droptanks. With this, India joins the elite group of countries who have developed the Air-to-Air (AAR) refuelling system for military class of aircraft.
  • In order to simplify Defence Exports, DDP has further amended the Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) on 01.11.2018. This is third such amendment which has significantly enhanced ease-of-doing business in defence exports. A new software for submission of application by the Industry and for processing the application in the Department has also been launched in the month of October, 2018. The digitally signed export authorisation is accessible to the exporters. The new online system also provides for online consultation with the stakeholders including MEA, DRDO, Indian Army, Air Force and Navy.
  • Raksha Mantri Smt Nirmala Sitharaman launched ‘Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti’ on November 27, 2018. It is part of the ongoing initiatives to enhance self-reliance in defence, the Department of Defence Production has instituted a new framework titled ‘Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti’ which aims to provide a boost to the Intellectual Property Rights culture in indigenous defence industry. DtEcr0rWoAIz4Aldefence_minister_launches_mission_raksha_gyanshaktiThe main idea behind this is to migrate from the culture of seeking Transfer of Technology (ToT) from foreign sources to generating Intellectual Property in India, to achieve the goal of self-reliance in Defence sector.
  • Ministry of Defence enhanced financial decision-making powers of the vice chiefs of Tri-Services by five times in order to expedite the decision making process involved in the revenue procurements of the Armed Forces. With the new delegation, the Vice Chiefs will be able to exercise financial powers upto five times more than the existing powers with an enhanced ceiling of Rs. 500 crores. This is likely to give another fillip to the capacity of the three Armed Forces. Raksha Mantri Smt Nirmala Sitharaman took this important decision to augment the arms and ammunition reserves of the Armed Forces to enhance their operational preparedness.
  • Minister of External Affairs Smt Sushma Swaraj and Minister of Defence Smt Nirmala Sitharaman and Secretary of State of the United States Mr Michael Pompeo and Secretary of Defence Mr James Mattis had inaugural India-US Ministerial 2+2 Dialogue in New Delhi on September 6, 2018. 636718710429295984.22-wave-@USAmbIndiaCelebrating over 70 years of diplomatic cooperation, they reaffirmed their view that India and the US, as sovereign democracies founded on the values of freedom, justice and commitment to the rule of law, must continue to lead global efforts to promote peace, prosperity and security. Recognising their two countries are strategic partners, the Ministers committed to work together on regional and global issues, including in bilateral, trilateral and quadrilateral formats. The Ministers reaffirmed the strategic importance of India’s designation as a Major Defense Partner (MDP) of the United States and committed to expand the scope of India’s MDP status and take mutually agreed upon steps to strengthen defence ties further and promote better defence and security coordination and cooperation.

Indian Army

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  • Internal Security Situation in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K): The security situation in J&K despite a lot of challenges has been brought under control. Relentless operations by the Army both, along the Line of Control (LoC) and in the hinterland have thwarted the designs of giving a fillip to the proxy war being waged against India. Army along with CAPF and JKP continues to put in pressure to bring back normalcy to the Kashmir Valley.
  • Internal Security Situation in North East: Intelligence based operations have been launched along the Inda-Myanmar border to maintain peace in the region and to effectively neutralise the terrorists. Indian Army has continued the people friendly operations to help the locals.
  • Situation along LAC: Indian Army is well poised all along the LAC and status quo is being ensured.

Training Events & Military Exercises

  • lndo-French Joint Military Exercise: lndo-French joint military exercise was conducted at Mailly Le Camp, France from January 28 to February 04, 2018. The aim of the exercise was to acquaint both forces with their operating procedures for counter insurgency and counter terrorism operations under UN mandate.
  • lndo-Malaysian Joint Military Exercise: The first ever joint exercise between Indian and Malaysian armies ‘HARIMAU SHAKTI – 2018’ was held from April 30 to May 13, 2018 in the forests of Sengai Perdik Hulu Langat, Malaysia. 4 grenadiers from Indian Army and 1 Royal Ranger Regiment and Royal Malay Regiment participated in the exercise. The first ever such exercise between the two countries aimed at training of troops in counter insurgency operations in jungle terrain. It has laid the groundwork for future editions.
  • lndo-Nepal Joint Military Exercise: ‘SURYA KIRAN – XIII’ was conducted in Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand from May 30 to June 12, 2018. The battalion level exercise focused on counter terrorism operations in mountainous terrain.
  • lndo-Thailand Joint Military Exercise: lndo-Thai Joint Military Exercise ‘MAITREE’ was held in Thailand from August 06-19, 2018. The exercise was aimed at training the troops in counter insurgency & counter terrorism operations under the United Nations mandate. Both sides jointly trained, planned and executed a series of well-developed tactical drills for neutralization of likely threats that may be encountered in urban warfare scenario.
  • Multinational Joint Military Exercise SCO Peace Mission 2018: India participated for the first time in the fifth edition of the joint multinational military exercise SCO Peace Mission between August 24-29, 2018. The joint exercise exhibited the combat power and dominance of the participating armies over extremist groups in simulated realistic situation.
  • lndo-US Joint Military Exercise: The 14th edition of lndo¬ US Joint military Exercise ‘YUDHABHYAS 2018’ was conducted at Chaubatia, Uttarakhand from September 16 to 29, 2018. The two week-long event saw both the armies hone their tactical and technical skills in countering insurgency and terrorism in a UN peacekeeping scenario involving a combined deployment at a brigade level. The Indian contingent was represented a battalion from Garud Brigade, Surya Command while the US contingent was from 1st Infantry Battalion of 23 Infantry Regiment, 2 Stryker Brigade Combat Team and 7 Infantry Division.
  • lndo-Kazakhstan Joint Military Exercise: The third edition of joint military training exercise between Indian Army and Kazakhstan Army was held at Otar Military station, Kazakhstan. Ex KAZIND 2018, a 14 day long joint exercise was conducted from September 10 to 23, 2018. The Kazakh contingent was represented by Military Base 85395 while the Indian side was represented by 5 Ladakh Scouts Regiment. Both sides jointly trained, planned and executed a series of well developed tactical drills for neutralisation of likely threats that may be encountered in urban warfare scenario.
  • Multinational Joint Exercise of BIMSTEC Nations: Military field training exercise for BIMSTEC nations, MILEX-2018, was conducted between September 10-16, 2018. Aaim of the exercise was to collectively train BIMSTEC nations in planning and conduct of counter terrorist operations in a semi urban focus of the exercise was to train and equip the contingents to undertake joint counter insurgency and counter terrorist operations in urban and semi-urban terrain. Training contingents comprised of platoon strength from 1st Gorkha Rifles of the Army and 32 Regiment from Japanese ground Self Defence Forces.
  • lndo-Japan Joint Military Exercise: The first of its own kind, an lndo-Japan joint military exercise DHARMA GUARDIAN 2018 was conducted at CIJWS, Vairengte from November 01 to 14, 2018. The primary aim was to in and equip the contingents undertake joint counter insurgency and counter terrorist operations in urban and semi urban terrain. The training contingents comprised of platoon strength from 1st Gorkha Rifles of the Indian Army and 32 Regiment from the Japanese ground Self Defence Forces.
  • lndo-Russia Joint Military Exercise: Tenth edition of lndo-Russian joint military Exercise INDRA was conducted at Sabina Military station from November 18 to 28, 2018. The aim of the exercise was to practice joint planning and conduct to enhance interoperability of the two armies in peace keeping and enforcement environment under the aegis of United Nations.
  • lndo-Maldives Joint Military Exercise: Ninth edition of lndo-Maldives joint military exercise EKUVERIN 2018 was conducted at Maafilaafushi, Maldives between December 14-29, 2018. The Indian Army contingent comprised of officers and troops from the MADRAS Regiment while Maldives was represented by officers and marines of MNDF. The primary focus of the exercise was to train and equip the contingents to undertake joint counter insurgency and counter terrorist operations in rural/ urban environment.
  • Officers’ Training Academy, Chennai training Afghan lady officers: As part of a continued effort of training being imparted by the Army to women officers from abroad, the women officers of the Afghan Army and Air Force were trained on basic military aspects including physical training, weapon training, tactics, communication skills and leadership at OTA, Chennai from November 26 to December 22, 2018.
  • lndo-China Joint Military Exercise: 7th Sino -India joint exercise Hand-in-Hand 2018 was held from December 10 to 23, at Chengdu, China. Company size contingents of 11 SIKHLI from Indian Army and a regiment from Tibetan Military District of People’s Liberation Army participated in the exercise. The Indian contingent was led by Col Puneet Pratap Singh Tomar, Commanding Officer, 11 SIKHLI, while the Chinese contingent was led by Col Zhou Jun. The exercise will consist of a balance of indoor classes and outdoor training activities: The aim of the exercise is to build and promote close relations between armies of both the countries and to enhance ability of the joint exercise commander to take military contingents of both nations under command. The exercise will involve tactical level operations in an international counter insurgency/counter terrorism environment under UN mandate.

Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief

  • Floods in North Eastern States of India (June 2018): Army columns were deployed for rescue and relief operations during floods and landslides in the north eastern states of Assam, Manipur, Mizoram and Tripura. Approximately six lakh people were affected by the floods. A total of 430 people in Manipur and 930 people in Tripura were rescued by Assam Rifles and Indian Army.
  • Kerala Floods (August 2018): Army columns were deployed for rescue and relief operations in the devastated flood affected areas Kerala’s Kannur, Wayanad Kozhikode Malappuram, ldukki and Ernakulam districts. Indian Army deployed ten columns and ten Engineering Task Force (ETF) teams with 60 boats and 100 life jackets. Army also constructed 13 temporary bridges to reconnect 38 remote areas and evacuated 3,627 people.

Sports & Adventure

  • Asian Dragon Boat Championship: Naib Subedar Suraj Singh Negi participated in the 5th Asian Dragon Bat Championship at Dali, China between May 05-08, 2018 as captain of 10 metre mixed 500 metre event and won bronze medal for the country.
  • Youth Olympic Games: Jeremy Lalrinnuga, trained in Boys Sports Company, Army Sports Institute Pune created history by lifting total of 274 kilogramme of weight and winning first ever Gold medal for India in 62 kg weight category in the 3rd Youth Olympic Games at Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Asian Yoga Sports Championship: Gunner (Operator) Sandeep Chate of Artillery Regiment bagged a Gold representing India and beating 15 other participants from different countries at 8th Asia Yoga Sports Championship held at Thiruvananthapuram between September 27-30, 2018.
  • Junior Asian Athletics: Recruit Ajeet Kumar of Madras Engineers Group, Bangalore won Gold in 5,000 meter race in Junior Asian Athletics Championship held at Gifu.

Miscellaneous Events

  • President awards Padma Shri Sepoy Murlikant Rajaram Petkar (Retd): President Shri Ram Nath Kovind presented Padma Shri to Sepoy Murlikant Rajaram Petkar, retired war veteran of victorious 1965 war on March 20, 2018, who later won Paralympic Gold in 50 metre free style swimming. He sustained grave injuries, including multiple gunshot wounds but trained relentlessly and achieved inspiring glory.
  • Visit of President to Siachen Glacier: President Shri Ram Nath Kovind, Supreme commander of armed forces, visited the world’s highest battlefield, Siachen Glacier on May 10, 2018. He addressed troops at the Siachen Base camp and profusely praised the efforts of the soldiers deployed in the harsh climatic conditions assuring that their interests are paramount in the heart of the nation.
  • Army’s Kashmir Super-30 (Medical) Initiative: On June 12, 2018; a prestigious centre for Kashmir Super 30 (medical) project was inaugurated by the Chinar Corps commander, Srinagar. The project has been conceptualised by the Army which is a residential programme providing coaching and guidance to children for medical coaching and guidance to children for medical entrance exam for 12 months.
  • Samba Super 40: Samba Super 40 Project under the aegis of Gurj Div was initiated to provide quality training to young NOA/CDS aspirants of Samba area as per UPSC curriculum. The project involved identification, screening and selection of potential candidates. Extensive interactions were done by Army officers of Samba brigade at Samba, Vijaypur and Kathua schools and colleges. 36 students were shortlisted out of which two boys and one girl have cleared the written exam. They will now be coached further for SSB.
  • Rescue by Indian Army in Arunachal Pradesh: Indian Army rescued locals and tourists in 320 vehicles who were stuck in sub-zero temperature on March 12, 2018 in an unexpected heavy snowfall near Sela Pass in Arunachal Pradesh. Three teams of Indian Army worked relentlessly till the last person and vehicle were brought to safety.
  • Celebration of Parakram Parv: Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi attended the Combined Commanders Conference at the Air Force Station in Jodhpuron September 28, 2018 and also launched ‘Parakram Parv’ there.
  • He also paid homage to martyrs at Konark War Memorial in the city. In the visitors’ book, the PM wrote that the country is proud of the Armed Forces who are dedicated and committed to protecting the Motherland. Raksha Mantri Shrimati Nirmala Sitharaman inaugurated ‘Parakram Parv’ celebrations at India Gate on September 29, 2018. The ceremony was attended by military and civil dignitaries and large number of school children and NCC cadets. Similar celebrations were observed at various locations around the country.

Indian Navy


Overseas Operations


  • Western Fleet (WF) Overseas Deployment (OSD): Western Fleet ships comprising Mumbai and Trikand were deployed for Western FleetOverseas Deployment from April 15 to May 23, 2018. During the deployment, the ships along with P8I aircraft participated in Phase III of EX-VARUNA, at/off Reunion Island, from May 01-07, 2018. Western Fleet ships comprising Kolkata and Trikand participated in exercise IBSAMAR at Simons Town, South Africa from October 01-13, 2018.
  • Malabar 18 and RIMPACEastern Fleet ships comprising SahyadriKamorta and Shaktiwere deployed for Eastern Fleet Overseas Deployment. The ships along with P8I aircraft participated in Exercise Malabar at Guam. On completion of Malabar 18, Kamorta and Shaktireturned Visakhapatnam on July 07, 2018. Sahyadri thereafter participated in exercise RIMPAC at Hawaii and Kakadu at Darwin and finally arrived at Visakhapatnam on September 29, 2018.
  • International Fleet Review at Jeju: Eastern Fleet ship INSRana was deployed for Eastern FleetOverseas Deployment from September 17 to November 24, 2018. The ship participated in International Fleet Review at Jeju, South Korea between October 08-15, 2018. The ship participated in IND-INDO Bilateral exercise at Surabaya, Indonesia from November 12-16, 2018.
  • Overseas Deployment of 1 Training Squadron (1TS): Ships of 1 Training Squadron consisting of IN Ships Tir, Sujata, Sudarshini, Shardul and ICG Ship Sarathi were deployed in South-East Asia as part of training deployment from September 20 to October 22, 2018. The ships visited Lumut, Malaysia, Singapore and Jakarta, Indonesia. During the deployment IN ships Tir, Sujata and Shardul were diverted off Palu, Indonesia, to provide relief assistance to the Tsunami affected Island of Sulawesi.

Naval Operations/activities


  • Mission Based Deployments Mission Based Deployments were implemented by Indian Navy (IN) in a phased manner, with an aim to safeguard national maritime interests and maintain continuous/near continuous presence in areas of significant maritime importance in the IOR. These deployments are in consonance with the PM’s vision of ‘Security and Growth for All in the Region (SAGAR)’. Since the inception of Mission Based Deployment in June 2017, IN ships and aircraft are being regularly deployed in the Gulf of Oman/Persian Gulf, Gulf of Aden/Red Sea, South and Central Indian Ocean Region (IOR), off Sunda Strait, Andaman Sea/ approaches to Malacca Strait and Northern Bay of Bengal.
  • IN Operational Exercises: In order to remain combat ready at all the time IN conducted Command level operational exercises ENCORE-18 (Eastern Naval Command), XPL-18 (Western Naval Command) and SHIKSHA-18 (Operational level war gaming exercise). These exercises also saw participation from the Army, Air Force and Coast Guard. The exercises facilitate refining of IN war plans, address Op Logistics issues and provide platform for smooth transition from peace to conflict.

Foreign Cooperation

  • Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS):     The IONS presently has 24 member countries with eight countries with observer status. Iran is the current ‘Chair’ of IONS. The construct has become an important Maritime construct to promote maritime cooperation amongst the member countries. During the Conclave of Chiefs held in Tehran in April 2018, it was decided to conduct the IONS Anti-piracy exercise by Iran in 2019 and India assumed Chairmanship of IWG Information Sharing and Interoperability (IS&I). Indian Navy also conducted commemorative activities for IONS 10th anniversary between November 13-14, 2018 at Kochi. Events included commemorative Seminar, Tall ship sail together from Kochi to Muscat and release of Special Day cover. Chiefs of 11 navies and 27 countries participated in the event.
  • MILAN-18 MILAN-18 was conducted at Port Blair from March 06-13, 2018. More than 30 delegates from 16 countries and 11 ships from eight countries participated in the MILAN. A Table-Top Exercise focussing on ‘Enhancing Regional Cooperation for Combating Unlawful Activities at Sea’ and a seminar on the theme ‘In pursuit of Maritime Good Order – Need for Comprehensive Information Sharing Apparatus‘ was conducted during the ‘Harbour Phase’. In the ‘Sea Phase’ participating ships undertook various exercises aimed at harnessing inter-operability in a variety of maritime scenarios including ‘Search and Rescue’ and ‘Maritime Interdiction Operations’.
  • Supply of 2nd Dornier to Seychelles Second Dornier aircraft was handed over to Seychelles Air Force on June 25, 2018 at a ceremony held in New Delhi. Deputy Chief of Naval Staff represented IN along with other Flag Officers during the ceremony. The first Dornier was supplied to Seychelles in January 2013.
  • 37th Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica: Hydrographic survey team consisting of one Long Hydrography course qualified officer and one Hydrographic sailor participated in the 37th Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica from December 2017 to March 2018 for surveying India Bay area.

Important Events of Interest

  • MLAs/MPs/State Government Officials Day at Sea: Prime Minister during Combined Commanders’ Conference 2015 directed IN to conduct day at sea for MP/MLA and State Government officials of the Coastal states of India. Till date, familiarisation sorties have been conducted for the states of West Bengal, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. MLAs/ MPs/State Government officials ‘Day at Sea’ for Maharashtra was conducted on April 08, 2018, off Mumbai. A total of 146 MPs/MLAs/State Government officials including the Chief Minister embarked five IN ships for the ‘Day at Sea’.
  • North Indian Ocean Hydrographic Commission: The 18th North Indian Ocean Hydrographic Commission (NIOHC) Conference was conducted from April 09-12, 2018 at Vasco-da-Gama, Goa by the Indian Naval Hydrographic Department (INHD). The Conference was chaired by VAdm Vinay Badhwar, NM, Chief Hydrographer and Chairman NIOHC. A total of 64 foreign delegates from International Hydrographic Organisation, Member States/countries and industries participated.
  • Artificial Intelligence: In pursuance of Govt. of India’s initiative for harnessing technological advancements in the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI), a Task Force to study strategic implementation of AI for National Security and Defence was set up by MoD/DDP in February 2018. The Task Force consisted of eminent personalities from DRDO, BARC, IITs, Defence PSUs, industry and members from the three services. The Task Force report, which was submitted to Raksha Mantri on June 30, 2018, broadly included AI ‘Use Cases’ for implementation by three services, allocation of a portion of defence budget for AI projects, building up AI expertise and setting up AI command structure. INon its part has divided the AI use cases on the basis of short, medium and long term basis for implementation and is progressing four AI based proof-of-concept projects.
  • Navika Sagar Parikrama: INSV Tarini returned to India on May 21, 2018, on completion of the first Indian all-women circumnavigation of the globe. This is the first-ever Indian circumnavigation of the globe by an all-women crew.The vessel was flagged-in by Raksha Mantri Smt Nirmala Sitharaman at Goa. The crew met Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modiin New Delhi on May 23, 2018 and President at Rashtrapati Bhawan on June 01, 2018. The vessel covered 22,300 Nm during the voyage and met all the following criteria of circumnavigation. The expedition was in consonance with the National policy to empower women to attain their full potential. It also depicted ‘Nari Shakti’ on the world platform and helped discard the societal attitudes and mindset towards women in India by raising visibility of their participation in challenging environs. Also, the indigenously built 56-foot sailing vessel, INSV Tarini showcased the ‘Make in India’ initiative on the International forum.


  • Diving and Rescue Assistance:  The Navy continued to provide rescue assistance to local authorities for Search and Rescue (SAR) of personnel having fallen into water bodies or drowned therein. In the on-going year, assistance has been provided for 110 requests. For SAR of a boat capsized in Godavari river on May 15, 2018, extensive air searches were provided by two Chetak helicopters, one UH3H and one DO.
  • Cyclone Berguitta – Mauritius:  A Tropical depression ‘Berguitta’ crossed Mauritius on January 18, 2018. Based on request from HCI, Mauritius and MoD directives, INS Sarvekshak handed over relief materiel comprising provisions, clothing items and medicines to the Government of Mauritius on January 27, 2018.
  • Transhipment of Humanitarian Aid to Chittagong: IN ship Airavat was deployed for transhipment of Humanitarian aid to Chittagong from 05 – 14 May 18. A total of 345 tons of relief material was handed over to the Bangladesh Government.
  • Very Severe cyclone’Titli’:  On October 11, 2018, information was received at Eastern Naval Command, Vishakhapatnam regarding landfall of Very Severe cyclone‘Titli’ at Srikakulam. Based on assistance sought by the State Governments of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha, IN provided HADR and SAR assistance including air dropping of 3,000 food packets and 5,500 kgs of relief material at various locations, in coordination with the State administration. The IN teams were de-inducted on October 15, 2018.
  • Golden Globe Race:  Commander Abhilash Tomy participated in the Golden Globe Race 2018, which is a 30,000 nautical mile solo sailing race around the world. It was started on July 01, 2018 from Les Sables-d’Olonne, France. On September 21, 2018, whilst Cdr Abhilash Tomy was contesting in the 3rd position, his yacht ‘SV Thuriya’ dismasted in rough seas in the Indian Ocean, injuring him. He was stranded 3,200 km off the coast of Western Australia after the incident. In a joint rescue operation (India, France and Australia), led by the Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre Canberra, Cdr Tomy was rescued on 24 Sep 18 by the French fishing vessel Osiris and brought to Ile De Amsterdam for receiving medical care. IN ship Satpura embarked Cdr Tomy from Ile De Amsterdam and brought him back to India.

International Level Sports Championships

  • Hong Kong Gymnastics Championship: Rakesh Patra, (CPO PT), participated in Honk Kong Gymnastics Competition held between January20-21, 2018 and won 03 Gold medals.
  • President Cup:NT Lalbiakkima, SEA II (GS), of Navy Boxing team represented the country during President Cup held between June04-11, 2018 at Astana, Kazakhistan and won Bronze medal.
  • International Masters, Dubai: Rohit Kumar, PO ELA (R) and Surjeet, PO (GS), of Navy Kabaddi team represented the country in International Masters, Dubai from June 22-30, 2018 and won Gold medal.
  • Asian Wrestling Championship: Sachin Rathi, Sea II (GW), of Navy Wrestling team won Gold medal during the Junior Asian Wrestling Championship held from July 20-22, 2018 at New Delhi.
  • 2018 World Wrestling Championship: Vijay, SEA II (GW), won silver medal the World Wrestling Championship held between September 17-23, 2018 at Tranav, Slovakia.

Mountaineering Adventures

  • All Women Expedition to Mt Deotibba: An all women Naval Mountaineering Expedition to Mt Deotibba was successfully conducted from May 28, 2018. Mt Deotibba is the second highest peak (6,001 mtr) in the Pir-Panjal range of Himachal Pradesh. The expedition has laid foundation for all women mountaineering team to scale many more challenging peaks in the near future. The team summited the peak on June 10, 2018.
  • Mt Menthosa (6,443 mtr) Expedition  A ten member mountaineering expedition to Mt Menthosa was flagged off from Kochi on Sep 21, 2018. The team successfully submitted the peak on Oct 16, 2018. The team comprised of three officers and seven sailors.





  • Rafale Rafale is an omni-role fighter aircraft which will provide long range capability to engage targets in depth and will provide a strong weapons and systems capability edge over our adversaries. The weapon package includes air-to-air Beyond Visual Range (BVR) METEOR missile and long range SCALP precision guided air-to-ground weapon. In addition, the Rafale for IAF has specific enhancements, including capability for high altitude engine start for undertaking high altitude operations.
  • Hercules C-130J-30:C-130J is a medium sized, all weather transport aircraft capable of inter theatre and intra theatre airlift operations. It is capable of delivering combat troops/personnel or cargo by airdrop or air-landed operations.  IAF has also enhanced the night operational capability of the aircraft by procuring latest generation Night Vision Goggles.
  • Chinook Heavy Lift Helicopters: Fifteen Chinook Heavy Lift Helicopters will be delivered to the IAF from March 2019 onwards.  A team of aircrew and ground crew have commenced training on the Chinook in USA.


  • Mirage-2000 Upgrade: Upgrade of Mirage-2000 aircraft is being undertaken by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL). The upgrade programme includes a new, more powerful upgraded radar, new avionics suite and integration of weapons. The upgrade was undertaken in two phases. Initial Operation Clearance (IOC) Design and Development (D&D), was completed at OEM facilities’ in France and the Final Operational Clearance (FOC) D&D was completed in March 2018.
  • MiG-29 Upgrade: The MiG-29 Upgrade Contract was signed with the OEM for upgrade and life extension of MiG-29 aircraft. The first phase of the project was Design & Development (D&D), which was completed on six aircraft in Russia. The second phase was Series Upgrade of the remaining aircraft at the Base Repair Depot of the Indian Air Force. The upgraded aircraft are now being used for routine operations in frontline squadrons. The upgraded aircraft is equipped with state of the art avionics, an array of smart air-to-air and air-to-ground weapons and in-flight refuelling.
  • UAV Upgrade: A combined case for upgrade of Heron UAV systems for three Services (IAF-10) is in progress and IAF is the lead service. Identification of Friend or Foe and Traffic Collision Avoidance System are some features that will be part of the upgrade. Contract negotiations have been concluded.


  • Aircraft Accident Rates:   The annual aircraft accident rates, calculated as number of Cat I accidents per 10,000 hours of flying during the financial year, have shown a progressive decline over the years.
  • Flying Effort:  There has been an increase in flying effort and reduction of accident rate, which indicates proactive safety measures undertaken by the IAF. Financial year wise flying efforts by IAF for the past ten financial years are as follows:

Make Projects

  • AEW&C (Indigenous): The Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) sanctioned the Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) Project on October 06, 2004. Centre for Airborne Systems (CABS) was designated as nodal agency to indigenously design and develop operational AEW&C systems for IAF. The AEW&C System is a system of systems consisting of Primary Radar (PR), Secondary Surveillance Radar (SSR), Electronic Support Measures (ESM) system, and Communication Support Measures (CSM) system, Self-Protection Suits (SPS), Mission Communication System (MCS) and Data Links on board Embraer-145 aircraft. The aircraft is capable of air-to-air refuelling for achieving extended endurance.
  • AWACS (India): Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS-India) consists of sensors mounted on a transport aircraft for locating airborne and sea surface targets and picking up hostile emissions. The aircraft sensors provide comprehensive information to the onboard mission controllers and ground stations through a sophisticated communication data link. The system provides advance warning for approaching low flying hostile targets.


  • Ex Gagan Shakti: IAF conducted PAN India Exercise Gaganshakti 2018 between April 08-22, 2018. The aim of the exercise was real time coordination and employment of air power in a short and intense battle scenario. A major highlight of the exercise was a very high availability and reliability of all combat assets including aircraft, missile systems and radars. High tempo operations also enabled the IAF to ascertain sustainability of the logistics chain.
  • Ex Pitch Black-2018(OUT EX): Ex Pitch Black (Ex PB) is a biennial exercise conducted by Royal Australian Air Force. Ex PB-18 was the inaugural exercise for IAF conducted from Jul 19 to August 18, 2018, at Darwin, Australia. IAF participated with 04 x Su-30MKI, 01 x C-17 and 01 x C-130J aircraft along with 145 IAF personnel. Hop exercise was conducted at Subang, Malaysia during the transit to Malaysia.
  • International Army Games-2018 (OUT EX): Two observers (each) represented IAF in “UAV Competition” at Kazakhstan from 06-08 Aug 18 and in “Ex Aviadarts (Air to Ground firing competition)” at Russia from August 03-04, 2018.
  • Ex Aviaindra-2018 [Phase-I (IN Ex) & Phase-II (OUT Ex)]:  The exercise was planned in two phases. Phase-II was held at Lipetsk, Russia between September 17-28, 2018 and Phase-I was held at Jodhpur, India from December 10-21, 2018. Russian IAF participated with 30 members during the exercise.
  • Ex Cope India-18:  United States Air Force and Indian Air Force participated in an exercise, ‘Cope India’. It was conducted at Kalaikunda and Panagarh from December 03-14 18. USAF participated with 12X F15 C/D and 03XC-130. Observers from Japan Air Self Defence Force also participated in the exercise.


  • HADR Seminar: HQ Western Air Command conducted a seminar on Human Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) in May 2018. It was attended by representatives of the Army, HQ Integrated Defence Staff and State Disaster Management Authorities of J&K, HP, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand and Delhi.
  • Annual Jt HADR Exercise: Based on the directions of Prime Minister, Annual Jt HADR exercise was conducted at Allahabad between September 25-26, 2018. Scenario of earthquake along Dehradun, Bareilly and Gorakhpur axis was simulated as part of the exercise. The exercise was conducted by IAF and various agencies involved in HADR operations including NDMA, NDRF, state govt and other civil agencies till the municipal level participated in the exercise.
  • Flash Floods Maharashtra: On 07 Jul 18, helicopter undertook rescue of five stranded civilians near Chinchoti waterfall in Palghar, Maharashtra.
  • Flood Relief in Kerala. IAF launched rescue and relief operations after the devastating floods in Aug 2018. Fortyseven aircraft (05xC-17, 03xIL-76, 05xC-130 and 10xAn-32 and 24 helicopters) took part in the rescue and relief operations in Kerala. During the HADR mission, IAF ac airlifted 4,209 passengers and 1,554 T of load and flew 1,121 sorties and 1404 hrs.

Publicity Efforts

  • Maintenance of Career Website: IAF maintains a career website, which contains all the induction and selection related information. The website is used for online registration and conduct of online examination. Information regarding various stages of selection process i.e., from releasing of advertisement to final merit lists are upgraded regularly on the website.
  • Print Advertisement:  Advertisement for all the entries is released in Employment News, various magazines and also as newspaper advertisement in vernacular language on pan India basis.


  • e-Training.  In line with Digital India initiative of Government of India, IAF has taken a lead to bring about a paradigm change in the present training methodology for ab-initio air-warriors. Towards this, a pilot e-training project was introduced for 400 ab-initio trainees of Elect fit trade at Electrical and Instrumentation Training Institute (E & ITI) at Air Force Station Jalahalli, Bengaluru. Trainees and instructors were provided with ‘tablets’, integrated through a wireless network. Users are able to refer to training material loaded into a central server at their own place, within the Wi-Fi coverage area of the unit. The Pilot Project (Phase I) to implement e-training has proven to be very successful and is planned to be implemented at all training establishments and training institutes.

Women Empowerment

  • Induction of Women Pilots in the Fighter Stream.  The IAF has been at the vanguard of providing greater opportunities to women and has pioneered the entry of women as officers in the flying and ground duty branches.  Since 1993, women are being inducted as Short Service Commissioned officers in all branches and streams of the IAF except the fighter stream. The IAF has recently revised Short Service Commission (SSC) scheme to induct women into the fighter stream on an experimental basis for a period of five years. The first batch of three women officers were commissioned into the fighter stream in 2016.  These three women fighter pilots are posted to frontline fighter squadrons.


  • Vintage Flight.  IAF maintain and operates Tiger Moth, Harvard and Dakota vintage aircraft. These aircraft represent an important part of Indian aviation and IAF heritage. These aircraft are presently operating in IAF colours and have regaled audiences all over the country, as they have been an integral part of most flypasts and air displays of National importance. Their presence over Indian skies serves to remind Indian Citizens of our rich aviation heritage and motivates countless youngsters to become a part of the IAF.
  • ATF Online Payment.  CDA (AF) has started releasing payment online to M/s IOCL against the ATF bills received through ‘ATF DIP’ (OJAS) software and the same has been successfully implemented by IAF.

Indian Coast Guard


Indian Coast Guard.jpg


  • Extended EEZ surveillance: In addition to undertaking maritime surveillance in Maritime Zone of India, ICG ships and aircraft are also deployed for undertaking maritime surveillance of littoral states. In 2018, ICG undertook three extended EEZ deploymentsin the Maldivian EEZ, by ICG ship Sarathi in February-April, 2018 and ICGS Samarth in April-May, 2018 followed by one ICG Dornier Aircraft in July-August 2018.

Coastal Security

  • Coastal Security Exercises:   Indian Coast Guard, in coordination with Navy, has been undertaking patrolling and surveillance of the entire coastline.  Since 2009, a total of 180 Coastal Security Exercises have been conducted for ensuring effectiveness of the coordinated patrolling and validation of Standard Operating Procedure.
  • Coastal Security Operations:   With the sustained impetus on Coastal Security total of 351 Coastal Security Operations have been conducted since 2009, in coordination with all stakeholders.

Search and Rescue

  • Indian Coast Guard is the national coordinating agency for maritime search and rescue in the vast 4.6 million square kiolometres of Indian Search and Rescue Region. Director General Indian Coast Guard is the Chairman of National Maritime Search and Rescue Board which is responsible to coordinate M-SAR related matters.
  • Distress Beacon Exercise:   In order to enhance efficacy of M-SAR construct, series of Beacon exercises are being conducted. The 14th and 15th exercise was conducted on May, 23-25 and September, 26-28, 2018 respectively. Active participation was witnessed from Defence and Civil and a total of 96 beacons were tested in 2018.
  • SAR Exercises: With imperatives to validate the National Maritime SAR plan and to exercise the resource agencies for enhanced operability towards collaborative approach for strengthening the maritime SAR mechanism, Maritime Search and Rescue exercises were conducted under the aegis of NMSAR Board. Large scale participation of National Maritime SAR Board Member agencies, stake holders, resource agencies, national and international observers was witnessed during the exercises conducted in 2018 which are as under:-
    • National Maritime Search and Rescue Workshop & Exercise (SAREX-18) conducted between January 16-17, 2018 off Chennai. The SAR exercise was in series of the biennial exercise conducted by ICG.
    • Regional Maritime Search and Rescue Exercise Mar 19 & 21, 2018 off Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • Maritime SAR Workshop & Interactive Sessions  Under the aegis of NMSAR Board, ICG took the initiative of conducting Maritime SAR Workshop & interactive session for mariners, fisherman and stake holders. These initiatives were aimed towards building up a collaborative approach for strengthening safety of fisher-folks and mariners and enthusing safety consciousness among coastal communities.
  • SAR Communication Exercise: With a view to reinforce our operational linkages with leading Maritime SAR service providers in the Indian Ocean Region, MRCC (Mumbai), MRCC (Chennai) and MRCC (Port Blair) conducted Search and Rescue Communication  Exercises (SARCOMEX) with friendly countries in the year 2018, that include Oman, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Malaysia, Qatar, South Korea, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Australia.
  • XVII National Maritime Search and Rescue (NMSAR) Board Meeting.The XVII National Maritime Search and Rescue (NMSARB) meeting was held at Vigyan Bhawan Annex, New Delhi on Jul 05, 2018 under the chairmanship of Director General, ICG and Chairman, National Maritime Search & Rescue Board, Shri Rajendra Singh.The meeting was attended by all the board members alongwith other special invitees alongwith Fisheries department representatives from five States.  Various issues related with safety of fishermen and mariners were reviewed and discussed.  During the meeting annual NMSAR awards were also distributed by the Chairman, NMSAR Board. The ‘ICG SAR Award for Fisherman’ was awarded to Shri Milan Shankar Tare, Owner & Master of fishing boat ‘Dharti’ for saving 12 lives from sinking fishing boat ‘Shivneri’ 33 NM off Tarapur, Maharashtra.

Aid to Civil Authority

  • Ganesh Utsav-2018:   During immersion ceremony of idols of Lord Ganesh along the Mumbai coast, CGRHQ (West) conducted ‘Operation Utsav’ from 13 – 23 Sep 18 to carry out surveillance and provide SAR cover during the ceremony. ICG ships and aircraft provided search and rescue cover to the devotees on September 14, 17, 19 and 23, 2018.
  • Assistance to Civil Authority – Kerala Flood: In response to the Kerala floods in August 2018, ICG launched a large scale Disaster Response & Relief Operation code named ‘Op Rahat’. ICG mobilised eight ships, four Dorniers and three helicopters during the operation. Thirty six Disaster Response Teams, each comprising 7-9 ICG personnel were deployed in the flood affected districts of Kerala.
  • ICG Efforts Towards cyclone ‘LUBAN’ in Arabian Sea:   Consequent to formation of cyclone Luban in South East Arabian Sea on October 01, 2018, ICG launched a large scale rescue and relief operation. CG Disaster Response teams were formed at Kochi and Gemini, life boats were kept standby for deployment at short notice. On an average 10-12 Ships, 05-06 Dornier aircraft and 01-02 helicopter were deployed for warning/ sensitizing fishermen at sea and guiding them to return harbour.
  • ICG Efforts Towards cyclone ‘Titli’ in Bay of Bengal: ICG again launched a large scale rescue and relief operations during the onset of cyclone ‘Titli’, which formed in the Bay of Bengal on October 08, 2018. Three CG Disaster Response teams were employed at Gopalpur while 04 CGDRTs at Paradip and 06 CGDRTs at Haldia were kept standby. On an average 08 Ships and03-04 Dornier aircraft were deployed for warning/ sensitizing fishermen at sea and guiding them to return harbour.
  • ICG Efforts Towards cyclone ‘Gaja’:   Consequent to formation of low pressure in North Andaman sea around November 08-09, 18, Indian Coast Guard initiated series of pre-emptive measures from November 09, 2018 onwards to ensure safety of fishermen operating at sea.

International Cooperation

  • Memorandum of Understanding (MoUs) India has acceded to various international conventions dealing with maritime safety and security and marine environment protection. Accordingly, ICG endeavours for making seas safe, secure and clean with its international partners. ICG has signed MoUs with the Bangladesh CG, Japan CG, Korea CG, Royal Oman Police CG, Sri Lanka CGand Vietnam CG for cooperation on CG-relevant maritime issues. In addition ICG and Pakistan Maritime Security Agency have established a communication link as part of MoU between the Ministries of Defence of both Governments.

Bilateral Interactions

  • Signing of MoU between ICG and SLCG: A Memorandum of Understanding between ICG and the Coast Guard of Sri Lanka was signed on May 09, 2018 in Colombo for the establishment of a collaborative relationship to combat transnational illegal activities at sea and develop regional cooperation between the ICG and Sri Lanka Coast Guard.

Joint Exercise

  • Joint Exercise with Bangladesh Coast Guard: BCG ship Tajuddin visited Chennai between May 25-28, 2018 for joint exercise under the provisions of MoU. The ship also visited Vizag from May 30 to June 02,  2018 for professional interaction with ICG.
  • Joint Exercise with Japan Coast Guard: ICG-JCG annual joint exercise was conducted off/at Chennai between January 16-17, 2018. The JCG ship Tsugaru ship alongwith integral helicopter participated in the joint exercise.

Marine Environment

  • Signing of MoU for Cooperation on the response to Oil and Chemical Pollution in the South Asian Seas Region: Director General ICG on behalf of Government of India has deposited instrument of consent to Director General, South Asia Cooperative Environment Programme (SACEP), Colombo, Sri Lanka on               May 12, 2018 in respect of MoU for cooperation on the response to oil and chemical pollution in the South Asian Seas Region (comprising of maritime nations – India, Bangladesh, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka).
  • International Coastal Cleanup Day – 2018:  Towards ongoing efforts of the Government for the ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ and Prime Minister’s appeal for mass cleanliness and sanitation campaign, through “Swachhta Hi Seva”, the Indian Coast Guard conducted International Coastal Cleanup Day-2018 (ICC-2018) in all Coastal States/Union Territories on September 15, 2018. Nationwide, a total of 22,026 volunteers participated in the ICC-2018 campaign, which resulted in collection of 71,220 kilogrammes of marine litter.

Fisheries Protection   

  • Apprehension of Foreign Fishing Vessels:   Coast Guard apprehended 04 foreign fishing boats alongwith 26 foreign crew under the provisions of the MZI Act, 1981 since January 2018.
  • Repatriation of Indian and Foreign Fishing Boats:   The repatriation operations are directly coordinated by the Coast Guard Headquarters which involves extensive committed liaison with MEA, the Indian High Commission in the respective countries, State Fisheries departments and District Administration. Coast Guard repatriated 11 Sri Lankan and 26 Pakistani fishermen from India and 155 Indian fishermen from Sri Lanka have been undertaken since January 2018.


  • 16 Advanced Light Helicopters (ALH) MKIII: Contract towards supply of 16 ALH MK-III has been concluded with M/s Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) on March 29, 2017 and successful ground run of first Green aircraft has been carried out in June 2018. Integration and certification of systems is in progress and delivery of first two helicopters is scheduled in March 2020. These helicopters are equipped with state-of-the-art technology and are capable of surveillance, interdiction, standoff support for ship boarding parties and pollution response from ships.

Defence Research and Development Organisation 


  • Long Range Surface-to-Surface Ballistic Missile ‘Agni-5’: During the year, Agni-5 was successfully flight tested thrice in Jan, June& December 2018. A total of seven flight trials have been conducted so far and all the missions have been successful.
  • Ballistic Missile Defence (Programme AD): Interceptor missiles have been developed by DRDO as a strategic weapon against ballistic missile attacks. Successful trials of endo interceptor missile (AAD) and exo interceptor missile (PDV) were carried out in August 2018 and September 2018 respectively.
  • Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile ‘Astra’: Beyond visual range air-to-air missile ‘Astra’ possessing high single shot kill probability has been developed by DRDO to engage and destroy highly manoeuvring supersonic aerial targets. A series of flight trials of the missile by IAF were conducted at ITR, Balasore as part of final development trials of the missile in September/October 2018.
  • New Generation Anti-Radiation Missile (NGARM): DRDO is involved in the design and development of NGARM having a range of 100 km. AKU-58 launcher after suitable modification will be used for missile integration on Su-30 MKI aircraft. Successful static firing of integrated P-I & P-II rocket motor was conditioned at high & low temperatures in Jun & Jul 2018 respectively. Captive Flight Trials were also successfully conducted in September 2018.
  • Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM): MPATGM is a 3rd generation ATGM with ‘Fire & Forget’ and ‘Top Attack’ capabilities, which can be day and night. Design & development of MPATGM weapon system is undertaken for deployment by Infantry and Parachute Battalions of the Army. During the year, sub-systems for control flight trial were acceptance tested and lined up for missile integration which was followed by successful Program Control Flight Trials of the missile system in September 2018.
  • Stand-off Anti-Tank (SANT) Guided Missile: During the year, SANT Guided Missile mission-01 campaign was conducted during May 2018 at Jaisalmer, Rajasthan during which successful firing of SANT from Mi-35 helicopter platform was demonstrated. SANT Release Flight Trials (RFT) with mathematical model of seeker was also conducted in Nov 2018 wherein safe separation from Mi-35, transfer alignment algorithm, launch release sequence and latex/roll control auto pilot algorithms was demonstrated.
  • Smart Anti Air Field Weapon (SAAW): SAAW is long-range, stand-off, precision air-to-surface weapon capable of engaging ground targets. Impact trial of SAAW was conducted in May 2018 to access penetration capability of SAAW in full configuration mode. Three tests of SAAW were also carried out during August 2018 from IAF aircraft. The weapon has undergone eight developmental flight trials till date.
  • Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) ‘TAPAS BH’: TAPAS-BH, a multi-mission UAV is being developed with an endurance of 24 hours to carry out the intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) roles for the three Armed Forces. It is being designed to operate at 30,000 ft Above Mean Sea Level (AMSL) altitude and is capable of carrying Electronic Warfare and Electro-Optic & Synthetic Aperture Radar (EO & SAR) payloads. During the year, a total of 63 taxi trials (LSTT & HSTT) have been completed. The first block of User Configuration flights commenced in February 2018. As on date, 25 User configuration flight trials have been completed.
  • Guided Pinaka Rocket System: Guided Pinaka Rocket system is being developed by DRDO to engage targets from 20 km to 80 km range. The rocket uses propulsion system developed for Pinaka Mk-II rocket and has canard based aerodynamic control and Inertial Navigation System (INS)/Global Positioning System (GPS) based guidance. The system was successfully test fired from PXE, Chandipur in May 2018 and met all its mission objectives.
  • New Family of Munitions (NFMS): Six types of munitions are being designed and developed by DRDO viz. Soft Target Blast Munition ‘NIPUN’, Anti-Tank Point Attack Munition ‘VIBHAV’, Anti-Tank Bar Munition ‘VISHAL’, Directional Fragmentation Munition ‘PARTH’, Anti-Tank Munition ‘PRACHAND’ and Jumping Fragmentation Munition ‘ULKA’ to improve the existing munitions and enhance its performance. During the year, PSQR based User Trials of PRACHAND was completed.
  • Arjun Armoured Recovery and Repair Vehicle (Arjun ARRV): ARRV is intended for carrying out recovery, repair and replenishing functions pertaining to MBT Arjun in operational areas under a wide variety of field conditions. During the year, 1st prototype was successfully demonstrated during DRDO internal trials and 2nd prototype is under developmental trials.
  • Advance Light Towed Array Sonar (ALTAS): ALTAS is an efficient sensing system for detection, localization and classification of submarines operating especially in the below surface layer ocean conditions. It is useful in Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) operations and is the apt sensor for warships to locate silent submarines capable of launching high speed torpedoes. User Evaluation Trials of the system onboard INS Sharda are under progress. Almost 75 NSQR parameters including parameters pertaining to towing characteristics and functions of launch/recovery unit have been demonstrated during the trials.
  • USHUS – 2: USHUS-2 is submarine sonar to be installed onboard four EKM submarines considering the long term requirements of the submarine arm and to combat the component obsolescence in the existing Russian sonars onboard these submarines. Design and development of engineered model of USHUS-2 is carried out in NPOL and produced at M/s. BEL, Bengaluru. During the year, Sea Acceptance Trials (SATs) Phase-1 of USHUS-2 onboard INS Sindhukesari was completed successfully in Russia.
  • Portable Diver Detection Sonar (PDDS): DRDO/NPOL is involved in the design and development of a PDDS system that is capable of detecting small targets such as divers and diver delivery vehicles in and around harbours. It will be deployable and retrievable as and when required. During the year, PDDS deployment system has been developed. Field evaluation of the deployment system will be by early 2019.
  • Advanced Light Weight Torpedo (ALWT): ALWT is an anti-submarine torpedo launched from ship, helicopter or fixed wing aircraft. It has dual speed capability and endurance of 25 km at low speed (25 knots) and 12 km at high speed (50 knots). During the year, discharge test of 70 kw battery was conducted with full torpedo assembled. Static test was conducted at sea off Vizag to prove operation of recovery aids used in ALWT viz. STRS, IPRS, Noise maker and BSAT. Automated electrical firing of it from single tube launcher and dynamic sea trials was conducted wherein torpedo made full run as per mission sequence.
  • Software Defined Radio (SDR): The development of a family of network-enabled, interoperable and modular SDRs is to provide wireless secure communication capability to both mobile and fixed forces as required by the Navy are: Naval Combat (SDR-NC), Tactical (SDR-TAC), Airborne (SDR-AR), Manpack (SDR-MP) and Hand held (SDR-HH). During the year, Acceptance Test (ATP) and User Evaluation Trials of SDR-TAC were completed on five ships at Vizag. Flight trials of SDR-AR for selected bands were also completed.
  • Air Defence Fire Control Radar (ADFCR) ‘Atulya’: ADFCR ‘Atulya’ in conjunction with anti-aircraft guns, forms a ground based air defence system whose main purpose is effective point defence against all air threats at short and very short ranges during day and night. During the year, DRDO evaluation of the radar system was completed and integrated test firing of ADFCR with guns and targets were carried out. 18.
  • Air Defence Tactical Control Radar (ADTCR): ADTCR has been developed for Army AD for surveillance, tracking and Identification of Friend/Foe (IFF) of aerial targets and transmission of data to multiple Air Defence command posts/weapon systems. During the year, DRDO internal evaluation of ADTCR system was completed. All the PSQR parameters were complied and verified by demonstration/analysis. The system is ready for User trials.

Border Roads Organisation


Landmark events/achievements pertaining to Border Roads Organisation are as under:

At present, Border Roads Organisation (BRO) is working on 883 roads of length 27,404.18 kilometres, out of which 352 roads of length 7,991.98 kilometres are under maintenance only and balance roads are under construction/improvement to double lane. BRO is also maintaining seven airfields besides snow clearance of 126 roads (4,800 kms) to ensure connectivity of border regions with rest of the country.

Achievements of work targets: BRO has achieved the following targets of road construction during the period from January 2018 to November 2018.

Item     A/U      Achievement upto November 20, 2018

Formation Works                                Kms     Eqvt Cl-9          843.40

Surfacing Works                                  Kms     Eqvt Cl-9          1,716.24

Resurfacing Work                               Kms                             1,945.37

Permanent Works                               Lakhs                           1,19,248.28

Major Bridges                                     Mtr                              2,290.18

Tunnel                                                 Lakhs                           31,531.28

Details of Important works undertaken during this FY are as under:

(a) Connectivity on Op Critical ICBR up to Bidak (Km 16) on Tama Chung-Chung- Maja Road: A significant boost was given for this task last year by launching 200 ft Bailey bridge at Gelensiniak (the first single span bridge over the River Subansiri on October 24, 2017) which provided additional attack points to speed up the pace of work. Accordingly road connectivity to Bidakh established on January 30, 2018.

(b) Launching of 60 ft Bailey Bridge: Launching of 60 feet Bailey bridge at Km 31.36 on road Tama-Chung-Chung-Taksing was completed on January 31, 2018 by air lifting stores weighing almost 40 MT from Limeking, now the road will remain through for traffic even during the monsoon season.

(c) Re-launching of 190 ft TDR: Existing 190’ Double Double Bailey bridge   (Cl-24) at Gangori Garh at Km 31 on Dharasu-Gangotri road on NH-34 collapsed on April 01, 2018 due to plying of heavy loaded civil  vehicles. The alternative diversion was made operational using Hume pipes within 12 hrs and traffic was restored. Now Triple Double Reinforced 190 ft BB of Cl-40 was launched on April 20, 2018.

(d) Inauguration of Kawaranglui Bridge: Construction of Multi Span PSC Box Girder permanent bridge 72.50 m span over river Kawaranglui on road Lawngtlai-Dirtlang-Parva has been completed and inaugurated by Governor of Mizoram Lt Gen (Retd) Nirbhaya Sharma, on February 12, 2018.

(e)  Inauguration of Theng Tunnel: To negotiate frequent landslides at Km 86.00 on road Gangtok-Chungthang, a Horse Shoe shaped tunnel of NHDL specification having length 542 m has been completed. This tunnel has been dedicated to the nation by Raksha Rajya Mantri Dr Subhash Bhamre on June 07, 2018.

(f) Inauguration of Damchu-Chukha Road in Bhutan: The Damchu-Chukha Road, 29.20 Km to Assian Highway Standards constructed by BRO, was formally inaugurated by His Excellency Lyonchhen Dasho Tshering Tobgey, Prime Minister, Royal Government of Bhutan on July 18, 2018. New road will reduce the travel time between Phuntsholing –Thimphu by one hour and reduce journey by around 19.5 Km of steep uphill driving.

(g)  Inauguration of Hussainiwala Bridge: The four span of temporary bridge on the old Ferozpur-Lahore highway over river Satluj River (Historical Hussainiwala Barrage) connecting Hussainiwala Enclave from Ferozpur has been replaced by constructing a new bridge with load class 70 R at the cost ofRs 238 Lakh. The bridge was dedicated to Nation by Raksha MantriSmt Nirmala Sitharaman on August 12, 2018.Hussainiwala is the place where freedom fighters Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev, who made supreme sacrifices for the motherland, were cremated. A memorial has been built as a mark of respect for these brave hearts, whom the whole nation can never forget.

(h) Approval of Alignment Plan Akhnoor – Poonch Road: Alignment Plan of the road has been approved by MoRT&H vide letter No RW/NH-12037/1214/Misc-New NHs/2014/NH-I/Zone-II dated 05 Sep 2018 Approved final alignment plan with feasibility report submitted by consultant to BRO on September 06, 2018.

(i)   Launching of Composite Bailey Bridge: A composite br (BSB 400 ft+140 ft DSRBB & 2X130 ft DSRBBs) across the Lohit River was launched at Meshai/in Lohit Valley of Arunachal on Sep 25, 2018.

(j)  Sela tunnels: Administrative Approval for design and construction of two tunnels of length 0.475 kilometre and 1.79 kilometre at Sela Pass along with the approach Roads of length 9.775 Km on B-C-T Road for Rs 687.11 crore has been accorded and further tendering action is under process.

(k) Chardham Projects: Prestigious Chardham Pariyojana Projects have been started. Preparation of DPRs for 18 packages on Chardham Roads through EPC Mode are under process. Out of which BRO has awarded contracts for 8 packages and balance are under progress.

(l)  Progress on Indo-China Border Roads (ICBRs):   Out of 61 ICBRs of length 3,418 kilometre have been entrusted to BRO, 28 roads have been completed. Work on the balance roads are in different stages of completion. However, out of 3418 kilometre overall completed length of ICBR is 2316.62 kilometre (68 per cent) and connected length is 3144 kilometre (90 per cent). The package wise status of connectivity of ICBRs are as under:

Moreover, Border Roads Organisation has taken initiative for updating the data of personnel by launching GREF Abhilekh Application. Lt Gen Harpal Singh, AVSM, VSM, DGBR implemented and launched the Mobile App ‘GREF ABHILEKH’ which will immensely benefit the 36,000 GREF Personnel serving in remote areas of our country. The Mobile App will provide real time personnel and career management information to all serving GREF Personnel. The App is compatible with all Android / Window / ioS based mobile phone.

Ex-Servicemen Welfare


  • Employment Generated by DGR: The details of employment generated by the DGR under various schemes during 2014 to 2018 (Till Nov 2018) are as under:
Location Date Participation Job Vacs


Secunderabad 20 Jan 2018 35 1552 1493
Kochi 08 Mar 2018 32 1400 765
Chandigarh 26 Jun 2018 30 1307 525
Mumbai 24 Oct 2018 35 1095 1874
Chennai 14 Nov 2018 49 1056 6025
Nagpur 29 Nov 2018 36 567 3280
Pune 06 Dec 2018 31 9001 709
Bangalore 26-28 Dec 18 Scheduled to be organised.
  • Achievements in DGR Resettlement Training Courses

The details of resettlement training imparted for Officers & JCOs/OR during   the last five years (FY) are as under:

Sl No. Category 2018-19
(a) Officers 360
(b) Junior Commissioned Officers/Other Ranks 3,434
  Total 3,794

* Courses at Regimental Centres being conducted by Service HQs.

  • ESM Healthcare
    • Orders issued for empanelment of 85 medical facilities with ECHS vide letter No. 22B(l5)/2017/WE/D(Res-I) dated January 04, 2018.
    • Sanction issued for shifting of polyclinic from Shimla to Ranrnur with the approval of Raksha Rajya Mantri vide letter No.22D(29)/2017/WE/D(Res) dated March 26, 2018.
    • Orders shifting the PCs from Along and Khonsa to Tenga and Twang in Arunachal Pradesh issued vide letter No. 22D(29)/2017/WE/D(Res-I) dated May 7, 2018.
    • The Orders regarding supply of medicines to ECHS beneficiaries was amended making it easier for empanelment of Authorised Local Chemists in smaller towns & cities, rural areas and remote and far flung areas vide letter No. 22D(02)/2016/WE/D(Res-I) dated June 25, 2018.
    • Vide letter No. 18(54)/2018/WE/D(Res-I) dated August 2, 2018 the system of referral was changed by the Government to exclude name of the empanelled centre of ECHS and enable ECHS beneficiaries to go to any ECHS empanelled centre of their choice.
    • Vide letter No. 22D(l8)/2017/WE/D(Res-I) dated Aug 7, 18 the travelling allowance Rule for medical treatment of ECHS beneficiaries was liberalised to include journeys by the private car and taxis.
    • Vide letter No. 22B(06)/2017/WE/D(Res-I) dated August 8, 2018 ECHS beneficiaries have been permitted to avail medical facilities under the alternative system of medicines Ayush in Government Ayush Hospitals/Colleges/National Institutes of Ayush/all government dispensaries/Distt. Hospitals/Sub Distt. Hospitals/PHC/CHC/Municipality Hospitals funded by Central/States/Local Government and having facility for treatment in Ayush system of medicines.
    • Vide letter No. 18(77)/2017/WE/D(Res-I) dated September 18, 2018 sanction of the competent authority was granted to make the provisions of the OM No.4-24/96-C&P/CGHS(P)/EHS dated May 7, 2018 of MoH&FW applicable to ECHS beneficiaries in r/o dependent unmarried sons of ECHS beneficiaries beyond 25 years of age w.r.t. definition of ‘permanent disability’.
    • Vide letter No. 18(107)/WE/D(Res-I) dated September 28, 2018 approval of the Government was granted for establishment of a new type D ECHS polyclinic at Indore, Madhya Pradesh.
    • Raksha Rajya Mantri inaugurated the Polyclinics at Tenga and Tawang on October 16, 2018. With operationalisation of both PCs all 426 PCs sanctioned by MoD will have become functional.

Welfare Measures

  • Financial Assistance

An amount of Rs. 46,16,84,000/- (Rupees forty six crores sixteen lakh eighty four thousand only) was disbursed to 14,205 beneficiaries under the welfare schemes of the RMEDF in the year 2018-19. This has resulted in much higher user satisfaction amongst the ESM, and much fewer complaints.

  • 57,545 beneficiaries were disbursed an amount of Rs. 146.99 crore during 2014-15 to 2017-18 under PM’s Scholarship Scheme (PMSS). 11,572 beneficiaries were disbursed Rs 29.79 crore (March-December 2018) under PM’s Scholarship Scheme (PMSS).
  • Disbursal of Central share to States/UTs amounting to total of approx. Rs 25.67 crore (March-December 2018) out of Defence Services Estimates.
  • Pension

(i) Inclusion of Line of Actual Control (LAC) for the purpose of Liberalised family pension:

Vide Govt. order No. 2(3)/2012/D(Pen/Pol).Vol. II dated 7.3.2018, following amendments have been carried out under Category D of Para 1 clause (iii) of Ministry’s letter No. 2(1)/2011/D(Pen/Policy) dated 3.2.2011:

“Accidental death/injury sustained due to natural calamities such as flood, avalanches, landslides, cyclone, fire and lightening or drowning in river while performing operational duties/movement in action against enemy forces and armed hostilities in operational area to include deployment on International Border or Line of Control or Line of Actual Control.

(ii) Enhancement of Ex-gratia ad-hoc allowance:

Vide Govt. order No. 1(5)/2017/D(Pen/Policy) dated April 9, 2018, it has been decided to sanction enhancement, on compassionate grounds, ex-gratia ad-hoc allowance to following category of pensioners/ family pensioners from Rs 3,500/- per month to Rs 9,000/- pm with effect from January 1, 2016.

  1. Armed Forces pensioners/family pensioner migrated from Pakistan.
  2. Burma Army pensioners/family pensioner who are Indians and drawing their pension in India.
  3. Burma Army pensioners of Nepalese origin who are drawing pension in Indian and Indian Embassy, Pension Paying Offices in Nepal.

(iii) Revision of Non-practicing Allowance (NPA):

Vide Govt. order No. 1(7)/2014-D(Pen/Policy) dated May 24, 2018, it has been decided that all kind of pension/family pension in respect of Medical officers of Armed Forces who retired/died during January 1, 2016 to June 30, 2017 and were drawing NPA at old rates on the date of retirement/death, shall be further revised w.e.f. 1.7.2017 by adding NPA@ 20 per cent to the basic pay on the date of retirement.

 (v) Orders for delinking of qualifying service in the cases of PSU Absorbee:

Vide Govt order No. 1(04)/2007/D(Pen/Pol) dated June 20, 2018, it has been decided that while determining the revised pension of those Defence pensioners who had drawn lump sum payment on absorption in Public Sector Undertaking/Autonomous Bodies after expiry of commutation period of 15 years from the date of payment of 100 per cent lump sum amount, with effect from January 1, 2006, the pension/family pension shall also be revised in accordance with the provisions contained in this Ministry’s letter dated September 30, 2016.

National Cadet Corps

Activities & Achievements

  1. Training of the cadets is the core function of National Cadet Corps (NCC). Training curriculum has been designed to achieve the objectives, which have been delivering desired results. However, in the recent past there has been a growing perception that our training philosophy has to be suitably modified to accommodate the changing aspirations of our youth, and expectations of our society from our youth.  The activities of the NCC as follow:
  2. Institutional Training: This forms the major portion of the total training peculiar to Army Wing, Naval Wing and Air Wing and is carried out in schools and colleges. Respective services provide all facilities for contact programmes/affiliated training.
  3. Camp Training: Camp training constitutes the most important part of NCC training. Every cadet in the NCC is expected to attend at least two camps. Therefore, nearly 70 per cent of the enrolled strength gets this opportunity every year. Various camps conducted during the year are Annual Training Camps (organised at state level), Centrally Organised Camps including 35 Ek Bharat Shrestitha Bharat (EBSB) camps, Six  Leadership Camps, Thal Sainik CampVayu Sainik CampNau Sainik Camp, Eight  Rock Climbing Camps and the Republic Day Camp (RDC).
  4. Army Wing Activities: There are 677 Army units covering all the States and Union Territories. In addition to Institutional Training, NCC Army Wing cadets are also given an opportunity to live and work in regular service units in the form of Attachment Training. Every year 440 officers and 20,000 cadets including 60 women officers and 560 senior wing girl cadets get attached to various units of the Army for a duration of two weeks. Around 1,000 senior wing girl cadets are also attached with various military hospitals every year. In addition, every year 120 SD cadets are given attachment training with Indian Military Academy, Dehradun and 48 SW girl cadets are given attachment training with Officers’ Training Academy, Chennai. This year during the ThalSainik Camp, conducted at New Delhi between September 17-28, 2018; a total of 1,360 cadets (680 SD and 680 SW) participated.
  5. Naval Wing Activities: There are 62 Naval Units covering all States and Union Territories. Naval training activities conducted during the year included Sea Training and attachment, Naval Academy attachment, scuba diving, sailing expeditions, technical camps for engineering and electrical students at Technical College of Navy and the All India Yachting Regatta (INS, Chilika, Orissa). A Nau Sainik Camp is conducted to train 600 naval cadets each year at Karwar.  This year a special training camp for yachting was organised in Goa.
  6. Air Wing Activities: At present, there are 61 Air Squadron, including 50 Flying Squadron and 11 Technical Squadron. These Air Squadron cover most of our States and Union Territories. The major Air Wing activities include Microlite Flying, Aero Modeling and attachment training. A Vayu Sainik Camp conducted each year at Jodhpur to train 600 Air Force.
  7. Social Service & Voluntary Community Development Programmes: The aim of Social Service and Community Development programmes is to sensitise the youth to the problems faced by society and help them to contribute positively towards solving them. The various Social Service and Community Development activities in which the cadets take part are:
    1. Environment Protection Project: Drives to generate awareness about ill effects of using plastic was conducted by all Directorates during the year, wherein NCC cadets actively participated in Tree Plantation drives/door to door campaigns/interaction with local residents to spread awareness. Over 1.25 lakh saplings were planted.
    2. Anti Drugs/Tobacco Programme: As part of National Drive approx. 78,000 NCC cadets participated in various Anti Drugs activities on June 26.
    3. Mission Indradhanush: To assist in the national goal of immunising children in the affected districts pan India NCC cadets have ensured this year atleast 14,700 children have been immunised.
    4. International Yoga Day:In keeping up with its set tradition this year also on June 21 on International Yoga Day over 7 lakh cadets participated in the event in around 6000 different venues.
    5. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan: A massive focus is laid each year on swachhta based programmes throughout the different states.  From September 15 to October 02, this year over 10.5 lakh cadets took part voluntarily in various cleanliness drives.
    6. Swasth Bharat Yatra: To commemorate 150 yrs of Mahatma Gandhi birth centenary, ‘Swasth Bharat Yatra’, a pan India Cyclothon and related events is being organised by FSSAI. The event is partnered by 14 Ministries of the UOI including MoD and the related departments of all State Govts and UT Administration. The “Yatra” envisages covering a distance of 18,000 kilometre split over six cycling legs of about 3,000 kilometre each. Each leg of yatra will cover approximately 50-60 kilometre each day with 25 cyclists each. The yatra will commence simultaneously from each of the six legs on Octber 16, 2018 and culminate simultaneously on January 27, 2019 at New Delhi.
    7. Disaster Relief: NCC has always extended a helping hand during natural and other calamities. Over the years, NCC cadets have rendered a yeoman service during floods, earthquakes, cyclones and other natural disasters. NCC cadets were actively involved in assisting the civil administration in relief operations during the Kerala floods and the damage due to cyclone in Kerala.
  1. Youth Exchange Programme (YEP): The aim of YEP is a country to country exchange of cadets belonging to NCC/equivalent Govt/Youth Organisations of friendly countries and participation in NCC activities of the host country to create an increased awareness among participants and appreciation of each other’s socio-economic and cultural realities. The exchange program acts as the ‘third tier of diplomacy’ by supplementing the efforts of our diplomats and leaders in building bonds with other friendly nations. Presently, the NCC has youth exchange with Eleven countries (Nepal, Bhutan, Singapore, Vietnam, Russia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Maldives and Kyrgyzstan) on reciprocation basis.
  2. Sports: (a) All India Mavalankar Shooting Championship (2018). Firing being one of the core training activities of NCC, shooting discipline enjoys special place in NCC sporting activities. NCC conducts inter NCC State Directorate competition to select the NCC team which participates in the National Rifle Association of India (NRAI) events like All India GV Mavalankar Shooting Competition (AIGVMSC). The NCC shooting teams have been performing well in this event for several years. This year 55 cadets participated and NCC shooting team won following medals in all India GV Mavlankar shooting Championship Competition 2018 :-

(i)         Gold                             –           03

(ii)        Silver                           –           05

(iii)       Bronze                         –           01

            Total                                        09

 (b) Subroto Cup Football Tournament: NCC teams in Jr Boys, Sub-Jr Boys and Junior Girls categories participated in the prestigious Subroto Cup Football Tournament 2018, where they played against some of the best National and International teams. This year, our Under 14, sub Jr Boys team from Odisha reached the finals.

(c) Jawaharlal Nehru Hockey Cup: NCC teams in Junior Boys, Junior Girls and sub Jr Boys participated in the tournament.  This year in Jr Boys category our team from Odisha also reached the finals.


2018 – The Highway Construction Year

Year end Review: Ministry of Road Transport and Highways



  1. Introduction
  2. Construction of national highways
  3. Road safety
  4. Initiatives in transport sector
  5. Green initiatives
  6. E- initiatives
  7. International cooperation
  8. Others


The year 2018-19 was declared by the Ministry of Road Transport & Highways as the  YEAR OF CONSTRUCTION. This was a year for consolidating the gains that have accrued from major policy decisions taken in the previous four years, a time for monitoring of ongoing projects, tackling road blocks and adding to the already impressive pace of work achieved last year. The Ministry took a decision to complete all ongoing projects that had been awarded upto 2015-16, and placed the highest ever target  of constructing at least 12,000 kms of national highways as against 9829 kms achieved during 2017-18, and make special efforts to take this length to 16000 km. Overall, more than about 61,300 km length of road projects, costing more than Rs. 6.48 lakh crore, are in progress at present. The balance ongoing works (which have been awarded, appointed dates declared and works going on at sites) are more than 30,200 kms during the year. In the first nine months of FY 2018-19, 5,759 km has been completed in 18-19 against 4,942 km up to same period in last year.

In order to achieve this target the Ministry brought in policies, guidelines and practices for expediting pre-construction activities and bringing in more efficiency and transparency in the process. The Bidder Information Management System (BIMS)was developed to streamline the process of pre-qualification of bidders for contracts on EPC Mode.


BhoomiRashi portal is being used extensively for expediting the process of notification for land acquisition. The portal BIMS and BhoomiRashi portals have further been linked with Public Financial Management System(PFMS) to facilitate real time payment to beneficiaries.

On the finance front too, National Highways Authority of India did a successful financial closure of its first project under Toll- Operate –Transfer this year andoffered 586 km of national highways under the second bundle. The first TOT bundle of 9 projects, totaling approximately 681 KM of roads in two states of Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat, was awarded earlier during the year for Rs. 9,681 Crore, which was 1.5 times the Authority’s estimate. National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) also got an unsecured loan of Rs 25,000 crore from State Bank of India for 10 years with 3 years of moratorium on repayments. This is the largest amount of loan to have been sanctioned to NHAI in one stroke by any institution. This is also the largest long term unsecured loan sanctioned by SBI at a time to any entity.

The year has also seen a lot of movement in the transport sector, with focus on reducing carbon footprint while enhancing road safety, efficiency and convenience of road users. An MoU signed with Transport for London’ (TFL) to revamp the public transport system in the country, building mini wayside amenities at toll plazas, establishing a quality – based ranking system for toll plazas, simplification of Driving License application,  notifying  emission standards for construction equipment vehicles andtractors, issue of guidelines to set up well equipped  and  competent  Driving  Training Centres (DTC) at district levels and for granting financial assistance to NGOs for undertaking road safety advocacy, launch of SukhadYatra App and Toll Free Emergency Number, the decision to allow free passage to user in case of malfunctioning of Electronic Toll Collection infrastructure, compensation of Rs. 5,00,000/- to road accidentvictims, notification regarding blending of gasoline with methanol in order to reduce vehicle exhaust emissions and import burden and linking of vehicle emission data with State/Central Register ofVehicles are all notable initiatives taken by the Ministry in this direction.


Award / Construction Statistics:

A two days long exercise was conducted to review of over 700 ongoing National Highway projects in the country, and over 300 projects were identified to be completed by 2019 achieving the highest ever construction in financial year 2018-19.

The table below details the trends of NH construction over the years.

Year Award (kms) Construction (kms)
2014-15 7972 4410
2015-16 10098 6061
2016-17 15948 8231
2017-18 17055 9829
Note: In FY 2018-19, 5,759 km of Highways have been constructed till 30.11.18 as against 4,942 kms during the corresponding period last year. The Ministry’s focus is to ensure that pre-construction activities are substantially completed before award of projects.

Progress of Major Programmes/ Landmark Projects:

Bharatmala Pariyojana: Phase-I

This is the umbrella program for the highways sector unrolled in 2017-18, that aims to optimize the efficiency of road traffic movement across the country by bridging critical infrastructure gaps. 34,800 km of National Highways are to be constructed under the Phase-I of the programme between 2017-18 to 2021-22 in a phased manner at a cost of Rs. 5,35,000 crore. This includes 5,000 kms of the National Corridors, 9000 kms of Economic Corridors, 6000 km of Feeder Corridors and Inter-Corridors, 2000 kms of Border Roads, 2,000 kms of Coastal Roads and Port Connectivity Roads and 800 kms of Green-field Expressways.

Projects for 6,407 km road length have been awarded under the BharatmalaPariyojana(including residual NHDP) till the end of October this year.  DPRs are being prepared for projects for the balance length. De- congestion projects have been completed for 13 out of 191 congestion points identified, and are under progress for de-congestion of 80 other points. In addition, DPRs are being prepared for 93 congestion points.Out of the 35 locations identified for Multimodal Logistics Parks, DPRs have been initiated for 7 locations and availability of land parcels is being confirmed with State Governments for the rest of the locations.

Setu Bharatam

In order to ensure safe and smooth flow of traffic, Ministry has envisaged a plan for replacement of Level Crossings on National Highways by ROBs/ RUBs under a scheme known as SetuBharatam. Under this programme, out of 174 ROBs/RUBs which are to be constructed, 91 have been sanctioned with an estimated cost of Rs.7,104.72 crore.  Out of 91 sanctioned, 59 ROBs/RUBs have been awarded which are in various stages of progress.

Chardham Mahamarg Vikas Pariyojna

The project envisages development of easy access to the four prominent Dhams, namely, Gangotri, Yamunotri, Kedranath and Badrinath, situated in the state of Uttrakhand. These four Dhams are prominent pilgrimage centres. The project entails development of 889 km of roads with configuration of two-lane with paved shoulders at an estimated cost of about Rs. 12,000 crore. The projects are being taken up on EPC mode and the programme is targeted for completion by March, 2020.

Eastern Peripheral Expressway– Western Peripheral Expressway

The two projects of Peripheral Expressways around Delhi, comprising 135 km Eastern Peripheral Expressway (EPE), and 135 km Western Peripheral Expressway (WPE) connecting NH-1 and NH-2 from Western and Eastern side of Delhi was completed this year and inaugurated by Hon’ble Prime Minister in May 2018 and November 2018 respectively. The EPE was constructed by NHAI and WPE by Haryana Government. The two expressways were envisaged with the twin objectives of decongesting and de-polluting the national capital by diverting the traffic not destined for Delhi.

The EPE stretches from Kundli on NH 1 to Palwal on NH 2, and was constructed at a cost ofRs. 4617.87 crore, in addition to Rs. 5900crorewere spent on acquiring 1700 acres of land. It was completed in a record time of about 500 days against the scheduled target of 910 days.  It is a fully access-controlled six-lane expressway with a closed tolling system. The expressway has an iconic toll plaza equipped with electronic toll collection infrastructure, ITS control system of the entire EPE and a digital art gallery, with holographic models of major structures and making of the EPE.    Weigh-in-Motion equipment at all 30 entry points, solar power on the entire length, eight solar power plants with a capacity of 4000 KW, rainwater harvesting, drip irrigation and 36 replicas of monuments depicting Indian culture and heritage are major features of this expressway.  This project has generated employment opportunities of about 50 lakh man-days.

Delhi-Meerut Expressway

Delhi-Meerut Expressway aims to provide a faster and safer connectivity between Delhi and Meerut and beyond this, with Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. The alignment of DME starts from Nizammudin Bridge from Delhi and follows existing NH 24 uptoDasna. While one leg of DME will continue from Dasna on NH 24 to Hapur, a Greenfield alignment has been planned from Dasna to Meerut. The Expressway is being constructed in 4 packages. The total length of the project is 82 km, of which the first 27.74 kms will be 14-laned, while the rest will be 6-lane expressway. The project is likely to cost Rs 4975.17 crore.

The 8.36 km long Package -1 of the projects was inaugurated by Hon’ble Prime Minister in May this year. It is a 14 lane, access-controlledsection stretching from Nizammudin Bridge to Delhi UP Border, and was completed in a record time of 18 months as against the earlier expected construction period of 30 months, at a cost of about Rs. 841.50 crore. This is the first National Highway in the country with 14 lanes, and has several features that would help reduce pollution. These include a 2.5-metre-wide cycle track on either side of the highway, a vertical garden on the Yamuna Bridge, solar lighting system and watering of plants through drip irrigation only.

Package II from UP Border to Dasna(19.28 km), Package –III – Dasna to Hapur( 22.27) km and Package –IV – Green-field Alignment from Dasna to Meerut –(31.78 km) are under construction and are likely to be completed by March 2019.

Vadodara-Mumbai Expressway

The 473 km expressway will link Ahmedabad-Vadodara Expressway to Mumbai-Pune Expressway thus providing Expressway connectivity from Ahmedabad to Pune for a length of about 650 Km.

Delhi – Mumbai Expressway

This 1250 km Expressway is being developed along a new alignment between Delhi and Mumbai, which passes through backward and tribal districts of Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Gujarat.

A sum of one lakh crore rupees will be spent on this expressway.It will reduce the distance between Delhi and Mumbai from the present 1450km through NH 8 to 1250 km, and the travel time to 12 hours. The sections of proposed highway from Delhi to Dahod in Rajasthan are under tendering, while the section between Vadodara to Ankleshwar in Gujarat have already been awarded. The DPR is under progress for the remaining sections.

Bangalore-Chennai Expressway

DPR is under progress for this 260 km Expressway. This is a green-field alignment. There are two existing roads connecting Bangalore-Chennai, one is via Hoskote (Bangalore)-AP then to Chennai & second is via Electronic City (Bangalore) Hosur(Tamil Nadu) and then to Chennai. The alignment of the proposed expressway is passing in between these two stretches.

Delhi-Amritsar-Katra Expressway

Greenfield alignment is being explored for this 500 km long proposed Expressway.

Nagpur-Hyderabad-Bangalore (NBH) Expressway

DPR has been awarded and alignment finalization is under progress for the new green-field 940 km Nagpur – Hyderabad – Bangalore EXP.

Kanpur Lucknow (KL) Expressway

DPR is in progress for 75 km of Kanpur – Lucknow EXP

Varanasi Airport Road and Ring Road

Hon’ble Prime Minister inaugurated the 16.55 km, Rs 759.36 crore Varanasi Ring Road Phase-I and 17.25 km, Rs 812.59 crore Babatput-Varanasi road on NH-56 in November. It has reduced the travel time from Varanasi to the airport, and is proving a big relief to the people of Varanasi and to tourists providing a more convenient access to Sarnath, an important site for Buddhist pilgrimage.

ByetDwarka – Okha Bridge

The Ministry has taken up construction of a signature 4-lane Bridge to connect the mainland at Okha to Byet-Dwarka Island off the Gujarat Coast with this Signature Bridge spanning a length of 2.32 kms.


The Project has been awarded on 01.01.2018 at a cost of Rs. 689.47 crores. This will be the longest span cable stayed bridge in India with the main span of 500 mtrs. The project is scheduled to be completed in a period of 30 months.

Bridge over Ganga in Phaphamau in Allahabad

Approval has been given for a project for construction of 9.9 km long new 6 – lane bridge across river Ganga on NH – 96 at Phaphamau in Allahabad with total capital cost of Rs. 1948.25 crore. The construction period for the project is three years and likely to be completed by December, 2021. The new bridge will resolve the traffic congestion on existing old 2 – lane Phaphamau bridge on NH-96 at Allahabad. The new bridge will also facilitate to the large congregation of people at Holy City Allahabad during Kumbh, Ardh-Kumbh and other yearly ritual baths at SANGAM in Prayag. This will give a boost to pilgrimage tourism and local economy of Holy city of Prayag. This new 6 – lane bridge will also be beneficial for the Lucknow / Faizabad bound traffic coming from Madhya Pradesh via National Highway – 27 and National Highway – 76 through Naini Bridge. In addition, this project of new bridge will generate direct employment during construction for about 9.20 lakh mandays.

Bridge over River Kosi at Phulaut in Bihar

Approval was given to a project for construction of 6.930 km long 4-lane bridge at Phulaut in Bihar, along with approval for rehabilitation and up-gradation of existing Birpur- Bihpur section of National Highway-106. The construction of this new Bridge will fill the existing 30 km long gap between Udakishanganj and Bihpur of National Highway Number 106 in Bihar, which will provide through connectivity between Nepal/ North Bihar/ East-West Corridor (passing through NH- 57) and South Bihar/ Jharkhand/ Golden Quadrilateral (passing through NH -2), besides full utilization of National Highway Number-31.

Logistics Parks

A network of 35 Multimodal Logistics Parks had been identified for development in the Phase – 1 of BharatmalaPariyojana. The availability of the land parcels for development of Multimodal Logistics Parks has been confirmed at 7 locations and DPRs have been initiated in all the nodes.

Zojila Tunnel

This is a project for constructing a 14.150 km long, 2-lane bi-directional Zojila Tunnel in Jammu & Kashmir. This would be India’s longest road tunnel and the longest bi-directional tunnel in Asia.

The construction of this tunnel will provide all weather connectivity between Srinagar, Kargil and Leh and will bring about all round economic and socio-cultural integration of these regions.

Silkyara- Bend – Barkot Tunnel

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved the construction, operation and maintenance of the 2- Lane, 4.532 Km long Bi-directional Silkyara Bend – Barkot Tunnel on Dharasu-Yamunotri section along NH -134 in the State of Uttarakhand. The project forms part of the Chardham Plan. The construction period of the project is 4 years at an estimated cost of Rs. 1383.78 crore. Once complete, this stretch will reduce the travel distance from Dharasu to Yamunotri by about 20 Km and travel time byaboutanhour.It will also provide all weather connectivity to Yamunotri, encouraging regional socio-economic development, trade and tourism within the country. The project will be implemented by National Highways & Infrastructure Development Corporation Ltd. (NHIDCL).

Highways Projects in the North East

Around Rs. 1,90,000 crore worth of projects have been sanctioned for the construction of road projects for over 12,000 km in the North East region. The projects being executed by NHIDCL are to the tune of Rs. 1, 66,026 crore, covering 10,892 km of roads in all the eight NE states. Projects costing Rs. 17,257 crore have been allotted to the respective state PWDs. Further, projects costing Rs. 7,000 crore are entrusted to the NHAI.

Funding Models and Other Policies to Facilitate Construction of National   Highways:

Measures to revive Languishing stalled projects

The Ministry has focused on completion of on-going projects along with sanction and award of new projects. A total of 73 projects (8,187 km) worth an estimated investment of Rs.1,00,000 crore wereidentified as Languishing Projects. The reasons for delay were identified and policy interventions undertaken to address the same.

Toll-Operate-Transfer Model

The Ministry is monetizing its road assets constructed with public funds through Toll-Operate-Transfer (ToT) scheme. The scheme envisages bidding of bundled national highways for a concession period of 30 years. The first bundle comprised 9 projects, totalling 681 km of roads in Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat. It was awarded in 2018 to Macquarie for Rs. 9,681 Crore, which was 1.5 times the NHAI’s estimate.The second bundle comprises over 586 kms spread over four states – Rajasthan, Gujarat, West Bengal and Bihar. The offer has 12 toll plazas across four highways.

MoU between NHAI and SBI

TheNational Highways Authority of India (NHAI) signed a Memorandum of Understanding(MoU)with the State Bank of India to receive Rs.25,000 crore as a long-term,unsecured loan for 10 years. This is the largest amount of loan to have been sanctioned by the SBl in one go. This is also the largest ever fund that NHAI has ever received in one go.

Guidelines for alignment of National Highways

The Ministry has issued detailed guidelines for determination of proper alignment of NH projects, advising executing agencies to examine the feasibility of a green- field alignment, especially in the case of economic corridors, instead of widening existing highways. This has been done because widening involves acquisition of land for Right of Way (RoW), shifting of utilities and demolition of built up structure, all of which involves a lot of time and cost. Also, earlier highways were largely planned to be serpentine, linking all possible towns in the vicinity. This road geometry has been found to be sub optimal, especially in case of economic corridors. BharatmalaPariyojanaalso calls for a corridor approach for economic corridors. It has also been found in a few test cases that it is feasible to acquire a RoW of 60 to 70 mtrs for a green field road project at the same cost as involved in the expansion of an existing road, especially when the associated costs and time taken in utility shifting, tree felling, additional compensation for demolition of structures coming in the RoW under expansion are taken into account.

Platform for e-Gazettingand Payment of Compensation for LandAcquisition through PFMS

A Web Utility has been developed where by the land acquisition procedure for the NH projects, including processing of all LA related gazette notifications, are being done through a common platform called “Bhoomi Rashi”. The Utility has been linked with the e-gazette platform of the Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, for publication of Gazette Notifications. The use of Bhumi Rashi has helped in cutting down the processing time from 2 to 3 months earlier to one to two weeksnow.

BhoomiRashi has also been integrated with the Public Financial Management System(PFMS)platform of the Ministry of Finance for deposit of compensation in the accounts of landowners/interested personson areal time basis, instead of being parked with CALA.

Bidder Information Management System

The Ministry has developed a Bidder Information Management System (BIMS) to streamline the process of pre-qualification of bidders for contracts on EPC mode for all NH works and centrally sponsored works.BIMS acts as a data base for allbasic details of bidders like civil works experience, cash accruals and network, annual turnover etc,. This allows quick pre-qualification assessment of bidders based on evaluation parameters like threshold capacity and bid capacity from already stored data. Technical evaluationcantherefore be carried out faster using this information.

Launch of Annual Awards for Excellence In National Highways Sector

Annual awards for excellence in National Highways sector has been instituted from this year onwards for recognizing concessi on aire sand contractors who have been performing exceptionally well.


Applications have been invited from all the concessionaires and contractors working in the field of highways construction and tolling. These awards are designed across the five categories of construction management, operation and maintenance, best toll plaza, safest highway, innovation in design and construction technology.

Highway Capacity Manual

India’s first Highway Capacity Manual developed by CSIR-CRRI was launched this year. The manual is designed to be a tool for guiding road engineers and policy makers in the country. It lays down guidelines for the development and management of different types of roads, based on traffic characteristics on such roads having varying lane configurations.

Workshop on issues relating to Land Acquisition, Contract Document etc.

The Ministry has organized a workshop on 18.12.2018 in Delhi for Regional Officers of Ministry, NHAI and NHIDCL to discuss the issues relating to land acquisition, contract document (EPC/DPR) and E-Disha (ERP projects), new standards and technical specifications. A Manual of Guidelines on Land Acquisition for National Highways under the National Highways Act, 1956 has also been released for seamless process of Land Acquisition for National Highways.


Reduction in number of road accidents

As per the Ministry’s annual report on road accidents based on the data reported by Police authorities throughout India, there has been some marginal reduction in the number of road accidents and fatalities in 2017, as can be seen from the table below.

Parameter 2016 2017 % changeover previous year
Number of road accidents 4,80,652 4,64,910 (-) 3.3
No. of persons killed 1,50,785 1,47,913 (-) 1.9

The Ministry has been making concerted efforts to address the problem of road safety through a series of measures that include improving road infrastructure, road safety audits, identification and rectification of black spots on roads and strengthening the automobile safety standards, organizing road safety awareness programmes and strengthening enforcement etc. These efforts have started showing some results.

Rectification of Accident Black Spots

The Ministry has so far identified 789 road accident black spots in various States of which 651 ON National Highways and 138 are on State roads. Work for rectification of these black spots is at various stages of completion.

Guidelines for setting up Driver Training Schools in districts

The Ministry has been working in association with States, Vehicle manufactures and NGOs for strengthening the driving training.  Institute of Driving training and Research (IDTRs), Regional Driving Training Centres (RDTCs) and Driving Training Centre (DTC) have been established which act as model Driving Training Centres with state of art infrastructure.  Ministry has also launched a scheme for creating driving training centres in all the districts of the country and support refresher-training programme for heavy commercial vehicles drivers.  The Ministry is implementing a scheme for setting up of Model Institute of Drivers Training and Research (IDTR) by States/UTs.  So far 24 (nos.) ITDRs have been sanctioned in different States/UTs and bout 16 are complete and functioning.

Guidelines for financing NGOs for road safety advocacy

The Ministry has issued guidelines associating Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) for promoting awareness about road safety under a scheme titled “Grant of financial assistance for administering Road Safety Advocacy and awards for the outstanding work done in the field of Road Safety”. It is envisaged that the NGOs will undertake activities for creating road safety awareness among citizens.

Sukhad Yatra App and Toll-Free Emergency Number

A mobile App and Toll- free Emergency number 1033 for highway users, developed by NHAI, were launched in March this year. The SukhadYatra mobile application provides information on toll gates. The key feature of the app includes a provision for the user to enter road quality-related information or to report any accident or pothole on the highway. It also provides users with real-time data related to waiting time expected at  toll plazas and various facilities like points of interest, highway nest/ nest mini, etc. The app can also be used to purchase FASTags.

The toll-free number 1033 will enable users to report an emergency condition, or highway-related feedback, across the highway. The service has also been integrated with ambulance / tow away services along the roads.

Observance of the 29th National Road Safety Week

This Ministry observed the 29th National Road Safety Week from 23rdto 30thApril 2018. This year’s focus was on schools and commercial drivers and the theme was “Sadak Suraksha JeevanRaksha”. In the opening ceremony the Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways emphasized the Ministry’s priorities in ensuring safety of road users in the country.

Awards were given to 10 school children who won the national level essay competition on road safety. The Hon’ble Minister also administered the road safety pledge to all those present on theoccasion. A variety of programmes related to the Road Safety were also organized in several cities across the country to enlighten people on Road Safety, and Driving Rules. Many NGOs participated in the Ministry’s efforts to create awareness about the issue.

GoM on Road Safety

The Ministry had constituted a group of State Transport Ministers under the Chairmanship of Shri Yunus Khan, Transport Minister of Rajasthan to work out interstate issues and reach a consensus on adoption of uniform rates of taxation, permits and other issues. A Group of Transport Ministers from 13 states met in Guwahati on 18-19 April this year and adopted a 9-Point Guwahati Declaration aimed at harmonization of taxes and permits, road safety measures, policy changes and measures for strengthening State Road Transport Undertakings. The most important decisions taken by during the meeting included the recommendation for One Nation One Tax for the diverse road tax structure, which would ease travel.

Rs. 5 Lakh Compensation to accident victims:

In order to help accident victims in getting reasonable and fast compensation from insurance companies, the Ministry revised the relevant rules of the Motor Vehicles Act according to which every accident victim or his next of kin will be entitled to a compensation of Rs 5 lakh in case of death, and uptoRs 5 lakh, proportionate to the extent of injury in case of grievous hurt and disablement. Accident victims can claim higher compensation through court if they are not satisfied, but with this rule even the poorest of the poor will get a fast and reasonable compensation.

CCTV installation at Toll Plazas:

A Central Command and Control Centre is being set up at the NHAI HQ for CCTV surveillance and Monitoring of Vehicular Congestion at 210 Fee Plazas of National Highways that have higher traffic volumes. it is proposed to be connected with Regional Offices and the project execution is on service model for a period of five years.

Films on Road Safety:

Three short films for generating public awareness for the need to comply with the rules of the road, eventually contributing to the cause of road safety, were launched by Hon’ble Minister for Road Transport & Highways, on 14th’ August, 2018. Film actor Shri Akshay Kumar who featured in these films on pro bono basis, has also been appointed as Road Safety Brand Ambassador by the Hon’ble Minister.

Capacity Building in the area of Road Safety:

The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has designated the Asian Institute of Transport Development as an apex body for capacity building in the area of road safety. The objective is that this centre would act as a depository of research studies and best practices.Human resource development and exchange of knowledge form an important component of its activities. Up to October 2018, the National Centre for Road Safety has been able to train over 1,400 professionals in road safety and road safety audit by conducting 31 courses pan India.


The Ministry took several initiatives in the transport sector during the year to make road travel more convenient for people. Some of these areas under-

Simplification of Driving License Application

To improve ease in licensing, this Ministry has simplified the driving license application form. Four forms i.e. (a) Learner License, (b) Driving License, (c) Renewal of License, and (d) updation of Address – all have been consolidated into one. The new form will enable Aadhar based verification of the applicant’s identity to provide online services for renewal, change of address etc. Another highlight of the new form is that it would capture an applicant’s willingness for organ donation.

Revision of Axle Weight:

The permissible safe axle weight of goods vehicles was revised and increased by about 15% to 20 % for different configurations of axles. The decision was taken with a view to help in increasing the carrying capacity of goods transport vehicles and bring down logistics cost. The amendment will increase the carrying capacity of goods vehicles by about 20-25 % and lower logistics costs by about 2%. It will also bring down the incidence of overloading. While automobile technology and road construction quality have improved greatly over the years, the axle loads have remained the same since 1983 when they were last notified. There was a felt need to harmonize the axle load with international standards.

Launch of Ranking System for Toll Plazas

NHAI has developed a matrix-based methodology to rank the Fee Plazas on parameters such as electronic tolling, time taken in clearance of FASTag lanes, display panels, staff behaviour, cleanliness, etc. The data for the matrix is to be collected by the Regional Officers who will use the same to rank the Fee Plazas under their jurisdiction. Meanwhile, a countrywide drive was launched by NHAl on more than 300 toll plazas across the country on 10 February, 2018, to address issues that affect highway users. Officers visited toll plazas and addressed issues of user convenience and took feedback from the people.

Revision in Maximum Speed of vehicles

The Ministry has revised the maximum speed of various classes of vehicles vide notification dated 6th April 2018. The notification prescribes the speed of various classes of vehicles. Thus a passenger vehicle with not more than 8 seats including driver can have a maximum speed of 120 km/hr on expressways and 70km/hr on municipal roads.

Acceptance of Documents through DigiLocker and mParivahan Platform

An advisory has been issued by the Ministry to all the States / UTs to accept the documents in electronic form through DigiLocker platform of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Government of India and the mParivahan mobile app of the Ministry of Road Transport & Highways. Such electronic records available on DigiLocker or mParivahanare deemed to be legally recognized at par with the original documents as per the provisions of the Information Technology Act, 2000.  This will also address Grievances / RTI applications of the citizens and facilitate promotion of Digital India campaign.

Notification regarding Vehicle Location Tracking Device and Emergency Button in all public service vehicles

With a view to enhancing the safety of women passengers, detailed standards for Installation of Vehicle Location Tracking Device (VLT) and Emergency Button on public service vehicles have been notified on October 25, 2018. The States/ UTs have been mandated to ensure compliance of the rule and check fitment and functional status   of the VLT device in the public   service vehicles at the time of checking of the vehicles for fitness certification. The Command and Control   Centres in the States will be used to provide interface to various stakeholders such as  State  emergency  response  centre,  the  Transport  authorities of  the  state  and  central  governments,   device  manufacturers   and  their  authorized dealers, testing agencies etc. The Command and control Centre will also be able to provide feed to the VAHAN database or the relevant data base of the state with regard to over speeding and the health status of the device.

 Fitness Certificate in respect of Transport Vehicle

As per this notification the renewal of the fitness certificate in respect of transport vehicle up to eight years old shall be done for two years and for one year for vehicle older than eight years. No fitness certification shall be required at the time of registration for the new transport vehicle sold as fully built vehicle and such vehicle shall be deemed to be having certificate of fitness for a period of two years from the date of registration.     

 Use of Dual Fuel

The Ministry has issued a notification for Dual fuel usage which covers Emission of smoke and vapour from agriculture tractors, power tillers, construction equipment vehicles and combine harvesters driven by dual fuel diesel with Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) or Bio-Compressed Natural Gas (Bio-CNG) or Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) engines.


Electric, Ethanol and Methanol Vehicles exempted from Permit       

Keeping in view the need for promoting electric mobility and alternate fuels, the Ministry, vide notification issued on October 18, 2018, has exempted Battery Operated Vehicles, as well as vehicles driven on Methanol fuel or Ethanol fuel, from the requirement of permit for carrying passengers or goods.

Advisory on Linking of PUC data (emission related data) with the VAHAN database

A system has been developed and tested by this Ministry for linking of Pollution Under Control (PUC) data with the VAHAN database. An advisory dated October 1, 2018 has been issued to all the States by the Ministry wherein all the PUC vendors have been directed to comply with the guidelines and facilitate electronic uploading of emissions test data to VAHAN database.

Notification regarding Registration Mark of Battery Operated Vehicles

To give a distinct identity to the electric vehicles, it has been decided that the registration mark will be exhibited on a number plate with Green background. A notification to this effect was issued on 7th August, 2018.

M 15 (15%) Methanol blending with Gasoline

The Ministry issued a notification regarding the blending of Gasoline with methanol in order to reduce vehicle exhaust emissions and also to reduce the import burden on account of crude petroleum from which gas olineis produced.The Hon’ble Prime Minister had announced an ambitious target of reducing 10% import dependence of oil and gas by 2022 from 2014-15 levels. Methanol can be used as an alternative transportation fuel thereby reducing Import dependence to some extent.

Requirement of PUC Certificate for vehicle insurance/ renewal of insurance

The Ministry has requested IRDA and the MDs / Chairpersons of all general insurance companies on to ensure that no third-party insurance policy is issued or renewed without ascertaining the availability of a valid PUC. This has been done following orders of the Supreme Court of India.

Emission Standards for Construction Equipment Vehicles and Tractors

The Ministry has notified emission standards for Construction Equipment Vehicles and Tractors. These standards would be implemented w.e.f. 1st October, 2020 (Trem IV) and from 1st April, 2024 [Bharat Stage (CEV/Trem)-V]. This would help in ensuring environment friendly construction / mining activities.

Quadricycles included as Non-Transport Vehicles

The Ministry notified the insertion of the item ‘Quadricycle’ as a ‘non-transport’ vehicle under the Motor Vehicles Act 1988. A Quadricycle is a vehicle of the size of a 3-wheeler but with 4tyres and fully covered like a car. It has an engine like that of a 3-wheeler. This makes it a cheap and safe mode of transport for last mile connectivity. Quadricycleswere only allowed for transport usage under the Act, but now has been made usable for non-transport also.


National Award on e-Governance to INAMPRO

The “INAMPRO” project initiated by NHIDCL, a CPSE under this Ministry, has been conferred with a ‘Gold’ award under Category- I “Excellence in Government Process Re-engineering” for the National Award in e-Governance by the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances.

Electronic Toll Collection (ETC)

The Electronic Toll Collection Program has seen exponential growth in terms of number of Fastags sold and user fees collected electronically.

With a total number of 440 Toll Plazas, more than 34.3 lakh Fastags units have been issued till October this year, and 25 to 27% of the revenues are being collected using the ETC mode. Use of FASTag has also seen significant growth, both in terms of user fees collected and penetration, from Rs 210.1 Cr with 13.1% penetration in April 2017 to Rs 44ó. 8 Cr with 24.8% penetration in the month of August 2018.

Linkage of PFMS with Bidder Information Management System (BIMS) and             Bhoomi Rashi

The two IT initiatives of this Ministry, which are aimed at expediting pre- construction processes relating to bidding and land acquisition respectively, have now been integrated with the Public Financial management System (PFMS). The Bidder Information Management System (BIMS) is aimed at streamlining the process of pre-qualification of bidders for EPC Mode of contracts for National Highway works with enhanced transparency and objectivity. The Bhoomi Rashi portal of Ministry of Road Transport & Highways allows for totally digital and paper-less processing of land acquisition cases, and has resulted in transparent, quick, corruption-free and error-free  handling  of  land  acquisition  cases. It has alsomade the possible  real-time tracking  of  activities  and  generation  of  reports  relating  to  land acquisition. Revenue records of about 7 lakh villages across the country have been integrated in the portal. This digital change has drastically reduced the time taken for issuance of land acquisition notifications from 3-6 months to 1-2 weeks. Over 2000 notifications have already been issued by the Ministry in the first eight months of this financial year that while during the past two years, about a thousand land acquisition notifications could be issued every year. The process has also brought transparency in the system. Earlier the approved compensation amount used to be parked with the CALA (Competent Authority  for  Land  Acquisition)  but  with  BhoomiRashi  portal  this  amount  directly transferred into the account of the person concerned, through Public Financial Management System  which  is  an  integral  part  of  the  portal.  In addition  to  this,  the  process  is  also environment  friendly  since  there  is  no  physical  movement  of  files  –  all  work  is  done digitally.

 Advisory regarding keeping transport related documents in an electronic form

An advisory has been issued by this Ministry wherein the citizen can produce the transport related documents such as registration, insurance, fitness and permit, the driving licence, certificate for pollution under check and any other relevant documents, if required, in physical or electronic form, on demand by any police officer in uniform or any other officer authorized by the State Government in this behalf. This would enable the use of digital platforms for carrying and verification of the documents and is a step towards citizen facilitation and to ensure so that citizen are not harassed/ inconvenienced.


MoU with Transport for London

The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways signed a MoU with Transport for London (TFL) on 10thJanuary, 2018. TFL is an agency that manages the transport system for Greater London, and has demonstrated its capability by creating strong and dependable public transport system in the city of London. It has created a unique system of operating buses in PPP model with over 17 operators under a single brand. The MoUis aimed at using the expertise of TFL to revamp the public transport architecture in the country.

2NDmeeting of India-Nepal Cross Border Transport Facilitation Working Group

After a long hiatus, the 2nd meeting of India-Nepal Cross Border Transport Facilitation Working Group was held at Kathmandu on 23rd February, 2018 under the India-Nepal Motor Vehicle Agreement for regulation of vehicular traffic between the two countries. It was agreed to start regular bus services on the new routes of Mahendrangar- Dehradun, Nepalgunj- Haridwar, Nepalgunj-Lucknow, Nepalgunj -Delhi and Kathmandu-Gorakhpur, through designated operators from Nepal and India. It was also agreed to start operation of bus services on Kathmandu -Siliguri and Janakpur- Patna routes. Both sides also noted with mutual interest the possibility of opening of other routes to be considered on the basis of commercial demand and availability of infrastructure by mutual consent.

Bus trial run across Bangladesh, India and Nepal

Taking another step towards furthering seamless passenger vehicle movement across Bangladesh, Indiaand Nepal (BIN) under BBIN MVA signed in June 2015.Atrial run of two passenger buses from Dhaka, was conducted in April, 2018, with 43 passengers.  The trial run started from Dhaka on 23rd April and reached Kathmandu on 26th April 2018. The participating countries have also agreed to conduct more trial runs for cargo vehicles under the agreement.

First Working Group Meeting of BIMSTEC

The first Working Group meeting of BIMSTEC to negotiate the draft text of Motor Vehicles Agreement for the regulation of passenger and cargo vehicular traffic among and between member states was held in April this year. Delegations from India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Thailand, Sri Lanka and Myanmar attended the meeting. The draft text of the agreement was discussed and amended. The member countries will further examine the amended text.

MoU between India and Uganda

An MoU was signed between the Central Materials Laboratory (ML), Kampala, Uganda and the Indian Academy of Highway Engineers (IAHE) under Ministry of Road Transport &Highways, India, during the visit of the Hon’ble Prime Minister of India  to Uganda on 24-25 July, 2018, for establishment of a Regional Materials Testing Laboratory for Highways in Uganda.

65th India-Japan Joint Working Group Meeting in the Roads and Road Transport Sector

The 5th India-Japan Joint Working Group Meeting in the Roads and Road Transport Sector was held on 12th November, 2018 in New Delhi as provided under the Framework of Cooperation (FoC) between the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH), India and the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT), Japan. In the meeting, information regarding the latest technological developments in “Operation and Maintenance of Expressway”, “Development of Mountainous Road in North East Regions” and “Countermeasure of Aging Structure” etc. was shared.

MoU of India with Russia

The proposal for a MoU on Bilateral Cooperation in the Road Transport & Road Industry sector, between Ministry of road transport & Highways and the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation, has been approved by the Union Cabinet in its meeting on October 3, 2018.


Wayside Amenities and Highway Nest (Mini)

While the procurement process is under way for the development of Wayside Amenities of larger sizes in PPP mode along the National Highways, the NHAI has taken up construction of 314 numbers Highway Nest (mini). These are being developed near Toll Plazas, approximately 200 meters downstream on a 10mX20m paved platform and comprises of facilities like toilets, water, ATR, a small kiosk with Tea / Coffee vending machine and packaged food items for Highway users.

Swachhta Pakhwada and ’Swachhta Hi Sewa’ Campagin (SHS)

The SwachhtaPakhwada was organised by the Ministry between September 15, 2018 and October 2, across all National Highways. Several activities related to shramdaan and cleaning of schools in villages adjacent to the National Highways were also organized by the NHAI during the period. Construction of toilets, both for men and women, installation of litter-bins and hoardings at NHAI toll plazas have been taken up by the Ministry under Swachh Bharat Mission. The Ministry was conferred with a special award for its implementation of the Swachhta Action Plan for 2017-18 by the nodal Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.


वर्ष 2018 के दौरान विद्युत मंत्रालय की उपलब्धियां

                   वर्षांत समीक्षा 2018-बिजली मंत्रालय

सौभाग्य योजना के तहत 9 राज्यों में 100% घरों का विद्युतीकरण हुआ है ; कुल 16 राज्यों में अब 100% घरों का विद्युतीकरण हो चुका है

सौभाग्य के तहत 2 करोड़ से अधिक बिजली कनेक्शन जारी किए गए और डीडीयूजीजेवाई के तहत 100 प्रतिशत गांवों का विद्युतीकरण हुआ

ऊर्जा घाटा लगभग शून्य हो गया और भारत नेपाल, बांग्लादेश और म्यांमार को बिजली के शुद्ध निर्यातक के रूप में उभरा है

उजाला योजना के तहत 31.68 करोड़ एलईडी बल्ब वितरित किए गए और 74.7 9 लाख एलईडी स्ट्रीट लाइट स्थापित किए गए हैं

“बिजली” प्राप्त करने के मामले में विश्व बैंक की ईज ऑफ डूनिंग बिजनेस में भारत की रैंक बढ़कर 2018 में 24 हो गई जबकि 2014 में यह 137 थी

विश्वसनीय और किफायती ऊर्जा आपूर्ति तक पहुंच किसी भी देश में जीवन की गुणवत्ता और आर्थिक विकास को प्रभावित करने वाला एक महत्वपूर्ण कारक है। इसलिए, सरकार 31 मार्च, 2019 तक सभी के लिए 24 घंटे बिजली आपूर्ति सुनिश्चित करने के लिए प्रतिबद्ध है। इस लक्ष्य के तहत, कई महत्वपूर्ण मील के पत्थर हासिल कर लिए गए हैं और वर्ष 2018 दीन दयाल उपाध्याय ग्राम ज्योति योजना (डीडीयूजीजेवाई) के तहत 28 अप्रैल, 2018 को हर गांव में बिजली के लिए ऐतिहासिक रहा है। अब सौभाग्य के तहत हर घर के विद्युतीकरण पर ध्यान केंद्रित किया जा रहा है। 9 राज्य पहले से ही 100% घरेलू विद्युतीकरण के लक्ष्य को प्राप्त कर चुके हैं। ये लक्ष्य भी अपनी समय सीमा से पहले हासिल किए जाएंगे।


विद्युत उत्पादन, संचरण और वितरण समेत बिजली क्षेत्र को सुधारने और मजबूत करने के लिए कई कदम उठाए गए हैं। इनमें न केवल क्षमता वृद्धि में उपलब्धियां शामिल हैं, बल्कि ऊर्जा दक्षता में वृद्धि और उत्तरदायित्व और पारदर्शिता बढ़ने जैसे प्राप्ति, एश ट्रैक इत्यादि लॉन्च करके महत्वपूर्ण सुधार भी किए जा रहे हैं।

बिजली मंत्रालय के लिए सालाना उपलब्धियों के विवरण नीचे दिए गए हैं:

  1. सौभाग्य11.JPG1.JPG
  • सितंबर, 2017 में यह योजना सार्वभौमिक विद्युतीकरण के लिए शुरू की गई
  • गांव के स्तर पर शिविर आयोजित किए गए जिसमें न्यूनतम दस्तावेज आवश्यक हैं
  • ग्राम स्वराज अभियान के तहत आर्थिक रूप से कमजोर वर्गों के लिए विशेष अभियान चलाया गया
  • 11 अक्टूबर, 2017 से 2.1 करोड़ से ज्यादा परिवार विद्युतीकृत हुए
  • 9 राज्यों मध्य प्रदेशत्रिपुराबिहारजम्मू-कश्मीरउत्तराखंडमिजोरमसिक्किमतेलंगाना और पश्चिम बंगाल ने सौभाग्य योजना के तहत घरेलू विद्युतीकरण में 100% संतृप्ति हासिल की है।
  • इस प्रकार देश में कुल 16 राज्यों में अब 100% घरेलू विद्युतीकरण है।
  • महाराष्ट्र, मणिपुर, अरुणाचल प्रदेश, छत्तीसगढ़ इत्यादि जैसे कई राज्यों को गैर-विद्युतीकृत घर बाकी रह गए हैं और इनके किसी भी समय विद्युतिकृत होने की उम्मीद है।
  • राष्ट्र को 31 दिसंबर, 2018 तक 100% घरेलू विद्युतीकरण प्राप्त करने की उम्मीद है।

जनवरी से नवंबर 2018 के दौरान सौभाग्य के तहत हासिल उपलब्धि

  • विद्युतीकृत परिवारों की संख्या – 2 करोड़ से अधिक
  1.  दीन दयाल उपाध्याय ग्राम ज्योति योजना (डीडीजीजीवाई)rural-electrification-ie.jpg
  • 100 प्रतिशत गांवों का विद्युतीकरण हुआ
  • इस पर 75,8 9 3 करोड़ रुपये खर्च हुए
  • 2,58,870 किमी एचटी और एलटी लाइनें बिछाई गईं
  • 4.10.146 वितरण ट्रांसफार्मर स्थापित किए गए
  1. जनरेशन क्षमता
  • अप्रैल 2014 से अक्टूबर 2018 तक 1,07,000 मेगावॉट उत्पादन क्षमता बढ़ी है।
  • अखिल भारतीय स्तर पर जनरेशन क्षमता 39.2% बढ़कर 31.10.2018 तक 3,46,048 मेगावाट हो गई है जो 31.3.2014 तक 2,48,554 मेगावॉट थी।
  • भारत बिजली के शुद्ध निर्यातक के रूप में उभरा है। वित्त वर्ष 2017-18 में 7203 एमयू नेपाल, बांग्लादेश और म्यांमार को आपूर्ति की गई और 468 एमयू चालू वर्ष 2018-19 (अक्टूबर 2018 तक) में आपूर्ति की गई।
  • वित्त वर्ष 2013-14 में ऊर्जा घाटा 4.2% से घटकर वर्तमान वित्त वर्ष 2018-19 (अक्टूबर 2018 तक) में 0.6% हो गया। वित्त वर्ष 2013-14 में मुख्य घाटा भी घटकर वित्त वर्ष 2018-19 (अक्टूबर 2018 तक) में 0.8% हो गया।
  • 2013-14 में इसी अवधि के दौरान 1,29,1515 मेगावाट से मुख्य मांग चालू वर्ष (अप्रैल-अक्टूबर 2018) के दौरान 35.2% बढ़कर 1,75,528 मेगावाट पहुंच गई।
  • 2013-14 में इसी अवधि के दौरान 565.698 बीयू से चालू वर्ष (अप्रैल-अक्टूबर 2018) के दौरान ऊर्जा उपलब्धता में भी 35.2% बढ़कर 764.627 बीयू हो गई है।

एक ग्रिड, एक राष्ट्र (अक्टूबर, 2018 तक उपलब्धियां)one.JPG

  • 2014-15 से 2018-19 तक 1,11,433 सीकेएम संचरण ग्रिड का विस्तार हुआ (वित्त वर्ष 2018-19 में 11,799 सीकेएम जोड़ा गया)।
  • 2014-15 से 2018-19 तक 3,38,202 एमवीए की ट्रांसफार्मेशन क्षमता वृद्धि हुई (वित्त वर्ष 2018-19 में 41,790 एमवीए जोड़ा गया)।
  • 2014-15 से 2018-19 तक 26 परियोजनाओं के लिए टैरिफ आधारित प्रतिस्पर्धी बोली के माध्यम से 48,426 करोड़ रुपये दिए गए।
  • वित्त वर्ष 2010-14 में 16,000 वाली अंतर-क्षेत्रीय हस्तांतरण क्षमता बढ़कर वित्त वर्ष 2014-15 के दौरान 54,700 मेगावाट गई जबकि  2018-19 (वित्त वर्ष 2018-19 में यह 4,200 मेगावाट) हो गई।
  1. एकीकृत विद्युत विकास योजना (आईपीडीएस)power1.JPG
  • इस पर 65,424 करोड़ रुपये का परिव्यय हुआ।
  • 1378 कस्बे आईटी सक्षम
  • अतरिक्त 1900 कस्बों में काम प्रगति पर है
  • 1,30,348 किलोमीटर में से 43,449 किमी एचटी और एलटी लाइन स्थापित कर दी गई हैं
  • कुल 58,145 में से 28,193 वितरण ट्रांसफॉर्मर स्थापित किए गए
  1. उदयuday.JPG
  • दो साल के भीतर उदय के तहत डिस्कॉम द्वारा 34,000 करोड़ रुपये से ज्यादा ब्याज लागत बचाई गई।
  • संचालन के दो वर्षों के भीतर 22 राज्यों में एटी और सी घाटे में कमी। वित्त वर्ष 2018 में एटी एंड सी घाटे में 18.76% की कमी आई है, जबकि यह वित्त वर्ष 2016 में 20.77% थी। उदय के दो साल के संचालन के भीतर राजस्व अंतर 72 प्रतिशत बढ़ गया। वित्त वर्ष 2018 में राष्ट्रीय स्तर पर एसीएस-एआरआर अंतराल 17 पैसे प्रति इकाई है, जबकि वित्त वर्ष 2016 में यह 60 पैसे प्रति इकाई थी।
  • “बिजली” प्राप्त करने के मामले में विश्व बैंक की इज ऑफ डूनिंग बिजनेस में भारत की रैंक बढ़कर 2018 में 24 हो गई जबकि 2014 में यह 137 थी।

7. उत्तर-पूर्व क्षेत्र पर विशेष ध्यान केंद्रित हैne.JPG

  • एनईआर (सिक्किम समेत) में अंतर-राज्य संचरण और वितरण प्रणाली के विकास के लिए 9865.75 करोड़ रुपये की परियोजनाएं प्रगति पर हैं।
  • 6379 गांवों का विद्युतीकरण और 9822 गांवों के गहन विद्युतीकरण को पूरा किया गया।
  • 130 कस्बे आईटी सक्षम।
  • उजाला योजना के तहत 68.76 लाख एलईडी बल्ब वितरित किए गए।
  • एसएलएनपी योजना के तहत 99,895 एलईडी स्ट्रीट लाइट्स स्थापित की गई।
  • अंतरराज्यीय ट्रांसमिशन को मजबूत करने और उनके विकास के लिए 9866 करोड़ परियोजनाएं शुरू की गईं।

  1. 4376  मेगावॉट जल विद्युत क्षमता की वृद्धि (वित्त वर्ष 2014-18)
  2. ऊर्जा दक्षता और ऊर्जा संरक्षण


    • सभी के लिए वहनीय एलईडी द्वारा ज्योति को उजागर करें (उजाला)
  • उजाला योजना के तहत 31.68 करोड़ एलईडी बल्ब वितरित किए गए जिसके परिणामस्वरूप प्रति वर्ष 16,457 करोड़ रुपये की अनुमानित लागत की बचत हुई है। साथ ही प्रति वर्ष 41.14 बिलियन किलोवाट की अनुमानित ऊर्जा की बचत हुई है जबकि 8,237 मेगावाट की बढ़ी हुई मांग में कमी आई है और जीएचजी उत्सर्जन प्रति वर्ष कार्बनडाइ ऑक्साइड उत्सर्जन में 33.32 मिलियन टन की कमी आई है।
  • मांग एकत्रण के माध्यम से एलईडी बल्ब खरीद लागत में 88 प्रतिशत की कमी आई है।
    • स्ट्रीट लाइटिंग नेशनल प्रोग्राम (एसएलएनपी)solar-street-lights.jpg
  • 1.34 करोड़ पारंपरिक स्ट्रीट लाइट्स की जगह मार्च, 2019 तक स्मार्ट और ऊर्जा कुशल एलईडी स्ट्रीट लाइट को बदला जाना है।
  • 74.79 लाख एलईडी स्ट्रीट लाइट स्थापित किए गए हैं जिसके परिणामस्वरूप 837 मेगावाट बढ़ी हुई मांग में कमी करते हुए प्रति वर्ष 5.02 बिलियन किलोवाट की अनुमानित ऊर्जा की बचत हुई है। साथ ही इससे प्रतिवर्ष जीएचजी उत्सर्जन में 3.46 मिलियन टन कार्बनडाई ऑक्साइड की कमी आई है।

5 जनवरी 2015 को लॉन्च होने के बाद से राष्ट्रीय एलईडी कार्यक्रम के कार्यान्वयन की वर्तमान प्रगति निम्नानुसार है:

मापदंड उजाला एसएलएनपी
वितरित एलईडी बल्बों/ स्थापित स्ट्रीटलाइट की संख्या 31.68 करोड़ 74.79 लाख


प्रति वर्ष अनुमानित ऊर्जा बचाई गई 41,142 मिलियन किलोवाट 5,023 मिलियन किलोवाट
बढ़ी हुई मांग में कमी/ बचत क्षमता में वृद्धि 8,237 मेगावॉट 837 मेगावॉट
प्रतिवर्ष जीएचजी उत्सर्जन में कार्बनडाई ऑक्साइड की कमी 33.32 मिलियन टन कार्बनडाई ऑक्साइड 3.46 मिलियन टन कार्बनडाई ऑक्साइड

    • परिवहन क्षेत्र
  • पूरे ई-मोबिलिटी पारिस्थितिकी तंत्र को वाहन निर्माताओं, बुनियादी ढांचा कंपनियों, बेड़ा ऑपरेटरों, सेवा प्रदाताओं आदि को प्रोत्साहित करने के वास्ते नेशनल ई-मोबिलिटी प्रोग्राम को लॉन्च किया गया है।h2018030741734-1200x718.jpg
  • स्टेशनों को चार्ज करने के लिए कोई लाइसेंस आवश्यक नहीं है
  • सरकारी संस्थानों के लिए 10,000 ई-कारों की खरीद समाप्त हुई
  • पंजीकरण के तहत 902 ई-कार तैनात की गई हैं
    • बीईई स्टार लेबलिंग
  • ऊर्जा कुशल चिलर सिस्टम की तैनाती को प्रोत्साहित करने के लिए ऊर्जा दक्षता ब्यूरो (बीईई) द्वारा चिलर स्टार लेबलिंग कार्यक्रम शुरू किया गया है। इस कार्यक्रम में ऊर्जा प्रदर्शन के संदर्भ में स्टार रेटिंग प्रदान करने की परिकल्पना की गई है। शुरुआती दौर में, इस कार्यक्रम को स्वैच्छिक आधार पर लॉन्च किया गया है और यह 31 दिसंबर 2020 तक मान्य होगा।
  • एलईडी और इन्वर्टर एसी अनिवार्य कार्यक्रम के तहत अधिसूचित किया गया है। वैरिएबल स्पीड एयर कंडीशनर और एलईडी लैंप के लिए स्टार लेबलिंग प्रोग्राम वर्ष 2017 के दौरान अनिवार्य डोमेन में अधिसूचित किया गया था। इसका कार्यान्वयन 1 जनवरी, 2018 को शुरू हुआ है।
  • स्टार लेबलिंग कार्यक्रम ने वर्ष 2017-18 के दौरान 22,500 करोड़ रुपये की ऊर्जा बचाई।

    • औद्योगिक ऊर्जा दक्षता
  • बड़े उद्योगों में पीएटी के माध्यम से ऊर्जा दक्षता उपायों ने सालाना 9500 करोड़ रुपये की ऊर्जा बचाई है।
  • 13 क्षेत्रों से 846 डीसी के लिए पीएटी चक्र IV की अधिसूचना जारी की गई है।
    • ऊर्जा दक्षता का निर्माण
  • विभिन्न ऊर्जा उपभोग करने वाले उपकरणों और प्रणालियों के ऊर्जा प्रदर्शन मूल्यों को मानकीकृत करने में सहायता के साथ ऊर्जा खपत को कम करके उपकरण दक्षता को बढ़ावा देने के लिए बड़े पैमाने पर उद्योगों के लिए ऊर्जा संरक्षण दिशानिर्देश जारी किए गए हैं।
  1. डिजिटल पहलdigi.JPG
  • बीएचआईएम, बीबीपीएस, भारत क्यूआर इत्यादि जैसे एनपीसीआई प्लेटफार्मों के माध्यम से भुगतान को आसान बनाया गया है।
  • पारदर्शिता लाने और बड़े पैमाने पर लोगों को जानकारी मुहैया कराने के लिए बिजली मंत्रालय द्वारा इसे शुरू किया गया है।app.JPG
  • प्राप्ति : पारदर्शिता लाने के लिए एक वेब पोर्टल और एक ऐप अर्थात् प्राप्ति, को आधिकारिक तौर पर लॉन्च किया गया है।
  • ऐश ट्रैक – राख के बेहतर उपयोग के लिए फ्लाई ऐश उपयोगकर्ता और बिजली संयंत्रों को जोड़ा जा रहा है। ऐश ट्रैक नामक एक वेब आधारित निगरानी प्रणाली और एक फ्लाई ऐश मोबाइल एप्लिकेशन शुरू किया गया है। ये प्लेटफॉर्म फ्लाई ऐश उत्पादकों (थर्मल पावर प्लांट्स) और संभावित सहायक उपयोगकर्ताओं जैसे सड़क ठेकेदारों, सीमेंट प्लांट इत्यादि के बीच इंटरफेस प्रदान करके थर्मल पावर प्लांट द्वारा उत्पादित राख के बेहतर प्रबंधन को सक्षम बनाएंगे।
  1. प्रदूषण के खिलाफ मुहिम
  • विद्युत मंत्रालय ने थर्मल पावर प्लांट्स में बिजली उत्पादन के लिए कोयले के साथ 5-10% बायोमास पेलेट्स के उपयोग करने की नीति जारी की है।
  • बायोमास पेलेट्स के उपयोग को बढ़ावा देने के लिए, केन्द्रीय विद्युत प्राधिकरण (सीईए) ने सभी केंद्रीय/राज्य उपयोगिताओं, राज्य सरकारों, विद्युत उपकरण निर्माताओं/एकीकृत विद्युत उत्पादकों/ जेनरेटिंग कंपनियों को लिखा है कि सभी तरल पदार्थ और बिजली उत्पन्न करने वाली यूटिलिटीज के कोयला इकाइयां ( कोयले आधारित थर्मल पावर प्लांट्स) गेंद और ट्यूब मिल रखने वाले को छोड़कर, तकनीकी व्यवहार्यता, जैसे सुरक्षा पहलुओं आदि का आकलन करने के बाद कोयले के साथ मुख्य रूप से कृषि अवशेषों के बने बायोमास पेलेट्स के 5-10% मिश्रण का उपयोग करने का प्रयास करेंगे।
  1. सुधार
  • नवीकरणीय जनरेशन को प्रोत्साहित करने के लिए, विद्युत मंत्रालय ने 2022 तक सौर और पवन आधारित परियोजनाओं के लिए आईएसटीएस ट्रांसमिशन शुल्क और घाटे की छूट बढ़ा दी।new india.JPG
  • 2022 तक 1,75,000 मेगावाट नवीकरणीय क्षमता के नवीकरणीय लक्ष्य को प्राप्त करने के लिए, एमओपी ने सौर और गैर-सौर के लिए दीर्घकालिक विकास प्रक्षेपण नवीकरणीय खरीद दायित्व (आरपीओ) जारी किया है।
  • नवीकरणीय जेनेरेशन को बढ़ावा देने और उत्सर्जन में कमी के उद्देश्य से, बिजली मंत्रालय ने थर्मल पावर स्टेशनों और शेड्यूलिंग में लचीलापन लाने के लिए एक योजना जारी की है।
  • बिजली मंत्रालय ने एमओईएफ और सीसी द्वारा सुझाए गए थर्मल पावर प्लांट्स के लिए नए पर्यावरण मानदंडों के कार्यान्वयन के लिए 30 मई, 2018 को बिजली अधिनियम, 2003 की धारा 107 के तहत सीईआरसी को एक दिशा जारी की है।
  • उपभोक्ता (कंपनी स्तर मेरिट ऑर्डर ऑपरेशन) को बिजली की लागत को कम करने के लिए, मंत्रालय ने उपभोक्ताओं को बिजली की लागत को कम करने के लिए थर्मल पावर स्टेशनों और शेड्यूलिंग में लचीलापन पर एक योजना जारी की है।
  • विवादित परिसंपत्तियों के पुनरुत्थान के हमारे प्रयास में, अप्रैल 2018 में मंत्रालय द्वारा एक पायलट योजना शुरू की गई ताकि कोयले आधारित बिजली संयंत्रों से 3 (तीन) वर्ष (मध्यम अवधि के तहत कवर) के लिए 2500 मेगावॉट की कुल बिजली की खरीद की सुविधा मिल सके।
  • बिजली मंत्रालय द्वारा प्रमुख सुधार पहल की जा रही हैं जिसमें विद्युत अधिनियम 2003 और टैरिफ नीति,2016 में प्रस्तावित मसौदे संशोधन के माध्यम से बिजली क्षेत्र में विभिन्न मुद्दों को रेखांकित किया जा सके।बिजली अधिनियम में ड्राफ्ट संशोधन 7.9.2018 को हितधारकों की टिप्पणियों के लिए जारी किया गया था। साथ ही टैरिफ नीति में संशोधन का मसौदा 30.5.2018 को स्टीकहोल्डर की टिप्पणियों के लिए जारी किया गया था।


Initiatives & Achievements of Ministry of Railways in the year 2018

Ministry of Railways in the year 2018

Safety First : Elimination of Unmanned Level Crossings, Use of Technology , Online Monitoring of Rolling Stock and Switch over to LHB coaches for safety of Railway Passengers

Boosting ‘Make in India’ by indigenous manufacturing of Semi High Speed (160 Kmph) self propelled Train 18, with contemporary features as per global standards

Massive Push to Capacity Augmentation by commissioning strategic projects like Dedicated Freight Corridors (DFCs).

Connecting North East: India’s longest Rail-Road Bridge Connecting Assam and Arunachal Pradesh

Transformational Reforms speeded up: Emphasis on cultural, process & structural reforms, empowerment/ strengthening of field level units

Speedy and Smooth Passenger Services via Improved Coaches and Trains, UTS Mobile App, VIKALP Scheme and boosting Digital Transactions for Online Ticket Reservations

Swachch Rail: Bio Toilets, Clean-My-Coach SMS Services, Coach Mitra Initiatives for cleanliness in Trains and Railway Stations

65 stations across Zonal railways have been beautified under Station Beautification initiative by using local art form, painting style, local themes 

Use of Robotics and Industry 4.0 Technologies in Production Units of Indian Railways

‘Mission Raftar ‘ to Speed up, Contribute and Participate in the Growth Story of India

Brighter and Energy efficient Railways with 100% LED lights at all Railway Stations 

India’s first Rail and Transportation University commenced its first session in 2018

Promoting Tourism through Vistadome Coaches 

Preserving Railway Heritage eternally on Digital Platforms

Indian Railways achieved all- round progress during the year with firm focus on safety and passenger services by leveraging the latest in technology and marshalling the inherent strength of a highly dedicated workforce. Some of the significant achievements of the year are highlighted below:

Enhanced Safety

Safety continues to be the foremost priority of Railways and is accorded the greatest consideration. During the current year, MoR launched following four safety drives on all Zonal Railways with a view to preventing accidents and strengthening safety on Indian Railways:-

  • On 13.04.2018, all zonal railways were advised to launch a one month safety drive particularly focusing on strict observance of shunting practices with compliance of rules/instructions contained in G&SR etc.
  • On 08.05.2018 all zonal railways were advised to launch a 30 days safety drive specially targeting safety at manned/unmanned level crossings.
  • On 19.06.2018 all zonal railways were asked to launch a safety drive to prevent accident due to cyclonic storm, heavy rains, landslides etc. during monsoon season.
  • On 16.10.2018, zonal Railways were advised to launch a special safety drive for a period of fifteen days with special emphasis on safety of work sites, stacking and handling of railway material near track and maintenance of points & crossings.

Some of the significant steps taken to enhance safety are:

  • Induction of technology for safety improvements – Smart Coach Smart coach with diagnostic system monitor bearing vibrations provides advance information on health of bearing wheel & track.
  • In addition, coach has been provided with wheel slip protection monitoring.  Further improvements are being brought about to provide fire safety through fire and smoke detection unit integrated with passenger announcement and information system for emergency evacuation and video analytics with phased detection and unusual occurrence features to further enhance safety and security.
  • On-line Monitoring of Rolling Stock (OMRS) Implementation of OMRS is the first step towards predictive maintenance for its Rolling Stock. OMRS monitors the health of each rolling stock and identifies the defective bearings and wheels. Real time alarm is generated to take corrective action before the line failure of the rolling stock. OMRS equipment will also trend the condition of bearing when implemented in whole rail network of IR.
  • Complete switchover to LHB: Indian Railways have decided to completely switch over to manufacture of LHB design main line coaches from 2018-19 onwards. The production of LHB coaches in Production Units has continuously increased over the years Production of LHB coaches from 2004-05 to 2013-14 was 2327 coaches, whereas 5548 coaches were produced from 2014-15 to 2017-18. During 2018-19, it is proposed to manufacture 4016 coaches.

As a result of relentless efforts put in by Railways, consequential train accidents decreased from 104 to 73 during 2017-18 in comparison to the corresponding period of the previous year.  In the year 2018-19 (from 1st April, 2018 to 30th November, 2018) consequential train accidents decreased further from 51 to 44 in comparison to the corresponding period of the previous year.  Category-wise break-up of accidents is given in the following table:-

Type of Accident (April to March)


(April to March)



(1st April to

30th November)


(1st April to

30th November)

Collision 5 3 3 0
Derailments 78 54 39 35
Manned Level Crossing Accidents 0 3 1 3
Unmanned Level Crossing Accidents 20 10 8 3
Fire in Trains 1 3 0 2
Miscellaneous 0 0 0 1
Total 104 73 51 44

Elimination of Level Crossings

  • 3478 unmanned LC gates have been eliminated during the current year so far.
  • In effect, all unmanned level crossings on broad gauge over Indian Railway have been eliminated except one.  This will also be eliminated in the current financial year.
  • Out of 16, total 15 Zonal Railways are now unmanned level crossing free on broad gauge.
  • Accidents on unmanned level crossings have reduced from 20 in 2017-18 to 3 in the current year upto Dec., 2018.

New Initiatives In Track Maintenance

  • Highest ever rail renewal of 4405 km was carried out in 2017-18 and 5,000 km has been planned during the current year with outlay of 11,450 crores. 2812 km has been completed during the current year so far.
  • Exclusive RRSK fund amounting to Rs 1 lakh crore for safety related works including Track Renewal for a period of 5 years, with Annual Budgetary Outlay of Rs 20,000 crore has been created in 2017.
  • Trial of Ultrasonic Broken Rail Detection System for detection of Rail/Weld breakage has been started on NR and NCR on 25 km track length each. After successful completion of trials, the system will be utilized over Indian Railway for timely detection of Rail/Weld fractures.
  • GPS based trackers have been provided to Keymen and Patrolmen to get real time information of any untoward incidents/emergencies to avert derailments.
  • Trials for VHF based Approaching Train Warning System to pre-warn the Trackmen working on running line, for any approaching train have been completed on five Zonal Railways and instructions have been issued for providing the system on Golden Quadrilateral and its diagonal routes over Indian Railways. This will help in ensuring personal safety of  Track Maintainers while working on track.

Mechanization of Inspection, Monitoring And Maintenance Of Track

  • Highest ever sanction of Track Machines : Average sanction of machines per year for complete mechanization has been increased to 117 costing about 1547 cr during 2014-18 compared to 63 nos costing about 560 cr prior to 2014. Highest ever 538 machines costing Rs. 7268 cr were sanctioned in the current year Budget to give fillip to mechanization.
Item Year
Average sanctions of machines 2004-09 2009-14 2014-18 2018-19
  1. Funds    (Rs. In Cr.)
433 563 1547 7268
  1. Machines (Nos.)
63 52 117 538
  • Seven numbers of High Output Integrated Track Machines, giving 60% more output in the same duration of effective block hours, were inducted for the first time in Indian Railways Maintenance Fleet.  Order for 22 more such machines were placed and for 24 more machines will be placed in the current year to cover entire high density routes. This will result in better utilization of traffic blocks on busy routes for improved safety and economy in machines working for track maintenance.
  • High output BCM (HOBCM) with double the output of present machine along with stabilizer and ballast regulating system is planned for commissioning by March, 2019 for the first time over IR. This will improve safety and economy in track maintenance along with better utilization of maintenance slots on busy routes.
  • A new 3D state-of-the-art tamping simulator for practical hands-on training for operating advanced track maintenance machines has been installed and commissioned for the first time at Indian Railway Track Machine Training Centre Allahabad (IRTMTC) for skill development of track machine operator’s. This type of advanced technology simulator is now available only in five countries including India. This will result in improved training for better utilization & maintenance of state of art tamping machine.    
  • Leveraging technology for reducing reliance on human interface Selected best available technology to improve safety by reducing reliance on human interface and efficient allocation of resources. Induction and proliferation of following new technologies have been decided for improved track inspection, maintenance and monitoring.
  • Ground Penetration Radar (GPR) for monitoring health of track ballast bed ( Clear ballast cushion, Caked up ballast & ballast penetration in formation) and to prioritize deep screening of track in place of present practice of periodic screening every 500GMT or 10 Yrs.
  • Axle Box Mounted Accelerometers on pilot basis in 40 rakes in fastest train on selected high density trunk routes to monitor track requiring urgent attention and generate alerts to maintain organization on daily basis.
  • Track Component Condition Monitoring System with Machine vision is planned to be fixed on 16 LHB based OMS Coaches for intermediate inspection by Zonal Railways to get defect list of track components to reduce reliance on human inspection.
  • Rail Grinding Machines with complementary Switch Grinding Machines and RIV are planned to cover entire Indian Railway track for maintenance of rails to control fracture due to rolling contact fatigue. It will improve reliability of asset by reduction in fractures. Order for 2 nos. Switch rail Grinding Machine (SRGM) & 2 nos. Rail Inspection Vehicle (RIV) have been placed for the first time on IR.
  • Long Rail Panel Handling:- State-of-the-art mechanized system for loading/unloading of long rail panels for safe handling of long rail to improve in service performance of rail has been sanctioned.
  • Vehicular USFD (SPURT Cars) to cover entire Indian Railways network for monitoring and identification of propagation of rail/weld defects for improving safety of track has been sanctioned.
  • Laser based Integrated Track Recording Cars with facility of Component Monitoring, Axle box acceleration measurement and Clearance measurement System, to cover entire Indian Railway network has been sanctioned.

Make In India

  • Induction of semi-high speed Train-sets to European standard: ICF took up manufacturing of Semi High Speed (160 Kmph) Self Propelled Train-set with indigenous efforts, termed Train-18, with contemporary features as per global standards. The first trainset has been rolled out by ICF in October 2018 and will shortly be ready for service after testing & trials.
  • ICF shall be making at least two more such rakes this year. Depending on feedback and requirements target for induction in 2019-20 shall be communicated in due course.
  • 100% indigenization has already been achieved in manufacturing of around 20-25% of total fleet of the track machines such as Utility Vehicles (UTVs), Rail Bound Maintenance Vehicles (RBMVs), Track Laying Equipment (TLE), Rail Threader & Rail-cum-Road Vehicles (RCRVs) over IR.
  • 70% of existing fleet of machines have been manufactured by a world’s leading manufacturer with a local content in the range of 20% to 50%.
    • Now the local content is being further increased to minimum 51% to 80% under Make in India Policy.
    • Encouraged by Make in India, one more manufacturing plant by a world’s leading manufacturer of track machines is being set up in Gujarat and expected to start production by May’2019.

Technological Development

Improvements in AT Welding technology has been carried out to improve quality of welds for enhancement in safety.

  • Thick Web Switches: Policy decision has been taken to use only Thick Web Switches on IR network. This enhances mobility due to higher permitted speed for loop lines, improves safety and maintainability.
  • Weldable CMS Crossing : It is planned to provide Weldable CMS Crossings on all important routes on Indian Railways. For the first time, order for manufacturing and supply of about 4000nos.Weldable CMS Crossings has been placed.Instead of importing the finished weldable CMS crossings, the working agency is required to set up requisite infrastructure in the country which besides ensuring transfer of technology will also contribute towards ‘Make in India’ mission.
  • Advancements in Ultrasonic Testing of Rails and Welds: Analogue USFD testing machines have been replaced by digital USFD testing machines capable of data logging, saving and transferring testing results to on-line Application TMS and PCs.
  • Bridge Management System: This Web-enabled IT Application covers all aspects of Bridge Master Data, drawings, photographs, etc.  This will be a single IT-based repository for all aspects related to bridges on Indian Railways viz. Master Data, condition, inspections, design drawings, etc.The Application was launched by Minister of Railways on 12th July, 2018. It is being further developed to incorporate various bridge inspections.

Improved Sleepers And Fittings

  • Improvement in Concrete Sleeper: In order to strengthen track structure, a wider and heavier sleeper has been developed in 2014 which is fit for 25 t axle load at 100 kmph. After successful field trial over five Zonal Railways wider and heavier sleeper has been adopted and approved for full use from FY 2019-20. This is done in a record time of 3 years from drawing board to insertion in field for trial against normal period of 8-10 years.
  • Web base system for track crossing permission – A web based system for granting permission of track crossing related to various public utilities i.e. water/sewerage/gas pipeline, OFC Cable etc. has been developed and made operational on Indian Railways since 01.04.2015. This system provides submission of online application and knowing status of the same till permission is granted. This avoids the frequent visits of the user to the Railway Offices for knowing the status of application.
  • To expedite clearance of track crossing cases, power to accord sanction is delegated to DRM for all the cases.
  • Land Data Management – A web based application called Land Management Module integrated with Track Management System (TMS) of Indian Railways has been developed, for maintaining centralized land data i.e. details of acquisition/area/usages and land plans of Land Bank of Indian Railways in digitized form. Indian Railways has already completed most of the work related to digitization of land record.
  • Indian Railways have also digitized details of  vacant land plots measuring more than one acre .

Infrastructural Development

Capacity Augmentation through Dedicated Freight Corridors (DFCs)

  • Thrust is to commission strategic projects like Dedicated Freight Corridors (DFCs).
  • Work on both Eastern & Western Dedicated Freight Corridors progressed on full speed during the year culminating in successful trial of freight train over Phulera- Atari section of Western Dedicated Freight Corridor & Khurja- Bhadan section of Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor(EDFC) in August & November 2018 respectively. The trials of Freight trains will be completed on extended sections of Rewari – Madar section of Western Dedicated Freight Corridor (WDFC) & Khurja – Bhaupur section of Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor by the end of the financial year.
  • The Dedicated Freight Corridor will be fully commissioned in phases by March 2020.
  • Part sections of Western and Eastern DFCs viz 190 km Ateli-Phulera section of WDFC opened on Aug 15, 2018 and 194 km New Khurja – New Bhadan section of EDFC opened on Nov 23, 2018.

NL, GC and Doubling Commissioning:

NL, GC and Doubling Commissioning
S.N. Item Average of 2009-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 Target 2018-19
1 New Line 345.5 380 813 953 409 1000
2 GC 799.5 880 1042 1020 454 1000
3 Doubling 375 723 973 882 999 2100
4 Total 1520 1983 2828 2855 1861.94** 4100
5 Avg Km/Day 4.16 5.43 7.75 7.82 5.10 11.23
  • **During 2017-18, 1862 Km commissioning( Reduction due to diversion of Rails to Rail Renewal from Safety Consideration)
  • The progress of Track Renewal in 2016-17 was 2597 TKM, in 2017-18 track renewal was 4405 TKM( Track Kilometres).
  • During 2004-14, average commissioning of 4.1 km per day (1496 km per year).
  • Since 2014-18, average commissioning of 6.53 km per day (2382 km per year).
  • Commissioning of 7.75 km per day in 2015-16 (2828 km).
  • During 2016-17, 2855 km track (7.8 km/day) has been commissioned by introducing passenger services which is highest ever progress.
  • Expenditure:
    • Average Expenditure per year in New line/Gauge Conversion/Doubling Projects in 2009-14 was  Rs 11,527cr.
    • Average Expenditure per year in New line/Gauge Conversion/Doubling Projects in 2014-18 is Rs  24,461 cr. which is 112% higher than average of 2009-2014.
    • Expenditure in first 7 months ( upto Oct.’18) is Rs 15,090 cr which is much more than the expenditure of whole year in the past.
  • Further, Budget allotment of Rs 34,835 cr (NL/GC/ DL) has been planned for 2018-19.

Doubling/3rd& 4th Line:

  • In 2009-2014, Only 5970 km of Doubling/3rd& 4th line works were included in the budget.
  • Also, till 2013-14, due to overall limited availability of funds, most of the projects were not progressing satisfactorily.
  • This has resulted into serious traffic constraint and availability of traffic maintenance blocks on existing network, Safety concern etc.
  • Since 2014-15, 14,480 km of Doubling/3rd& 4th line works have been included in the budget.
  • To expedite these capacity Enhancement Projects, Funds have been arranged through institutional financing.
  • Also, based on physical progress of projects, last mile connectivity projects and projects for decongesting the existing routes, sufficient funds are being allotted to each project.


Item Average of 2009-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Progress Target Planning
Commissioning of Doubling 375 723 973 882 999 2100 4430 3985 3800
  • 2009-2014           : 1875 km   ( i.e. 375 km/yr.)
  • 2014-17               : 2578 km   ( i.e. 859.3 km/yr.)

229% higher than previous period.

  • 2017-18               : 999 km (Highest ever)
  • 2018-19               : Target 2100 Km


  • 2009-2014       : Rs 12,307 cr ( Rs  2462 Cr. /yr.)
  • 2014-2018       : Rs 51,149 cr ( i.e. 10,229 cr /yr.)

415%  higher than previous period.

  • 2018-2019     : Rs 17,359 Cr

(705 % more than average allotment during 2009-2014)

Railway Development in North East Region

 The following are the most noticeable achievements of the last four years in NE Region:

Major Works and On-going Projects:

  • 970 km Gauge Conversion completed in NE region in last 4 years. Thus, all MG sections converted to BG and there is no MG operation in entire North East Region.
  • 353.15 km of New Line/Gauge Conversion/Doubling commissioned per year during the period 2014-15 to 2017-18 as against on average of 110 km commissioning per year in NE Region in period from 2009 to 2014.
  • 15 New lines projects of 1,397 km length having a total cost of Rs. 47,695 crore are in different stages of Planning/Sanction/Execution which fall partly or fully in the NE states.
  • 6 Doubling projects of 482 km length having a total cost of Rs. 9,305 crore are in different stages of Planning/Sanction/Execution which fall partly or fully in the states of NE Region.

Connectivity to North Eastern States:

The Seven Sister States of North Eastern India (Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, Mizoram, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh) have been connected by Rail Network.

  • Meghalaya came on the rail map with the flagging off the first ever train from Guwahati to Mendipathar in Meghalaya on 29.11.2014 by Hon’ble Prime Minister Sh Narendra Modi.
  • Tripura has been put on broad gauge railway map. On July 31, 2016, the  then Railway Minister Shri Suresh Prabhu flagged off the Agartala-New Delhi ‘Tripura Sundari Express’.
  • The Agartala-New Delhi Rajdhani Express was launched on October 28, 2017. It trudges the longest route (2,422 km) for any Rajdhani Express in service.
  • Jiribam, the first railway station in Manipur was connected by broad gauge line. Hon’ble Prime Minister Sh Narendra Modi flagged off the first passenger train service to Jiribam on May 27, 2016. The passenger train service to Bhairabi in Mizoram was also flagged off by him.
  • Lumding – Silchar Broad Gauge section inaugurated after Gauge Conversion on November 20th, 2015, giving seamless BG connectivity to Barak Valley of Assam.

Connectivity to State Capitals:

  • As per Indian Railways’ vision for North East region, all eight North East state capitals are to be linked with broad gauge rail link by 2020-21. Previously, only Guwahati had broad gauge railway linkage. Further, Arunachal Pradesh & Tripura State capital has been connected.

Marvels of Railway Engineering:

  • Jiribam – Tupul – Imphal New line Project 
  • India’s tallest bridge with pier height of 141 m is being constructed on Irang River at Noney in Tamenglong district, Manipur as part of the Jiribam-Tupul-Imphal new line project. Its height will be almost equal to two Qutub Minars combined.
  • There will be six tall bridges having pier height more than 70m in the Bhairabi-Sairang new line Project (51.3 km).

Mega Projects (Commissioning of Bogibeel Bridge):

  • It is longest Rail-cum-Road Bridge of India.(4.94 Km long Bridge)
  • Across River Brahmaputra near Dibrugarh in the State of Assam
  • Dedicated to the Nation by Hon’ble Prime Minister of India Shri Narendra Modi Ji on 25th December, 2018.
  • Double line track with 3 lane Road and 74 km of total Railway track
  • This Project was sanctioned in 1997-98 at a cost of Rs.1000 crore and the work was commenced in April, 2002 by Bharat Ratna Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayeeji, the then Prime Minister of India.

The completion cost of the project is Rs.5820 crore (approx.).

  • DEMU services were introduced in Tinsukia Division of NF Railway in 2016-17. New coaching depots have become functional at Silchar in Barak valley region of Assam and at Agartala in Tripura. These measures have provided better connectivity to the isolated region of North East.  The following projects have also been sanctioned for the North East region:
  • Workshop for refurbishing of LHB coaches at New Bongaigaon at the cost of Rs 90 Crore, sanctioned in the year 2017-18. Tender awarded, ready to start shortly.
  • Provision of Diesel Electric Multiple Unit / Mainline Electrical Multiple Unit Shed at Lumding at the Cost of Ra. 73.67 Crore, included in Pink Book 2018-19. Tender awarded, ready to start shortly.

Station Beautification

  • Indian Railways has launched an innovative initiative for the station beautification with wall art of paints and graffiti or local arts with participation of local artists, private groups and volunteers. 65 stations across Zonal railways have been beautified under this initiative by utilizing skills of local artists, mostly using local art form, painting style, local themes or contemporary arts. This initiative provided forum for expression of the emerging talents in the area and visibility of local art forms to the travellers.
  • Balharshah & Chandrapur Railway stations (Central Railway) Madhubani Railway station (East Central Railway) & Madurai Railway station (Southern Railway) Gandhidham Railway station (Western Railway), Kota Railway station (West Central Railway) & Secunderabad Railway station (South Central Railway) etc. have been beautified.
  • Indian Railways has also commenced work on soft upgradation of 68 stations . This is  targeted to be completed by 31st March, 2019. This initiative is to give substantial improvement to various passenger amenities like traffic circulation, inter platform transfer, waiting halls, facade improvement, lighting and accessible stations to Divyangjan.

Initiatives for Station Redevelopment over Indian Railways

  • The Cabinet approved on 03.10.2018, for redevelopment of Railway Stations, through simplified procedures adopting various business model, commercial as well as residential development at railway stations and for longer lease tenure upto 99 years.
  • Indian Railways Station Development Corporation (IRSDC) has been entrusted with all the stations to conduct techno-financial feasibility studies and prepare the business plan.
  • Four stations are under progress i.e. Habibganj(Bhopal), Gandhinagar, Lucknow (Charbagh), Lucknow Gomtinagar.
  • Habibganj and Gandhinagar are targeted to be completed by Feb 2019.

Improved Passenger Services

Indian Railways has introduced the following new Modern Trains/Coaches :

  • Humsafar Trains: Humsafar trains having additional amenities in the coaches have recently been introduced for providing comfortable Air-Conditioned III Tier travel. So far 29 Humsafar rakes (9 rakes in 2016-17, 10 rakes in 2017-18, 10 rakes in 2018-19 upto 30.11.18) have been turned out by the Production Units.

Following major features have been introduced:-

  • GPS based Passenger information system,
  • Passenger announcement system,
  • Dust bins in each bay,
  • Coffee vending m/c,
  • Improved aesthetics pleasing colour scheme,
  • Passenger announcement System,
  • Closed-Circuit Television (CCTV) based surveillance system,
  • Integrated Braille displays etc.
  • Antodaya trains: Long distance fully unreserved train, LHB general second class coaches with vestibules, cushioned luggage racks, additional hand hold in doorway area for the comfort of standing passengers, provision of J hooks near longitudinal luggage racks for hanging carry bags, enhanced number of mobile charging points, Fire extinguishers with anti-theft arrangement, more pleasing colour scheme for interior and exteriors, provision of MU cable in each coach for running train service with loco at both ends. So far, 15 Antyodaya rakes (3 rakes in 2016-17, 10 rakes in 2017-18 and 3 rakes in 2018-19 upto 30.11.18) have been turned out by Production Units.
  • Deen Dayalu Coaches: Main additional features of Deendayalu coaches are -Cushioned luggage racks, Additional hand hold in doorway area, provision of J hooks for hanging carry bags, Toilet occupation indication display board, Enhanced mobile charging facility, Fire extinguishers with anti-theft arrangement, Water level indicator, Pleasing Interiors, Improved exterior colour scheme with anti-graffiti coating, polymerized floor coating in toilets. So far more than 1100 Deen Dayalu coaches have been turned out by Production Units.deen-mainhumsafar2-1
  • Tejas trains: One Mumbai CST-Karmali Tejas train is plying between Mumbai CSTM to Karmali/Goa has been started on 24.05.2017. Two more Tejas rakes have been turned out of the PUs in the current year. These Ultra modern trains with speed potential of 200 kmph have following major distinguished features:
  • Automatic entrance doors,
  • Passengers Information display system (Electronic Reservation chart System),
  • GPS based Passenger information system,
  • Fire and Smoke detection system,
  • Superior toilet fittings,
  • Sealed vestibules,
  • LED lights,
  • CCTV,
  • Aesthetically pleasing colour scheme.
  • Vistadome Coaches: These coaches are provided with enhanced viewing area including on roof to enable tourists to enjoy panoramic view while travelling. The feature has been well received. Total of four such coaches are in service on scenic sections.
  • Model Rakes : Model Rakes include following features :
  • Modular Panels,
  • Superior material for panels,
  • Ergonomically designed ladders,
  • Aesthetically appealing toilet modules,
  • Large size mirrors, Platform washbasin,
  • Controlled discharged water taps,
  • Odour control system,
  • Dustbin inside the toilet,

First Model rake named as New Delhi-Varanasi Mahamana Express was started in Jan’16. Bhopal MLR Workshop has turned out more than 120 model rake coaches. ICF has also turned out 24 Model rake coaches. A total of four such rakes are in service on date.

Upgradation of coaches:

  • Project Swarn was started to upgrade the condition of Rajdhani and Shatabdi Express Trains, with the objective of significantly improving the passenger experience across 9 dimensions which include coach interiors, toilets, onboard cleanliness, staff behavior, catering, linen, punctuality, security, on-board entertainment. Real time feedback is also a part of Project Swarn. Under this scheme total 29 trains as targeted have been covered@ Rs. 50 lakh per rake.
  • Project Utkrisht has been launched to improve condition of 66 important Mail/ Express trains, @Rs. 60 lakhs per rake, consisting of 140 rakes. As a part of this project improvement in coach interior, coach exterior, toilets, lighting and passenger amenity items will be carried out. This is targeted for completion in 2018-19. Phase II of Project Utkrisht has also been sanctioned in which 500 rakes of mail express trains will be upgraded targeted for completion in 2019-20.
  • LED Lights in Coaches: All CFL/FL lights in all TL/AC and self propelled (EMU/MEMU/DEMU) coaches are being replaced with LED lights which is likely to save electrical energy to the tune of Rs. 19764/- per AC coach per Annum and Rs. 8424/- per non AC coach per annum.
No. of coaches in 2014-15 to 2016-17 No. of coaches during 2017-18 No. of coaches during 2018-19
820 coaches 4180 coaches
  1. coaches

Promotion of Digital Transactions:

To promote cashless and digital transactions, Ministry of Railways took the following steps :

  • Installation of Point of Sale (POS) machines at various Passenger Reservation System (PRS)/Unreserved Ticketing System (UTS) booking offices & Parcel and Goods location for acceptance of payment through credit/debit cards.
  • Acceptance of Unified Payments Interface (UPI)/Bharat Interface for Money (BHIM) as a payment option for booking of reserved/unreserved tickets.
  • Withdrawal of service charge on online booking of tickets.
  • Withdrawal of service charge applicable on transactions against credit/debit cards for purchasing journey tickets at PRS/UTS counters.
  • 0.5% discount on season tickets purchased through digital means.
  • 5% discount on reserved counter ticket subject to maximum discount of `50 for tickets of value of `100/- or more for payments made through UPI/BHIM.
  • Provision of 5% of the recharge value as bonus at the time of recharge of
    R-wallet in case of unreserved ticket booking through mobile phone.
  • Provision of 3% bonus on every recharge of Automatic Ticket Vending Machines (ATVM) card as an incentive for promotion of ticket booking through ATVM.

Enhancing Passenger Convenience:

To provide passengers with an elevated level of comfort and a highly satisfying experience, MoR has taken the following steps :

  • Introduction of ticket booking through mobile phone – UTSONMOBILE App for unreserved ticket booking and IRCTC RAIL CONNECT App for reserved ticket booking.
  • Establishment of Yatri Ticket Suvidha Kendras (YTSK) on public private partnership basis for issuing of tickets.
  • Launch of the Next Generation E-ticketing System (NGeT) for improving accessibility and enhancing the overall experience of e-ticketing.
  • Introduction of Defence Travel System enabling online booking of tickets for defence personnel.
  • Provision of concessional online ticket booking facility to persons with disabilities and accredited press correspondents.
  • Streamlining of Computerised Passenger Reservation System to facilitate timely preparation of Reservation Charts and transfer of vacant berths to next remote location.
  • Introduction of Alternate Train Accommodation Scheme known as VIKALP scheme on all trains to provide confirmed accommodation to waitlisted passengers.
  • Provision of SMS alerts facility to passengers in case of change in train running status like cancellation/delay of trains for more than one hour etc.
  • Acceptance of downloaded Aadhaar (e-Aadhaar) & m-Aadhaar also as one of the proof of identity for undertaking journey in any reserved class.
  • The concept of ‘Train Captain’ as a single person/leader responsible for coordinating the entire team and facilitating all services during the complete journey of the train has been introduced.
  • For the first time, passenger amenities are being provided at stations on the basis of passenger earnings as well as passenger footfalls. Revised criteria for categorization of stations has been issued on 22.11.2017. The revised criteria aims at providing higher level of amenities at bigger stations, commensurate with the earnings/passengers handled. Revised comprehensive instructions for provision of passenger amenities at various categories of stations has been issued.
  • Foot Over Bridge and High Level Platforms have been included in minimum essential category for all stations and accordingly all stations over Indian Railways will be provided with FOB and High Level Platforms in a phased manner. Also all new stations shall now be constructed with High Level platforms and Foot Over Bridge at all categories of stations on broad gauge including Halt stations.
  • Complete decentralization of powers to DRM and Field officer for fixation of Reserve Price for Parking, Pay & Use Toilet, charges for Retiring Rooms/dormitory, Portage charges etc.
  • Divisional Railway Managers (DRMs) have been empowered to extend the period of contract of physically handicapped PCO booth holders upto ONE year at a time on the basis of satisfactory performance of licensee.
  • Zonal Railways have been advised to provide one wheelchair per platform and in case of island platforms one wheelchair per two platforms at all A-1 and A category stations. General Managers have also been authorised to reduce/increase the number of wheel chairs to be provided at stations based on the passenger traffic handled at the station and assessed requirement of wheel chairs at the stations.
  • Provision of a segregated area within waiting halls to be known as feeding corner for feeding the babies by lactating mothers.
  • Online booking of Retiring Rooms with the provision of hourly booking.
  • Launch of ‘Sarathi Sewa’ for provision of Battery Operated Vehicles (BOVs) at stations through publicity route or CSR.
  • Launch of ‘Yatri Mitra Sewa’ at major stations for booking of wheel chair service cum porter services etc.


Important measures include :

  • Integrated mechanised cleaning was provided at 488 Railway stations up to March 2018. It is now provided at 697 stations.
  • Independent third party Survey of passenger perception on Cleanliness standards of 407 major railway stations carried out first time in 2016 and repeated in 2017 and 2018.
  • On Board House Keeping Service (OBHS) is being provided since 2008-09. Starting from 2008-09, OBHS was provided in 416 pairs of trains up to March, 2014. 448 pairs of trains added in 3 years from 2014-15 to 2016-17. Another 139 added in 2017-18 and 65 more in 2018-19. A total of 1068 trains are presently having facility of this service.
  • All Rajdhani, Shatabdi, Duronto and other important long distance Mail/Express trains are provided with OBHS for cleaning of coach toilets, doorways, aisles and passenger compartments during the run of the trains.
  • Service is supported by sms based on demand “Clean-my-Coach” service in 1059 trains, augmented to “Coach-Mitra”, since 2017-18 to cover over 1020 trains presently.
  • Railways are setting up mechanized laundries for improving quality of washing of linen provided to AC coach passengers. Starting from 2009-10, 25 Mechanized laundries were set up till March, 2014. 32 more mechanised laundries were set up from 2014-15 to 2018-19. Orders for 14 more mechanized laundries with total capacity 81 tonnes per day (TPD) have been placed. Nearly 283 TPD is presently being supplied from mechanised laundries. Target is to cover 100% linen washing requirement by mechanised laundries in next financial year.
  • Automatic Coach Washing Plants :  These not only clean exterior of coaches more effectively and efficiently, they also reduce the direct water requirement by avoiding wastage. In addition these also come with water recycling facility thereby further reducing the requirement. Based on the location feasibility, initially 122 locations have been identified for provision of ACWP. 10 plants have been installed and LOA has been issued for 7 more locations.
  • Zonal Railways are tendering for provision at 31 locations. COFMOW has opened a tender on 17-10-18 for 21 more locations, likely to be finalised by end of December 2018. COFMOW has also floated a tender for Rate Contract for additional 80 locations.
  • Bio-Toilets: As a part of “Swachh Bharat Mission”, IR is proliferating bio-toilets on all its coaching stock so that no human waste is discharged from coaches on to the track. During 2017-18, against the target of 40000, 57429 bio-toilets have been provided in 15017 coaches, as compared to 10159, 15442 and 34134 bio-toilets in 3374, 3961 and 8788 coaches in last three years.
2004-2014 2014-2017 2017-2018 2018-19 (upto Nov)
Bio Toilets 9587 59735 57086 40937
Coaches 3647 16123 15017 11107
    • The work is targeted to be completed next year with provision of bio-toilets in balance approx 13000 coaches.
  • Bio-Vacuum ToiletVacuum flushing system toilets substantially reduce the requirement of water for flushing, while ensuring effective/ proper flushing of faecal matter from the pans. Bio-vacuum toilets have been provided in one train “Tejas” running between Mumbai & Goa. Vacuum toilets are being provided on all newly manufactured Tejas and Humsafar coaches from 2018-19 onwards. Procurement of another 2000 bio-vac toilets is under process. Railways have been instructed to provide Bio-vacuum toilets in coaches of all premium trains to begin with, to ensure proliferation of vacuum toilets at an accelerated pace. PUs shall be providing these in all new production w.e.f 2019-20.

Make in India : Coaches

  • Smart Coach: MCF has rolled out a smart coach in Sept’18, providing better safety passenger amenities as well as enabling predictive maintenance. Diagnostic system monitor bearing vibrations provide advance information on health of bearing wheel & track.  In addition, coach has been provided with wheel slip protection monitoring, water level indicator, Wi-Fi, infotainment system with emergency talk back and passenger announcement and information system alongwith digital destination board.

Further improvements are being brought about to provide and monitor improved air conditioning which will monitor particulate pollution inside the coach along with quantum of fresh air and power consumption.  Fire safety through fire and smoke detection unit integrated with passenger announcement and information system for emergency evacuation and video analytics with phased detection and unusual occurrence features would further enhance safety and security.

Tender for 150 smart coaches is under finalization. Production is expected to start from January, 2019.

  • Air conditioned EMU rakes: Prototype full air conditioned EMU rake was introduced in service on 25.12.2017 in Mumbai suburban area.  Six more rakes are expected induction during the current year.  This will be followed by more such rakes in 2019-20 along with partial air conditioned rakes for the first time in the history of suburban service.  It is planned to partially air condition 78 existing EMU rakes of Mumbai suburban.  Target for induction of first such rake is later part of 1st quarter of 2019.
  • Three phase MEMU rakes: Three MEMU rakes equipped with 3 phase IGBT based electrics have been turned out from ICF in July, 2018.  These are undergoing prototype test and trial under RDSO.  The rakes will be inducted in passenger service after successful completion of trials.  The technology is not only energy efficient in traction but also equipped with regenerative braking to save energy during braking.
  • Comparative performance coach manufacturing:
  • The coach production from production units has been increasing exponentially.
Coach Production – Production Units
Production Units 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2018-19
Target Actual upto Nov ‘18
RCF 1550 1480 1603 1489 1251 1374 837
ICF 1604 1678 1997 2215 2397 3156 2062
MCF 130 140 285 576 711 1232 844
Haldia 5 16 48 0 85 30 49
G.Total 3289 3314 3933 4280 4444 5792 3792
  • Capex on Infrastructure Production Units: The infrastructure spending has increased and therefore also the works getting completed as shown from following table:
2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 Unit
Budget Grant vs. Final Expenditure BE 2624.2 3679.98 3339.27 2579 Rs. Crore
FM 2027.97 2951.91 2386.7 Rs. Crore
Works Completed No. 0 112 75 105 Numbers
Cost 0 1103.6 1775.4 2393.5 Rs. Crore
  • The increased spending and execution has also given a boost to “Make in India” through following projects:
  • A new coach manufacturing factory has been sanctioned at Latur in Maharashtra, at an estimated cost of Rs. 492.73 crore. The factory will manufacture 250 MEMU coaches per year, which will replace slow moving conventional passenger trains. Construction work of boundary wall, test shops, ancillary building and track connectivity is under progress.
  • The following projects have been sanctioned for the North East region:
  • Workshop for refurbishing of LHB coaches at New Bongaigaon at the cost of Rs 90 Crore, sanctioned in the year 2017-18. Tender awarded, ready to start shortly.
  • Provision of Diesel Electric Multiple Unit/Mainline Electrical Multiple Unit Shed at Lumding at the Cost of Ra. 73.67 Crore, included in Pink Book 2018-19. Tender awarded, ready to start shortly.
  • Indian Railways are also ramping up the production capacities of its coach production units. This will enable Indian Railways to run more trains with safer, more modern and comfortable coaches. A sanction of Rs 486.76 crore has been provided for augmenting the capacity of Integral Coach Factory, Chennai, from 1700 to 2750 coaches per year. Work is under progress. Similarly, a work of Rs. 480 crore has been sanctioned for augmentation of production capacity of MCF Rae Bareli from 1000 to 2000 coaches per annum. Tender is under finalization.
  • Robotics and Industry 4.0 in PU production: Industry 4.0 is Smart manufacturing based on Cyber Physical system. It includes end-to-end digitization and integration into digital eco-system with all value chain partners interacting seamlessly. System includes- Proactive Production Monitoring, Integrated Maintenance Analytics, WIP Inventory and Manufacturing Analytics Dashboard.  Robotics is being used in MCF for manufacturing, who are also implementing Industry 4.0. This would be duplicated over ICF and RCF also.

Railway Electrification

  • During year 2017-18, 4,087 RKM of BG routes have been commissioned on electric traction against target of 4,000 RKM. During previous (2016-17),  achievement on electrification was 1,646 RKM, thereby increase of 148%. For period 2014-18, routes of 8,411 RKM have been commissioned on electric traction against 3,038 RKM commissioned during 2009-14, thereby increase of 177%.  For the current financial year (2018-19) target for electrification has been set as 6,000 RKMs. Up to 15.12.18, 1,667 RKMs has been commissioned on electric traction in 2018-19. Achievement on electrification during corresponding period of 2017-18 was 1,648 RKM.
  • With a view to transforming Indian Railways into “Green Railways” and to capture the economic benefits of electric traction in an accelerated manner, Indian Railways has planned to electrify balance BG routes by 2021-22. Accordingly, the work for electrification of balance un-electrified BG routes of IR covering 13,675 route kilometers has been approved by CCEA at a cost of Rs.12,134.50 crore.  To achieve ambitious target for electrification of balance route, following strategic policy decisions have been taken:
  • Base of executing agencies have been broadened and  projects covering 1735 RKM have already been entrusted to Govt. PSUs i.e. IRCON, RITES and PGCIL.
  • Timelines and approving authorities for various drawings/schematic/plan approval for RE projects have been re-defined.
  • It has been decided that “Henceforth, where, electrification and doubling works are sanctioned; both works shall be executed by the same agency.
  • Adoption of EPC mode of contraction for larger size projects i.e. 300/500/1000/1500RKMs.
  • Emphasis on mechanized execution of OHE construction works.
  • Design for Cylindrical cast in-situ and prefabricated foundation developed for expeditious and mechanised execution of foundation works.
  • Anchor bolt type foundation developed in rocky soil to speed up foundation work.
  • OHE design revisited for low density traffic routes; to reduce the cost of electrification and also expedite execution of the work.
  • Diesel Locomotives Works, Varanasi & Diesel Modernization Works, Patiala have been repurposed for manufacturing Electric locomotives and have already manufactured more than 50 electric locomotives by using existing resources & electric supply chain.
  • Diesel loco sheds are being progressively repurposed for maintenance of Electric locomotives.

Important Projects

Electric Locomotive Factory, Madhepura in Bihar (A make in India Project):

  • As a first step of attracting private investment and FDI in Indian Railways, contract for setting up Electric Locomotive Factory at Madhepura/Bihar to manufacture 800 nos High Horsepower Electric Locomotive (12000 hp capacity) was signed between Madhepura Electric Locomotive Private Limited (MELPL), joint venture of Ministry of Railways and Alstom Manufacturing India Limited.
  • First phase of the factory has been completed. First locomotive has been rolled out from the factory and is undergoing tests & trials. Further four locomotives are targeted to be supplied in 2018-19.

Diesel Locomotive Factory, Marhowra in Bihar (A make in India Project):

  • Contract for setting up Diesel Locomotive Factory at Marhowra/Bihar to manufacture 1000 nos High Horsepower Diesel Locomotive (4500/6000 hp capacity) was signed between GE Diesel Locomotive Private Limited (GEDLPL), joint venture of Ministry of Railways and GE Global Sourcing India Limited.
  • Construction of the factory is ongoing as per schedule. Two Prototype locomotives (4500 hp) were handed over to Indian Railways in February, 2018 by the company. After tests/trials these locomotives have been accepted for commercial service. 50 locomotives have been supplied and out of 50 locomotives 19 are in commercial service. Total 98 locomotives are targeted to be supplied in 2018-19.

Electric Locomotives:

  • New Era of Green Technology- HOG power supply:

All Passenger (WAP7) locos turned out by CLW during 2017-18 are fitted with Hotel Load Converters. The main benefits of this system are supply of pollution free and cheaper power from OHE as compared to End on Generation (EOG) system besides other advantages like reduction of carbon emission, noise level and consumption of fossil fuels helping in protecting the environment. There is a saving of around Rs. 1.5 lacs per day per pair of rake by using HOG supply.

47 locos have been provided with HOG during the first nine months of 2018-19 (upto October, 18) as compared to 43 during last year.

  • WAP-5 locomotive in push-pull mode:

Operation of Twin WAP5 loco in push-pull mode has been planned which has faster acceleration, faster braking and substantially lowered coupler forces.

One pair of WAP-5 loco and rake has been modified and Confirmatory Oscillograph Car Runs (CoCR) Trial has been carried out by RDSO from Delhi (NZM) to Mumbai (Bandra Terminal) from 07.10.18 to 13.10.18. During the trials, a saving of 83 minutes running time was recorded.

  • Upgradation of Electric locomotives:

It is planned to upgrade the existing 6000 HP WAG9H locos to 9000 HP to improve the hauling speeds of freight trains. It’s a make in India initiative already started at CLW. First locomotive is expected to be commissioned by Jan’2019.  Similarly, it has been decided necessary to upgrade existing WAP-7 locomotives from 6000 HP to 9000 HP to haul 24 coach trains at balancing speed upto 140 kmph.  Process of development of High Horse Power Passenger locomotives (9000 hp) has already been initiated by CLW. First locomotive is expected to be commissioned by Mar’2019.

Design review for enhancement of speed from 140 kmph to 160 kmph has been completed and manufacturing process has been initiated at CLW and first locomotive is to be rolled out by January, 2019.

  • Provision of Regenerative braking feature in WAG-7 locomotives:

Conventional Electric locomotives (fitted with DC Traction motor) are provided with Rheostatic braking wherein energy generated during braking is dissipated in dynamic Braking Resistance (DBR) resulting in wastage of energy. Regenerative braking feature in WAG-7 locomotives is being developed and one WAG-7 locomotive no 24571 fitted with re-generative converter is under testing. Saving due to regeneration braking would be around Rs 24.6 lakhs per loco per year.

  • Development of Battery cum 25 kV AC operated Shunting Locomotive:

The Battery operated shunter is capable of shunting up to 59 BOXN/5800T train load/24 coach rake from one line to adjacent line at a speed of 10 – 15 kmph on level track. Development has been initiated at CLW & KPA/ER Workshop.

  • Provision of EP Assisted system:

The purpose of EP assisted system is to minimize response time during braking and release, and to make braking simultaneous along the whole length of the train. This helps in reducing braking distance and facilitates quick release of brakes. Procurement action has been initiated at CLW and 20 passenger locomotives will be fitted on trial basis.

  • Conversion of a locomotive from diesel to electric traction:         

Indian Railways has created history by first-ever conversion of a locomotive from diesel to electric traction. The conversion of Diesel locomotive into Electric locomotive is a highly specialized and unique work which was not done earlier in traction application worldwide.

Two diesel locos (Alco) have been successfully converted to electric and sanction for operation of twin WAGC3 Electric locomotive converted from WDG3A Diesel locomotives has been issued.

Diesel HHP locomotive have also been successfully converted to electric and are under trial.

  • Electric loco production at CLW:

CLW has produced 350 electric locos during the year 2017-18 as against 292 in 2016-17. A new milestone has also been set by CLW in the process by becoming largest loco manufacturer in the world under single roof.

  • Manufacturing of Electric Locomotive at Diesel Modernization Works, Patiala:

In order to cater to the enhanced requirement of electric locomotives commensurate with 100% electrification and to utilize the infrastructure & manpower of DMW, mainly a Diesel loco rehabilitation workshop, DMW was entrusted with the responsibility to manufacture Three Phase IGBT based electric locomotives during current FY 2017-18. With enormous efforts put in by officers and staff, DMW has turned out two electric locomotives during 2017-18.

DMW has turned out 21 WAP-7 locomotives during the current year (upto November).

  • Crew Voice/Video recording system (CVVRS):
  • First electric loco no. 32001 fitted with Crew Voice/Video recording system (CVVRS) has been commissioned in Dec’2017.
  • The system ensures the effective and temper proof video and voice recording of locomotive cab for post failure event analysis.  CVVRS is being planned for 20 loco sets at CLW initially.
  • Provision of Simulator:

A work for setting up of simulators amounting Rs. 350 crore for training of running staff for minimizing the accidents has been sanctioned under  M&P (Plan head-41) against Pink Book no. 1177 of 2018-19.

  • Diesel Locomotives:
  • LCAVR (Loco Cab audio video Recording System)  This system provide invaluable data to investigators which helps them in understanding the sequence of events leading up to an accident and for identifying operational issues and human factors, including crew performance. 23 Diesel locomotives have already been equipped with LCAVR while tenders for further 3000 have been floated recently by DMW/PTA against RSP.
  • Distributed Power Control System (DPCS) – DPCS provides real time communication between lead and remote locos through wireless data radio to synchronize locos. Main advantages of DPCS are increased hauling capacities and reduced crew requirements. DPCS has been fitted in 145 Diesel Locos (HHP-95 and ALCO-50) till date. NFR has started its successful running in critical graded LMG- BPB new BG section. Furthermore ECR has also been running freight train with DPCS which has enhanced wagon turn round and thus has increased mobility.
  • Diesel loco sheds are being progressively repurposed for maintenance of Electric locomotives.
  • Air Conditioning of Running Rooms – Provision of adequate quality of rest in Running Room and provision of adequate facilities in crew lobby has always been priority of IR. Accordingly, an umbrella work for upgradation of Running Room for Loco Pilots & Guards on IR” has been sanctioned under Pink Book 2018-19 at anticipated cost of Rs.225 crs. A Budgetary outlay of Rs. 200 crs. has also been granted and works are in progress over IR.

Energy Efficiency

  • All railway stations (more than 8000) have been fitted with 100% LED luminaries.
  • 99% of service buildings provided with 100% LED lights over IR.
  • This will save 240 Million Units of electricity per annum amounting to Rs.180 Crores reduction in annual electricity bill of IR.
  • So far, 574 no of escalators and 407 no of lifts have been provided covering 215 stations and 180 stations respectively.
  • So far, 71.19 MW of Solar plants have already been installed (68.19 MW rooftop + 3 MW land based at MCF Raebareli).So far, 36.5 MW Wind power plant has been installed.

Open Access

  • IR is presently drawing about 1100 MW through Open Access, in 10 States of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Haryana, Karnataka, Delhi, U.P. and also in Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC).
  • Railway have saved Rs. 1249 Cr. from April’18 to Sept’18.
  • Indian Railways is doing much better than what was targeted in Mission 41K and till Sept’ 18, it saved about Rs 8902 Cr. This is more than 16% the proportionate target of Rs7653 Cr, as envisaged in “Mission 41K.”

Automatic Switched Neutral Section (ASNS)

  • Successful trials of ASNS have been carried out in the month of Oct’18(under the supervision of RDSO).
  • This is going to be very important as Indian Railways have decided to run trains at 160 kmph.
  • This will help in reduction of stress to Loco Pilots thereby efficient and safe operation of trains.
  • This will also ruled out any damage to OHE due to Loco Pilots entering neutral section with DJ opening.

100% Green Powered station:

  • Indian Railways’ go green and save electricity initiative has proved to be immensely beneficial.
  • Malwal Railway station of Northern Railway under Firozpur Division is the first Green Powered station commissioned in India (Jan’11). It is meeting all its power needs like lighting and fans load from solar power only.
  • Asangaon Railway station of Central Railway under Mumbai Division has been second 100 % Green Powered station powered with windmill & solar panels (March’18).
  • On similar lines, Guwahati Railway station in the Northeast has become the first Railway station in northeast to run completely on solar power (May’18).
  • Railways are making extensive efforts in this direction to make more and more 100% green powered stations.

Important Milestones for the current year

  • Indian Railways has been consistently trying to improve the illumination levels at various stations. Various policies have been issued from time to time to improve the illumination levels. The last major decision taken in this regard was to switch over to 100% LED on all Railway Stations.
  • As per the direction of Minister of Railways, Indian Railways has switched over to 100% LED lights stations as on 30.03.2018; a day before the targeted date. This has improved the illumination levels considerably. This was done as Phase-I of the project for improvement in illumination, wherein the existing lights were replaced by LED lights on one is to one basis.
  • PAT: Indian Railway is continuing on its path towards achieving higher energy efficiency & shall achieve the targets set for it under Govt. of India’s Perform Achieve & Trade (PAT) cycle-II and in the next cycle and shall strive for maximizing its gains through earning of more & more energy saving certificates (ESCerts).
  • Railway is also working on plans to install solar panels on vacant Railway Lands along the tracks and other land parcels for generating power to meet its Traction energy requirement. This would be done First time in the World.

Mission Raftaar

Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) along with diagonals carry approximately 58% of freight traffic and 52% of coaching traffic with a share of only 16% of the network (~10000km) taken up for initial emphasis. Major impediments to mobility have been identified viz. ~70% of the routes having sectional speed of less than 130kmph. 2736 level crossings, averaging one LC at every 3-4km. 730 locations speed restrictions (Average one SR at every ~15-20km). ~10% (~900) turnouts of speed of less than 30kmph.  A road map has been developed to overcome the existing impediments in a systematic manner. All but 28 unmanned LCs removed on IR.A speed policy framework has been developed to address this issue of the mismatch between speed potential of rolling stock and fixed infrastructure.  It has been decided to upgrade 10000km of Golden Quadrilaterals and diagonals for 160 kmph speed and remaining routes for 130 kmph speed.  Some of the important elements of the policy are :

  • Replacement of loco hauled commuter trains with Mainline Electric Multiple Units (MEMU trains: MEMU trains have a potential for average speed increment of up to 20kmph in comparison to loco driven passenger trains.  Busy Ghaziabad- Allahabad – Mughalsarai route has been made free from conventional trains by replacement by MEMU.  For replacement of loco hauled commuter trains with MEMU trains on six routes, total 1048 MEMU coaches and 136 DEMU coaches are required. IR has planned to ramp up the production of MEMU rakes to 1232 coaches in next three years (approximately three times existing level) for ensuring full implementation. Total 124 pair passenger services have been replaced by MEMU/DEMU services on Indian Railways. The travel time has been reduced by 5-20 minutes in these services. Delhi- Mumbai, Delhi- Howrah and Mumbai- Chennai will be completed in Yr 2018-19. All routes will be made free from conventional commuter trains by Yr 2021.
  • Right Powering of freight trains: Over the years Horse Power to trailing load ratio has deteriorated due to longer trailing loads. This has adversely affected average speed of freight trains. New policy introduced for right powering arrangement for freight trains with a horse power to trailing load ratio of 1.5-2.0 to bring it at par with international standards. For eight major railways out of the requirement of 663 additional locomotives, 300 locomotives have been provided.
  • Introduction of Twin Pipe Air Brake System on freight trains: Twin piped braking system saves on an average ~90 seconds in every event of braking, which becomes significant over a long distance. All new wagons are being manufactured with twin pipe system. Retrofitment of all 1.7lac wagons has been sanctioned. Approximately 11000 wagons have been retrofitted.
  • Procedural Improvements: Policy circular 6 which governs increasing speed of trains has been rationalized. It will enable faster realization of gains from new technology and various speed raising initiatives.
  • Decision has been taken to stop the manufacture of conventional ICF coaches and replace them with LHB coaches with speed potential of 160kmph. Successful trial of T-18 by ICF has been done and the same is in the process of commissioning.
  • Standardization of coaching rakes enables first-in-first-out/ reduce rescheduling/ avoid out of path running of trains. In the new time table 960 rakes out of 2732 rakes have been standardized.

Technology for practical uses

  • Quick Watering Facilities: This facility allows quick filling of water in coaches, which is also essential to maintain cleanliness in them. 7 stations (Ajmer, Jaipur, Abu Road, Vijayawada, Villupuram, Erode and Vadodara stations) have been provided with quick watering facilities. Sanction for provision in 47 more stations has been obtained. For another 66 stations, work for out of sanction in Supplementary Demands for Grants 2018-19 at a cost of about Rs 230 cr has been planned and processed at Railway Board level. Instructions have been issued to all Zonal Railways to be in readiness to award the work as soon as sanction is received for above work. Further, Zonal Railways have been also processed sanction for 27 locations at their level.
  • Monitoring of punctuality through Data Loggers: To authentically report train timings, a system of integrating data-loggers with the Control Office Application (COA) software has been started in Jan’08. Train timings are captured in real time at zonal interchange points and important inter divisional exchange points, there are 168 such points over IR.

Green Initiatives: Care for Environment

  • Assessment and rating of IRs Production Units and major Workshops as Green Industrial Units started with ‘GreenCo’ certification of 2 Workshops and 1 Production unit in 2016-17. 31 more Workshops, 4 more Production Units, 2 Diesel Sheds, one Stores depot and 2 STCs  have been ‘GreenCo’ certified since. 22 of these units have been certified in current financial year      2018-19.
  • Eight Railway Stations and two Railway Schools have achieved Green Certification. 6 out of these 8 railway stations achieved Green Certification in 2018-19. Rail Nilayam/ Secunderabad, IRICEN/Pune and Administrative building of ICF/Chennai are also certified as Green buildings. Railway Hospital Ajmer is the first railway hospital to achieve Green rating recently.
  • Head On Generation (HOG) System: EOG system requires diesel fuel besides having other problems related with maintenance & pollution. In Head on Generation (HOG) electric power for the coaches is received from over head lines through two 500 KVA converters fitted in electric locomotive. This helps in eliminating noise and reduction in carbon foot print. Average saving with HOG on an average is around Rs.70000 per trip per train as it varies with duration of journey.

After development of concept in 2013-14, Production Units have been turning out all LHB coaches as HOG compliant since December, 2016. A total of 126 EOG trains have been converted to HOG i.e. operating with HOG compliant locomotives. Year wise progress:

2014-15 to 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 (Upto Nov’18)
22 40 trains 64 trains

Promoting Tourism

  • Vistadome Coaches & Hill Railways : These coaches are provided with enhanced viewing area including on roof to enable tourists to enjoy panoramic view while travelling. The feature has been well received. Total of four such coaches are in service on scenic sections.

Preservation of Heritage in Railways

In 2018, Railways implemented various policy reforms for meaningful preservation of Railway Heritage and promoting steam heritage tourism. These include creation of budget head for funding heritage related activities, unified structure of zonal level heritage committees, special delegation of powers to Divisional Railway Managers for promoting steam tourism, provision of engagement of retired railway officials for heritage preservation etc. As a result of these reforms, this year witnessed inauguration of steam charter services over Kangra Valley Railway (KVR) and Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR), special steam hauled round trip services over Kalka Shimla Railway & Nilgiri Mountain Railway, introduction of AC coaches over Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, introduction of weekly steam service between Garhi Hasru – Farukhnagar in Delhi Division, steam tourist specials in South India hauled by EIR-21 (Express) which is one of the World’s oldest working steam locomotives (Year built 1855) etc. All these have immensely helped creating interest in steam heritage tourism in the country.    Steps taken include :

  • As a major Digital India initiative in recent years, Ministry of Railways partnered with Google’s nonprofit Arts & Culture initiative to make India’s railways century old heritage accessible worldwide using advanced digital technologies through online storytelling and virtual reality. This is a first of its kind effort of Indian Railways to digitize its heritage and bring it online for universal access.
  • The project, named Lifeline of a Nation (accessible at was launched by Minister of Railways on 28th September, 2018.  The online platform brings together a collection of digital storytelling with more than 3,000 images, 150 videos and 150 iconic locations of Indian Railways across India.  The project offers insights regarding the lesser known stories and heroic efforts of people like track men, station charges and workshop engineers, to celebrate their contribution to India’s Railways.
  • On 15th August, 2018, Railways launched digital museums at selected railway stations in India to spread awareness among public about the rich heritage of railways. The effort aimed at showcasing the more than century old the legacy of Indian Railways via one to two minute-long movie clips on digital LED screens at the entrance gate of railway stations and also at different comfort areas. The short films will showcase heritage buildings, locomotives and much more to make people aware of the rich heritage of Indian Railways. With a target to reach 100 stations, so far these screens are operational at more than 30 stations.
  • As a living example of industrial heritage and to depict technological development over Indian Railways, five meter gauge (MG) and three narrow gauge (NG) lines have been identified for preservations and further developing them as heritage tourism destinations.
  • In December, 2018, Railways notified the Indian Railways Heritage Charter (IRHC) -2018, for the first time in its history, outlining its commitment and providing broad guidelines for restoration, preservation and conservation of century old rich railway heritage of India.
  • Revival of steam locomotives: To preserve the rich heritage of Indian Railways, vigorous efforts of revival of steam locomotives, since 2017 has been taken. This has resulted in to revival of EIR 21, the oldest steam locomotive in the world by Golden Rock Workshop of Southern Railway, Beyer Garratt by Kharagpur Workshop of South Eastern Railway, ZB 66 in Kangra Valley section and Miss Muffet by Jamalpur Workshop of Eastern Railway.

Customer Focused Policies for Freight

To make the rail transportation attractive to its customers, various initiatives were taken in 2017-18 which includes tariff rationalisation, classification of new commodities, expansion of freight basket through containerisation, new delivery models like RORO services, Long Term Tariff Contract policy with key customer, Station to Station rate, Double Stack Dwarf Container (DSDC), Customer friendly rationalization of weighment Policy,Electronic Registration for Demand of Wagons (e-RD) etc.

These policies launched in 2017-18 have been further extended upto March 2019.

The main initiatives undertaken during 2018-19 are:-

Electronic Transmission of Railway Receipts (eT-RR)

With introduction of E-RD (Electronic Registration for Demand of wagon), eT-RR has been implemented which use a user-friendly and paperless transaction system where Railway Receipt is generated and transmitted electronically to customer through FOIS and delivery of goods is given through e-surrender of eT-RR. That is, customer is saved the hassle of carrying physical Railway Receipt from originating to destination station. After success of pilot project at one terminal namely HPCL/Loni of Central Railway, it has been implemented over Northern Railway in second phase in March 2018. Proliferation on pan India basis is on anvil.

Customer friendly rationalization of weighment Policy

  • Zonal railways have been empowered to permit weightometer / pre-weighbin system of weighment in private siding on case- to- case basis w.e.f. 18.06.2018.
  • Dispensation from mandatory (100%) weighment in the case of container rake loaded with containers carrying standard bags of uniform size.
  • Exemption from weighment has been granted in case of loading of standard Bags of uniform size in container. Low density commodities like Pet Coke, Met Coke, Chuni and De-oiled cake have been exempted from mandatory weighment.
  • Designed tare weight of new wagons namely BOXNS, BCFC, BRHNEHS, BOBRNHS, BOBRNEL, BOBYNHS, BFNSM 22.9 has been notified

Issue of multiple Railway Receipts (RRs) for container traffic

  • Indian Railways had extended facility of multiple RRs in favour of more than one Container Train Operator for a single container train (w.e.f.20.04.2017). The guidelines have been implemented recently in September 2018. This facility has come in on an opportune time as M/o Shipping has now relaxed ‘Cabotage’ law for foreign vessels on transportation of loaded for empty containers between Indian ports. With this relaxation, aggregation of containers at ports is likely to get a fillip. The facility of multiple RRs(Railway Receipts) for each operator shall further aid aggregation and promote economic growth. In addition, it is in sync with GST requirements and shall help each operator to avail Input Tax Credit(ITC) as per freight paid.

Promoting containerization

To promote containerisation, following measures have been taken: –

  • Introduction of new delivery model of Double Stack Dwarf Container to be charged by applying 17% concession on FAK rate has been extended upto 31.03.2019.
  • The methodology for levying Terminal Access Charge (TAC) for handling container train in railway terminal has been liberalised from 1.5 times to one time in case of double operation (i.e. unloading followed by loading), reduces non-freight cost to customer.
  • With effect from 11.07.2018, movement of CP Coke, a restricted commodity, has now been permitted in transportation in container at CCR (Container Class Rate) i.e. by applying 15% concession on Applicable class rate published in Goods tariff.
  • Decision has been taken to transport empty containers and empty flat wagon for private container rakes at a discount of 25%. The move is likely to give a thrust to movement of empty container by rail towards ports to return as loaded, thus profiting Indian Railway with higher container share.

Liberalised Automatic Freight Rebate Scheme in Empty flow Directions

This scheme has been issued w.e.f.01.01.2017. Under this scheme loaded traffic in empty flow direction is being charged at LR1 (with certain conditions), which amounts to average discount of 30 – 40%.  In the revised policy, benefit has been extended to the traffic booked from originating Division to intermediate point on that O-D division. Further, rebate has also been extended to the traffic booked from originating division to all the other divisions (not listed in the empty flow direction) of the destination zone. This will help to decrease empty flow movement of rakes. This scheme has further reviewed and revised guidelines have been issued w.e.f. 01.10.2018. This will help to decrease empty flow movement of rakes.

Freight Heavy Haul Initiatives:

  • Prototype of the 25T axle load BOXNS wagons was made in Oct’15. The wagon will run at 100 kmph in loaded and empty condition with pay load to tare ratio of 4.1 as compared to conventional BOXNHL wagons, which have payload to tare ratio of about 3.6. These wagons will achieve increased throughput per rake by 14.8%. 25t wagons are required for operation on DFC, which were tried upto 110/100 kmph on SER successfully. Induction of these wagons has already started, till Nov. 2018, 2600 wagons are in operation and another 2400 are in the pipe line.
  • For increasing throughput of finished goods and other containable goods, a dwarf container has been designed which can be moved in double stack loading even under electrified sections of IR. This enables increase in throughput of containable commodity even on electrified lines. This service has been opened on Jamnagar-Ludhiana route and efforts are on to proliferate on other routes also.
  • In the area of multimodal transport, the concept of Road-Railers which was under trial for past few year has been finalized in 2016-17. The commercial operation of the train has started in August, 2018. This allows for specially designed road trailers to bring container load form the customer premises to Railway sidings where it gets converted to train and goes to the destination. This initiative brings door to door delivery for container traffic without need for any container handling at railway premises.
  • In the area of transportation of finished steel namely hot rolled and cold rolled steel coils, new wagon BFNSM has been designed which is specifically designed for increasing the throughput of steel coil by more than 35% per rake compared to other similar wagons. Safety approvals for this have been obtained and induction of these wagons has started in 2018 already.

Transformation of Indian Railways

  • Large scale process and cultural reforms are being introduced in order to steadily transform Indian Railways into a more vibrant and efficient organization and make it an engine of economic growth and development of the country. Empowerment of General Managers (GMs), Divisional Railway Managers (DRMs) and frontline staff and comprehensive delegation of powers have been done so as to fast track decision making, Deliverance and overall working of Railways. Model Schedule of Powers has also been issued from Railway Board in October 2017 (revised version in July 2018) for the first time to bring uniformity in delegations across zones.
  • The enhanced delegations and empowerment will improve safety, give faster access to work and breakdown sites, improve station and passenger interfaces, ease of procurement by user departments, improve upkeep of equipment, improve cleanliness and hygiene at stations and in trains and enhance training and capacity building of staff.
  • Stress on integrity and ethics – Prime thrust of Indian Railways is on transparency in its functioning and on impeccable integrity of its employees at all levels. In this aspect, a policy of zero tolerance against corruption is being followed. Mission Satya Nishtha has been launched on 27 July 2018 across IR to inculcate the culture of honesty and transparency.
  • Workshop on Leadership and Emotional Intelligence for GMs and DRMs has been organized at NAIR to further align the top management of the Railways with the Transformation initiatives (Workshop for GMs held on 10  & 11 Nov’ 2018, for DRMs on 17 & 18 Dec 2018 and 8 & 9 Dec 2018). This is being further proliferated to the level of Principal Heads of Departments.

Personnel & Educational Initiatives

  • Two recruitment drives were launched by the Railways in the first half of the year:-
  • For 27,795 ALPs and 36,576 Technicians (Total – 64,371).
  • For 62,907 vacancies in Level I including Trackmen.
  • The first stage examination involving 47.56 lakh candidates have been successfully completed on 04.09.2018 with record attendance percentage of 77%.
  • For Level I, a total of 1.90 crores have been called for examination which commenced on 17th September, 2018 and ended successfully on 17th December, 2018. Total attendance in this examination was about 61%. It is a paperless and computer based test.
  • Thus in a short time of less than nine (9) months, the Railway has not only called for the applications, but shortlisted them and organized the recruitment examinations too. It is the biggest computer based test involving about 2.40 crore candidates.
  • To address the problem of inaccuracies and deficiencies in the assessment of vacancies on Indian Railways and their linkages to RRBs, Online Indenting and Recruitment Management System (OIRMS) has been implemented in recruitment processes against latest Centralized Employment Notifications (CENs) No.01/2018 for the posts of ALP & Technicians and 02/2018 for vacancy assessment by Railways/PSUs, and online indenting of the same have been carried out with the help of OIRMS software.

India’s first Rail and Transportation University

National Rail and Transportation Institute (NRTI), Vadodara has begun its first academic session with two under-graduate programmes from 05th September, 2018.  A total of 103 students (17 girls and 86 boys) have joined the two courses (62 in B.Sc. and 41 in BBA).  The Courses are:-

  • B.Sc. in Transportation Technology
  • BBA Programme in Transportation Management
  • The NRTI was dedicated to the nation on 15th December, 2018.
  • Employees grievance redressal and health check up camps across Indian Railways
  • In September 2017 Zonal Railways and Production Units organized grievance redressal camps at various field locations for redressal of employees grievances. This was combined with health checkup of employees.  In the above camp the service records of the employees were shown to the employees and copies also supplied to them.
  • 9025 health camps were held throughout the country for employees during last 12 months. 12 lakh employees were covered in this drive.

Training under ‘Project Saksham’

  • A massive training programme named as ‘Project Saksham’ has been launched this year for giving 5 days on the job training to all 12 lakhs employees of Indian Railways.  This will help in competence building of employees and thereby productivity and efficiency of the organization.  We have by now trained more than 12 lakhs employees which is a record in itself.

Introduction of objective type question in Departmental promotion examination in Railways.

  • In order to bring objectivity in the selection procedure in departmental selections, Ministry of Railways has introduced a system of 100% objective question for departmental selection in non-gazetted categories by way of either computer based test or by OMR sheets.  The benefits of objective type question paper are – greater coverage of subject questions, transparency in selection, quick declaration of result and avoidance of complaint from candidates.  A question bank on each of the subject will be prepared, to be updated from time to time.

Introduction of Mobile application on staff matter.

  • Various Zonal Railways have launched Mobile applications to cater to service request for Railway employees.  This will improve the grievance redressal mechanism and help in better productivity of staff as satisfaction level of staff will improve.

Scanning of service records of all employees.

  • Ministry of Railways has had scan more than 12 lakh service records of its employees.  This will improve access of service records to employees.  Our further aim is to use the scanned records for development and launch of HRMS application.

Development and updation of data on COMPTRAN

  • A portal named as COMPTRAN (Common Portal for Mutual transfer) for employees desiring mutual transfer to their place of residence has been developed which helps in online search for mutual partners for employees’ inter Zonal transfers. Recently, the Zonal Railways have been asked to update the data on the portal so that it is helpful for employees as regards search for their mutual partner is concerned. This is a welfare scheme for employees of Indian Railways.

Aadhar Enabled Bio-metric Attendance System (AEBAS)

  • AEBAS has been implemented on Indian Railways in compliance with DOPT’s instructions contained in their OM No.11013/9/2014-Estt(A-iii) dated 21.11.2014.  This will improve monitoring of staff attendance and hence improve productivity.


Continuing with its winning spree, RSPB has been doing fabulously in 28 game disciplines on national and international sports arena and is a established and one of the most prestigious Sports Bodies in India today. Indian Railways is a proud institutions today having 162 Arjuna awardees, 21 Padmashree and 5 Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna awardees on its roll besides thousands of national and international talented athletes. Indian Railways performance in the field of sports has been unparalleled.

Railway Sports Promotion Board made a number of policy changes in the larger interest of sports and brought out following changes during January-November 2018:

  • To pave the way of becoming officer, RSPB has made provisions more easier to its athletes who are representing India in various international championships.
  • RSPB has introduced 3-4 coaching camps and started fielding its teams atleast 4-5 national level tournaments and has started giving hotel accommodations to its athletes participating in national/international tournaments.
  • As a result, RSPB has been able to get podium performances from its athletes in 40 national championships, best ever performance of RSPB till date. Internationally also, RSPB has come out with 10 gold medals in Commonwealth games and 27 medals in Asian Games besides other various international tournaments.
  • RSPB successfully hosted the World Cycling Championship at Bikaner in North Western Railway recently.

Research and Development

  • Streamlining of vendor registration process of RDSO: A number of steps have been taken by RDSO towards streamlining new vendor registration process.  The process of vendor registration has been made completely online and there has been reduction in average time of fresh registration cases from existing 30 months to 6 months. EOI has been floated by RDSO open for application throughout the year. Hence suppliers based outside Lucknow, now have the provision of online vendor registration application and the whole process of registration is completed within a specific timeline.  There was also an emphasis to resolve all the pending vendor registration cases in within reasonable time frame. There were 691 old pending cases initially by October’17 which have been brought down to 98 by December’18.
  • Collaboration with Other Research and Academic Institutions: IR has made a significant move by engaging with IITs (Indian Institute of Technology) to leverage their core competencies in developing new technologies and products. Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)s have been signed in the between Ministry of Railways and these institutes for establishing Centre of Railway Research (CRR)s. The research domains allocated to these CRRs’, based on their competencies, have been listed below:
Name of Institution Domain Areas
IIT Madras Signaling & Communication,
IIT Kanpur Loco propulsion technologies, Traction Installtion/OHE
IIT Roorkee Track, Bridges, Structures
Mumbai University Financial management, human resource management and Operation research.

Other Notable Initiatives

  • ‘SAMANVAY’ Portal for co-ordination with State Governments: A ‘SAMANVAY’ portal ( has been developed for online reporting of issues pending with State Governments pertaining to infrastructural developmental projects which are being undertaken by different Railway agencies. Concerned State Governments were requested to go through the pending issues of Railways in States which are uploaded on SAMANVAY portal and take needful action to help Railway expedite its developmental/expansion projects.
  • Rail Good Work Portal: With a view to generate numerous innovative yet practical ideas across the most critical areas of Railways Operations, the Railway board has undertaken several initiatives from time to time.  Rail Good Work Portal is an on-line platform for all units under IR, where they can showcase the various good works being done by them. An exercise has been undertaken to identify the best and the most impactful entries uploaded on the good works portal and ask the innovators for descriptive videos for mass scale implementation across IR and to further encourage the habit of doing good work and reporting thereon.


वर्ष 2018 के दौरान पोत परिवहन मंत्रालय की उपलब्धियां

                वर्षांत समीक्षा 2018 – पोत परिवहन मंत्रालय

प्रगतिशील नीतियों से वर्ष 2018 में फिर बढ़ी प्रमुख बंदरगाहों की क्षमता और दक्षता 

वर्ष भर के दौरान व्यापार सुगमता पर रहा खास जोर

 गंगा पर पहले बहु-मॉडल टर्मिनल के शुभारम्भ के साथ अंतर्देशीय जल परिवहन में भारी बढ़ोतरी, कार्गो की आवाजाही बढ़ी और रो-रो सेवाओं को मिला विस्तार

सागरमाला के तहत पूरी हुईं 89 परियोजनाएं, 400 से ज्यादा परियोजनाओं पर चल रहा है काम

भारत में नाविकों की संख्या में अप्रत्याशित रूप से 42.3 प्रतिशत की वृद्धि 

पोत परिवहन मंत्रालय के लिए वर्ष 2018 खासा अहम रहा है। कारोबार को आसान बनाने के लिए मॉडल रियायत समझौते में संशोधन जैसे नीतिगत फैसलों, दरों से संबंधित दिशानिर्देशों में बदलाव और अन्य कई कदमों के माध्यम से क्षमता विस्तार के लिहाज से बीते चार साल के बेहतरीन प्रदर्शन को बरकरार रखा गया और दक्षता के मानकों में भी सुधार देखने को मिला है।

सागरमाला कार्यक्रम के अंतर्गत 89 परियोजनाओं को पूरा किया गया। वहीं 4.32 लाख करोड़ रुपये की 443 परियोजनाएं कार्यान्वयन और विकास के विभिन्न चरणों में हैं।

यह साल अंतर्देशीय जल परिवहन क्षेत्र में विकास के लिहाज से खासा उल्लेखनीय है। प्रधानमंत्री श्री नरेंद्र मोदी द्वारा वाराणसी में गंगा नदी पर मल्टी मॉडल टर्मिनल का शुभारम्भ किया गया, नदी पर कोलकाता से वाराणसी के लिए स्वतंत्रता के बाद पहला कंटेनर कार्गो रवाना किया गया और बिहार के कहलगांव से असम के पांडु के लिए कार्गो के एकीकृत परिवहन का शुभारम्भ किया गया। ऐसा तीन जलमार्गों गंगा, ब्रह्मपुत्र और भारत-बांग्लादेश प्रोटोकॉल रूट के माध्यम से किया गया। इससे यह तय हो गया कि जलमार्ग खासा सस्ता पड़ता है और यह परिवहन का पर्यावरण अनुकूल माध्यम है, जो तेजी से हकीकत बनने जा रहा है।

क्रूज पर्यटन एक ऐसा क्षेत्र है, जिसमें चेन्नई बंदरगाह पर आधुनिक अंतरराष्ट्रीय क्रूज टर्मिनल का शुभारम्भ किया गया और मुंबई-गोवा क्रूज सेवा की शुरुआत की गई। इसके साथ ही कौशल विकास क्षेत्र को बढ़ावा देने के उद्देश्य से विजाग और मुंबई में समुद्री एवं जहाज निर्माण उत्कृष्टता केंद्र (सीईएमएस) और चेन्नई स्थित आईआईटी मद्रास में राष्ट्रीय बंदरगाह, जलमार्ग और तटीय प्रौद्योगिकी केंद्र (एनटीसीपीडब्ल्यूसी) की स्थापना की गई। इसके साथ ही सागरमाला के अंतर्गत सभी बंदरगाहों पर बहु कौशल विकास केंद्रों (एमएसडीसी) की स्थापना का फैसला लिया गया।

मंत्रालय द्वारा वर्ष के दौरान किए गए अहम कार्यों का ब्योरा निम्नलिखित दिया जा रहा है।

  1. बंदरगाह

1.1   बंदरगाहों से भारत का मात्रा के लिहाज से 90 प्रतिशत और मूल्य के लिहाज से 70 प्रतिशत बाह्य कारोबार होता है।

1.2 क्षमता यातायात

देश की बढ़ती व्यापार संबंधी आवश्यकताएं पूरी करने के क्रम में बंदरगाहों के बुनियादी ढांचा विकास और क्षमता विस्तार पर ज्यादा ध्यान केंद्रित किया गया है। बीते कुछ वर्षों में बड़े बंदरगाहों की हैंडलिंग की क्षमता तेजी से बढ़ी है, जो इस प्रकार है:

(एमटीपीए में)

वर्ष क्षमता
2012-13 744.91
2013-14 800.52
2014-15 871.52
2015-16 965.36
2016-17                  1359.00*
2017-18 1451.19

*पुनः आकलन –बंदरगाहों की क्षमता का पुनः मूल्यांकन अंतरराष्ट्रीय मानकों के अनुरूप तय बर्थिंग नीति पर आधारित है।

1.3 बड़े बंदरगाहों पर सामान की ढुलाई (ट्रैफिक) लगातार बढ़ रही है, जो तालिका में इस प्रकार है:

(एमटी में)

वर्ष ढुलाई
2012-13 545.79
2013-14 555.49
2014-15 581.34
2015-16 606.47
2016-17 648.40
2017-18 679.37
2018-19 (अक्टूबर, 2018 तक) 403.39


जवाहरलाल नेहरु पोर्ट ट्रस्ट

1.4 परियोजनाओं का आवंटन और निवेश

वित्त वर्ष 2018-19 के दौरान 10,000 करोड़ रुपये से ज्यादा के निवेश और 90 एमटीपीए क्षमता विस्तार से जुड़ी 50 से ज्यादा परियोजनाओं के आवंटन के लक्ष्य पर काम किया गया। इसके विपरीत 2017-18 में 4146.73 करोड़ रुपए के निवेश और 21.93 एमटीपीए क्षमता विस्तार वाली 27 परियोजनाओं का ही आवंटन किया गया था।

1.5 दक्षता के मानकों में सुधार

पोत परिवहन मंत्रालय द्वारा बड़े बंदरगाहों की क्षमता बढ़ाने के साथ ही नीतिगत पहलों, प्रक्रियागत बदलावों और मशीनीकरण के माध्यम से परिचालन क्षमताओं में सुधार किया गया। नतीजतन औसत टर्नअराउंड समय और प्रति शिप बर्थ औसत आउटपुट जैसे दक्षता मानकों में खासा सुधार दर्ज किया गया, जो इस प्रकार है।

वर्ष औसत टर्नअराउंड समय (घंटों में) प्रति शिप बर्थ औसत आउटपुट (टन में)
2016-17 82.32 14576
2017-18 64.32 15333
2018-19 (31.10.2018तक) 60.48 16166

1.6 नीतिगत पहल

बड़े बंदरगाहों पर क्षमता वृद्धि, परिचालन दक्षता में सुधार और उच्च परिचालन सरप्लस के लिहाज से कई उपलब्धियां हासिल हुईं, जो पोत परिवहन मंत्रालय की निम्नलिखित नीतिगत पहलों से ही संभव हुआ।

  1. मौजूदा छूट रियायत समझौते (एमसीए) के कुछ प्रावधानों के चलते पीपीपी परियोजनाओं के कार्यान्वयन में आ रही दिक्कतों को दूर करने के लिए एमसीए में संशोधन किया गया। इसका उद्देश्य निवेशकों का भरोसा बढ़ाना और निवेश के लिहाज से बंदरगाह क्षेत्र को आकर्षक बनाना था।
  2. प्रदर्शन के मानकों के संबंध में बाजार टैरिफ के अनुरूप टैरिफ तय करने के लिए बंदरगाह परिचालकों को छूट देने के लिए टैरिफ संबंधी दिशानिर्देशों में बदलाव किया गया।
  3. बंदरगाह क्षेत्र में पीपीपी परियोजनाओं में 100 प्रतिशत एफडीआई को मंजूरी दे दी गई।
  4. ज्यादा स्वायत्तता और संस्थागत ढांचे के आधुनिकीकरण के उद्देश्य से प्रमुख बंदरगाह ट्रस्ट अधिनियम, 1963 के स्थान पर एक नये प्रमुख बंदरगाह प्राधिकरण विधेयक पर विचार चल रहा है और इसे 16.12.2016 को लोकसभा में प्रस्तुत किया गया था। इसे अभी लोकसभा की स्वीकृति का इंतजार है।
  5. प्रमुख बंदरगाहों को श्रम और रोजगार मंत्रालय और सार्वजनिक उपक्रम विभाग के दिशानिर्देशों के क्रम में अपनी सरप्लस निधि को सार्वजनिक क्षेत्र के बैंकों में जमा करने और उनके पेंशन/भविष्य निधि/ग्रैच्युटी फंड में निवेश करने की प्रक्रिया से राहत देने के लिए दिशानिर्देशों में बदलाव किया गया।

1.7 व्यापार सुगम बनाना

व्यापार सुगमता पर विश्व बैंक की 2019 की रिपोर्ट के मुताबिक, भारत वर्ष 2018-19 में 23 पायदान की छलांग लगाकर 77वें पायदान पर पहुंच गया, जबकि 2017-18 में 100वें पायदान पर था। इससे संकेत मिले कि भारत लगातार वैश्विक मानकों को अपना रहा है। व्यापार सुगम बनाने (ईओडीबी) बनाने के क्रम में पोत परिवहन मंत्रालय ने प्रमुख बंदरगाहों में प्रवास समय और लेनदेन की लागत घटाने के लिए कई मानकों की पहचान की है। इनमें मैनुअल प्रपत्रों को खत्म करना, प्रयोगशालाओं से लेकर भागीदार सरकारी एजेंसियों (पीजीए) की सुविधा, सीधे बंदरगाह के लिए डिलिवरी, कंटेनर स्कैनर्स लगाना, ई-डिलिवरी ऑर्डर; आएफआईडी आधारित गेट स्वचालन प्रणाली आदि शामिल हैं। इन पहलों को जवाहरलाल नेहरु पोर्ट ट्रस्ट (जेएन पोर्ट) पर पहले ही लागू किया जा चुका है और अन्य प्रमुख बंदरगाहों में भी ऐसा किया जा रहा है।

मैनुअल प्रपत्रों की व्यवस्था खत्म करने से बंदरगाहों के गेट पर लंबी-लंबी कतारें और प्रतीक्षा समय खत्म हो गया है। इससे एक्जिम कार्गो खाली करने का काम तेज हुआ है और बंदरगाह के गेट पर लगने वाली भीड़ कम हुई है। सुरक्षा बढ़ाने, बंदरगाह के गेट पर यातायात को निर्बाध बनाने के लिए दिक्कतें दूर करने, आदमी, वाहन, उपकरण और अन्य संपत्तियों की निगरानी और पता लगाने एवं अधिसूचित दरों पर राजस्व संग्रह के लिए आरएफआईडी समाधान को लागू किया गया।

सभी प्रमुख बंदरगाहों पर एक केंद्रीय वेब आधारित पोर्ट कम्युनिटी प्रणाली शुरू की गई, जिससे सीमा शुल्क, सीएफएस, शिपिंग लाइन और आईसीडी, लाइन्स/एजेंटों, सर्वेयर, स्टीवडोर, बैंकों, कंटेनर फ्रेट स्टेशनों, सरकारी विनियामकीय एजेंसियां, कस्टम हाउस एजेंट, आयातकों, निर्यातकों, कॉनकोर/रेलवे आदि विभिन्न पक्षधारकों के बीच डाटा के प्रवाह संभव होता है। मौजूदा प्रणाली पीसीएस 1.0 को अपग्रेड करके पीसीएस 1 एक्स कर दिया गया है।

पोत परिवहन मंत्रालय ने सभी प्रमुख बंदरगाहों, प्रमुख बंदरागाहों के भीतर सभी टर्मिनलों, निजी बंदरगाहों, निजी टर्मिनलों और सीएफएस/आईसीडी पर सभी पक्षधारकों के लिए ई-इनवॉयस, ई-पेमेंट और ई-डिलिवरी ऑर्डर के इस्तेमाल को अनिवार्य बनाने के लिए 27.03.2018 को एक आदेश जारी किया।

एक्जिम कंटेनर की आवाजाही की निगरानी और नजर रखने के लिए दिल्ली मुंबई औद्योगिक गलियारा विकास निगम (डीएमआईसीडीसी) के अंतर्गत जेएनपीटी पर लॉजिस्टिग डाटा बैंक सेवा शुरू की गई और इससे अन्य प्रमुख बंदरगाहों पर भी लागू किया जा रहा है।

जेएन पोर्ट बंदरगाह के लिए सीधे डिलिवरी (डीपीडी) और बंदरगाह में सीधे प्रवेश (डीपीई) की सुविधा शुरू करने वाला पहला बंदरगाह बन गया है। डीपीडी मार्च, 2016 के 5.42 प्रतिशत से बढ़कर अगस्त, 2018 में 41.92 प्रतिशत तक पहुंच गया है। जेएनपीटी में निर्यात कंटेनरों के सीधे बंदरगाह में प्रवेश का प्रतिशत 60 प्रतिशत से बढ़कर अगस्त, 2018 में 76.98 प्रतिशत तक पहुंच गया है। निर्यातकों के लिए प्रति टीईयू 2,000 रुपये की लागत कम हो गई है और डीपीई से उनका 1 से 2 दिन का समय बच रहा है।

जेएन पोर्ट पर आयात कंटेनरों का प्रवास समय घटकर 2016-17 के 58.08 घंटे से घटकर 2017-18 में 50.82 घंटे पर आ गया है। निर्यात कंटेनरों के लिए प्रवास समय 2016-17 के 88.35 घंटे से घटकर 2017018 में 83.71 घंटे रह गया है।

8 मोबाइल स्कैनर की खरीद के लिए वर्क ऑर्डर जारी कर दिया गया। बंदरगाहों पर साइट परिचालन की प्रगति हो रही है। पारादीप, विशाखापट्टनम, न्यू मंगलोर, मॉरमुगाव, कांडला, कामराजार और कोलकाता बंदरगाहों के लिए कंटेनर स्कैनर खरीदने के संबंध में फैक्ट्री एक्सेप्टैंस टेस्ट (एफएटी) कराया गया। स्कैनर (4) की खरीद का कार्य भी अभी चल रहा है।

जवाहरलाल नेहरु पोर्ट ट्रस्ट में व्यापार को आसान बनाने और कार्गो एक्जिम का प्रवास समय घटाने के लिए कई पहल की गईं। जेएनपीटी ईओडीबी के तहत सुधारों को कार्यान्वित करने के लिए पायलट बंदरगाह है। तेजी से कार्गो खाली करना सुनिश्चित करने के लिए बंदरगाह राजमार्गों के चौड़ीकरण के अलावा जेएनपीटी में सीमा शुल्क प्रसंस्करण क्षेत्र, केंद्रीय पार्किंग प्लाजा की स्थापना की गई है। यहां पर एक कॉमन रेल यार्ड भी विकसित किया गया है। जेएनपीटी में यार्ड की उत्पादकता बढ़ाने के लिए इलेक्ट्रॉनिक आरटीजीसी खरीदे गए हैं। इसके अलावा व्यापार को आसान बनाने के लिए बंदरगाह में सीधे डिलिवरी और बंदरगाह में सीधे प्रवेश जैसी कई उल्लेखनीय पहल की गई हैं। इन सभी सुधारों के बारे में वेबसाइट अपडेट, सोशल मीडिया और नियमित पक्षधारकों की बैठकों के माध्यम से पक्षधारखों को नियमित रूप से सूचित किया जाता रहा है।

1.8 2018 की प्रमुख पहल/उपलब्धियां

  1. जेएनपीटी

प्रधानमंत्री श्री नरेंद्र मोदी ने जवाहरलाल नेहरु पोर्ट ट्रस्ट (चरण-1) के चौथे कंटेनर टर्मिनल (एफसीटी) का शुभारम्भ किया था। यह 7935 करोड़ रुपये की बंदरगाह क्षेत्र की सबसे बड़ी एफडीआई परियोजना है। इस कंटेनर के साथ जेएनपीटी की हैंडलिंग क्षमता 5.15 मिलियन टीईयू से बढ़कर 7.55 मिलियन टीईयू हो जाएगी।

  1. पारादीप पोर्ट ट्रस्ट
  2. 2017-18 में दीनदयाल बंदरगाह (कांडला) के बाद दूसरा ऐसा बंदरगाह बना, जिसने 100 एमटी कार्गो की हैंडलिंग की उपलब्धि हासिल की।
  3. 13 अक्टूबर,2018 की सुबह 6 बजे और 14 अक्टूबर, 2018 की रात दो बजे तक तक 20 घंटों के भीतर 27 जहाजों की सफल आवाजाही से अभी तक का नया रिकॉर्ड बना।
  4. बर्थ के इस्तेमाल के बिना ‘एमटी डेलफाइन’ से खाद्य तेल निकालने के मिडिडेरैनियन मॉर्निंग मेथड को 29 अक्टूबर, 2018 को संभवतः पहली भारत में पेश किया गया।
  1. वीओसीपीटी

वीओसीपीटी पर गहराई में कमी के कारण उथल पानी वाली बर्थ में रात में नौपरिवहन की सुविधा नहीं थी। अप्रैल, 2018 में घाट और तटों के निकट ड्रेजिंग से लगे हुए कोस्टल बर्थ का निर्माण पूरा किया गया। इस क्रम में बर्थ में प्रकाश की व्यवस्था के बाद जून, 2018 में डॉकिंग/अन-डॉकिंग के लिए उथले पानी में रात्रि नौवहन की अनुमति दे दी गई।


फोटो :वीपीटी के पूर्ण यंत्रीकृत ओर हैंडलिंग संयंत्र को पीपीपी मॉडल के तहत एस्साल विजाग टर्मिनल्स द्वारा अपग्रेड किया गया।

  1. विशाखापट्टनम

विशाखापट्टनम में 13 जुलाई, 2018 को 1062 करोड़ रुपये की बंदरगाह परियोजनाओं का शुभारम्भ किया गया और 679 करोड़ रुपये की बंदरगाह संपर्क परियोजनाओं की आधारशिला रखी गई। इनमें विजाग बंदरगाह के बाह्य बंदरगाह पर लौह अयस्क हैंडलिंग सुविधा को अपग्रेड करना, एच-7 एरिया से बंदरगाह संपर्क मार्ग तक ग्रेड सेपरेटर का निर्माण, सागरमाला के अंतर्गत कॉन्वेंट जंक्शन की बाई-पासिंग और वीपीटी से श्रीलंगर जंक्शन से अनाकापल्ली-सबावरम/पेंडुरती-आनंदपुरम मार्ग (एनएच 16) को जोड़ने वाले 12.7 किलोमीटर लंबे संपर्क मार्क का विकास शामिल है।

  1. कोलकाता

कोलकाता पोर्ट ट्रस्ट पर पहली बार एक कैप साइज जहाज एम. वी. समझोन 1,64,928 एमटी ड्राई बल्क (कोयला) 17.10.2018 को लेकर आया। दो फ्लोटिंग क्रेनों के माध्यम से इस जहाज से लगभग 1 लाख टन कोयला दो नौकाओं पर उतारा गया। पूरे कार्गो को उतारने के लिए हल्दिया के फ्लोटिंग जेटी तक लाया गया था।

vi     भंडारण शुल्क

  1. ऊंचे भंडारण शुल्कों के कारण प्रमुश बंदरगाहों पर पीपीपी परियोजनाएं मुश्किल में फंस गई थीं। इंडियन पोर्ट्स एसोसिएशन (आईपीए) के चेयरमैन की अध्यक्षता में बनी एक समिति ने इन मुद्दों पर विचार किया। संबंधित समिति की सिफारिशों के आधार पर ऐसे असामान्य भंडारण शुल्कों की समस्या से निबटनने के लिए एक प्रणाली पर काम किया गया और संकटग्रस्त परियोजनाओं को पटरी पर लाया गया। इस संबंध 11.07.2018 को प्रमुख बंदरगाहों को दिशानिर्देश जारी किए गए।
  1. अतिरिक्त निधि की उपयोगिता
  1. मंत्रालय द्वारा फरवरी, 2009 में जारी निर्देशों के तहत प्रमुख बंदरगाहों द्वारा अतिरिक्त निधि को सार्वजनिक क्षेत्र के बैंकों (पीएसबी) में निवेश किया जा रहा था। बंदरगाहों द्वारा अतिरिक्त निधि को पीएसबी की सावधि जमाओं में जमा करने की परंपरा थी, जिसकी मौजूदा आर्थिक परिदृश्य में समीक्षा की गई। साथ ही श्रम और रोजगार मंत्रालय तथा सार्वजनिक उपक्रम विभाग द्वारा भविष्य निधि/पेंशन कोष/अतिरिक्त निधि के निवेश पर जारी निर्देशों की समीक्षा हुई। इसके बाद मंत्रालय ने 27.07.2018 को जारी दिशानिर्देशों के माध्यम से उनके पेंशन/भविष्य निधि/ग्रैच्युटी और अतिरिक्त निधि के निवेश पर पिछले निर्देशों में बदलाव किया गया।

viii     अर्नाकुलम जिले में बाढ़ प्रभावित क्षेत्रों में राहत और सहायता कार्य

  1. केरल में हाल में असामान्य बारिश और बाढ़ के क्रम में कोच्चि पोर्ट ने शुरुआती दिनों के दौरान राज्य में राहत कार्य चलाए गए। पोर्ट ने एर्नाकुलम जिले के बाढ़ प्रभावित क्षेत्रों में राहत और सहायता के लिए कई दम उठाए गए। इनमें राहत शिविरों का आयोजन, चिकित्सा सहायता, खाद्य वितरण, राहत सामग्री ले जाने वाले जहाजों को प्राथमिकता देना आदि शामिल है। नेवल शिप आईएनएस दीपक, आईएनएस मैसूर, आईएनएस मुंबई, आईएनएस शारदा और कोस्ट गार्ड वीसल आईसीजीएस विक्रम द्वारा लाई गई राहत सामग्री की पोर्ट पर प्राथमिकता के आधार पर हैंडलिंग की। कोच्चि पोर्ट ट्रस्ट ने मुख्यमंत्री राहत कोष में 62 लाख रुपये का अंशदान किया, जिसमें कर्मचारियों द्वारा दिए गए एक दिन के वेतन से मिले 31 लाख  रुपये और सीओपीटी कोष से मिली समान रकम शामिल है। इसी प्रकार कोलकाता पोर्ट ट्रस्ट के कर्मचारियों ने भी केरल के मुख्यमंत्री आपदा राहत कोष (केसीएमडीआरएफ) में एक दिन के वेतन (83 लाख रुपये) का अंशदान किया और कोलकाता से कोच्चि पोर्ट तक मुफ्त में राहत सामग्री के कंटेनर भेजे।
  1. परमानेंट कोर्ट ऑफ आर्बिट्रेशन का आदेश

कोलकाता पोर्ट की एक परियोजना से जुड़े एक आर्बिट्रेशन के मामले में लुइस ड्रेफस आर्मेचर्स (एलडीए) ने परमानेंट कोर्ट ऑफ आर्बिट्रेशन में भारत सरकार को खींच लिया था। परमानेंट कोर्ट ऑफ आर्बिट्रशन ने 11.09.2018 के फैसले में एलडीए को ट्रिब्यूनल आर्बिट्रेशन की पीसीए लागत के तौर पर भारत को 5,40,885.30 अमेरिकी डॉलर और कानूनी प्रतिधिनित्व व सहायता के मद में भारत को 66,26,971.85 अमेरिकी डॉलर के भुगतान का आदेश दिया।

  1. पीपीपी परियोजनाओं में बोलीदाताओं को सुरक्षा मंजूरी

प्रमुख बंदरगाहों में सार्वजनिक निजी साझेदारी (पीपीपी) परियोजनाओं और ड्रेजिंग परियोजनाओं में भाग ले रहे बोलीदाताओं/कंपनियों को सुरक्षा मंजूरी की वैधता अवधि तीन साल से पांच साल करने के लिए 31 जनवरी, 2018 को दिशानिर्देश जारी कर दिए गए।

1.9 चाबाहार बंदरगार परियोजना

जनवरी, 2018 में ईरान के प्रतिनिधिमंडल की भारत यात्रा के दौरान एक व्यापारिक बैठक का आयोजन किया गया, जिसमें चाबाहार मुक्त व्यापार क्षेत्र में इकाइयां स्थापित करने में दिलचस्पी रखने वाले संभावित उद्यमियों ने हिस्सा लिया। चाबाहार बंदरगाह के विकास में निवेश के अवसरों से संबंधित मुद्दों पर भी बैठक के दौरान चर्चा हुई। चाबाहार बंदरगाह के लिए 17.02.2018 को दोनों पक्षों के बीच अंतरिम परिचालन अनुबंध पर हस्ताक्षर किए गए। एक द्विपक्षीय बैठक में उप मंत्री और पोर्ट्स एंड मैरीटाइम ऑर्गनाइजेशन (पीएमओ) के प्रबंध निदेशक श्री मोहम्मद रस्ताद की अगुआई में ईरान से आए एक प्रतिनिधिमंडल और भारत की तरफ से सचिव (शिपिंग) के बीच चाबाहार बंदरगाह परियोजना से जुड़े कई मुद्दों पर चर्चा हुई।

  1. सागरमाला

2.1 सागरमाला परियोजनाएं

सागरमाला के अंतर्गत 8.8 लाख करोड़ रुपये की 605 से ज्यादा परियोजनाओं की पहचान की गई है। इनमें 0.14 लाख करोड़ रुपये की 89 परियोजनाओं को पूरा कर लिया गया है और 4.32 लाख करोड़ रुपये की विभिन्न परियोजनाएं क्रियान्वयन और विकास के विभिन्न चरणों में हैं। सागरमाला कार्यक्रम का उद्देश्य आयात-निर्यात और घरेलू व्यापार के लिए ढुलाई की लागत घटाने के उद्देश्य से बंदरगाह आधारित विकास को बढ़ावा देना है।

2.2 बंदरगाह क्षमता लक्ष्य

पोत परिवहन मंत्रालय, राज्य सरकारों के साथ मिलकर कुल बंदरगाह क्षमता को 3550 प्लस मिलियन मीट्रिक टन तक बढ़ाने की दिशा में काम कर रहा है, जिससे 2025 तक अनुमानित तौर पर 2500 एमएमटीपीए के ट्रैफिक के लिए सेवाएं दी जा सकेंगी। इस दिशा में 249 बंदरगाह आधुनिकीकरण परियोजनाओं की पहचान की गई है। इनमें से 107 बंदरगाह क्षमता विस्तार परियोजनाओं (लागत-67,962 करोड़ रुपये) की पहचान 12 प्रमुख बंदरगाहों के मास्टर प्लान से की गई है और अगले 20 साल में प्रमुख बंदरगाहों की क्षमता 794 एमएमटीपीए बढ़ने का अनुमान है।

2.3 प्रमुख बंदरगाहों की क्षमता का पुनः आकलन

पोत परिवहन मंत्रालय द्वारा स्वीकृत प्रमुख बंदरगाहों की बर्थिंग नीति, 2016 के तहत ड्राई बल्क बर्थों की गणना के नियमों की मानक प्रणाली तैयार की गई। बर्थिंग नीति के माध्यम से वैश्विक मानकों के अनुरूप बंदरगाह क्षमता तय करने और प्रमुख बंदरगाहों की क्षमता के पुनः आकलन की कवायद की गई। प्रमुख बंदरगाहों की घोषित क्षमता 31.03.2017 तक 1066 एमटीपीए थी। पुनः आकलन की कवायद के बाद 31.03.2017 तक प्रमुख बंदरगाहों की प्रभावी क्षमता और वांछित ऑक्यूपैंसी क्रमशः 1359 एमटीपीए और 989 एमटीपीए थी।

2.4 बंदरगाहों का आधुनिकीकरण

उन्नति परियोजना के अंतर्गत 12 प्रमुख बंदरगाहों की दक्षता और उत्पादकता में सुधार के लिए प्रदर्शन के प्रमुख संकेतकों (केपीआई) के वैश्विक बेंचमार्क को अपनाया गया। सिर्फ दक्षता में सुधार के माध्यम से 100 एमटीपीए से ज्यादा क्षमता बढ़ाने के लिए 12 प्रमुख बंदरगाहों पर लगभग 116 पहलों की पहचान की गई। लगभग 80 एमटीपीए क्षमता के लिए इनमें से 91 पहलों को लागू कर दिया गया।

2.5 नए बंदरगाहों का विकास

प्रमुख बंदरगाहों में क्षमता विस्तार की परियोजनाओं के अलावा कुल कार्गो हैंडलिंग क्षमता बढ़ाने के लिए 6 नए बंदरगाह स्थलों वधावन (महाराष्ट्र), एनायम (तमिलनाडु), ताजपुर (पश्चिम बंगाल), पारादीप आउटर हार्बर (ओडिशा), सरकाझी (तमिलनाडु), बेलेकेरी (कर्नाटक) की भी पहचान की गई है।

2.6 बंदरगाह संपर्क बढ़ाना

दूरदराज के स्थलों तक बंदरगाह संपर्क बढ़ाने के लिए रेल और सड़क संपर्क परियोजनाओं पर भी काम हो रहा है,



9 प्रमुख बंदरगाहों पर इंडियन पोर्ट रेल कॉरपोरेशन लिमिटेड (आईपीआरसीएल) द्वारा 32 कार्य (लागतः 18,253 करोड़ रुपये) कराए गए, जिनमें से 8 कार्य (175 करोड़ रुपये) पूरे हो चुके हैं। इसके अलावा सागरमाला के अंतर्गत चिह्नित 23 रेल संपर्क परियोजनाओं (24,877 करोड़ रुपये) पर रेल मंत्रालय द्वारा काम किया जा रहा है, जिनमें से 7 परियोजनाएं (2,491 करोड़ रुपये) पूरी कर ली गई हैं। इसके अलावा 15 रेल संपर्क परियोजनाओं (4,193 करोड़ रुपये) को रेल-पोर्ट्स और अन्य कंपनियों द्वारा पूरा किया जा रहा है, जिनमें से 3 परियोजनाओं (52 करोड़ रुपये) को पूरा कर लिया गया है। कुल 52 परियोजनाएं (44,605 करोड़ रुपये) क्रियान्वयन के विभिन्न चरणों में हैं।


इंदौर-मनमाड रेल  लाइन

362 किलोमीटर लंबी इंदौर-मनमाड नई रेल लाइन परियोजना के लिए 28.08.2018 को जवाहरलाल नेहरु पोर्ट ट्रस्ट, रेल मंत्रालय, महाराष्ट्र सरकार और मध्य प्रदेश सरकार के बीच एक एमओयू पर हस्ताक्षर किए गए। नई परियोजना से मुंबई/पुणे से मध्य भारत के शहरों की दूरी 171 किलोमीटर तक घट जाएगी, जिससे ढुलाई की लागत में भी कमी आएगी। यह विशेष रूप से इसलिए भी अहम है, क्योंकि नई रेलवे लाइन दिल्ली-मुंबई औद्योगिक गलियारे के मुख्य केंद्रों इगतपुरी, नासिक और सिन्नार;फुणे और खेड; और धुले और नरडाणा से गुजरेगी।


विभिन्न एजेंसियों द्वारा 112 सड़क संपर्क परियोजनाएं पूरी की जा रही हैं। 112 सड़क परियोजनाओं में से 54 सड़क परियोजनाएं (22,158 करोड़ रुपये) भारतमाला कार्यक्रम में शामिल की गई हैं। 102 परियोजनाएं सड़क परिवहन एवं राजमार्ग मंत्रालय और एनएचएआई द्वारा पूरी की जाएंगी। बाकी 10 परियोजनाएं राज्य पीडब्ल्यूडी, बंदरगाह प्राधिकरणों और सागरमाला विकास कंपनी (एसडीसी) द्वारा सड़क परिवहन एवं राजमार्ग मंत्रालय/एनएचएआई के सहयोग से पूरी की जाएंगी। कुल 5 परियोजनाएं (268 करोड़ रुपये) पूरी कर ली गई हैं और 97 परियोजनाएं (1,80,347 करोड़ रुपये) पूरी की जा रही हैं।

2.7 बंदरगाह आधारित औद्योगीकरण

सभी समुद्री राज्यों और संघ शासित क्षेत्रों में 14 तटीय आर्थिक क्षेत्रों (सीईजेड) की पहचान की गई है। सीईजेड संभावित योजनाएं तैयार की गई हैं और विकास के पहले चरण में 4 पायलट सीईडेज गुजरात, महाराष्ट्र, तमिलनाडु और आंध्र प्रदेश के लिए विस्तृत मास्टर प्लान तैयार किए जाएंगे। सीईजेड विकास के लिए नीति आयोग के सीईओ की अगुआई वाली अंतर मंत्रालयी समिति (आईएमसी) की सिफारिशों के आधार पर सीईजेड के विकास के लिए नीतिगत ढांचे को अंतिम रूप दिया जा रहा है।

इसके अलावा ऊर्जा, सामग्री, विविध विनिर्माण, समुद्री क्षेत्रों सहित 34 संभावित बंदरगाह संबद्ध औद्योगिक क्लस्टरों की पहचान की गई है। इन औद्योगिक पार्कों के अलावा सतारा में एक मेगा खाद्य प्रसंस्करण पार्क, महाराष्ट्र (139 करोड़ रुपये) को पूरा किया गया और कृष्णापट्टनम (आंध्र प्रदेश), एन्नोर (तमिलनाडु) और तूतीकोरिन (तमिलनाडु) में 3 विद्युत क्लस्टर (76547 करोड़ रुपये), आंध्र प्रदेश, गुजरात, ओडिशा, केरल, पश्चिम बंगाल में 8 इलेक्ट्रॉनिक सामान विनिर्माण क्लस्टर (1704 करोड़ रुपये) और आंध्र प्रदेश व केरल में 3 खाद्य प्रसंस्करण पार्कों (1348 करोड़ रुपये) पर काम किया जा रहा है। इसके सात ही जेएनपीटी पर एसईजेड (12,624 करोड़ रुपये), पारादीप (3350 करोड़ रुपये) और कांदला (11,147 करोड़ रुपये) में स्मार्ट इंडस्ट्रियल पोर्ट सिटी (एसआईपीसी) और वीओसीपीटी व केपीएल में तटीय रोजगार इकाइयां (सीईयू) भी विकास के विभिन्न चरणों में हैं।

2.8 तटीय नौवहन

तटीय व्यापार में छूट

सागरमाला कार्यक्रम के उद्देश्यों में व्यापार को प्रोत्साहन देना, व्यापार सुगम बनाना और भारत में तटीय नौवहन शामिल है। इसे देखते हुए उर्वरकों, कृषि उत्पादों, मछली पालन, औद्यानिकी और पशु उत्पाद वस्तुओं और कंटेनरों के संबंध में तटीय नौवहन में रियात के लिए व्यापारिक नौवहन अधिनियम, 1958 के अनुच्छेद 406 और 407 को अधिसूचित किया गया। इस छूट पर उद्योग के प्रतिक्रिया के आधार पर सितंबर, 2018 में एक स्पष्टीकरण जारी किया गया कि तटीय नौवहन के लिए किसी भारतीय बंदरगाह पर लोड किए गए कार्गो पर ही जहाज पर कुल माल में न्यूनतम 50 प्रतिशत मात्रा की शर्त लागू होगी।

तटीय नौवहन के लिए संभावित योजना

तटीय और लघु समुद्री नौवहन को प्रोत्साहन, सड़क और रेल संपर्क को भुनाने के वास्ते सिफारिशें देने के लिए एक अध्ययन कराया गया। इस अध्ययन के तहत दो पक्षधारक कार्यशालाएं जून, 2018 और अक्टूबर, 2018 में आयोजित की गईं, जिसमें ऐसी वस्तुओं पर विश्लेषण किया गया जिन्हें तटीय नौवहन के माध्यम से एक स्थान से दूसरे स्थान पर भेजा जा सकता है।


तटीय बर्थ योजना

633 करोड़ रुपये की वित्तीय सहायता के लिए तटीय बर्थ योजना के अंतर्गत 41 परियोजनाओं (1,535 करोड़ रुपये) को स्वीकृति दी गई, जिनमें से 334 करोड़ रुपये प्रमुख बंदरगाहों/राज्य समुद्री बोर्डों/राज्य सरकारों को जारी कर दिए गए। कार्गो की ढुलाई/समुद्री यात्री, राष्ट्रीय जलमार्गों से जुड़ी गतिविधियों को प्रोत्साहन देने के वास्ते बुनियादी ढांचा तैयार करने के लिए केंद्रीय बर्थ योजना को मार्च, 2020 तक बढ़ाया गया।

2.9 कौशल विकास

पोत परिवहन मंत्रालय ने 21 तटीय जिलों में तटीय समुदायों के लिए कौशल में कमी से संबंधित विश्लेषण कराया। साथ ही उनके वास्ते कार्ययोजना लागू करने के लिए संबंधित मंत्रालयों और राज्य सरकारों की सहयोग की दिशा में कदम बढ़ाए। नतीजतन 1917 लोगों को प्रशिक्षित किया गया और 1123 लोगों को नौकरियां दिलाई गईं।

मछुआरा समुदाय के विकास में सहयोग देने के लिए पोत परिवहन मंत्रालय ने मछुआरा समुदाय की आजीविका में सुधार के लिए डिपार्टमेंट ऑफ एनीमल हसबैंडरी डेयरीइंग एंड फिशरीज (डीएडीएफ) के साथ मिलकर चयनित फिशिंग हार्बर परियोजनाओं को आंशिक तौर पर वित्तपोषण किया। इस उद्देश्य से 13 परियोजनाओं (1189 करोड़ रुपये) के लिए 323 करोड़ रुपये की स्वीकृति दी गई। इन परियोजनाओं से 1.50 लाख मछुआरों को लाभ मिलने का अनुमान है और वे 2.3 लाख टन से ज्यादा मछलियों की हैंडलिंग कर सकेंगे।

2.10 समुद्री एवं जहाज निर्माण उत्कृष्टता केंद्र (सीईएमएस)

आईआरएस और सीमेंस की मदद से 766 करोड़ रुपये की लागत से विजाग और मुंबई में एक समुद्री एवं जहाज निर्माण उत्कृष्टता केंद्र (सीईएमएस) की स्थापना की गई। इस केंद्र का उद्देश्य जहाज डिजाइन, विनिर्माण, परिचालन एवं रखरखाव, मरम्मत और ओवरहॉल (एमआरओ) में घरेलू कौशल की जरूरत पूरी करना है। इसका दीर्घकालिक उद्देश्य दक्षिण एशिया के एक अंतरराष्ट्रीय नोडल केंद्र के तौर पर उभरना, श्रीलंका, बांग्लादेश, थाईलैंड, मलेशिया और इंडोनेशिया जैसे पड़ोसी देशों के विद्यार्थियों को बंदरगाह और समुद्री क्षेत्र में कौशल विकास के लिए आकर्षित करना है। वर्ष 2018 में विजाग और मुंबई के कैम्पसों में सीईएमएस को शुरू करने की दिशा में पहल की गई। इन दोनों केंद्रों में सभी पक्षधारकों के लिए कार्यशालाएं भी कराई गईं। सीईओ, सीओओ और अन्य सदस्यों को भी नियुक्त किया गया। दोनों कैम्पसों में प्रयोगशालाओं की स्थापना की गई। दोनों ही कैम्पसों में प्रशिक्षण भी शुरू कर दिया गया है।

2.11 राष्ट्रीय बंदरगाह, जलमार्ग और तटीय प्रौद्योगिकी केंद्र (एनटीसीपीडब्ल्यूसी)

पोत परिवहन मंत्रालय ने देश में बंदरगाह, जलमार्ग और तटों से संबंधित विभिन्न मुद्दों पर नई खोजों और अनुसंधान आधारित इंजीनियरिंग समाधान उपलब्ध कराने के लए चेन्नई स्थित आईआईटी मद्रास में राष्ट्रीय बंदरगाह, जलमार्ग और तटीय प्रौद्योगिकी केंद्र (एनटीसीपीडब्ल्यूसी) की स्थापना की। एनटीसीपीडब्ल्यूसी बंदरगाहों, भारत के अंतर्देशीय जलमार्ग प्राधिकरण (आईडब्ल्यूएआई) और अन्य संबंधित संस्थानों को आवश्यक तकनीक सहयोग उपलब्ध कराने के लिए पोत परिवहन मंत्रालय की एक तकनीक इकाई के तौर पर काम करेगा। इस परियोजना की 70.53 करोड़ रुपये की लागत को मंत्रालय, आईडब्ल्यूएआई और प्रमुख बंदरगाहों द्वारा साझा किया जा रहा है। एनटीसीपीडब्ल्यूसी बंदरगाह और समुद्री मुद्दों के समाधान के लिए स्वदेशी सॉफ्टवेयर और तकनीक उपलब्ध कराएगा।

एनटीसीपीडब्ल्यूसी ने अप्रैल, 2018 में आईआईटीएम के भीतर एक नई इमारत में काम शुरू कर दिया है। कर्मचारियों की भर्तियां कर ली गई हैं और वर्तमान में 10 परियोजनाओं पर काम किया जा रहा है।

2.12 समुद्री लॉजिस्टिक के लिए बहु कौशल विकास केंद्र

सागरमाला के अंतर्गत बंदरगाह और समुद्री क्षेत्र में नियोक्ताओं की कौशल संबंधी जरूरतों को पूरा करने और बंदरगाहों के 100 प्रतिशत कर्मचारियों को कुशल बनाने के क्रम में सभी प्रमुख बंदरगाहों पर बहु कौशल विकास केंद्रों (एमएसडीसी) का विकास किया जा रहा है। इस संबंध में जेएनपीटी एमएसडीसी की स्थापना पहले ही की जा चुकी है और एक निजी परिचालन साझेदार ऑल कार्गो का चयन कर लिया गया है। साथ ही एक एमओयू भी हो गया है। चेन्नई, विशाखापट्टनम और कोच्चि बंदरगाहों पर प्रक्रिया जारी है।

2.13 ट्रांसशिपमेंट

पोत परिवहन मंत्रालय ने आयात-निर्यात के कंटेनरों और खाली कंटेनरों की तटीय आवाजाही के लिए व्यापारिक समुद्री अधिनियम, 1958 की धारा 406 और 407 के तहत नियमों को लचीला बनाने के लिए एक अधिसूचना और सामान्य आदेश जारी किया है। इससे भारतीय इकाइयों को विदेशी जहाजों की सेवाएं लेना और विदेशी जहाजों के लिए तटीय मार्गों पर परिवहन आसान हो जाएगा। आयात-निर्यात ट्रांसशिपमेंट कंटेनरों और खाली कंटेनरों को छूट मिलने से –

(i) विदेशी बंदरगाहों से भारतीय बंदरगाहों तक कार्गो की ट्रांसशिपमेंट को प्रोत्साहन मिलेगा, जिससे भारतीय कंटेनरों की हैंडलिंग करने वाले बंदरगाहों का मुनाफा बढ़ेगा और रोजगार पैदा होंगे, (ii) शिपिंग लाइनों के बीच प्रतिस्पर्धा बढ़ने से ढुलाई की दरें कम होंगी और भारतीय व्यापार ज्यादा प्रतिस्पर्धी होगा, (iii) लॉजिस्टिक क्षमता में सुधार से प्रतिस्पर्धा बढ़ने से भारत के आयात-निर्यात व्यापार की प्रतिस्पर्धी क्षमता में इजाफा होगा, (iv) कंटेनरों के तटीय परिवहन को प्रोत्साहन मिलेगा, (v) भारत में एक अनुकूल माहौल विकसित होने से भारतीय बंदरगाह विदेशी बंदरगाहों को जाने/से आने वाले कार्गो को आकर्षिक कर सकेंगे और (vi) भारत में विदेशी मुद्रा को बचाया जा सकेगा।


अंतर्देशीय जल परिवहन (आईडब्ल्यूटी)

3.1 जल मार्ग विकास परियोजना (जेएमवीपी)

आर्थिक मामलों की कैबिनेट समिति ने 03.01.2018 को विश्व बैंक की तकनीक और वित्तीय सहायता से 5369 करोड़ रुपये की अनुमानित लागत वाली जल मार्ग विकास परियोजना (जेएमवीपी) के क्रियान्वयन को स्वीकृति दे दी थी। जेएमवीपी का उद्देश्य 2000 डेड वेट टन (डीडब्ल्यूटी) तक के जहाजों के परिवहन के लिए राष्ट्रीय जलमार्ग-1 (एनडब्ल्यू-1) की स्थिति में सुधार करना है। इस परियोजना की मुख्य गतिविधियों में बहु-मॉडल टर्मिनल, जल बंधों का निर्माण, नदी सूचना प्रणाली, चैनल मार्किंग, नदी प्रशिक्षण और संरक्षण कार्य शामिल हैं। इस परियोजना के मार्च, 2023 तक पूरा होने का अनुमान है। 375 मिलियन डॉलर के आईबीआरडी कर्ज से संबंधित कर्ज समझौता और परियोजना समझौता 02.02.2018 को हो गया था, जो 23.03.2018 को प्रभावी हो गया था। जेएमवीपी के विभिन्न भागों के क्रियान्वयन की स्थिति निम्नलिखित है-

() फेयरवे (जहाज मार्ग) विकास

फरक्का और कहलगांव (146 किलोमीटर) के बीच के टुकड़े की गहराई सुनिश्चित करने के लिए काम शुरू हो गया है। इसी प्रकार सुल्तानगंज-महेंदरपुर टुकड़े (74 किलोमीटर) और महेंदरपुर-बाढ़ टुकड़े (71 किलोमीटर) के लिए निविदाओं के आकलन का कार्य प्रगति में है।

(बहु-मॉडल टर्मिनल, वाराणसी

206 करोड़ रुपये की लागत से बने 1.26 एमटीपीए की मौजूदा क्षमता के साथ बहु-मॉडल टर्मिनल का माननीय प्रधानमंत्री द्वारा शुभारम्भ किया गया था। यह गंगा नदी पर बना पहला बहु-मॉडल टर्मिनल है, जिससे प्रत्यक्ष रूप से 500 और अप्रत्यक्ष रूप से 2000 रोजगार पैदा होने का अनुमान है।

(बहु-मॉडल टर्मिनल, साहिबगंज

टर्मिनल के निर्माण पर 280.90 करोड़ रुपये की लागत आने का अनुमान है और यह जून, 2019 तक पूरा होना प्रस्तावित है। अभी तक 54.81 प्रतिशत कार्य पूरा हो चुका है।

(बहु-मॉडल टर्मिनल, हल्दिया

517.36 करोड़ रुपये की लागत से इस टर्मिनल का निर्माण कार्य 30.06.2017 को शुरू हुआ था और इसको दिसंबर, 2019 तक पूरा होना प्रस्तावित है। अभी तक 22.43 प्रतिशत कार्य पूरा हो चुका है।

(ड़) न्यू नैविगेशन लॉक, फरक्का

359.19 करोड़ रुपये से इस कार्य को 24.11.2016 को शुरू किया गया था और अप्रैल, 2019 तक पूरा होना प्रस्तावित है। अभीतक 27.97 प्रतिशत कार्य पूरा हो चुका है।

3.2 वाराणसी में फ्रेट विलेज और लॉजिस्टिक हब

वाराणसी में लॉजिस्टिक दक्षता, कार्गो एग्रीगेशन, भंडारण सुविधाओं और बहु-मॉडल परिवहन में सुधार के लिए एक फ्रेट विलेज और लॉजिस्टिक हब का प्रस्ताव है। 165 करोड़ रुपये की लागत से परियोजना की स्थापना से संबंधित निवेश-पूर्व गतिविधियां कराने के प्रस्ताव का मूल्यांकन डेलीगेटेड इन्वेस्टमेंट बोर्ड (डीआईबी) द्वारा किया गया और सक्षम प्राधिकरण द्वारा इसे स्वीकृति दी गई।

3.3 एनडब्ल्यू-4 का विकास

मुक्तियाला से विजयवाड़ा तक मुख्य रूप से आंध्र प्रदेश के आगामी राजधानी शहर अमरावती के लिए निर्माण सामग्री के परिवहन के लिए एनडब्ल्यू-4 के विकास के चरण-1 के तहत रो-रो का परिचालन मार्च, 2018 से शुरू हो गया और अक्टूबर, 2018 तक कुल 2.35 लाख एमटी कार्गो भेजा गया।

3.4 आठ नए एनडब्ल्यू का विकास

2017-18 के दौरान मांडवी (एनडब्ल्यू-68), जुआरी (एनडब्ल्यू-111), कुंबरजुआ (एनडब्ल्यू-27), बारक (एनडब्ल्यू-16), गंडक (एनडब्ल्यू-37), रूपनारायण (एनडब्ल्यू-86), अलपुझा-कोट्टायम-अथिरमपुझा नहर (एनडब्ल्यू-9) और सुंदरबन (एनडब्ल्यू-97) पर विचार किया गया और उनकी प्रगति निम्नलिखित है-

  • गोवा के तीन एनडब्ल्यू (27, 68 और 111) के वविकास के लिए आईडब्ल्यूएआई, मरमुगांव पोर्ट ट्रस्ट (एमपीटी) और कैप्टन ऑफ पोर्ट्स, गोवा सरकार के बीच 30.05.2018 को त्रिपक्षीय समझौता हुआ। एमपीटी द्वारा फ्लोटिंग जेटीज के लिए निविदा प्रक्रिया और नौपरिवहन के लिए सहायता अग्रिम चरण में है।
  • गंडक नदी (एनडब्ल्यू-37) में चैनल मार्किंग आदि काम सौंप दिए गए हैं और यह कार्य 2018-19 में भी जारी है।
  • बारक नदी (एनडब्ल्यू-16) के सिलचर-भंगा खंड में जलमार्ग विकास कार्य के लिए ड्रेजिंग का रखरखाव शुरू हो गया है।
  • सुंदरबन जलमार्गों (एनडब्ल्यू-97) में ड्रेजिंग कार्य के लिए मई, 2018 में वर्क ऑर्डर जारी कर दिया गया है और फ्लोटिंग पंटून टर्मिनल के लिए निविदाएं आमंत्रित की गई हैं।
  • रूपनारायण नदी में (एनडब्ल्यू- 86) में एक फ्लोटिंग टर्मिनल की स्थापना का कार्य जारी कर दिया गया है। ड्रेजिंग कार्य की निविदा प्रक्रिया जारी है।
  • अलपुझा-कोट्टायम-अथिरामपुझा नहर (एनडब्ल्यू-9) में रात्रि नौपरिवहन सुविधाओं को विकसित करने का काम सौंप दिया गया है और पीपों की आपूर्ति का कार्य सितंबर, 2018 तक पूरा कर लिया गया। ड्रेजिंग का कार्य विभागीय स्तर पर किए जाने का प्रस्ताव है।

3.5 नई रो-रो सेवाएं

  • एनडब्ल्यू-4 पर इब्राहिमपट्टनम और लिंगयापलेम के बीच रो-रो सेवाएं शुरू हो गई हैं, जिससे सड़क मार्ग की दूरी लगभग 70 किलोमीटर कम हो गई है।
  • आईडब्ल्यूएआई ने असम सरकार के साथ मिलकर असम में नीमती-मजूली द्वीप को जोड़ने के लिए एक नई रो-रो सेवा का शुभारम्भ किया गया। आईडब्ल्यूएआई जहाज भूपेन हजारिका द्वारा दी जा रही सुविधा की क्षमता 8 ट्रक और 100 यात्रियों की है। रो-रो सुविधा सिर्फ 12.7 किलोमीटर की है, जिससे 423 किलोमीटर की दूरी कम हो गई है जो पहले ट्रक तेजपुर रोड पुल होते हुए नीमती-मजूली द्वीप तक तय करते थे।

3.6 रो-रो जहाजों की खरीद

आईडब्ल्यूएआई ने 110 करोड़ रुपये की लागत से 10 रो-रो/रो-पैक्स जहाजों के निर्माण और आपूर्ति के लिए एम/एस कोच्चि शिपयार्ड लिमिटेड के साथ 11.07.2018 को एक समझौता किया गया। इन जहाजों की आपूर्ति जून, 2019 से दिसंबर, 2019 के बीच की जाएगी, जिन्हें एनडब्ल्यू-1, 2 और 3 में उतारा जाएगा।


फोटो : घोघा दाहेज फेरी सेवा

3.7 जल मार्गों (एनडब्ल्यू) पर कार्गो का परिवहन

आईडब्ल्यूएआई राष्ट्रीय जलमार्गों पर कार्गो के नौवहन को प्रोत्साहन देने के लिए विशेष प्रयास कर रहा है। 2018-19 की पहली छमाही कार्गो ट्रैफिक 33.8 एमएमटी तक बढ़ गया है, जो 2017-18 की समान अवधि के 16.7 एमएमटी की तुलना में 102 प्रतिशत ज्यादा है। प्रमुख पहल निम्नलिखित हैं-

  • भारत-बांग्लादेश प्रोटोकॉल रूट के माध्यम से एनडब्ल्यू-1 पर कलहगांव (बिहार) से एनडब्ल्यू-2 पर ढुबरी (असम) तक 2085 किलोमीटर लंबे मार्ग पर आईडब्ल्यूटी कार्गो भेजने का परीक्षण पूरा किया गया। इस कार्गो में 1235 एमटी फ्लाई ऐश आईडब्ल्यूएआई के ‘त्रिशूल’ से भेजा गया।
  • भारत-बांग्लादेश प्रोटोकॉल मार्ग के माध्यम से एनडब्ल्यू-1 पर हल्दिया डॉक कॉम्पलेक्स से एनडब्ल्यू-2 तक 925 एमटी आयातित कोयले का नौवहन किया गया, जिसकी दूरी 1205 किलोमीटर थी।
  • राष्ट्रीय जलमार्गों पर कंटेनर कार्गो की पहली खेप में पेप्सिको के 16 कंटेनर कोलकाता से वाराणसी (1280 किलोमीटर) तक 12 दिनों में भेजे गए। यह काम नवंबर, 2018 में हुआ था। वापसी में इफ्को फूलपुर के उर्वरक, डाबर उत्पाद और पेप्सिको उत्पाद वाराणसी से कोलकाता के लिए भेजे गए।image0047MDG.jpg

फोटो : गंगा नदी पर पेप्सिको के कार्गो के लेकर फरक्का लॉक से गुजरता आईडब्ल्यूएआई का जहाज

3.8 कार्गो मालिकों और जहाजों के बीच संपर्क

आईडब्ल्यूएआई ने जहाजों की उपलब्धता से जुड़े रियल टाइम डाटा के साथ कार्गो मालिकों और जहाज मालिकों को जोड़ने के लिए एक विशेष पोर्टल क शुभारम्भ किया। ई-संपर्क की इस अहम पहल से जहाज परिचालकों, जहाज मालिकों और कार्गो मालिकों के बीच प्रत्यक्ष संवाद संभव होगा, क्योंकि वर्तमान में बाजार में जहाजों की उपलब्धता से संबंधित जानकारी देने के लिए कोई माध्यम नहीं है। इसे आईडब्ल्यूएआई के अपने आईटी विभाग और ट्रैफिक विंग द्वारा विकसित किया गया है। आईडब्ल्यूएआई की वेबसाइट पर के मुख्य पृष्ठ पर पोर्टल का लिंक उपलब्ध है।

3.9 गंगा के लिए नए आधुनिक जहाज का डिजाइन

आईडब्ल्यूएआई ने गंगा नदी (एनडब्ल्यू-1) के अनुकूल डिजाइन वाले 13 विशेष जहाजों के डिजाइन को 31.08.2018 को सार्वजनिक किया। इन डिजाइनों से गंगा नदी की नौवहन की चुनौतियों से पार पाने में मदद मिलेगी। ये अंतरदेशीय जहाजों पर काम करने के लिए घरेलू जहाज निर्माण उद्योग को सक्षम बनाने के लिए भी सेवाए देगी और एनडब्ल्यू-1 पर कार्गो और यात्री परिवहन की व्यापक संभावनाओं को भी खोलेगी। आईडब्ल्यएआई वेबसाइट पर मुफ्त में उपलब्ध नई डिजाइनों से भारतीय जहाज निर्माताओं की आईडब्ल्यूटी के लिए विदेशी जहाज डिजाइन पर निर्भरता में कमी आएगी और इससे एक जहाज के निर्माण पर आने वाली लागत में 30 से 50 लाख रुपये की कमी आएगी।

  1. नौवहन

4.1 नौवहन महानिदेशालय

जहाजों और नाविकों की संख्या

  1. 31.12.2017 भारत के पास 1374 जहाज थे, जो संख्या 31.10.2018 तक बढ़कर 1399 (12.99 मिलियन टन) हो गई। बीते 10 महीने के दौरान जहाजों की संख्या में 25 का इजाफा हुआ।
  2. भारत सरकार द्वारा बीते चार साल के दौरान विभिन्न नीतिगत बदलावों के कारण नाविकों की संख्या अप्रत्याशित रूप से 42.3 प्रतिशत तक बढ़ गई। दिसंबर, 2017 तक नाविकों की संख्या 1,54,349 थी, जो अब बढ़कर 1,79,599 तक पहुंच गई है।

समुद्री श्रम संधि, 2006

  1. समुद्री श्रम संधि, 2006 की उपयोगिता के प्रावधानों का विस्तार ग्रॉस 500 टन तक के व्यापारिक जहाजों के लिए कर दिया गया, जिससे छोटे जहाजों में काम करने वाले नाविकों को भी फायदा मिलेगा।


व्यापार सुगमता

  1. नए आवेदन, वार्षिक निरीक्षण और ऑनलाइन निरीक्षण के नवीनीकरण के लिए भर्ती एवं नियुक्ति एजेंसियां (आरपीएस) के वास्ते एक मॉड्यूल विकसित किया गया और उसे लागू किया गया। इससे आरपीएस एजेंसियों और उनकी निगरानी के लिए आसान स्वीकृति संभव होगी।
  2. नाविकों के हितों को ध्यान में रखते हुए नए सीडीसी नियम, 2017 को 14.01.2018 को लागू कर दिया गया, जिससे पांच एसटीसीडब्ल्यू कोर्सों पर आधारित सीडीसी जारी करने की प्रक्रिया आसान हो गई। अब नाविकों को सीडीसी हासिल करने के लिए लंबे प्री-सी कोर्स से गुजरने की जरूरत नहीं है।

एडमिरैल्टी अधिनियम और नियम

  1. एडमिरैल्टी (समुद्री दावों का क्षेत्राधिकार और निपटान) अधिनियम, 2017 को 01.04.2018 को लागू कर दिया गया। नए अधिनियम के तहत तटीय राज्यों के उच्च न्यायालय समुद्री दावों पर सुनवाई कर सकेंगे, जिसमें पहले की तरह सिर्फ आयातित सामान और चल संपत्ति ही शामिल नहीं है बल्कि अब नाविकों के वेतन, जन हानि, बचाव, बंधक, नुकसान या क्षति, सेवाएं और मरम्मत, बीमा, स्वामित्व और वैध अधिकार, पर्यावरण को नुकसान का जोखिम आदि से संबंधित अन्य दावे भी शामिल हैं। अधिनियम में नाविकों के वेतन के भुगतान को उच्च प्राथमिकता पर रखा गया है। यह अधिनियम गलत और अन्यायपूर्ण गिरफ्तारी से भी सुरक्षा देता है। साथ ही इसमें उच्च न्यायालय से उच्चतम न्यायालय को मुकदमे के हस्तांतरण का प्रावधान भी शामिल है।
  2. एडमिरैल्टी (समुद्री दावों का क्षेत्राधिकार और निपटान) अधिनियम, 2017 के अंतर्गत एडमिरैल्टी (मूल्यांकनकर्ता) नियमों को भी अधिसूचित किया गया है। इससे एडमिरैल्टी की प्रक्रिया के दौरान एडमिरैल्टी अदालतों के उपयोग के लिए मूल्यांकनकर्ता की नियुक्ति आसान होगी।

आईएमओ परिषद के लिए भारत पुनः निर्वाचित

  1. आईएमओ के 30वें असेंबली सत्र के दौरान भारत को दो साल 2018-19 के लिए श्रेणी ‘बी’ के अंतर्गत इंटरनेशनल मैरीटाइम ऑर्गनाजेशन (IMO) परिषद के लिए पुनः चयनित किया गया। दिसंबर, 2017 में लंदन में हुई असेंबली भारत को संबंधित श्रेणी में दूसरे सबसे ज्यादा मत मिले थे।

4.2 क्रूज शिपिंग

  1. चेन्नई में 12.10.2018 को एक आधुनिक अंतरराष्ट्रीय क्रूज टर्मिनल का शुभारम्भ किया गया।
  2. 20.10.2018 को हुए एक समारोह में मुंबई-गोवा क्रूज सेवा का शुभारम्भ किया गया।

4.3 जहाज निर्माण

भारत सरकार ने घरेलू स्तर पर जहाज निर्माण को प्रोत्साहन देने के लिए 10 साल यानी 2016-2026 के लिए 4000 करोड़ रुपये की जहाज निर्माण वित्तीय सहायता नीति पेश कर चुका है। इस नीति के अंतर्गत, भारतीय शिपयार्डों को हर जहाज के निर्माण के ‘अनुबंध मूल्य’ या ‘उचित मूल्य’ या उससे होने वाली प्राप्ति की 20 प्रतिशत कम या उसके बराबर अनुदान वित्तीय सहायता के तौर पर दिया गया है। हर तीन साल के बाद वित्तीय सहायता की दर 3 प्रतिशत घट जाएगी।

आवेदनों की प्रोसेसिंग के लिए इस मंत्रालय द्वारा पेश किए गए वेब पोर्टल के नए वर्जन को डीजी (एस) द्वारा चलाया जा रहा है।

डीजी (एस) को 30 जहाजों के वास्ते सैद्धांतिक मंजूरी/वित्तीय सहायता के लिए आवेदन प्राप्त हो चुके हैं। पोत परिवहन मंत्रालय अभी तक 3 भारतीय शिपयार्डों को 4 जहाजों के लिए 11.89 करोड़ रुपये जारी कर चुका है।

4.4 कोच्चि शिपयार्ड लिमिटेड (सीएसएल)

  1. सीएसएल ने 30.10.2018 को अंडमान निकोबार प्रशासन के लिए दो 500 पैक्स जहाज पेश किए, जिन्हें अंतरद्वीपीय परिवहन के लिए इस्तेमाल किया जाएगा।
  2. सीएसएल ने आईडब्ल्यूएआई के वास्ते दो रो-रो और 8 रो-पैक्स जहाजों के निर्माण और आपूर्ति के लए 11.07.2018 को एक समझौता किया। इन जहाजों की जून, 2019 से दिसंबर, 2019 के बीच डिलिवरी होने का अनुमान है। इन्हें एनडब्ल्यू-1, एनडब्ल्यू-2 और एनडब्ल्यू-3 में उतारा जाना है।
  3. कोच्चि शिपयार्ड में 1799 करोड़ रुपये की लागत से भारत के सबसे बड़े ड्राई डॉक की स्थापना के लिए 30.10.2018 को शिलान्यास किया गया। सीएसएल परिसर में बनने वाले इस नए बड़े डॉक की लंबाई 310 मीटर, चौड़ाई 75/60 मीटर और ड्राफ्ट 9.5 मीटर तक होगी।
  4. डीआरडीओ द्वारा विकसित और भारतीय ओईएम द्वारा बनाई गई रक्षा प्रणालियों से युक्त रक्षा जहाजों के निर्यात के लिए सीएसएल ने 18 जनवरी, 2018 को रक्षा अनुसंधान एवं विकास संगठन (डीआरडीओ) के साथ एक समझौता किया।
  5. सीएसएल ने नीली क्रांति योजना के तहत गहरे समुद्र में मछली पकड़ने जाने वाली नौकाओं के वास्ते 16 तुना लॉन्ग लाइनिंग और जिलनेटिंग फिशिंग जहाजों के निर्माण के लिए 29.01.2018 को भारत सरकार और तमिलनाडु सरकार के साथ समझौता किया, जिसके तहत उसे वित्तीय सहायता प्राप्त होगी।image0047MDG.jpg

फोटो : कोच्चि बंदरगाह पर राहत सामग्री पहुंचने का दृश्य

4.4 जहाज मरम्मत सुविधाएं

  • सीएसएल और मुंबई पोर्ट ट्रस्ट ने इंदिरा डॉक पर परिचालन और जहाज मरम्मत सुविधा एवं संबंधित सेवाएं देने के लिए 11.01.2018 को एक समझौता किया।
  • नेताजी सुभाष डॉक पर परिचालन और जहाज मरम्मत सुविधा एवं संबंधित सेवाओं के प्रबंधन के लिए 17.03.2018 को कोलकाता पोर्ट ट्रस्ट के साथ एक समझौता हुआ।

4.5 भारतीय नौवहन निगम

एससीआई बोर्ड सहित विभिन्न उच्च ग्रेडों पर महिलाओं के प्रतिनिधित्व से कार्यस्थल पर लैंगिंक विविधता और समानता के सिद्धांतों के लिए एससीआ की प्रतिबद्धता का पता चलता है। इसके चलते एससीआई को ‘पीएसई में महिलाओं के अंशदान’ की श्रेणी में ‘विजेता’ का पुरस्कार मिला।

4.6 अंडमान, लक्षद्वीप और हार्बर वर्क

सरकार के अंडमान निकोबार और लक्षद्वीप द्वीप समूहों में बंदरगाह और हार्बर स्ट्रक्चर सहित संबंधित सुविधाएं उपलब्ध कराने के सरकर के कार्यक्रम का लागू कराने की जिम्मेदारी को पूरा करने का काम अंडमान लक्षद्वीप हार्बर वर्क्स (एएलएचडब्ल्यू) को सौंपा गया। 2018 में एएंडएन और लक्षद्वीप द्वीप समूहों में कई कार्य कराए गए।

4.7 भारतीय समुद्री विश्वविद्यालय

  • विदेश मंत्रालय के अंतरराष्ट्रीय प्रौद्योगिकी और आर्थिक सहयोग (आईटीईसी) कार्यक्रम के अंतर्गत बंदरगाह प्रबंधन, समुद्री इंजीनियरिंग और महासागर इंजीनियरिंग के क्षेत्र में अफ्रीकी अधिकारियों के लिए प्रशिक्षण कार्यक्रम चलाए गए।
  • आईएमयू ने अपने कोलकाता कैम्पस में सीआईएमएसी (काउंसिल इंटरनेशन डेस मशीन्स ए कम्बस्टन)-द इंटरनेशनल काउंसिल ऑफ इंटरनल कम्बस्टन इंजन्स, फ्रैंकफुर्ट, जर्मनी के तत्वावधान में एक एकदिवसीय कार्यशाला का आयोजन कराया।
  • आईएमयू परीक्षा प्रक्रिया के स्वचालन को पूरा करने के अंतिम चरण में है।

4.8 लाइटहाउस और लाइटशिप महानिदेशालय

  • डीजीएलएल ने एनटीआई कोलकाता में 23-07-2018 से 17-08-2018 तक ऐड्स टू नैविगेशन (एटीओएन) मैनेजर कोर्स लेवल-1 का आयोजन किया। इस कोर्स में भारत और सूडान, थाईलैंड, श्रीलंका, मलेशिया, सोमालिया, सिंगापुर, बांग्लादेश, चीन, म्यामांर, इंडोनेशिया, फिजी जैसे देशों के प्रतिभागियों ने भाग लिया।
  • डीजीपीएस (डिफरेंशियल जीपीएस) एक ऐसी प्रणाली है, जो जीपीएस संकेतों में स्थिति संबंधी सुधार उपलब्ध कराती है। डीजीपीएस छद्म त्रुटियों को दूर करके वास्तविक स्थिति बताने के लिए रियल टाइम जीपीएस संकेतों को समायोजित करता है। डिफरेंशियल ग्लोबल पोजिशनिंग सिस्टम (डीजीपीएस) चरण-1 के रिकैपिटलाइजेशन (उपकरण बदलने) के अंतर्गत 13 डीजीपीएस स्थलों को डिफरेंशियल ग्लोबल नैविगेशन सैटेलाइट सिस्टम (डीजीएनएसएस) में अपग्रेड किया गया है। इन बेहतर प्रणालियों में नैविगेशन विद इंडियन कॉन्सेटेलेशन (एनएवीआईसी)/इंडियन नैविगेशन सैटेलाइट सिस्टम (आईआरएनएसएस) संकेतों पर प्रतिक्रिया देने की क्षमता है।
  1. अंतरराष्ट्रीय सहयोग


भारत और बांग्लादेश के बीच भारत-बांग्लादेश प्रोटोकॉल रूट पर आशुगंज-जकीगंज और सिराजगंज-दाईख्वावा खंडों पर जलमार्ग के विकास के लिए भारत और बांग्लादेश के बीच एक समझौता हुआ, जिसकी लागत 80:20 के अनुपात (भारतः बांग्लादेश) में साझा की जाएगी। बांग्लादेश इनलैंड वाटर ट्रांसपोर्ट अथॉरिटी (बीआईडब्ल्यूटीए) ने दोनों खंडों के लिए वर्क ऑर्डर जारी कर दिए हैं और जल्द ही कार्य शुरू होने का अनुमान है।

भारत और बांग्लादेश के बीच 24-25 अक्टूबर, 2018 को नई दिल्ली में अंतर्देशीय जल मार्ग परिवहन और व्यापार पर बातचीत के लिए सचिव स्तरीय 19वीं बैठक हुई। इन बैठकों के दौरान दोनों पक्षों के बीच प्रोटोकॉल रूट के विस्तार पर सहमति बनी। विशेष रूप से प्रोटोकॉल रूट में रूपनारायण नदी (राष्ट्रीय जलमार्ग-86) के एक भाग को शामिल करने और पश्चिम बंगाल के कोलाघाट और बाग्लादेश के चिलमारी को नए पोर्ट्स ऑफ कॉल घोषित करने का फैसला किया गया।

भारत और बांग्लादेश इस बात पर सहमत हुए कि एक संयुक्त तकनीक समिति धूलियां-राजशानी प्रोटोकॉल रूट को अरिचा तक बढ़ाने की तकनीक व्यवहार्यता का अध्ययन करेगी। साथ ही भागीरथी नदी पर जांगीपुर नैविगेशन लॉक के निर्माण और खोलने का अध्ययन करेगी। हालांकि यह भारत और बांग्लादेश के बीच फरक्का में गंगा जल के साझेदारी पर संधि, 1996 के प्रावधानों से संबंधित है। इस पहल से प्रोटोकॉल रूट पर असम की दूरी 450 किलोमीटर तक कम हो जाएगी।

बांग्लादेश निर्यात कार्गो तेज डिलिवरी और लागत में खासी कमी आने से भारतीय पक्ष ने तटीय नौवहन समझौते और पीआईडब्ल्यूआईटी के अंतर्गत ‘तीसरे देश’ को आयात-निर्यात की अनुमति देने का बिंदु उठाया। बांग्लादेश इस मसले पर विचार-विमर्श के लिए राजी हुआ और अपना रुख बदला।

दोनों देशों के बीच 25.10.18 को निम्नलिख समझौते/ मानक परिचालन प्रक्रिया एसओपी) पर हस्ताक्षर हुए-

  • कोलकाता और हल्दिया बंदरगाहों के माध्यम से पूर्वोत्तर राज्यों को संपर्क आसान बनाने, आयात-निर्यात कार्गो की आवाजाही और लॉजिस्टिक लागत घटाने के वास्ते चट्टगांव और मंगोला बंदरगाह के बीच सामान और लोगों की आवाजाही के लिए भारत और बांग्लादेश के बीच समझौता।
  • भारत-बांग्लादेश प्रोटोकॉल रूट के माध्यम से दोनों देशों से यात्रियों और पर्यटकों के लिए संपर्क खोलने के वास्ते भारत और बांग्लादेश के बीच तटीय और प्रोटोकॉल रूट पर यात्रियों और क्रूज सेवाओं के वास्ते एक मानक परिचालन प्रक्रिया (एसओपी) संबंधित समझौता।
  • प्रोटोकॉल ऑन इनलैंड वाटर ट्रांजिट एंड ट्रेड (पीआईडब्ल्यूटीटी) में संशोधन करके बांग्लादेश के पणगांव और असम में धुबरी को नए पोर्ट ऑफ कॉल के तौर पर जोड़ा गया।


भारत और नेपाल दोनों देशों के प्रधानमंत्रियों द्वारा अप्रैल, 2018  को लिए गए फैसले के क्रम में दोनों देशों के बीच अंतर्देशीय जल मार्ग संपर्क पेश किया गया, दोनों देशों के टेक्निकल स्कोपिंग मिशनों ने एक-दूसरे के यहां सुविधाओं का जायजा लेने और विचार विमर्श के लिए क्रमशः मई, 2018 और सितंबर, 2018 में काठमांडू और कोलकाता का दौरा किया। नेपाल में आईडब्ल्यूटी सेक्टर के विकास और ढुलाई की लागत में कमी, साहिबगंज (झारखंड) और कालूघाट (पटना) के माध्यम से नेपाल से कोलकाता तक के ट्रांसशिपमेंट के विकल्पों पर चर्चा की गई।

समझौता (एमओयू)

  • समुद्री नाविकों के क्षमता प्रमाण पत्रों की परस्पर मान्यता के लिए कोरिया के साथ एक समझौता किया गया। इससे 1.50 लाख से ज्यादा भारतीय नाविकों को कोरियाई जहाजों पर रोजगार के अवसर मिलेंगे।
  • आईएमओ से संबंधित शोध एवं नवाचार के क्षेत्र में समुद्री सहयोग पर माल्टा के साथ एक एमओयू पर हस्ताक्षर किए गए।



वर्ष 2018 के दौरान अंतरिक्ष विभाग की उपलब्धियां

                     वर्षांत समीक्षा : अंतरिक्ष विभाग

मानवचालित मिशन की घोषणा  :   

देश के 72वें स्वतंत्रता दिवस पर लाल किले की प्राचीर से राष्ट्र को संबोधित करते हुए प्रधानमंत्री श्री नरेन्द्र मोदी ने 2022 तक अंतरिक्ष में मानवचालित अंतरिक्ष विमान भेजने के संकल्प और भारत के चौथा देश बनने की घोषणा की थी। अभी तक केवल अमेरिका, रूस और चीन ने मानव अंतरिक्ष विमान मिशन लॉन्च किए हैं। इसरो के अध्यक्ष डॉ. के.सिवन ने 28 अगस्त को नई दिल्ली में संवाददाता सम्मेलन को संबोधित करते हुए कहा कि भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन (इसरो) इस काम को निश्चित समय सीमा में पूरा करने में सक्षम है।

इसरो ने पुनः प्रवेश मिशन क्षमता, क्रू स्केप प्रणाली, क्रू मॉड्यूल कनफिगुरेशन, थर्मल सुरक्षा प्रणाली, गति नियंत्रण तथा प्लवन प्रणाली, जीवन समर्थन प्रणाली की उप-प्रणाली के लिए आवश्यक महत्वपूर्ण टेक्नोलॉजी विकसित की है। कई टेक्नोलॉजी स्पेक कैपसूल रिकवरी प्रयोग (एसआरई-2007), क्रू मॉड्यूल वायुमंडलीय पुनः प्रवेश प्रयोग (सीएआरई-2014) तथा पैड एबोर्ट परीक्षण (2018) के माध्यम से सफलतापूर्वक दिखाई गई हैं। इन टेक्नोलॉजी से इसरो को चार वर्षों के कम समय में कार्यक्रम के लक्ष्यों को पूरा करने में मदद मिलेगी।

इसरो द्वारा लांच

    1. इसरो के ध्रुवीय सैटेलाइट लांच वाहन ने अपनी 42वीं उड़ान पीएसएलवी-सी40 से 12 जनवरी, 2018 को सतीश धवन अंतरिक्ष केन्द्र एसएचएआर, श्रीहरिकोटा से 30 सह-यात्री सैटेलाइटों के साथ 710 किलोग्राम का कार्टोसेट-2 श्रृंखला का दूरसंवेदी सैटेलाइट लांच किया।
      कार्टोसेट-2 के दो भारतीय सहयात्री सैटेलाइट 11 किलोग्राम के आईएनएस-1सी तथा 100 किलोग्राम के माइक्रोसेट थे। 28 अंतर्राष्ट्रीय उपभोक्ता सैटेलाइट कनाडा, फिनलैंड, फ्रांस, कोरिया गणराज्य, ब्रिटेन तथा अमेरिका के थे।
    2. भारत का जियोसिं क्रोनस सैटेलाइट लांच वाहन (जीएसएलवी-एफ08) ने 29 मार्च, 2018 को जियोसिंक्रोनस ट्रांसफर ओर्बिट (जीटीओ) में जीएसएटी-6ए सैटेलाइट लांच किया। यह जीएसएलवी द्वारा देश में विकसित प्रायोजनिक ऊपरी चरण को ले जाने की पांचवी लगातार सफलता थी। जीएसएटी-6ए इसरो द्वारा निर्मित संचार सैटेलाइट है जो मल्टी बीम कवरेज के माध्यम से मोबाइल संचार सेवाएं उपलब्ध कराता है। इसके लिए यह एस तथा सी बैंड ट्रांसपॉंडरों से लैस है।
    3. अपनी 43वीं उड़ान में इसरो के ध्रुवीय सैटेलाइट लांच वाहन पीएसएलवी-सी41 ने 12 अप्रैल, 2018 को सतीश धवन अंतरिक्ष केन्द्र एसएचएआर, श्रीहरिकोटा से 1,425 किलोग्राम का आईआरएनएसएस-IIनैविगेशन सैटेलाइट सफलतापूर्वक लांच किया। आईआरएनएसएस-II “नैविगेशन विथ इंडियन कॉन्सटेलेशन (एनएवीआईसी)” प्रणाली का नवीनतम सदस्य है। एनएवीआईसी को भारतीय क्षेत्रीय नैविगेशन सैटेलाइट प्रणाली (आईआरएनएसएस) के नाम से भी जाना जाता है। यह स्वतंत्र क्षेत्रीय नेविगेशन सैटेलाइट प्रणाली है जो भारतीय क्षेत्र में भारतीय मुख्य भूमि के 1,500 किलोमीटर के दायरे में स्थिति की सूचना प्रदान करती है।
    4. इसरो के ध्रुवीय सैटेलाइट लांच वाहन (पीएसएलवी-सी42) ने सफलतापूर्वक 16 सितंबर, 2018 को सतीश धवन अंतरिक्ष केन्द्र (एसडीएससी) एसएचएआर, श्रीहरिकोटा से दो सैटेलाइट-नोवाएसएआर तथा एस1-4 लांच किया। सैटेलाइट ब्रिटेन की सूरी सैटेलाइट टेक्नोलॉजी लिमिटेड (एसएसटीएल) के हैं, जिसका इसरो के वाणिज्यिक पक्ष ऐंट्रिक्स कॉरपोरेशन लिमिटेड के साथ ठेका है। नोवाएसएआर एस-बैंड सिंथेटिक अपर्चर राडार (एसएआर) तथा ऑटोमेटिक आइडेंटिफिकेशन रिसीवर भार क्षमता को ले जाता है। सैटेलाइट एप्लीकेशनों में वानिकी मापन, भूमि उपयोग तथा बर्फीले क्षेत्रों की निगरानी, बाढ़ तथा आपदा निगरानी और मेरिटाइम मिशन शामिल हैं। इसे ब्रिटेन के गिल्डफोर्ड के एसएसटीएल के स्पेस क्राफ्ट ऑपरेशन सेंटर से चलाया जाएगा। एस1-4 उच्च रिजॉलूशन का भू-सर्वेक्षण सैटेलाइट है जो संसाधनों का सर्वेक्षण, पर्यावरण निगरानी, शहरी प्रबंधन और आपदा निगरानी में सक्षम है।
    5. इसरो के ध्रुवीय सैटेलाइट लांच वाहन (पीएसएलवी-सी43) ने 29 नवंबर, 2018 को सतीश धवन अंतरिक्ष केन्द्र (एसडीएससी) से 31 सैटेलाइटों को सफलतापूर्वक लांच किया। एचवाईएसआईएस एक भू-सर्वेक्षण सैटेलाइट है जो इसरो की मिनी सैटेलाइट-2 (आईएमएस-2) के साथ बनी है। इसका वज़न 380 किलोग्राम के लगभग है। सैटेलाइट का मिशन जीवन पांच वर्ष है। एचवाईएसआईएस का प्राथमिक लक्ष्य इलेक्ट्रोमैग्नेटिक स्पेक्ट्रम के इंफ्रारेड तथा शॉर्टवेव इंफ्रारेड क्षेत्रों में भू-सतह का अध्ययन करना है। एचवाईएसआईएस के साथ आठ देशों के एक माइक्रो तथा 29 नैनो सैटेलाइट थे। यह सैटेलाइट ऑस्ट्रेलिया (1), कनाडा (1), कोलंबिया (1), फिनलैंड (1), मलेशिया (1), नीदरलैंड (1), स्पेन (1) तथा अमेरिका (23) के थे।


    1. भारत का जीएसएटी-29 संचार सैटेलाइट 14 नवंबर, 2018 को सतीश धवन अंतरिक्ष केन्द्र (एसडीएससी) एसएचएआर, श्रीहरिकोटा से जियोसिंक्रोनस सैटेलाइट लांच वाहन मार्क-III  (जीएसएलवीएमके-III-डी2) का दूसरा विकास फ्लाइट लांच किया गया। जीएसएलवीएमके-III भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन (इसरो) द्वारा विकसित तीन चरण वाला हेवी लिफ्ट लांच वाहन है। जीएसएटी-29 मल्टीबैंड, मल्टीबीम संचार सैटेलाइट है जिसका लक्ष्य अनेक नई और महत्वपूर्ण टेक्नोलॉजियों में परीक्षण सेवा देना है। इसके के-यू बैंड तथा के-ए बैंड पेलोड उपयोगकर्ताओं की संचार आवश्यकताओं को देखते हुए तैयार किए गए हैं। इन उपयोगकर्ताओं में जम्मू और कश्मीर तथा भारत के पूर्वोत्तर क्षेत्रों के दूरदराज के क्षेत्र शामिल हैं।
  1. इसरो का सबसे भारी और अत्याधुनिक उच्च प्रवाह क्षमता का संचार सैटेलाइट जीएसएटी-11 05 दिसंबर, 2018 को सवेरे फ्रेंच गुएना स्पेसपोर्ट से सफलतापूर्वक लांच किया गया। जीएसएटी-2 भविष्य के सभी क्षमता वाले संचार सैटेलाइटों में अग्रणी होगा। 5,854 किलोग्राम भार का जीएसएटी-2 सैटेलाइट के यू-बैंड तथा के ए-बैंड में आठ केन्द्र बीमों में 32 यूजर बीमों के साथ भारतीय मुख्य भूमि और इसके द्वीपों के यूजरों को उच्च डाटा गति की कनेक्टिविटी प्रदान करेगा।

Viii).   इसरो की जीएसएलवी-एफ11 ने 19 दिसम्‍बर, 2018 को श्रीहरिकोटा के सतीश धवन अंतरिक्ष केन्‍द्र (एसडीएससी) से संचार उपग्रह जीसैट-7ए का सफलतापूर्वक प्रक्षेपण किया। स्‍वदेश विकसित क्रायोजैनिक स्‍टेज से जीएसएलवी द्वारा प्रक्षेपित किया गया जीसैट-7ए एक बहुत भारी उपग्रह है। जीसैट-7ए उन्‍नत संचार उपग्रह है,  जिसमें ग्रेगोरियन एंटीना और बहुत से कई अन्‍य प्रौद्योगिकियां शामिल हैं।

प्रधानमंत्री श्री नरेन्‍द्र मोदी की अध्‍यक्षता में 6 जून, 2018 को केन्‍द्रीय मंत्रिमंडल ने पीएसएलवी संचार कार्यक्रम (चरण-6) और इस कार्यक्रम के तहत 30 पीएसएलवी ऑपरेशनल फ्लाईट्स के लिए फं‍डिंग को मंजूरी दी। इस कार्यक्रम से भूमि पर्यवेक्षण, नौपरिवहन और अंतरिक्ष विज्ञान के लिए उपग्रहों के प्रक्षेपण की आवश्‍यकताएं भी पूरी होंगी। इससे भारतीय उद्योगों में उत्‍पादन की निरंतरता भी सुनिश्चित होगी। इसके लिए कुल 6131 करोड़ रुपये की आवश्‍यकता होगी, जिसमें 30 पीएसएलवी वाहनों, आवश्‍यक सुविधा में वृद्धि, कार्यक्रम प्रबंधन और प्रक्षेपण अभियान का खर्च शामिल हैं। केन्‍द्रीय मंत्रिमंडल ने जीएसएलवी मार्क-III निरंतरता कार्यक्रम (चरण-1) के लिए फंडिंग को भी मंजूरी दी। 10 जीएसएलवी मार्क-III फ्लाईट्स सहित इस पर कुल अनुमानित लागत 4338.20 करोड़ रुपये है।

उप शनि ग्रह या सुपर नेपच्यून के आकार के ग्रह की खोज

भौतिकी अनुसंधान प्रयोगशाला (पीआरएल), अहमदाबाद के प्रोफेसर अभिजी‍त चक्रवर्ती के नेतृत्‍व में वैज्ञानिकों और इंजीनियरों के एक दल ने सूर्य की तरह एक तारे की परिक्रमा करने वाले उप शनि ग्रह या सुपर नेपच्यून के आकार (27 धरती के बराबर भार और आकार में धरती की त्रिज्‍या का छह गुना) के ग्रह की खोज की। इस ग्रह को ईपीआईसी 211945201बी  या के2-236बी के नाम से जाना जाएगा। इस खोज के साथ ही भारत दुनिया के उन देशों में शामिल हो चुका है, जो हमारे सौर मंडल के बाहर तारों के इर्द-गिर्द ग्रहों की खोज कर चुके हैं।

मानव अंतरिक्ष उड़ान के लिए जरूरी क्रू एस्‍कैप सिस्‍टम के लिए पैड अबॉर्ट टेस्‍ट सफल

इसरो ने 05 जुलाई, 2018 को श्रीहरिकोटा के सतीश धवन अंतरिक्ष केन्‍द्र से मानव अंतरिक्ष उड़ान के लिए जरूरी क्रू एस्‍कैप सिस्‍टम के लिए पैड अबॉर्ट टेस्‍ट सफलतापूर्वक किया। भविष्‍य में मानव अंतरिक्ष उड़ान के लिए महत्‍वपूर्ण प्रौद्योगिकियों के विकास की गतिविधियों के एक हिस्‍से के रूप में क्रू एस्‍कैप सिस्‍टम के लिए लांच पैड पर अत्‍यावश्‍यक स्थिति में पैड अबॉर्ट टेस्‍ट कराया गया। इस मिशन के प्रायोगिक आंकड़ों से मानव अंतरिक्ष उड़ान कार्यक्रम में काफी मदद मिलेगी। क्रू एस्‍कैप सिस्‍टम सहित महत्‍वपूर्ण प्रौद्योगिकियों के विकास के लिए 173 करोड़ रुपये की राशि मंजूर की गई है।

सक्षम भारतीय उद्योगों को इन-हाउस-विकसित लि-आयन प्रौद्योगिकी का हस्‍तांतरण

इसरो के प्रमुख केंद्रों में से एक विक्रम साराभाई अंतरिक्ष केंद्र (वीएसएससी) ने देश में लि-आयन सैल उत्‍पादन सुविधाएं स्‍थापित करने के लिए सक्षम भारतीय उद्योगों को गैर-विशिष्‍ट आधार पर इन-हाउस विकसित लि-आयन सैल प्रौद्योगिकी हस्‍तांतरित करने का प्रस्‍ताव किया है। इस पहल से भारत की ‘जीरो इमिशन पोलिसी’स्‍थापित होने की उम्‍मीद है तथा देश में विद्युत वाहन उद्योग के विकास की गति भी बढ़ेगी।

इसरो और केंद्र विद्यालय जम्‍मू के मध्‍य समझौता ज्ञापन

इसरो ने जम्‍मू विश्‍वविद्यालय में सतीश धवन अंतरिक्ष विज्ञान केंद्र स्‍थापित करने के लिए 11 अक्‍टूबर,2018को समझौता ज्ञापन पर हस्‍ताक्षर किए हैं। दूसरे समझौता ज्ञापन पर अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान के बारे में जागरूकता पैदा करने और युवाओं को अंतरिक्ष, खगोल विद्या, भूगर्भ विज्ञान, वायुमंडलीय विज्ञानों और संबंधित क्षेत्रों के बारे में अनुसंधान को अपनाने के लिए हस्‍ताक्षर किए गए हैं। जम्‍मू विश्‍वविद्यालय परिसर में दो दिवसीय कार्यशाला का भी उद्घाटन किया गया है।

गृह मंत्रालय और इसरो के बीच समझौता ज्ञापन

गृह मंत्रालय और इसरो के अंतरिक्ष विभाग ने गृह मंत्रालय में एक अति आधुनिक इंटिग्रेटेड कंट्रोल रूम फोर इमरजेंसी रिसपोंस (आईसीआर-ईआर) स्‍थापित करने के लिए 20 सितंबर, 2018 को नई दिल्‍ली में एक समझौता ज्ञापन पर हस्‍ताक्षर किए। इसरो इस प्रस्‍तावित आईसीआर-ईआर को स्‍थापित करने के लिए तकनीकी विशेषज्ञता उपलब्‍ध कराएगा। यह परियोजना गृह मंत्रालय के पर्यवेक्षण में पूरी की जाएगी। प्रस्‍तावित नियंत्रण कक्ष अगले डेढ साल में स्‍थापित होने की उम्‍मीद है।

विदेशों के साथ समझौता ज्ञापन

वर्ष 2018 के दौरान भारत ने विदेशों के साथ अनेक समझौता ज्ञापनों पर हस्‍ताक्षर किए हैं। प्रधानमंत्री श्री नरेन्‍द्र मोदी की अध्‍यक्षता में केंद्रीय मंत्रिमंडल को इन समझौता ज्ञापनों के बारे में अवगत कराया गया। ये समझौता ज्ञापन इस प्रकार हैं:-

अंतरिक्ष प्रौद्योगिकी के विकास और शांतिपूर्ण उपयोगों के लिए सहयोग के बारे में भारत और तजाकिस्‍तान के बीच समझौता ज्ञापन पर 8 अक्‍टूबर, 2018 को दुशानबे-तजाकिस्‍तान में हस्‍ताक्षर किए। इस समझौता ज्ञापन से संयुक्‍त कार्य समूह स्‍थापित करने, डीओएस/इसरो और भूमि प्रबंधन और तजाकिस्‍तान की जिओडेसी से सदस्‍यों को लाने ले जाने के कार्य को बढ़ावा मिलेगा। इससे समयबद्ध रूप से कार्य योजना बनाने और इस समझौता ज्ञापन को लागू करने के माध्‍यमों का पता लगाने में मदद मिलेगी।

भारत और उज्‍बेकिस्‍तान के बीच शांतिपूर्ण उद्देश्‍यों के लिए बाह्य अंतरिक्ष की खोज और उपयोग में सहयोग के लिए अनुबंध

उज्बेकिस्तान के राष्ट्रपति के भारत के राजकीय दौरे के अवसर पर नई दिल्ली में 1 अक्टूबर, 2018 को इस समझौते पर हस्ताक्षर किए गए थे। इस समझौते पर हस्ताक्षर से भारत और उज्बेकिस्तान के बीच सहयोग बढ़ेगा और दूरसंवेदी क्षेत्र, उपग्रह संचार, उपग्रह खोज, अंतरिक्ष विज्ञान एवं बाह्य अंतरिक्ष की खोज के क्षेत्र में अनुसंधान की नई गतिविधियों और संभावित इस्तेमाल में तेजी आएगी।

भारत और मोरक्को के बीच बाह्य अंतरिक्ष के शांतिपूर्ण इस्तेमाल में सहयोग के लिए समझौता- इस सहमति पत्र पर 25 सितंबर, 2018 को नई दिल्ली में हस्ताक्षर किए गए थे। इस समझौते के परिणामस्वरूप अंतरिक्ष विभाग/भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन और रॉयल सेंटर फॉर रिमोट सेंसिंग तथा रॉयल सेंटर फॉर स्पेस रिसर्च एंड स्ट्डीज के सदस्यों को मिलाकर एक संयुक्त कार्य समूह की स्थापना का मार्ग प्रशस्त होगा। यह संयुक्त कार्य समूह समझौते के कार्यान्वयन की समय-सीमा और संसाधनों सहित कार्य योजना की रूपरेखा तैयार करेगा।

भारत और अल्जीरिया के बीच अंतरिक्ष विज्ञान, प्रौद्योगिकी और इस्तेमाल के क्षेत्र में सहयोग पर समझौता- इस समझौते पर 19 सितंबर, 2018 को बेंगलुरु में हस्ताक्षर किए गए थे। इस समझौते पर हस्ताक्षर होने से भारत और अल्जीरिया के बीच सहयोग मजबूत होगा और पृथ्वी के दूरसंवेदी क्षेत्र, उपग्रह खोज, अंतरिक्ष विज्ञान और बाह्य अंतरिक्ष की खोज के क्षेत्र में अनुसंधान की नई गतिविधियों और इस्तेमाल की संभावनाओं में तेजी आएगी।

भारत और ब्रूनेई दारुसलाम के बीच उपग्रह और प्रक्षेपण यानों के लिए टेलीमेट्री ट्रेकिंग और टेलीकमांड स्टेशन के संचालन में सहयोग और अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान, विज्ञान और इस्तेमाल के क्षेत्र में सहयोग के लिए समझौता किया गया। इस समझौते पर 19 जुलाई, 2018 को नई दिल्ली में हस्ताक्षर किए गए थे।

भारत और दक्षिण अफ्रीका के बीच शांतिपूर्ण उद्देश्यों के लिए बाह्य अंतरिक्ष की खोज और इस्तेमाल में सहयोग पर आधारित समझौता किया गया। इस समझौते पर 26 जुलाई, 2018 को जोहान्सबर्ग में हस्ताक्षर किए गए थे। इस समझौते पर हस्ताक्षर होने से पृथ्वी के दूरसंवेदी क्षेत्र, उपग्रह संचार और उपग्रह आधारित खोज, अंतरिक्ष विज्ञान और आकाशीय खोज, अंतरिक्ष यान एवं अंतरिक्ष प्रणालियों तथा भू-प्रणालियों के इस्तेमाल और अंतरिक्ष प्रौद्योगिकी के इस्तेमाल सहित अंतरिक्ष विज्ञान, प्रौद्योगिकी और इस्तेमाल जैसे सहयोग के मौजूदा और संभावित क्षेत्रों में तेजी आएगी।

इसरो के प्रतिनिधित्व में भारत और ओमान के बीच फरवरी, 2018 में मस्कट में बाह्य अंतरिक्ष के शांतिपूर्ण इस्तेमाल के क्षेत्र में सहयोग पर आधारित समझौते पर हस्ताक्षर किए गए। समझौते के दौरान ओमान का प्रतिनिधित्व वहां का परिवहन और संचार मंत्रालय कर रहा था। इस समझौते से पृथ्वी के दूरसंवेदी क्षेत्रों, उपग्रह आधारित खोज, अंतरिक्ष विज्ञान और आकाशीय खोज, अंतरिक्ष यान और अंतरिक्ष प्रणालियों और भू-प्रणाली के इस्तेमाल और अंतरिक्ष प्रौद्योगिकी के इस्तेमाल सहित अंतरिक्ष विज्ञान, प्रौद्योगिकी और इस्तेमाल जैसे क्षेत्रों में सहयोग बढ़ेगा।



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