Press Information Bureau

Government of India

One year of Ayushman Bharat: A Healthcare Revolution Unfolds

Author: Preeti Sudan and Indu Bhushan

Nine year-old Shiv, suffering from a leaky heart valve, cried softly as his despondent father took him back home after being told by the doctor in Bihar that the needed surgery would cost Rs.3 lakh, more than what his father could possibly earn in three years. He got a new heart – and a new life – at Delhi’s All India Institute for Medical Sciences, thanks to the timely and cashless treatment under Ayushman Bharat – Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY). When Shah Mohammad, 50, got treated for a fractured jaw in Gurgaon, he could not believe that he did not have to pay a single rupee as he walked out of the private hospital, an exclusive bastion of the wealthy in India thus far. 38 year-old Singri got a new lease of life after a football-sized tumor was removed from his head. Carrying the tumor since his teenage years, he says PM-JAY helped him become fit and an eligible bachelor in his village in Jharkhand. These are only some of the myriad stories of joy, hope and triumph that have played out over the last few months in the country.

Ayushman Bharat is a conscious attempt to holistically address health — encompassing
prevention, promotion and ambulatory care — at primary, secondary and tertiary levels. It promises to bring healthcare to the poorest, through two components: Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs) delivering comprehensive primary health care through the development of 1.5 lakh HWCs, and PM-JAY, the health assurance scheme delivering secondary and tertiary care to 55 crore people through a health cover of Rs. 5 lakh per family per year. Ayushman Bharat has been designed on the fundamental precepts that prevention is better than cure, and that no one should fall into poverty because of expenditure on healthcare, or die because they cannot afford treatment.


The journey of Ayushman Bharat started in remote Jangla, on April 4,2018, as Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the first Health and Wellness Center. On 15 th August last year, he formally announced PM-JAY to the nation, from the ramparts of the Red Fort. This promise of free health care to the poorest 55 crore people in the country would help them avoid the catastrophic healthcare expenditure that pushes an estimated 6 crore people below the poverty line each year in India. A hugely ambitious and truly transformative scheme, PM-JAY sought to cover a population larger than that of Canada, United States and Mexico put together. A year ago, on 23rd September, the Prime Minister launched the scheme in Ranchi, Jharkhand.

A year later, the dream of Ayushman Bharat as envisioned by the Prime Minister is on the way to becoming a reality and is off to a promising start. More than 20,000 HWCs have been made operational. More than 5 crore people have been screened for a whole range of common non-communicable diseases. Under PM-JAY, more than 45 lakh hospital admissions have taken place for cashless treatment in more than 18,000 empaneled hospitals across the country, resulting in savings of more than Rs. 13,000 crores for the beneficiary families. Every 3 seconds, a beneficiary is being treated – and the numbers continue to rise.

Ayushman Bharat has provided a platform and framework for the country to accelerate their progress towards comprehensive Universal Health Care. Envisaged as an alliance with the states, PMJAY in several States and UTs has provided the opportunity to extend the benefits to far larger numbers beyond those covered under PMJAY. 11 States/UTs have expanded the coverage to include almost all the families. In addition, 23 have expanded the beneficiary base with same benefit cover as PMJAY or lower in some cases. Several States have merged their many ongoing schemes with the PMJAY to make implementation simpler for both beneficiaries and participating hospitals. They need no more deal with different target groups, rates and reporting systems. Karnataka has merged 7 different existing schemes into one, and Kerala has merged 3 different schemes.

The private sector has played an active role in the early pick up of the scheme. More than half of the empaneled hospitals are private. Over 62% of the treatments have been done by private hospitals. PM-JAY has created a massive demand for private (and public) sector services by making hospital facilities accessible for 55 crore people. In tier II and tier III cities private sector hospitals are already witnessing an almost 20 % increase in the footfall. Some hospital chains are already contemplating plans for expanding their capacity or opening new facilities in underserved areas. Public sector facilities, have streamlined their processes so as to improve service quality, and improve amenities with funds from PMJAY.

With its focus on delivering healthcare to a large population, Ayushman Bharat is set to
become one of the largest drivers of jobs in the country. With the setting up of 1.5 lakh
HWCs by 2022, an expected 1.5 lakh jobs will be created for community health officers,
including 50,000 multi-purpose health workers. It generated an estimated fifty to sixty
thousand jobs in its first year and is expected to add over 12.5 lakh jobs in both the public and private sectors over the next 3-5 years, with 90 per cent of them in the healthcare sector and the remaining in allied sectors such as insurance and implementation support. As more people seek in-patient care, 1.5 lakh beds will be added in existing and new hospitals. This, in turn, will lead to the creation of around 7.5 lakh new opportunities for doctors, nurses, technicians, pharmacists and frontline healthcare workers such as Pradhan Mantri Arogya Mitras (functionaries who are the key interface between beneficiaries and the scheme).

This ambitious scheme is supported by a strong IT backbone that facilitates the identification of beneficiaries, recording treatments, processing claims, receiving feedback, and addressing grievances. A live dashboard helps in monitoring and improving performance, based on real-time data and regular analyses. This platform also helps the States to compare their performance. A strong and sophisticated fraud prevention, detection and control system at the national and State levels has proved to be critical for PM-JAY to ensure that frauds are largely prevented. If attempted, they are quickly detected and strong action taken.

A good beginning has been made, but a lot needs to be achieved before we reach our goals. Opportunities that lie ahead need to be effectively harnessed. One such lies in exploiting the potential of collective bargaining and leveraging economies of scale. This could deliver more affordable and quality healthcare, by negotiating better prices for various devices, implants and supplies, and leveraging other policies such as Make in India. Ensuring quality treatment of patients by prescribing and ensuring adherence to standard treatment protocols is another opportunity waiting to be fully harnessed. Further strengthening the linkage between HWCs and PMJAY will improve the backward and forward referrals and enhance overall healthcare services, especially to the poor. “Green field” States with no past experience of implementing healthcare schemes have to work harder to scale up their progress. All the states will need to make sincere efforts towards providing seamless health services to the last mile, to reach the last person in the queue.

As the Ayushman Bharat revolution unfolds, we are optimistic that India will make sure healthcare is no longer a privilege and is available to every Indian. Thus, will be written many more stories of joy, hope and triumph, like those of Shiv, Shah Mohammed and Singri- and of so many others who will be assured the gift of life and good health.

**Ms. Preeti Sudan is Secretary, Health and Family Welfare, Government of India Dr. Indu Bhushan is CEO, Ayushman Bharat PM-JAY and National Health Authority
Views expressed are personal to the authors

Ayushman Bharat – Accelerating India on the path to Universal Healthcare


Author: Dr. Harsh Vardhan

Our people are our greatest strength. India cannot realise its demographic dividend without its citizens being healthy. This government resolutely believes in realising the full potential of our people and has therefore made health a national priority.

Despite its economic strength and growing global stature, India continues to face the multiple challenges in health. An estimated 6 crore Indians get pushed below poverty line each year because of catastrophic expenditure on healthcare. The triple burden of disease is an enormous challenge – the high maternal mortality rate, infant mortality rate and prevalence of communicable diseases; second the high and rising incidence of non-communicable diseases such as cancer, diabetes and hypertension; third, the burden of infectious diseases such as dengue, malaria, Tuberculosis, Nipah ,Hepatitis, AES etc.


The Prime Minister’s vision is that the best of healthcare should be accessible to the poorest of the poor as a matter of right. The healthcare landscape in India is undergoing a dramatic transformation. Exactly one year ago, Government of India launched Ayushman Bharat and rolled out this game-changer initiative for 55 crore poor and vulnerable citizens. Ayushman Bharat health protection mission, is a path-breaking approach for attaining the ultimate goal of universal healthcare.


Through its two components: Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs), to ensure comprehensive primary health care through operationalising 1.5 lakh HWCs and PM-JAY, the health assurance scheme to deliver secondary and tertiary care for serious illnesses through a health cover of Rs. 5 lakh per family per year, Ayushman Bharat is a clarion call towards fulfilling Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay’s vision of reaching the last man in the queue.

Ayushman Bharat is a transformative initiative that seeks to meet the National Health Policy 2017 goal of “attainment of the highest possible level of health and well-being for all and at all ages, through a preventive and promotive health care orientation in all developmental policies, and universal access to good quality health care services without anyone having to face financial hardship as a consequence.” Ayushman Bharat, especially PM-JAY, aims to ensure improved access to, affordability of, and lower the cost of healthcare delivery through a combination of government hospitals and empanelled private providers. It recognizes the critical importance of universal health coverage which is central to achieving Sustainable Development Goal (SDGs) of ensuring good health and well-being for all.

PM-JAY has had a tremendous start. The scheme is now being implemented across 32 States and Union Territories, which is a demonstration of our commitment to the highest ideals of cooperative federalism, a proof of the historic mandate given to this Government and the faith reposed in us by the people of our great nation on 23rd May this year when Shri Narendra Modi ji embarked upon his second innings as Prime Minister. In the last one year since its launch, about 50 lakh free treatments worth over Rs 7,500 crores have been given at empanelled facilities across the country and, 55% of the total utilised amount has been for tertiary procedures related to orthopaedics, cardiology, and radiation oncology. It is indeed heartening that of the 18,000 plus empanelled hospitals, 53% are private hospitals and they are willingly putting their best foot forward to be a part of Ayushman Bharat.

As PM-JAY gradually increases the empanelment of tertiary facilities, the utilization of tertiary procedures — in terms of volumes as well as amount — will further increase. One outstanding feature of this scheme is portability, which means that an eligible patient from any state implementing PM-JAY can avail free treatment anywhere in India, in any empanelled hospital. Around 40,000 beneficiaries have received such treatment outside their States/UTs.

 As it moves steadily on way to becoming the world’s largest health insurance/assurance scheme, Ayushman Bharat has caught the attention of the globe, and has received wide support and acclaim from the international community.

In the past year, since its launch, PM-JAY has come to stand for access to quality, affordable in-patient healthcare for the poorest of the poor people in a hospital of their choice without suffering the fear and anxiety of catastrophic hospital bills. The endeavour of the scheme is to constantly improve so that it can better meet the needs and expectations of the 55 crore Indians. Recently the Governing Board of the National Health Authority decided to overhaul the existing health benefits packages and rationalize the cost of the packages to remove any aberrations. This will ensure wider private sector participation by empanelling more hospitals to improve access to hospitalization related care. We also approved an upgrade to our IT system to make it even more user-friendly, interoperable, secure and state-of-the-art. Initiatives for improving the quality of services were also endorsed.

 To ensure more effective implementation and uptake of PM-JAY and strengthen patient safety through quality care, we have instituted a robust fraud control structure, flowing from the Centre to the states and districts, and analytics and audit-based mechanisms to prevent, detect, and deter medical malpractices and wrong doing by any of the stakeholders. Due to our policy of zero tolerance towards corruption, 97 errant hospitals have been de-empanelled and penalties worth more than Rs.1.5 crore have been levied.


To improve health sector in our country, we need to transform the medical profession and expand it to get more people to take up careers as doctors, paramedics and frontline health workers. The National Medical Commission Bill, is a milestone in the medical education sector which will reduce the burden on students, ensure probity, accountability, transparency and quality in medical education. 75 new medical colleges are being set up in the govt. sector and 82 more are in various phases of development that will help increase the number of medical seats and strengthen the medical education infrastructure in the country. It will also bring down the cost of medical education, ensure quality education and provide wider access to people for quality healthcare. 


Our Government understands that Health in India is a complex space with several challenges and opportunities. There is no single magical pill that can ameliorate our health burden. This is why we are putting in place an entire ecosystem of programmes and legislations (some of them described above) targeting all key areas requiring reform such as progressively achieving universal health coverage, nutrition, aligning the growth of private health care sector with public health goals, health systems performance and strengthening, among others.

 I congratulate our beloved Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi for his undaunted efforts in each sector to live up to the promise of “Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas”. Emulating his extraordinary vision, I too am working to fast-track all initiatives in the health sector. Being a doctor by profession, my task becomes easier as I have first-hand knowledge of healthcare. On the first anniversary of AB-PMJAY, as I urge my fellow professionals and Indians to join and support this healthcare movement, I re-dedicate myself to the service of the nation. To be able to achieve a disease-free India, and to be able to attain global standards of healthcare for every Indian, is now the goal of my life.

*The author is the Union Cabinet Minister for Health and Family Welfare, and Science & Technology & Earth Sciences. Views are personal.

Dr Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare addresses a press conference on completion of one year of Ayushman Bharat scheme on September 16, 2019 at National Media Centre (NMC), Raisina Road, New Delhi.


100 days of Modi 2.0 Govt, the reflection of an aspirational India

images (3)

** Union Minister Harsimrat Kaur Badal


With a sense of great satisfaction that I pen my thoughts on the
performance of my government’s first 100 days. Usually termed
as the honeymoon period during the first 100 days neither the
government acts nor the public expects any major decision-
making by the new government. In fact, in the case of a repeat government the new government’s attitude as in the past has been Whoa! The elections are won, now
take it easy we have to govern the next 5 years.

However, all that is in the past. This is Narendra Modi – who as
PM neither took a single break during government nor after
elections! In fact, he told each department to work on a 100 day
agenda for the new government even before the 5 the phase of
polling was over!

The Narendra Modi government took office with the motto of
`Nation First’. In the first 100 days, this government has
demonstrated, not just it’s intent to walk the talk, but also its
ability to show the tremendous political will to carry out social and
economic reforms that were earlier perceived to be impossible.
The first parliament session of this new government exemplifies
the decisive nature of its leadership. By ending the Triple Talaq in
its very first week, despite stiff opposition, this government has
demonstrated its commitment to restoring the honor and dignity
of women. This legislation is a strong step towards protecting and
empowering Muslim women by ensuring gender justice as
enshrined in the Constitution of India.

The landmark legislation for the Protection of Children from
Sexual Offences (Amendment) Bill, 2019, that provides death
penalty for aggravated sexual assault on children is another
illustration of this government’s single-minded focus on social
reforms. India’s young children deserve to be safe. They deserve
to be protected through a law that deals with sexual assault
offenders with an iron hand.


Farmers are at the heart of this government’s progressive
development plan. One of the first decisions this government took
was to universalize the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi
(PM-KISAN) extend its ambit. The expanded scheme enables
all farmers to receive Rs 6,000 a year directly into their bank
accounts. About 200 million farmers will benefit from the
scheme. By providing income support of Rs.6000 to every farmer and
extending Pension Schemes to laborers, small traders and
farmers, Modi 2.0 has tried to uplift marginalized sectors and
create a level playing field.

images (5).jpg

Ayushman Bharat provides Rs.5 lakh
per family to 500 million population, has ensured their health
needs are met so that together youth and poor can unleash the vast
strength of their human resource to shape up New India. An India
that could certainly achieve the target of a $ 5 Trillion economy.
While the opposition may accuse our government of raising the
expectations of 1.3 billion people to new heights, we take pride in
doing so. Modi 2.0 aims to unleash the energy of new India by
setting new milestones, goals, and deliverables by bringing about
a transformational shift that will ensure India surges ahead as a
global superpower. To that end, our government has a three-
pronged strategy. One, harnessing India’s human resource
potential to shape new India, two, weeding out corruption through
a Clean-up action, three, Infrastructure push.

We know that corruption is one of the biggest obstacles in the
way of progress. Modi 1.0 provided a clean government and Modi
2.0 has set goals to target the corrupt. The forced retirement of big bureaucrats who hitherto stayed untouched by anti-corruption laws and those who built fortunes are being ousted. People who looted the government exchequer are behind bars. Operation
clean-up is underway and it will catalyze India to unleash its economic potential surge ahead.

images (4).jpg

As we start delivering on our promises, all global multi-lateral
platforms like G-7, G-20, BRICS, UN, the strong presence of
India led by PM Narendra Modi is a reflection of India gaining in
stature. New Delhi is no more a mere spectator or a follower but a
global leader–be it environmental protection, carbon emission,
trade talks or power balance, India has become an integral part of
Global power. The first 100 days of Modi 2.0 government is a reflection of an
aspirational India which is confident to reach its full potential
under the dynamic leadership of visionary & fearless Prime
Minister providing a Nirnayak Sarkar to govern India ensuring
Sab Ka Saath Sabka Vikas Sabka Vishwas.

Narendra Modi government’s historic first 100 days


** Union Minister for Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment


The National Democratic Alliance government, under the leadership of Prime
Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has completed 100 days recently. With the promise of
Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikaas, Sabka Vishwaas  in mind, Prime Minister Shri Narendra
Modi Ji’s Cabinet of Ministers took oath on 30 May 2019. Without doubt, this is by far
the best initial 70 days of a government compared to the governments of the previous
70 years of the country. The Modi government has completely lived up to the trust and
expectations based on which the people of India gave us the massive mandate. The
first session of the 17th Lok Sabha, in a nutshell, focused on national unity, national
security, financial robustness, social justice, women empowerment, and farmer
welfare. In the due course of it, the Parliament clocked a record 281 working hours,
during which 36 Bills were passed by the Lok Sabha (the highest since 1952), 32 Bills
were passed by the Rajya Sabha, while 30 Bills were passed by both the Houses, the
highest in the past 10 years by any government.

The dream of a unified India, nurtured by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Dr Babasaheb
Ambedkar, Shri Syama Prasad Mukherjee, Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee and crores of
Indians was finally accomplished on 5 August 2019 with the abrogation of Article
370 and Article 35A. This historic decision was taken to provide equal rights to the
people of Jammu and Kashmir, along with Leh-Ladakh, and meet the unfulfilled
expectations of the backward classes, Dalits and Adivasi women in other parts of the
country. This move was welcomed and appreciated from Parliament to every
household, villages, and cities, and people commended the government’s decision.
The Modi government is determined to deliver social justice and empower people
from every community across the country. In its 60 days, the government of Prime
Minister Shri Narendra Modi struck down the practice of teen talaq by bringing into
effect The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2019, to provide
equal rights and empower women from the Muslim community. On this historic day,
crores of Muslim women who had been subjected to atrocities under the age-old
malpractice finally found relief and respect, and this Bill brought about a ray of hope
in their lives. In the same Parliament session, the government passed the Protection of
Children from Sexual Offences (Amendment) Bill, 2019 in order to strengthen
protection of child rights. As per the new rule, sexual offenses against children will be
dealt with the death penalty. As many as 1023 fast track courts are being set up across the country to expedite the hearing and judgments in POCSO cases.



The Parliament also passed the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019
in order to bring the transgender community into the mainstream fold. Under this Bill,
measures have been undertaken to protect the rights and uphold the identity of
transgenders. In order to uphold the rights of Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribes,
Other Backward Class and Economically Backward Class, the Central Educational
Institutions (Reservation in Teachers Cadre) Bill, 2019 was unanimously passed by
both Houses of the Parliament. As per the Bill, universities and colleges will be
considered as a single entity and the appointments will be made based on the former
reservation criteria of the 200-point roster. Similarly, the Wage Code Act, 2019 was
passed by Parliament, as per which discrimination against women will now be
quashed and they will be provided equal wages as men. As per this, the government
has also decided to provide a statutory minimum wage from time to time to over 50-
crore workers in the organized and unorganized sectors. The government has also
given its approval for the Deposit Schemes Act, 2019 in order to crack down on
financial frauds and protect the poor.


images (1).jpg
The government has launched the Go Tribal Campaign in order to boost and empower
tribal communities and to encourage them to produce their indigenous commodities.
With an aim to implement welfare schemes with respect to Scheduled Tribes to ensure
more e-governance in the sector, e-governance initiatives have been launched as part
of the tribal welfare schemes. Similarly, the government has set a target of 100 percent digitalization of wakf welfare funds in the first 100 days of its governance in
order to ensure the welfare of minority communities. In another scheme, different kinds of scholarships will be given to 50 percent girl children along with 5 crore minority
students in a span of 5 years.
The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has in the past 5 years made record
accomplishments in the elevation and empowerment of Scheduled Castes, backward
classes, social defense and the handicapped. Keeping in mind the government aim
for the first 10 days, the ministry had set two major targets, which includes the
establishment of India’s first National Institute of Mental Health Rehabilitation. All
tasks required to set up this centre in Sehore district of Madhya Pradesh have been
completed. The next major task is to put a ban on alcohol and intoxicating substances
and to prevent people from falling prey to such malice. Camps are being set up across
the country to spread awareness and special initiatives are being organized in this


images (2).jpg
Our country is facing a huge challenge of water management and clean drinking
water. Keeping this very concern in mind, the government under Prime Minister Shri
Narendra Modi had set up the Ministry of Jal Shakti on the very first day of its
governance. Within 30 days of the ministry & inception, a Jal Shakti Abhiyan was launched for water conservation and water management. The Jal Shakti Abhiyan has today transformed into a massive campaign. Our agricultural farmers have always been at the centre of this government key focus areas and strong measures have been undertaken to increase the wages of farmers. Over 2 crore farmers were brought under the fold of the PM-Kisan scheme and the total beneficiaries under the scheme has now crossed a mammoth figure of 14.5 crores. To provide the farmers with a comfortable livelihood, the government launched the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan Dhan Yojana (farmers pension scheme), under which around 5 crore small and marginal farmers will get pension benefits. In order to double the wages of farmers, the government has decided to set a minimum support price (MSP) for the growth and production of Kharif crops.
Good governance is at the Centrepoint of this government. There were several laws
formulated by the previous government that proved as roadblocks for the daily livelihood of citizens as well as businesses, and they were also misused by several people to exploit the common man. Since 2014, over 1000 of such unwanted and unwarranted archaic laws were quashed through several Bills. Simultaneously, in order to further bolster the judicial system, along with the Chief Justice of India, the strength of the Supreme Court judges have been increased from 30 to 33. In a fierce crackdown on terrorism and to counter anti-national activities, the government brought into effect the
Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 2019. The government can now
proclaim not just an organization but also an individual as a ‘terrorist’. For a long
time, there was a requirement of an effective, safe, corruption-free transportation
system, which has been resolved through the introduction of the Motor Vehicles
(Amendment) Act, 2019. As a result of this amended act, there is safety on roads has
improved and it has also facilitated citizens to deal with transport departments;
automation and computerization of the rural and public transport systems will
strengthen connectivity through online services.
In the past 100 days, the government has taken strong measures in line with its aim to
become a Rs 5 trillion economy. The Centre has decided to pump in over Rs 100 lakh
crore in the infrastructure sector. With an aim to make the railways India engine of
development the government has allocated Rs 50 lakh crores in 2019 Union Budget
for a period of 10 years till 2030. To ease passenger comfort and save their time, the
government has set aside a fund of Rs 19,000 crores to lay new railway lines and
manufacture new locomotives and coaches, which also includes the target of
achieving a speed of 160 kilometers per hour for trains. Similarly, to fast track
development in the energy sector, the government has launched the Pradhan Mantri
Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan (PM-KUSUM scheme) with new
goals and objectives. Under the Smart Cities Mission, as many as 88 projects worth
Rs 609 crores have been completed in the past 75 days. Over 2.7-crore people will benefit from the One City One Impact program that has been launched for 100 days. In the urban sector, the government has set a target to construct 4.26 crore
houses worth Rs 23,400 crores by 2021-22. Similarly, in rural areas, the Centre
has set a target to construct 1.95 crore houses.
Undoubtedly, the Modi government has achieved record accomplishments in national
security, economic development, social unity, and harmony through various steps and
initiatives in its first 100 days. However, the Modi government does not work with the
agenda to establish record accomplishments, but as a responsibility towards the 130
crore citizens of the country who have been disregarded and shunned by the previous
governments. This is because of Shri Prime Minister Narendra Modi Ji’s vision and
commitment towards his responsibility that India is united from Kashmir in the north
to Kanyakumari in the south, that every citizen is equal and everyone is entitled to
equal rights. In addition to this, the country has formed a formidable image on the
global stage under the leadership of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi Ji. India has
not only upheld the motto of & Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikaas, Sabka Vishwaas& in the
country but also across the world.

100 days of Modi government


**Arjun Munda, Tribal Affairs Minister


The Modi government has completed its 100 days after being elected back to power. The newly-formed government had set an agenda for these 100 days, which was considered critical to propel the country towards inclusive development.
First and foremost, one must compliment the government because this is the first time in the history of Lok Sabha that so many Bills were passed in a single session. The Cabinet finally gave its approval to different Bills and laws after several deliberations in the House. The government has taken a historic decision by abrogating Article 370 and Article 35A of the Indian Constitution, thereby dividing the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two Union Territories – Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh. Compared to the earlier state, Kashmir now shall see two regions governed by the Centre. It would not be an exaggeration to say that after Independence, the process of unifying India which was kick-started by ‘Iron Man’ Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, was brought to its completion by honorable Union Home Minister Amit Shah Ji under the leadership of our glorious Prime Minister Narendra Modi Ji. It fills my heart with pride to say today that the country is united from Kashmir in the north to Kanyakumari in the south; there is one Constitution in the country and one flag. The crown of Kashmir now decorates the mast of Mother India.

The second most commendable achievement of the Modi government is the ending of the age-old practice of ‘Teen Talaq’, thereby empowering over lakhs of Muslim girls and women across the country. The noose of triple talaq is no longer hanging around their neck. The men who torture Muslim women with a triple divorce in the guise of religion will now have to spend their days in jail and also pay a penalty.
The third most significant accomplishment according to me will be the well-planned and
visionary crackdown on terrorism. It was a very brave move to make the National
Investigation Agency a more powerful agency, giving it the power to proclaim not just an
organization but also an individual as ‘terrorist’. The government’s move to extradite illegal immigrants from Bangladesh by implementing the National Register of Citizens (NRC), along with the national integration of Jammu and Kashmir, is a very brave and strong move towards a crackdown on terrorism and ensuring national security.

images (2).jpg
Prime Minister Narendra Modi Ji has always spared a thought for the farmers of our country. The PM-Kisan Samman Nidhi and the pension funds for farmers show PM Modi’s care for the farmers. With the intention to establish India as an economic superpower, the previous BJP government had simplified the tax structure of the country by introducing the pathbreaking Goods and Services Tax for unified tax reform. Not too long ago, the government also merged 10 banks into 4 to ensure more capital for the financial institutions so that they can lend more and do bigger businesses. Recently, the Reserve Bank of India had offered a sum of Rs 1.76 lakh crores to the government to bolster its businesses and make money available for developmental works.




Due to the continuous progress in infrastructure development in the country, sectors such as road, railways and water have benefited with new logistical routes. India’s Chandrayaan 2 mission reached very close to the lunar surface and it is a huge achievement for the country. The aforementioned topics are the works and accomplishments that several governments have continued to achieve in the past as well. But the most important and surprising things we get to see is the perception of the government by the people of the country. In 2014, the people of India were sick and tired of the corrupt Congress government and saw in honorable Narendra Modi Ji an honest and patriotic leader who had a proven record of leadership capabilities to give the nation a clean image and take it in the direction of progress and development. Gradually, those assumptions got country-wide acceptance and adulation and the Bharatiya Janata Party came to power with a resounding majority. India got a stable and strong government under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi ji. The dreams and ambitions of the people of India finally got the wings to fly.


The government too did not disappoint the people and began working on several initiatives and schemes right since Day 1. Modi Ji launched the ‘toilet project’ under the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan and vowed to uphold Mahatma Gandhi Ji’s ‘Clean India’ vision by 2 October 2019; the government helped provide bank accounts and housing schemes to every individual across the country. The government took stringent measures against economic offenders who fled India. Along with this, the government also implemented several other schemes and programmes for the people of the country.

images (1).jpg


As a result of all these initiatives and schemes, the people of India once again chose a stable, strong and economically powerful government in the 2019 general elections with an even bigger mandate. BJP single-handedly won 303 Lok Sabha seats to emerge victoriously.


Barring a few states, the country was saffronised. Honorable Prime Minister Modi Ji added a new mantra in his earlier slogan of ‘Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikaas’ – ‘Sabka Vishwaas’. By looking at the 100 days of Modi government, it appears that the trust of people continues to strengthen the government. It is known to everyone that increasing belief is directly related to expectations and aspirations. The country is moving forward at a fast pace. India is an emerging economic superpower. The government has set an agenda to achieve the target of becoming a Rs 5 trillion-economy at the end of 5 years. But there are also several challenges – job creation and employment opportunities, boost exports, strengthen the Indian rupee in the global market, and to gain the trust of developed countries to come and invest in India. However, we must not forget that we are a young nation who have the capability and acumen to take the government’s plans and initiatives in the right direction. The global economic slowdown, America-Iran standoff, and a few other political roadblocks are posing a challenge to us. But India is a country that is capable of finding its way out through tough situations and challenges and is prepared to move ahead with a sound knowledge of the economic demands and make a mark on the global stage, while at the same time hold on to his cultural and traditional heritage.
I would also like to take the opportunity to share a very important information that after the formation of the Council of Ministers, the government has begun initiatives and schemes to provide education and employment to tribal communities in tribal regions with a view to also reform the way the tribal image is viewed and understood in the country.

Year End Review – 2018- Ministry of Finance

Year End Review – 2018- Ministry of Finance 

The Indian Government has made significant strides in the last 4 years in taking India to new heights in terms of the welfare of the citizenry, the overall structure& growth of the economy, and creating a strong presence as an emerging global power.

To fuel such achievements, the Government has worked tirelessly for shouldering a number of bold and important socio-economic reforms. The Government has undertaken its reform drive with the spirit of inclusiveness of the marginalized and hitherto socio-economically neglected classes in the overall development process. To this end, right at the beginning of its term, the Government came-up with the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana(PMJDY) in August 2014, for giving space to the deprived classes into the formal banking system and making Financial Inclusion as its prime goal. Pradhan Mantri Jan DhanYojana’s success has led to the creation of the much needed financial infrastructure, which serves as a runway for taking-off other Social Security Schemes like Atal Pension Yojana (APY), Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana(PMSBY) and Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana(PMJJBY).

Taking a step further towards up-liftment of the neglected, the Government recognized the need for targeted welfare reforms to cater to special needs of certain sections of the society. In this direction, the Government came-up with Pradhan Mantri Sukanya Samridhi Yojana, which provides financial security to the girl child when she grows up.

Not only financial security, but also the financial independence of the women was taken care of through Stand Up India Scheme, which expands its ambit to Schedule Castes and Schedule Tribes. Stand Up India gives subsidized loans to harness and ignite the latent entrepreneurial zeal of the hitherto disadvantaged communities.

Financial needs of all the stakeholders ranging from the budding entrepreneurs to the hard-working farmers have also been catered to through various initiatives.An important initiative in this direction is the Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana. During the Financial Year 2018-19, the number of loans sanctioned are 2,81,08,814 with total amount sanctioned worth Rs.1,48,503.57 Crore, with total amount disbursed Rs.1,42,009.91 Crore.

Alongside the farmer’s needs have also been addressed. The Kisan Credit Card Scheme (KCC) was strengthened for contributing towards the liberation of peasantry from the shackles of exploitative money lenders by improving their access to formal credit.

Reforms and initiatives like GST, Demonetization, Operation Clean Money and Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code have made the Indian economy more efficient and transparentand haveensured financial discipline along with better compliance.

The success of Government’s policies is further reaffirmed and underscored when the International Organizations like the World Bank and IMF recognize India as the fastest growing Emerging Economyin the world and applaud the resilient and stable growth India has witnessed.

According to a recent World Bank report, India is a top improver in the Ease of Doing Business Rankings for the second year in a row. India has improved 65 places from 142 to 77 in span of last 4 years which is a remarkable achievement in itself.

A Department-wise description of the Major Activities undertaken during the year 2018 is as follows.

Department of Economic Affairs (DEA)

Overall fundamentals of the economy remained strong for the Year 2018-19

Macroeconomic Indicator For Year 2018-19
GDP Growth Rate (%) 7.1 (Up to Q2)
CPI 3.9% (Q2)
WPI 4.64% (over November, 2017)
Current Account Deficit (CAD) US$ 15.8 billion (Q1)
Trade Deficit US$ 45.7 billion (Q1)
External Debt to GDP Ratio (%) 20.5% ( till March, 2018)
FDI Inflows US $16,868 million (April –June, 2018)
Foreign Exchange Reserves US$ 393.7 billion

(As on November 30, 2018)

(Source; RBI Bulletin,PIB Website)

GDP and the Economy

The Indian Economy is on track to maintain a high growth rate in the current global environment.

The share of Indian economy in world(measured as a ratio of India’s GDP to world’s GDP at current US$) increased from 2.6 percent in 2014 to 3.2 percent in 2017 (as per World Development Indicators database). The average share of Indian economy in world during 1960 to 2013 was 1.8 percent. The average growth of the Indian economy during 2014-15 to 2017-18 was 7.3 per cent, fastest among the major economies in the world.

Indian economy is projected to be the fastest growing major economy in 2018-19 and 2019-20 (International Monetary Fund October 2018 database). This is borne by GDP growth of 7.6 per cent in the first half of 2018-19.

The Second Quarter has seen a reasonable overall GDP growth of 7.1%.  The H-1 2018-19 growth of the GDP is 7.6% and the H-1 GVA growth is 7.4%.  The Growth in the Second Quarter is on higher base compared to the growth of the First Quarter.

The Manufacturing Growth on a base of 7.1% in Q2 2017-18 has been 7.4% in Q2 of 2018-19.  The Construction Sector has grown by 7.8%.  The Gross Fixed Capital Formation as a ratio of GDP has increased by almost 1.3 percentage points over Q2 of last year.  The Exports for Q-2 have grown by 13.4%.  The Government consumption for the Quarter has also significantly increased by 12.7%.


This is ratified in the reports of International Organizations like World Economic Forum.

As per the World Economic Situation and Prospects 2018 Report of the United Nations, the outlook for India remains largely positive, underpinned by robust private consumption and public investment as well as ongoing structural reforms.

According to the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business 2018 Report, India’s ranking improved by 65 positions to 77th rank in 2018. 

The Government of India has taken various initiatives to improve the confidence in the Indian economy and boost the growth of the economy and which, inter-alia, include; fillip to manufacturing, concrete measures for transport and power sectors as well as other urban and rural infrastructure, comprehensive reforms in the foreign direct investment policy, special package for textile industry, push to infrastructure development by giving infrastructure status to affordable housing and focus on coastal connectivity.

Inflation during 2017-18 Averaged to the Lowest in the Last Six Years 

Inflation in the country continued to moderate during 2017-18. Consumer Price Index(CPI) based headline inflation averaged 3.3 per cent during the period which is the lowest in the last six financial years. This has been stated in the Economic Survey 2017-18 placed in Parliament by the Union Minister for Finance and Corporate Affairs, Shri Arun Jaitley.

This progress is a result of a number of initiatives and reforms undertaken by the government which follows in the subsequent pages.

Curbing Black Money

 The Government first targeted the black money outside India.  Asset holders were asked to bring this money back on payment of penal tax. Those who failed to do so are being prosecuted under the Black Money Act.  Details of all accounts and assets abroad which have reached the Government resulted in action against the violators.

 Steps for Curbing the Black Money stashed abroad has led to Positive Results

The Government of India has taken various steps for curbing the black money stashed abroad, which has led to positive results. These steps include the following:

  1. India has been a leading force in the efforts to forge a multi-lateral regime for proactive sharing of Financial Information known as Automatic Exchange of Information (AEOI) which will greatly assist the global efforts to combat tax evasion. The AEOI based on Common Reporting Standard (CRS) has commenced from 2017 enabling India to receive financial account information of Indian residents in other countries.
  2. India has also entered into information sharing agreement with the USA under the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) of USA. The exchanges under FATCA have taken place for the financial years 2014, 2015 and 2016.
  3. Indian Money in Swiss Bank: The data collected by Swiss National Bank in collaboration with Bank for International Settlements (BIS) shows that the loans and deposits of Indians, other than Banks, in the Swiss banks decreased by 34.5% in the year 2017 as compared to 2016. Further, there has been significant reduction in Swiss non-bank loans and deposits of Indians by 80.2% between 2013 and 2017.

  Unearthing Benami Property

  • Income Tax Department steps-up actions under Prohibition of Benami Property Transactions Act : Benami properties of more than Rs. 3,500 crore in more than 900 cases attached

Cabinet approves appointment of Adjudicating Authority and establishment of Appellate Tribunal under Prohibition of Benami Property Transactions Act, 1988. The approval will result in effective and better administration of cases referred to the Adjudicating Authority and speedy disposal of appeals filed against the order of the Adjudicating Authority before the Appellate Tribunal.

  • New Benami Transactions Informants Reward Scheme, 2018 was launched by the Income Tax Department’

Under the Benami Transactions Informants Reward Scheme, 2018, a person can get reward up to Rs. One crore for giving specific information in prescribed manner to the Joint or Additional Commissioners of Benami Prohibition Units (BPUs) in Investigation Directorates of Income Tax Department about benami transactions and properties as well as proceeds from such properties which are actionable under Benami Property Transactions Act, 1988, as amended by Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Amendment Act, 2016.

  • Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill

With the assent of the President of India, the Fugitive Economic Offenders Ordinance, 2018 was promulgated; New law laid down the measures to empower Indian authorities to attach and confiscate the proceeds of crime associated with economic offenders and the properties of the economic offenders.

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri NarendraModi, has approved the proposal of the Ministry of Finance to introduce the Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill, 2018 in Parliament.  The Bill would help in laying down measures to deter economic offenders from evading the process of Indian law by remaining outside the jurisdiction of Indian courts.

 The cases where the total value involved in such offences is Rs.100 crore or more, will come under the purview of this Bill.



The Bill is expected to re-establish the rule of law with respect to the fugitive economic offenders as they would be forced to return to India to face trial for scheduled offences. This would also help the banks and other financial institutions to achieve higher recovery from financial defaults committed by such fugitive economic offenders, improving the financial health of such institutions.

  • ShellCompanies

Task Force on Shell Companies took pro-active and coordinated steps to check the menace of shell companies: The major achievements of the Task Force include the compilation of a database of shell companies by SFIO. This database, as on date, comprises of 3 lists, viz the Confirmed List, Derived List and Suspect List. The Confirmed List has a total of 16,537 confirmed shell companies on the basis of the information received from the various Law Enforcement Agencies of the companies found to be involved in illegal activities.

Push to MSME sector:

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi launched historic Support and Outreach Initiative for MSME Sector

  • 59 minute loan portal to enable easy access to credit for MSMEs
  • Mandatory 25 percent procurement from MSMEs by CPSEs
  • Ordinance for simplifying procedures for minor offences under Companies Act

The Prime Minister, Shri NarendraModi, launched a historic support and outreach programme for the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) sector. As part of this programme, the Prime Minister unveiled 12 key initiatives which will help the growth, expansion and facilitation of MSMEs across the country.

The Prime Minister said that the success of economic reforms launched by the Union Government can be gauged from the rise in India’s “Ease of Doing Business Rankings,” from 142 to 77 in four years.

The Prime Minister said that there are five key aspects for facilitating the MSME sector. These include access to credit, access to market, technology upgradation, ease of doing business, and a sense of security for employees. He said that as a Diwali gift for the sector, the 12 announcements he is making, will address each of these five categories.


Access to Credit

As the First Announcement, the Prime Minister announced the launch of the 59 minute loan portal to enable easy access to credit for MSMEs. He said that loans uptoRs. 1 crore can be granted in-principle approval through this portal, in just 59 minutes. He said a link to this portal will be made available through the GST portal. The Prime Minister asserted that in New India, no one should be compelled to visit a bank branch repeatedly.

The Prime Minister mentioned the Second Announcement as a 2 percent interest subvention for all GST registered MSMEs, on fresh or incremental loans. For exporters who receive loans in the pre-shipment and post-shipment period, the Prime Minister announced an increase in interest rebate from 3 percent to 5 percent.

The Third Announcement made by the Prime Minister was that all companies with a turnover more than Rs. 500 crore, must now compulsorily be brought on the Trade Receivables e-Discounting System (TReDS). He said that joining this portal will enable entrepreneurs to access credit from banks, based ontheir upcoming receivables. This will resolve their problems of cash cycle.

Access to Markets

The Prime Minister said that on access to markets for entrepreneurs, the Union Government has taken a number of steps already. In this context, he made his Fourth Announcement thatPublic Sector Companies have now been asked to compulsorily procure 25 percent, instead of 20 percent of their total purchases, from MSMEs.

The Prime Minister said his Fifth Announcement is related to women entrepreneurs. He said that out of the 25 percent procurement mandated from MSMEs, 3 percent must now be reserved for women entrepreneurs.

The Prime Minister said that more than 1.5 lakh suppliers have now registered with GeM, out of which 40,000 are MSMEs. He said transactions worth more than Rs. 14,000 crore have been made so far through GeM. He said the Sixth Announcement is that all Public Sector Undertakings of the Union Government must now compulsorily be a part of GeM. He said they should also get all their vendors registered on GeM.

Technology Upgradation

Coming to technological upgradation, the Prime Minister said that tool rooms across the country are a vital part of product design. His seventh announcement was that 20 hubs will be formed across the country, and 100 spokes in the form of tool rooms will be established.

Ease of Doing Business

On Ease of Doing Business, the Prime Minister’sEighth Announcement was related to pharma companies. He said clusters will be formed of pharma MSMEs. He said 70 percent cost of establishing these clusters will be borne by the Union Government.

The Prime Minister’s Ninth Announcement on Simplification of Government Procedures was that the return under 8 labour laws and 10 Union regulations must now be filed only once a year.

The Prime Minister’s Tenth Announcement was that now the establishments to be visited by an Inspector will be decided through a computerised random allotment.

The Prime Minister noted that as part of establishing a unit, an entrepreneur needs two clearances namely, environmental clearance and consent to establish. HisEleventh Announcement was that under air pollution and water pollution laws, now both these have been merged as a single consent. He further said that the return will be accepted through self-certification.

As the Twelfth Announcement, the Prime Minister mentioned that an Ordinance had been brought, under which, for minor violations under the Companies Act, the entrepreneur will no longer have to approach the Courts, but can correct them through simple procedures.

Social Security for MSME Sector Employees

The Prime Minister also spoke of social security for the MSME sector employees. He said that a mission will be launched to ensure that they have Jan Dhan Accounts, Provident Fund and Insurance.

The Prime Minister said that these decisions would go a long way in strengthening the MSME sector in India. He said the implementation of this Outreach Programme will be intensively monitored over the next 100 days.

SIDBI launched a National Level Entrepreneurship Awareness Campaign, UdyamAbhilasha (उद्यमअभिलाषा) in 115 Aspirational Districts identified by NITI Aayog in 28 States and reaching to around 15,000 youth.

Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme 2018 -19: TheGovernment of India, in consultation with the Reserve Bank of India, has decided to issue Sovereign Gold Bonds-2018-19. The Sovereign Gold Bonds will be issued every month from October 2018 to February 2019.

Fifteenth Finance Commission constituted a High Level Group to examine the strengths and weaknesses for enabling balanced expansion of Health Sector
The Fifteenth Finance Commission has constituted a High Level Group consisting of eminent experts from across the country in Health Sector. Dr. RandeepGuleria, Director, AIIMS, New Delhi will be its Convenor.

International Agreements and Engagements

There have been a number of International Agreements and Engagements that has helped India to increase and enhance its Global Presence.

Some of the International appointments and engagements are as under:

  • India became the Vice Chair of the Asia Pacific Region of World Customs Organisation(WCO) for a period of two years, from July, 2018 to June, 2020.

 Some Important Loan Agreements: 

  1. Government of India and Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed $80 million loan agreement to help boost youth employability in the state of Himachal Pradesh.
  2. The Government of India and World Bank signed $100 million project to boost rural economy of Tamil Nadu.
  3. The Government of India and Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed $250 million loan to improve rural connectivity in the 5 states of Assam, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and West Bengal under PMGSY.
  4. Government of India and Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed $75 million loan to improve urban services in 4 Karnataka towns
  5. Government of India and Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed $200 million loan to improve State Highways in Bihar
  6. Government of India and the World Bank signed $310 million loan agreement for Jharkhand Power System Improvement Project to provide reliable, quality, and affordable 24×7 electricity to the citizens of Jharkhand
  7. Government of India and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed $105 million loan to Support Hydropower Transmission in Himachal Pradesh
  8. Government of India and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed $300 million loan to support India Infrastructure Finance Company Limited (IIFCL)in India
  9. Government of India and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed $169 million loan to provide water and sanitation services in Tamil Nadu
  10. India and Japan signed a loan agreement worth Rs. 1817 crore for the ‘Project for the Construction of Turga Pumped Storage (I)’contributing to the industrial development and living standard improvement in the state of West Bengal.
  11. Indo- Japanese agreements for bilateral currency swap arrangement of seventy five billion dollars
  12. Cabinet approved Memorandum of Understanding between India and Singapore on setting up of a Joint Working Group on FinTech
  13. Cabinet approved signing of bilateral investment agreement between India Taipei Association in Taipei and the Taipei Economic and Cultural Center in India
  14. India and ADB signed $110 Million Loan to improve rural connectivity in Madhya Pradesh
  15. Government of India and The Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed $100 million loan agreement to expand sewerage and drainage coverage in Kolkata
  16. Government of India and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed $ 150 million loanagreementto support India’s first global skills park in state of Madhya Pradesh
  17. India and ADB signed $240 million loan to provide safe drinking water service in 3 West Bengal districts
  18. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and India signed $150 million loan to improve regional connectivity
  19. India and Japan signed loan agreement for construction of Mumbai-Ahmedabad high speed rail project (I) and Kolkata East West Metro Project (III) with Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
  20. India signed financing loan agreement with the World Bank for US$ 74 million for Uttarakhand Workforce Development Project (UKWDP)
  21. Cabinet approvedMoU on collaborative research on distributed ledger and block chain technology in the context of development of digital economy by Exim Bank under BRICS Interbank Cooperation Mechanism
  22. Government of India and ADB signed $346 million loan to improve state highways in Karnataka
  23. Government of India and ADB signed $375 million loan to improve irrigation efficiency in Madhya Pradesh
  24. Cabinet approved Memorandum of Understanding between India and USA in insurance regulatory sector
  25. Government of India and the World Bank signed $300 million agreement to help scale-up India’s Energy Efficiency Program
  26. The Government of India, Government of Rajasthan and World Bank signed a $250 million agreement to support electricity distribution sector reforms in Rajasthan
  27. Indo-German Government to Government Umbrella agreements worth Euro 653.7 million (approx. Rs. 5253 crore) on Financial Cooperation and Technical Cooperation 2017 were signed.
  28. India signed loan agreement with the World Bank for USD 21.7 million for strengthening the Public Financial Management in Rajasthan Project;
  29. Cabinet approvedMoU between India and Turkey on trade in poppy seeds to ensure quick and transparent processing for import of poppy seeds from Turkey
  30. CBDT notified the protocol amending the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA) between India and Kuwait
  31. India signed loan agreement with World Bank for US$ 125 million for “Innovate in India for Inclusiveness Project”
  32. Government of India and World Bank signed agreement to improve rural road network in Madhya Pradesh
  33. India signed loan agreement with World Bank for USD 48 million for Meghalaya community – led Landscapes Management Project
  34. Government of India,Government of Maharashtra and the World Bank signeda new project to benefit over 25 million small and marginal farmers in Maharashtra.
  35. India and ADB signed $120 million loan to improve rail infrastructure
  36. Cabinet approved agreement for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and Prevention of Fiscal Evasion between India and Iran
  37. Cabinet approved agreement between India and Jordan on cooperation and mutual administrative assistance in customs matters
  38. Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Government of India signed $ 84 million loan for improvement and expansion of water supply in the state of Bihar
  39. Government of India signed a MoU with Canada’s International Development Research Centre (IDRC) in national capital​.
  40. India and Iran signed in New Delhi an agreement for the Avoidance of Double Taxation (DTAA) and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with respect to taxes on income.
  41. Cabinet approved signing and ratification of protocol amending the agreement between India and China for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion
  42. Cabinet approved signing of India-Australia Memoranda of Understanding (MoUs) for Secondment Programme.

Department of Revenue


 This year on 1st July 2018, theGovernment of India celebrated the 1st GST Day.

GST Revenue Collections

The GST Revenue collection for the month of November 2018 has crossed Ninety-Seven Thousand Crore rupees. The total gross GST revenue collected in the month of November, 2018 is Rs. 97,637 crore of which CGST is Rs. 16,812 crore, SGST is Rs. 23,070 crore, IGST is Rs. 49,726 crore (including Rs. 24,133crore collected on imports) and Cess is Rs. 8,031 crore (including Rs. 842 crore collected on imports).   


GST Council: Important decisions

GST Council 31st Meeting:

GST Rate Cuts on Goods

GST Council in the 31st Meeting held on 22nd December, 2018 at New Delhi took following major decisions relating to changes in GST rates, and clarification (on goods). The decisions of the GST Council have been presented for easy understanding. The same would be given effect to through Gazette notifications/ circulars which shall have force of law.



  1. GST rate reduction on goods which were attracting GST rate of 28% :
  2. 28% to 18%
  • Pulleys, transmission shafts and cranks, gear boxes etc., falling under HS Code 8483
  • Monitors and TVs of uptoscreen size of 32 inches
  • Re-treaded or used pneumatic tyres of rubber;
  • Power banks of lithium ion batteries. Lithium ion batteries are already at 18%. This will bring parity in GST rate of power bank and lithium ion battery.
  • Digital cameras and video camera recorders
  • Video game consoles and other games and sports requisites falling under HS code 9504.
  1. 28% to 5%
  • Parts  and accessories for the carriages for disabled persons
  1. GST rate reduction on other goods,-
  1. 18% to 12%
  • Cork roughly squared or debagged
  • Articles of natural cork
  • Agglomerated cork
  1. 18% to 5%
  • Marble rubble
  1. 12% to 5%
  • Natural cork
  • Walking Stick
  • Fly ash Blocks
  1.  12% to Nil:
  • Music Books
  1. 5% to Nil
  • Vegetables, (uncooked or cooked by steaming or boilinginwater), frozen, branded and put in a unit container
  • Vegetable provisionally preserved (for example by sulphur dioxide gas, in brine, in sulphur water or in other preservative solutions), but unsuitable in that state for immediate consumption.
  1. Miscellaneous
  • Exemption from GST on supply of gold by Nominated Agencies to exporters of article of gold Jewellery.
  • Exemption from GST on proceeds received by Government from auction of gifts received by President, Prime Minister, Governor or Chief Minister of a State and public servants, the proceeds of which is used for public or charitable cause.
  • Exemption from IGST/Compensation cess on vehicles imported for temporary purposes under the Customs Convention on the Temporary importation of Private Road Vehicles (carnet de passages-en-douane).
  • Rate of 5%/18% to be applied based on transaction value of footwear
  • Uniform GST rate of 12% on Flexible Intermediate Bulk Container (FIBC) from existing 5%/12% (depending on the value)

GST on solar power generating plant and other renewable energy plants

  • GST rate of  5% rate has been prescribed on renewable energy devices & parts for their manufacture (bio gas plant/solar power based devices, solar power generating system (SGPS) etc) [falling under chapter 84, 85 or 94 of the Tariff]. Other goods or services used in these plants attract applicable GST.
  • Certain disputes have arisen regarding GST rates where specified goods attracting 5% GST are supplied along with services of construction etc and other goods for solar power plant.
  • To resolve the dispute the Council has recommended that in all such cases, the 70% of the gross value shall be deemed as the value of supply of said goods attracting 5% rate and the remaining portion (30%) of the aggregate value of such EPC contract shall be deemed as the value of supply of taxable service attracting standard GST rate.

GST Rate Cuts on Services

GST Council in the 31stmeeting held on 22nd December, 2018 at New Delhi took following decisions relating to changes in GST rates, ITC eligibility criteria, exemptions andclarificationson connected issues.The decisions of the GST Council have been presented in this note in simple language for easyunderstanding. The same would be given effect to through Gazette notifications/ circulars which shall have force of law.

 Reduction in GST rates/exemptions on Services:

  1. GST rate on cinema tickets above Rs. 100 shall be reducedfrom 28% to 18% and on cinema tickets uptoRs. 100 from 18% to 12%.
  2. GST rate on third party insurance premium of goods carrying vehicles shall be reduced from 18% to 12%
  3. Services supplied by banks to Basic Saving Bank Deposit (BSBD) account holders under PradhanMantri Jan DhanYojana (PMJDY) shall be exempted.
  4. Services supplied by rehabilitation professionals recognized under Rehabilitation Council of India Act, 1992at medical establishments, educational institutions, rehabilitation centers established by Central Government / State Government or Union Territories or entity registered under section 12AA of the Income-tax Actshall be exempted.
  5. Services provided by GTA to Government departments/local authorities which have taken registration only for the purpose of deducting tax under Section 51 shall be excluded from payment of tax under RCM and the same shall be exempted.
  6. Exemption on services provided by Central or State Government or Union Territory Government to their undertakings or PSUs by way of guaranteeing loans taken by them from financial institutions is being extended to guaranteeing of such loans taken from banks.
  7. Air travel of pilgrims by non-scheduled/charter operations, for religious pilgrimage facilitated by the Government of India under bilateral arrangements shall attract the same rate of GST as applicable to similar flights in Economy class (i.e. 5% with ITC of input services).


  1. Parliament and State legislatures shall be extended the same tax treatment with regard to payment of tax under RCM (reverse charge mechanism)as available to Central and State Governments.
  2. Security services (supply of security personnel) provided to a registered person,except Government Departments which have taken registration for TDS and entities registered under composition scheme, shall be put under RCM.
  3. Services provided by unregistered Business Facilitator (BF) to a bank and agent of Business correspondent (BC) toa BC shall be put under RCM.

GST Council’s 30th Meeting:

During the 30th Meeting of the GST Council, the proposal of the State of Kerala for imposition of Cess on SGST for rehabilitation and flood affected works was discussed in detail.  The Council decided to constitute a 7-Member Group of Ministers (GoM) to examine this issue in depth.  Accordingly, the Union Finance Minister, Shri ArunJaitley, had approved the constitution of a Group of Ministers on 28thSeptember, 2018 to examine the issue regarding ‘Modalities for Revenue Mobilization in case of Natural Calamities and Disasters’ 

GST Council :28th Meeting:

The GST Council in its 28th Meeting took the following decisions on GST Rate on Goods and Services.

GST Rate on Goods:

  1. GST rates reduction on 28% items:
  1. 28% to 18%
  • Paints and varnishes (including enamels and lacquers)
  • Glaziers’ putty, grafting putty, resin cements
  • Refrigerators, freezers and other refrigerating or freezing equipment including water cooler, milk coolers, refrigerating equipment for leather industry, ice cream freezer etc.
  • Washing machines.
  • Lithium-ion batteries
  • Vacuum cleaners
  • Domestic electrical appliances such as food grinders and mixers & food or vegetable juice extractor, shaver, hair clippers etc
  • Storage water heaters and immersion heaters, hair dryers,  hand dryers, electric smoothing irons etc
  • Televisions upto the size of 68 cm
  • Special purpose motor vehicles. e.g., crane lorries, fire fighting vehicle, concrete mixer lorries, spraying lorries
  • Works trucks [self-propelled, not fitted with lifting or handling equipment] of the type used in factories, warehouses, dock areas or airports for short transport of goods.
  • Trailers and semi-trailers.
  • Miscellaneous articles such as scent sprays and similar toilet sprays, powder-puffs and pads for the application of cosmetics or toilet preparation.
  1. 28% to 12%
  • Fuel Cell Vehicle. Further, Compensation cess shall also be exempted on fuel cell vehicle.
  1. Refund of accumulated credit on account of inverted duty structure to fabric manufacturers: Fabrics attract GST at the rate of 5% subject to the condition that refund of accumulated ITC on account of inversion will not be allowed. However, considering the difficulty faced by the Fabric sector on account of this condition, the GST Council has recommended for allowing refund to fabrics on account of inverted duty structure. The refund of accumulated ITC shall be allowed only with the prospective effect on the purchases made after the notification is issued.

III. GST rates were recommended to be brought down from,-

  1. 18%12%/5% to Nil:

o    Stone/Marble/Wood Deities

o    Rakhi [other than that of precious or semi-precious material of chapter 71]

o    Sanitary Napkins,

o    Coir pith compost

o    Sal Leaves siali leaves and their products and Sabai Rope

o    PhoolBhariJhadoo [Raw material for Jhadoo]

o    Khali dona.

o    Circulation and commemorative coins, sold by Security Printing and Minting Corporation of India Ltd [SPMCIL] to Ministry of Finance.

  1. 12% to 5%:

o    Chenille fabrics and other fabrics under heading 5801

o    Handloom dari

o    Phosphoric acid (fertilizer grade only).

o    Knitted cap/topi having retail sale value not exceeding Rs. 1,000

  1. 18% to 12%:

o    Bamboo flooring.

o    Brass Kerosene Pressure Stove.

o    Hand Operated Rubber Roller.

o    Zip and Slide Fasteners.

  1. 18% to 5%:

o    Ethanol for sale to Oil Marketing Companies for blending with fuel

o    Solid bio fuel pellets

  1. Rate change made in respect of footwear

o    5% GST is being extended to footwear having a retail sale price up to Rs. 1000 per pair

o    Footwear having a retail sale price exceeding Rs. 1000 per pair will continue to attract 18%

V.GST rates were recommended to be brought down for specified handicraft items [as per the definition of handicraft, as approved by the GST council]

  1. 18% to 12%:

o    Handbags including pouches and purses; jewellery box

o    Wooden frames for painting, photographs, mirrors etc

o    Art ware of cork [including articles of sholapith]

o    Stone art ware, stone inlay work

o    Ornamental framed mirrors

o    Glass statues [other than those of crystal]

o    Glass art ware [ including pots, jars, votive, cask, cake cover, tulip bottle, vase ]

o    Art ware of iron

o    Art ware of brass, copper/ copper alloys, electro plated with nickel/silver

o    Aluminium art ware

o    Handcrafted  lamps (including panchloga lamp)

o    Worked vegetable or mineral carving, articles thereof, articles of wax, of stearin, of natural gums or natural resins or of modelling pastes etc, (including articles of lac, shellac)

o    Ganjifa card

  1. 12% to 5%:

o    Handmade carpets and other handmade textile floor coverings (including namda/gabba)

o    Handmade lace

o    Hand-woven tapestries

o    Hand-made braids and ornamental trimming in the piece

o    Toran

  1. Miscellaneous Change relating to valuation of a supply

o    IGST @5% on Pool Issue Price (PIP) of Urea imported on Government account for direct agriculture use, instead of assessable value plus custom duty.

o    Exemption from Compensation cess to Coal rejects from washery [arising out of cess paid coal on which ITC has not been taken].

GST Rate on Services

The GST Council in its 28th meeting took following decisions relating to exemptions / changes in GST rates / ITC eligibility criteria, rationalization of rates / exemptions and clarification on levy of GST on services.

It would be noted that multiple reliefs from GST taxation have been provided to following categories of services –

(i) Agriculture, farming and food processing industry,

(ii) Education, training and skill development,

(iii) Pension, social security and old age support.

Hotel industry has been given major relief by providing that the rate of tax on accommodation service shall be based on transaction value instead of declared tariff.

Services provided in sectors like banking, IT have been provided relief by exempting services supplied by an establishment of a person in India to any establishment of that person outside India [related party].

As a green initiative, GST on supply of e-books has been reduced from 18 to 5%.


Sector –Farmers/ Agriculture/ Food Processing

  1. Exempted services by way of artificial insemination of livestock (other than horses).
  2. Exempted warehousing of minor forest produce in line with exemptions provided to the agricultural produce.
  3. Exempted the works of installation and commissioning undertaken by DISCOMS/ electricity distribution companies for extending electricity distribution network upto the tube well of the farmer/ agriculturalist for agricultural use.
  4. Exempted services provided by FSSAI to food business operators.

Education/ Training/ Skill Development

  1. Reduced rate of GST from 18% to 5% on supply only of e-books for which print version exist.

Social Security/ Pension Security/ Senior Citizens

  1. Exempted services provided by Coal Mines Provident Fund Organisationto the PF subscribers from the applicability of GST on the lines of EPFO.
  2. Exempted supply of services by an old age home run by State / Central Government or by a body registered under 12AA of Income Tax Act) to its residents (aged 60 years or more) against consideration upto Rupees Twenty Five Thousand per month per member provided consideration is inclusive of charges for boarding, lodging and maintenance.
  3. Exempted GST on the administrative fee collected by National Pension System Trust.
  4. Exempted services provided by an unincorporated body or a non-profit entity registered under any law for the time being in force, engaged in activities relating to the welfare of industrial or agricultural labour or farmer; or for the promotion of trade, commerce, industry, agriculture, art, science, literature, culture, sports, education, social welfare, charitable activities and protection of environment, to own members against consideration in the form of  membership fee up to an amount of one thousand rupees per member per year.

Banking/ Finance/ Insurance

  1. Exempted Reinsurance Services provided to specified Insurance Schemessuch as Pradhan MantriRashtriyaSwasthyaSuraksha  Mission (PMRSSM) (Ayushman Bharat), funded by Government.

Government Services

  1. Exempted services provided by Government to ERCC by way of assigning the right to collect royalty, DMFT etc. from the mining lease holders.
  2. Exempted the guarantees given by Central/State Government/UT administration to their undertakings/PSUs.


  1. Exempted GST on import of services by Foreign Diplomatic Missions/ UN & other International Organizations based on reciprocity.
  2. Exempted services supplied by an establishment of a person in India to any establishment of that person outside India, which are treated as establishments of distinct persons in accordance with Explanation I in section 8 of the IGST Act provided the place of supply is outside the taxable territory of India in accordance with section 13 of IGST Act
  3. Prescribed GST rate slabs on accommodation service based on transaction value instead of declared tariff which is likely to provide major relief to the hotel industry.
  4. Prescribed GST rate of 12% with full ITC under forward charge for composite supply of multimodal transportation.
  5. Rationalized thenotificationentry prescribing reduced GST rate on composite supply of works contract received by the Government or a local authority in the course of their sovereign functions.
  6. Rationalized entry relating to composite supply of food and drinks in restaurant, mess, canteen, eating joints and such supplies to institutions (educational, office, factory, hospital) on contractual basis at GST rate of 5%; and making it clear that the scope of outdoor catering under 7(v) is restricted to supplies in case of outdoor/indoor functions that are event based and occasional in nature.

Also, the GST Council in its 28th Meeting had approved the New Return Formats and associated changes in law. It may be recalled that in the 27thMeeting held on 4thof May, 2018, the Council had approved the basic principles of GST return design and directed the law committee to finalize the return formats and changes in law. The formats and business process approved in 28th meeting were in line with the basic principles with one major change i.e., the option of filing quarterly return with monthly payment of tax in a simplified return format by the small tax payers.


GST Refunds

Total GST refunds to the tune of Rs 91,149 crores have been disposed by CBIC and State authorities out of the total refund claims of Rs 97,202 crores received so far. Thus, the disposal rate of 93.77 per cent has been achieved. The pending GST refund claims amounting to Rs 6,053 crores are being expeditiously processed so as to provide relief to eligible claimants. Refund claims without any deficiency are being cleared expeditiously.

GST Evasion


E-way Bill System

 The E-way Bill System had been introduced nation-wide for inter-State movement of goods with effect from 1st April, 2018 while the States were given the option to choose any date till 3rd June, 2018 for the introduction of the E-way bill system for intra-State supplies. The objectives of E-way bill system are as below:

  1. single and unified E-way bill for inter-State and intra-State movement of goods for the whole country in self-service mode,
  1. enabling paperless and fully online system to facilitate seamless movement of goods across all the States,
  1. improve service delivery with quick turnaround time for the entire supply chain and provide anytime anywhere access to data/services,
  1. to facilitate hassle free movement of goods by abolishing inter-State check posts across the country

Demonetization and Unearthing Black Money

The larger purpose of demonetisation was to move India from a Tax Non-compliant society to a compliant society.  This necessarily involved the formalization of the Economy and a blow to the black money.

Demonetization compelled holders of cash to deposit the same in the banks.  The enormity of cash deposited and identified with the owner resulted in suspected 17.42 lakh account holders from whom the response has been received online through non-invasive method. Larger deposits in banks improved lending capacity for the banks.  A lot of this money was diverted to the Mutual Funds for further investments.  It became a part of the formal system.

The impact of demonetization has been felt on collection of personal income tax.  Its collections were higher in Financial Year 2018-19 (till 31-10-2018) compared to the previous year by 20.2%.  Even in the corporate tax the collections are 19.5% higher.  From two years prior to demonetization, direct tax collections have increased 6.6% and 9% respectively.  In the next two years, post demonetization the increase by 14.6% (part of the year before impact of demonetization in 2016-17) and an increase of 18% in the year 2017-18.

Appropriate action by the Income-tax Department (ITD) and other Law Enforcement Agencies has been taken against those involved in the misuse of the Scheme of Demonetization.

During the period November 2016 to March, 2017, ITD conducted searches in 900 groups, involved in various activities and business, leading to seizure of Rs. 900 crores, including cash seizure of Rs. 636 crores. During the same period, 8239 surveys were conducted leading to detection of undisclosed income of Rs. 6745 crores.

With the objective of obtaining people’s participation in the Income Tax Department’s efforts to unearth black money and reduce tax evasion, a new reward scheme titled “Income Tax Informants Reward Scheme, 2018” has been issued by the Income Tax Department, superseding the earlier reward scheme issued in 2007.

Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT)

The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has entered into nine more Unilateral Advance Pricing Agreements (UAPAs) during the month of July, 2018. With the signing of these Agreements, the total number ofAPAs entered into by the CBDT has gone up to 232, which includes 20 Bilateral Advance Pricing Agreements (BAPAs). 

Direct Tax

There has been continuous increase in the amount of income declared in the returns filed by all categories of taxpayers over the last three Assessment Years (AYs). For AY 2014-15, corresponding to FY 2013-14 (base year), the return filers had declared gross total income of Rs.26.92 lakh crore, which has increased by 67% to Rs.44.88 lakh crore for AY 2017-18, showing higher level of compliance resulting from various legislative and administrative measures taken by the Government, including effective enforcement measures against tax evasion.

Refunds amounting to Rs.1.23 lakh crore have been issued during April, 2018 to November, 2018, which is 20.8% higher than refunds issued during the same period in the preceding year.

So far as the Growth Rate for Corporate Income Tax (CIT) and Personal Income Tax (PIT) is concerned, the Growth Rate of Gross Collections for CIT is 17.7% while that for PIT (including STT) is 18.3%.

According to the Direct Tax Statistics released by CBDT:

  • There is a constant growth in direct tax-GDP ratio over last three years and the ratio of 5.98% in FY 2017-18 is the best DT-GDP ratio in last 10 years.
  • There is a growth of more than 80% in the number of returns filed in the last four financial years from 3.79 crore in FY 2013-14 (base year) to 6.85 crore in FY 2017-18.
  • The number of persons filing Return of Income has also increased by about 65% during this period from 3.31 crore in FY 2013-14 to 5.44 crore in FY 2017-18.

Department of Financial Services

Reforms for addressing the Non-Performing Assets (NPAs) of Public Sector Banks (PSBs):

The government has strongly come out with key measures and reforms in order to address the increase in NPAs, which are detailed as under.

  1. Recapitalization of Public Sector Banks (PSBs):

Government moved proposal in Parliament for enhanced bank re-capitalisation outlay from Rs.65,000 crore to Rs.1,06,000 crore in the current financial year to propel economic growth, cementing India’s position as the fastest growing economy of the world. This would enable infusion of over Rs.83,000 in Public Sector Banks (PSBs). 

The enhanced provision is aimed at:

(1)  Meeting regulatory capital norms

(2)  Providing capital to better-performing PCA Banks to achieve 9% Capital to Risk-weighted Asset Ratio (CRAR); 1.875% Capital Conservation Buffer and the 6% Net NPA threshold, facilitating them to come out of PCA

(3)  Facilitating non-PCA banks that are in breach of some PCA thresholds to not be in breach

(4)  Strengthen amalgamating banks by providing regulatory and growth capital

Following comprehensive clean-up of the banking system under Government’s 4R’s approach of Recognition, Resolution, Recapitalisation and Reforms, the envisaged recapitalisation would equip banks financially at levels higher than the global norms. In this connection, it is pertinent that India’s capital norms for banks are 1% higher than the norms recommended under the global Basel-III framework. Further, unlike the early intervention regime of other major economies, India’s PCA framework for weaker banks has more onerous thresholds, viz., higher capital thresholds and a Net NPA threshold that further embeds capital requirement on account of provisioning of NPAs. Today’s proposal in an expression of Government’s commitment that each PSB is an article of faith, and aims at securing compliance even for the higher regulatory norms.

  1. One market place for Public Sector Bank loans

The reforms agenda aimed at Enhanced Access & Service Excellence (EASE), encapsulates a synergistic approach to ensuring prudential and clean lending, better customer service, enhanced credit availability, focus on Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs), and better governance.

  1. Consolidation of Regional Rural Banks (RRBs)

With a view to enable Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) to minimize their overhead expenses, optimize the use of technology, enhance the capital base and area of operation and increase their exposure, the Government has sought comments of respective State Governments and Sponsor Banks on a roadmap for Amalgamation of RRBs within a State.

Apart from these measures, a number of other measures have been undertaken. As a result, PSBs recovered an amount of Rs. 1,58,259 crore, during the financial years 2015-16 to 2017-18.

  1. To avoid recurrence and for stringent recovery, the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (IBC) has been enacted to create a Unified Framework for resolving insolvency and bankruptcy matters.
  2. The Banking Regulation Act, 1949 was amended, to provide for authorization to RBI to issue directions to banks to initiate the insolvency resolution process under IBC. Under this, by adopting a creditor-in-saddle approach, with the interim resolution professional taking over management of affairs of Corporate Debtor at the outset, the incentive to resort to abuse of the legal system was taken away. This coupled with debarment of wilful defaulters and persons associated with NPA accounts from the resolution process, has effected a fundamental change in the creditor-debtor relationship.
  3. Further, as per RBI’s directions, cases have been filed under IBC in the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) in respect of 39 large defaulters, amounting to about Rs. 2.69 lakh crore funded exposure (as of December 2017).
  4. In addition, recapitalisation of PSBs, announced and initiated by the Government, has enabled upfront provisioning, easing apprehensions in actively pursuing resolution.
  5. Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act, 2002 (SARFAESI Act) has been amended for faster recovery with a provision for three months imprisonment in case the borrower does not provide asset details and for the lender to get possession of mortgaged property within 30 days. Also, six new Debts Recovery Tribunal have been established to expedite recovery.
  6. PSB Reforms Agenda announced by the Government, PSBs have committed to strengthen recovery mechanism by setting-up Stressed Asset Management Verticals for focussed recovery, clean and effective post-sanction follow-up on large-value accounts by tying up with Agencies for Specialized Monitoring for loans of Rs. 250 crore and above, and strict segregation of pre- and post-sanction roles for enhanced accountability.
  7. To reduce incidence of default on account of and to effect recovery from wilful defaulters, as per RBI’s instructions, wilful defaulters are not sanctioned any additional facilities by banks or financial institutions, their unit is debarred from floating new ventures for five years, and lenders may initiate criminal proceedings against them, wherever necessary.
  8.  Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) Regulations have been amended to debar wilful defaulters and companies with wilful defaulters as promoters/directors from accessing capital markets to raise funds.
  9.  Further, the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code has been amended to debar wilful defaulters from participating in the insolvency resolution process.

Global Recognition of Government’s Reform Drive

The reform drive undertaken by the government has been recognized by International Organizations like Standard &Poor’s which states, inter-alia, that “the worst is almost over for India’s banks”. It states that the Government is working on a four-pronged strategy to improve the health of the banking sector: recognition, resolution, recapitalisation and reform (“4Rs”), and that their stable outlook on the banks reflect their view that the “4Rs” and other initiatives taken by the Government and RBI will strengthen the banking system over the next couple of years.

Streamlining of National Pension System (NPS) 


The Union Cabinet in its Meeting on 6th December, 2018 has approved the following

Financial Inclusion

Finance Ministry launches Mobile Application “Jan DhanDarshak” as a part of Financial Inclusion

Department of Financial Services (DFS), Ministry of Finance and National Informatics Centre  (NIC) has jointly developed a mobile app called Jan DhanDarshak as a part of financial inclusion (FI) initiative . As the name suggests, this app will act as a guide for the common people in locating a financial service touch point at a given location in the country.

Major Schemes and their Improvements:

Issue of Kisan Credit Cards

There is positive growth in terms of both individual policies as well as first year premium during 2017-18. Apart from interest rates, there are other factors which affect the life insurance growth such as overall economic growth, sales force, product portfolio, level of competition with other financial products etc. 


Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY): Under Pradhan Mantri Jan DhanYojana33.4 Crore beneficiaries banked so far ₹85,494.69 Crore balance in beneficiary accounts as on 17th December, 2018

Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana extended up to March 2020: Exemption of Interest Income on deposits increased to Rs 50,000. Existed limit on investment under PMVVY enhanced to Rs 15 lakhs.

Sukanya Samridhi Account Scheme: Until 30 June, 2018 more than 1.39 crore accounts have been opened across the country in the name of girl-child securing an amount of Rs.25,979.62crore.

Atal Pension Scheme: The Subscriber base under APY has crossed 1.24 crore mark; More than 27 lacs new subscribers have joined the Scheme during the Current Financial Year 2018-19 (As on 2nd November,2018). The Scheme is very easy to understand and it is very transparent. States like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Karnataka are the top contributors in APY enrollment. The Scheme allows any Indian Citizen between the age group of 18-40 years to join through the bank or post office branches where one has the savings bank account.

Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana(PMSBY) and  Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY)

  • Pradhan MantriSurakshaBimaYojana:  As per data uploaded by banks, the number of persons enrolled under Pradhan MantriSurakshaBimaYojana (PMSBY) as on 31.10.2018 is 14.27 Crores.
  • Pradhan MantriJeevanJyotiBimaYojana:5.47 crore subscribers under Pradhan MantriJeevanJyotiBimaYojana (PMJJBY) with 1.10 lakh claims, involving an amount of Rs. 2,206.28 crore settled so far. (As on 8th September,2018)

Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana

Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana (PMMY) is a scheme launched by the Hon’ble Prime Minister on April 8, 2015 for providing loans upto 10 lakh to the non-corporate, non-farm small/micro enterprises. These loans are classified as MUDRA loans under PMMY. During the financial year 2018-19, the number of loan sanctioned are 2,92,30,665 with total amount sanctioned Rs. 1,53,783.83Crores, with total amount disbursed Rs.1,47,115.20Crores (As 14th December,2018)

Stand Up India Scheme

Progress around Stand-Up India Scheme is as under

    Performance under Stand Up India Scheme   (Amt. in Rs. Crore)
          SC     ST       Women     Total
  No Of Sanctioned   No Of Sanctioned No Of   Sanctioned   No Of   Sanctioned
    A/Cs Amt.   A/Cs   Amt. A/Cs   Amt.   A/Cs     Amt.
  31.10.2018 9175 1776.87   2770 557.35 54135   12096.91   66080   14431.14

 Rates of Small Saving Schemes was increased for Financial Year 2018-19.


Public Financial Management System (PFMS) Achieves a Historical Record Breaking Volume of Digital Transaction

Public Financial Management System (PFMS) is an ambitious project of Government of India being implemented by Controller General of Accounts, Ministry of Finance. PFMS has proved as a robust digital platform towards Prime Minister’s vision of DIGITAL INDIA.

On 28th March, 2018, an historic amount of Rs. 71,633.45 crore has been digitally transacted/routed through PFMS Portal for 98, 19,026 transactions in a single day.

  1. Department of Disinvestment and Public Asset Management (DIPAM)
  • As on 11th December, 2018, the Government had realized Rs. 34,005.05 crore as disinvestment proceeds against the BE of Rs. 80,000 crore during the current financial year (2018-19).
  • The FFO 3 of CPSE-ETF in November 2018 was the biggest disinvestment transaction through ETF raising Rs. 17,000 crore.
  • Total disinvestment proceeds during 2017-18 was Rs. 1,00,056.91crorevis-a-vis the revised target of Rs. 1,00,000 crore.
  • CPSEs constitute 8.81% and 8.89% of the total market capitalisation of companies listed at BSE and NSE respectively (as on 7th December, 2018)
  • The Initial Public Offering (IPO) of CPSE IRCON had been subscribed 9.5 times. The Government expected to raise Rs 466 crore from the issue. IRCON is the second CPSE to launch an IPO in the Current Fiscal besides being the second Railway CPSE to be listed on the stock markets after RITES in June this year.
Mishra Dhatu Nigam Ltd. (MIDHANI) 25 434.14 75%
Bharat 22 ETF 8325.26
RITES 12.60 460.51 87.40%
Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd. 25.5 342.90 74.5%
Coal India Ltd. 3.19 5218.30 75.46%
KIOCL Ltd. 1.983 205.34 99.06%
HSCC (India) Ltd. 100 285.00
CPSE-Exchange Traded Fund (FFO3) 17000.00
National Aluminium Company Ltd. 1.80 260.41 56.77%
NLC India Ltd. 989.86
Coal India Ltd. 0.01 17.33 75.12%

(Source – DIPAM site)

  • Further Fund Offer of Bharat – 22 ETF had been a resounding success with strong participation of FIIs.
  • Also, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri NarendraModi had given ‘in principle’ approval for strategic disinvestment of 100% Government of India’s shares in DCIL to consortium of four ports namely, Vishakhapatnam Port Trust, Paradeep Port Trust, JawaharLal Nehru Port Trust and Kandla Port Trust.
  • In January, The Government of India had also entered into an agreement with ONGC for the strategic sale of its 51.11% equity share-holding in HPCL at a consideration of Rs. 36,915 crore.

Department of Expenditure

  • The Finance Minister said that in order to impart unquestionable credibility to the Government’s commitment for the revised fiscal glide path, he proposed to accept key recommendations of the Fiscal Reform and Budget Management (FRBM) Committee relating to adoption of the Debt Ruleand to bring down the Central Government’s Debt to GDP ratio to 40%. The Government also accepted the recommendation to use Fiscal Deficit target as the key operational parameter.
  • Presenting the General Budget 2018-19 in Parliament here, the Union Minister for Finance and Corporate Affairs, Shri ArunJaitely  said that the total earmarked allocation for SCs in 279 programmes had been increased from Rs.34,334 crore in 2016-17 to Rs.52,719 crore in RE 2017-18.  Likewise, for STs, earmarked allocation had been increased from Rs.21,811 crore in 2016-17 to Rs.32,508 crore in RE 2017-18 in 305 programmes.  The Finance Minister said that earmarked allocation had been further increased to Rs.56,619 crore for SCs and Rs.39,135 crore for STs in BE 2018-19.
  • The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri NarendraModi has approved to release an additional installment of Dearness Allowance (DA) to Central Government employees and Dearness Relief (DR) to pensioners w.e.f. 01.07.2018 representing an increase of 2% over the existing rate of 7% of the Basic Pay/Pension, to compensate for price rise.
  •  Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) had been made applicable across the country vide M/o Finance OM dated 12.12.2014. Till 15/02/2018, 366 such schemes/components were identified where cash was directly transferred to bank account of the beneficiaries. Till 15/02/2018, Rs. 2,64,113 crore was transferred to the beneficiaries in the Cash Schemes.
  • Total Agriculture Credit Disbursement increased from Rs. 9,15,509.92 Crore in 2015-16 to Rs. 11,68,502.84 Crore in 2017-18
  • To enhance their skills and keep pace with the changes in the World Global Environment, the Department of Expenditure took the lead role in the capacity building of Financial Advisers


Year End Review: Ministry of Coal

Achievements of Ministry of Coal in the Year 2018

The production of raw coal during April-November 2018-19 was 433.896 Million Tonne (MT) compared to 394.910 MT during the corresponding period of previous year.

Coal production and coal dispatch/off-take of CIL during April-November 2018-19 was 358.322 MT and 392.091 MT respectively.

SHAKTI policy has allowed continuation of the existing coal supply to the capacities of about 68,000 MW at the rate of 75% of Annual Contracted Quantity (ACQ). The coal supply may further be increased in future based on coal availability.

During the period 2017-18, CIL has approved five opencast projects having an annual total capacity of 24.85 MTY and sanctioned capital of Rs 4264.90 Crore.

In order to address the issue of evacuation of coal from three potential coalfields, Government of India has taken up implementation of Three Railway Projects in Jharkhand, Odisha and Chhattisgarh.

UTTAM APP launched in April, 2018 to help all consumer/stakeholders as well as Coal Companies access the decl.


  • The production of raw coal in the country during April-November 2018-19 was 433.896 Million Tonne (MT) compared to 394.910 MT during the corresponding period of previous year.
  • The overall growth in Coal production during April- November, 2018 was 9.8%.
  • Coal India Limited (CIL) Coal Production and Off-take (during April-November 2018)
    • Coal production and coal dispatch/off-take of Coal India Limited (CIL), the state sector coal mining company, during April-November 2018-19 was 358.322 MT and 392.091 MT respectively.
    • Production and dispatch growth of CIL was 8.8% and 6.6% respectively during April-November 2018-19.
    • Generally, it is observed that coal production slows down considerably between June–September every year.
    • The production has picked up from October onwards.
Fact Apr-Nov. 2018 Apr-Nov 2017 Increase in absolute term Growth
Production of CIL (in MT) 358.322 329.297 29.025 8.8%
Dispatch of CIL (in MT) 392.091 367.805 24.286 6.6%

All India month wise progressive coal production (in million tonnes)

  Apr Till


Till Jun Till  Jul Till  Aug Till  Sep Till  Oct Till



(Till Nov. 2018)

53.78 110.53 165.08 214.06 260.97 310.73 370.95 433.90

(Till Nov. 2017)

46.05 95.86 144.22 188.85 234.65 281.32 335.34 394.91

Monitoring of coal supplies to Power Utilities

The stock positions of Power Houses having critical and super critical stock for the year 2015-16 to 2018-19 (till Nov) is as under:

Date Quantity

(in MT)

No. of Critical Power Houses No. of Super Critical Power Houses Total Stock

(in days)

31.03.2015 26.10 12 6 18 18
31.03.2016 38.87 0 0 0 27
31.03.2017 27.74 1 0 1 19
31.03.2018 16.27 10 18 28 10
30.11.2018 12.94 12 11 23 8

In addition to the monitoring mechanism available at coal companies and CIL, coal supplies to Power Utility Sector is monitored regularly by an Inter-Ministerial sub-group comprising representatives of Ministry of Power, Ministry of Coal and Ministry of Railways constituted by Infrastructure review Committee of Cabinet Secretariat. This Sub-Group takes various operational decisions for meeting any contingent situations relating to Power Sector including critical coal stock position for power plant.

Power Sector Linkage Policy – SHAKTI

CCEA on 17.05.2017 approved fading away of the existing LoA-FSA regime and introduced Scheme for Harnessing and Allocating Koyala (Coal) Transparently in India (SHAKTI), 2017, which was issued by Ministry of Coal on 22.05.2017. The Policy provides for the following:

  • SHAKTI policy has allowed continuation of the existing coal supply to the capacities of about 68,000 MW at the rate of 75% of Annual Contracted Quantity (ACQ). The coal supply may further be increased in future based on coal availability. Also, the policy has enabled about 19,000 MW capacities out of the 68,000 MW which have delayed in commissioning for signing of Fuel Supply Agreements (FSA) provided these plants are commissioned within 31.03.2022. The plants to whom LoAs were issued have been made eligible for signing of FSAs under para A (i) of SHAKTI Policy. As per Para A (i) of SHAKTI Policy dated 22.05.2017, FSA may be signed with the pending LoA holders after ensuring that the plants are commissioned, respective milestones met, all specified conditions of the LoA fulfilled within specified timeframe and where nothing adverse is detected against the LoA holders.

With these, the old regime of LoA-FSA came to finality and fade away:

Following are considered under new more transparent coal allocation policy for Power Sector, 2017-SHAKTI (Scheme for Harnessing and Allocating Koyala (coal) Transparently in India):

  • CIL/ SCCL may grant coal linkages to State/Central Gencos/JVs at notified price on recommendations of Ministry of Power.
  • Linkages to IPPs having PPA based on domestic coal but no linkage.
  • Linkages to IPPs/ Power Producers without PPAs shall be on auction basis where methodology would be similar to that followed under linkage auction to non-regulated sector.
  • Coal linkages may also be earmarked for fresh PPAs, by pre-declaring the availability of coal linkage with description, to the States. States may indicate these linkages to Discoms/ SDAs.
  • Power requirement of group of States can also be aggregated and procurement of such aggregated power can be made by an agency designated by Ministry of Power or authorized by such States on the basis of tariff based bidding.
  • Linkages shall be granted for full normative quantity to Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) incorporated by nominated agency for setting up Ultra Mega Power Projects (UMPP) under Central Government initiative through tariff based competitive under the guidelines for determination of tariff, on the recommendation of MoP.
  • Ministry of Coal in consultation with Ministry of Power may formulate a detailed methodology of a transparent bidding process for allocating coal linkages to IPPs, having PPAs based on imported coal, with full pass through of cost saving to consumers.

As of now, coal linkages have been granted under Para A (i), B (i) & B (ii) of the aforesaid Policy. During the period of January to November, 2018, 12 Fuel Supply Agreements have been signed by Coal India Limited under the SHAKTI Policy, 2017.

Details of coal linkages granted under various provisions of SHAKTI as of now are as under:

  • Under paraA(i) of SHAKTI: Clearance has been given for signing of FSA for 6 power plants with a total capacity of 4730 MW.
  • Para B(i) of SHAKTI:18 TPPs granted linkage for a total capacity of 21880 MW.
  • Para B(ii) of SHAKTI: Linkage auction under para B(ii) of SHAKTI policy was conducted in Sep’17 whereby 27.18 MT of annual coal linkage was booked by ten provisional successful bidders for 9045 MW capacity. Fuel supply Agreement has been executed with seven of ten successful bidders, as of now.

Auction of Linkages of Non-Regulated Sector

Policy for Auction of Linkages to Non-Regulated Sector was issued on 15.02.2016. All allocations of Linkages/LoAs for non-regulated sector viz. Cement, Steel/Sponge Iron, Aluminium and others (excluding Fertilizer (urea) sector), including their CPPs, shall be auction based. Till 10th October, 2018, 71.72 MTPA of coal quantity have been booked under the linkage auctions conducted by Coal India Limited in 4 tranches. The percentage gain over notified price of non-power is 17.90%. Fourth tranche of auction is underway from June, 2018 onwards. A total quantity of 26.54 MT has been booked by Sponge Iron, Cement & CPP sub sector in the fourth tranche of auction till 10th October, 2018 and the average gain over notified price for the above 3 sub sectors have been 30.25%.

  • Rationalization of Coal Linkage

An Inter-Ministerial Task Force (IMTF) was constituted in June, 2014 to undertake a comprehensive review of existing sources of coal with a view to optimize transportation cost and materialization under the given technical constraints. The report of the IMTF duly approved by the Competent Authority was circulated to the concerned. On the recommendation of the IMTF, three stage rationalization was undertaken. The linkage rationalization for State/Central PSUs was implemented initially, based on IMTF recommendation and carried forward by CIL based on coal availability and requests of PSU TPPs. Overall movement rationalization of 55.66 MT of coal has taken place with annual potential savings of Rs. 3359 Crore.

Recently, Ministry of Coal has issued the Policy for Linkage Rationalization for Independent Power Producers (IPPs) vide its letter dated 15.05.2018 which started with rationalization of linkages of State/ Central Gencos. As per this policy, CIL has rationalized for a quantity of 5.42 MT for State/Central Gencos with a potential savings of 292 Crores (approx., as estimated by the power plants) which is under the process of implementation.

In addition, an Inter Ministerial Task Force has also been constituted on 18.10.2018 to examine the possibility of further rationalization of Coal linkages, including swapping of imported coal being transported to hinterland with domestic coal transported near coastal areas. Four meetings of the IMTF has been held.

  • Bridge Linkage

Policy for grant of ‘Bridge Linkage’ to specified end-use plants of Central and State Public Sector Undertakings (Both in Power as well as Non-Power sector) which have been allotted coal mines/ blocks was issued on 08.02.2016. Bridge Linkage shall act like a short term linkage to bridge the gap between requirement of coal of a specified end use plant of Central and State PSUs and the start of production from the linked allotted coal mine/block. So far, Bridge Linkages have been granted to 31 TPPs and 1 CPP. During the period between January, 2018 to 22nd November, 2018, Bridge Linkages have been granted to 2 TPPs.

  • Third Party Sampling

Guidelines on Third Party Sampling at the loading end – Standard Operationg Procedure were issued on 26.11.2015. CIMFR has also been permitted for undertaking of sampling and analysis of coal at unloading / receipt end by the Thermal Power Plants. The progress of the Third Party Sampling is being reviewed periodically by a Committee jointly chaired by Joint Secretary (Coal) and Joint Secretary (Thermal).

CIMFR has completed signing of tripartite agreement for a quantity of 548 million tonne on annual basis. Sampling for almost entire supply to power utilities under FSA / MoU has already been covered by CIMFR.

In addition, Third Party sampling has been extended to Non-Power consumers taking coal under different FSAs and e-auction on optional basis. IIT-ISM and QCI have been engaged for undertaking Third Party Sampling for Non-Power consumers and Power consumers taking coal under forward e-auction.

An APP named as UTTAM (Unlocking Transparency by Third Party Assessment of Mined Coal) has been launched in April, 2018 and all consumer/stakeholders as well as Coal Companies can access the declared grade, third party sample analysis results and referee analysis results through this APP.


Now, coal supply under all FSAs and e-auction for both power utilities and non-power consumers have been covered under Third Party Sampling. Consumers are now paying the coal value for the quality of coal supplied to them based on analyzed grade given by independent third party agencies.

Disinvestment during FY 2018-19

  • Coal India OFS: Disinvestment of 10% paid up equity capital in CIL was approved by the CCEA in November, 2015. Out of the above, during FY 2018-19, 3.19% shares were disinvested through Offer For Sale (OFS) mode.
  • BHARAT 22 ETF: Consequent upon the CCEA’s authorisation, the alternative mechanism has approved the creation of a new exchange traded fund namely Bharat 22 ETF. As per the composition of the basket, CIL & NLC will have weight of 3.3% & 0.3% respectively in the above Equity Traded Fund(ETF).

During FY 2018-19, 0.225% of CIL’s Shares and 0.10 % of NLCIL Shares was divested through Bharat 22 ETF.

  • NLCIL’s Buyback: During current year i.e. 2018-19, buyback of 14,19,31,818 fully paid-up equity shares of Rs.10 each at a price of Rs.88 per equity share has already been approved by NLCIL’s Board. Ministry of Coal also conveyed the approval of Government from promoter vide letter dated 09.10.2018 to support the proposed buy back of shares by NLCIL.
  • CPSE ETF: Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) on 2nd May 2013 has approved the setting up of CPSE-ETF comprising equity shares of listed CPSEs.

Accordingly, shares of CIL was disinvested by way of placement in CPSE-ETF Scheme in three installments of 0.35% in March 2014, 0.67% in January 2017 & 0.25 % in March 2017.

Further, DIPAM vide OM dated 06.11.2018 informed about Further Fund Offer of CPSE ETF wherein the composition of basket has been revised. Earlier only Coal India Limited was the part of basket but now NLCIL has also been included in the basket

Shares for the above FFO3 of CPSE ETF has already been transferred to DIPAM. 2.21% & 1.62% shareholding of GoI in CIL & NLCIL, are disvested through FFO3 CPSE ETF. Balance shares are yet to be received from DIPAM.

Allocation of Coal Blocks/Mines under the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015

  • Under the provisions of the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015 and Rules made there under, so far 85 coal mines have been successfully allocated (originally 92 coal mines were allocated, later on Coal Mine Development and Production Agreement were terminated in respect of 7 coal mines). Of these 85 coal mines, 25 have been allocated through Electronic Auction (24 to private companies and 1 to a Government Company) and 60 have been allocated to Government Companies through Allotment. Out of these 85 coal mines, 48 coal mines have been allocated to the regulated sector i.e. power, 21 coal mines to the non-regulated sector (NRS) i.e. iron & steel, cement and captive power as well as 16 coal mines for sale of coal. Allotment/ Vesting Orders have been issued for 77 coal mines. During the year 2018, 3 coal mines have been allotted to Coal India Ltd. These are Bijahan, East of Damogoria and Utkal – A. The auction process of 18 Coal mines and allotment process of 8 coal mines have been initiated.
  • The coal mines allocated under the said Act are to be developed as per the terms and conditions as well as milestones listed in Schedule-E of Coal Mine Development and Production Agreement (CMDPA)/ Allotment Agreement entered by the Successful Bidders / Allottees with the Nominated Authority. Any violation of the stipulated terms and conditions is to attract action as appropriate under provisions of the agreement. During the year 2018 an amount of Rs. 428 Crore  have been recovered as appropriated amount from Performance Security as Bank Guarantee.
  • It may be noted that a High Power Expert Committee (HPEC) was constituted to examine efficacy and challenges in the current bidding system and suggest changes for conducting auction of coal mines in future which submitted its report on 12.07.2018. Upon examination and detailed deliberations on the said report of HPEC and recommendations of the Committee of Secretaries thereon, vide O.M. dated 12.10.2018, directions containing guidelines for future allocation of Coal Mines has been issued to Nominated Authority for taking further necessary action accordingly.

Operationalization of allocated Coal Blocks/Mines under the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015

  • During the year 2018, 6 Coal Mines have become operational:
  1. Aradhagram
  2. Manoharpur
  3. Gare Palma IV/8
  4. Talaipalli
  5. Dulanga
  6. Pachwara North
  • In order to monitor the development of Coal mines, regular meeting by Secretary (Coal) and Nominated Authority are being held. .During the year 2018, Secretary (Coal) has held 7 meetings on 11/01/2018, 27/02/2018, 19/04/2018, 23/07/2018, 01/08/2018, 05/09/2018 &14/11/2018. Meeting of Nominated Authority was conducted on 20/09/2018 and 05/11/2018.
  • Auctioned coal mines– Out of the 15 operational (Schedule II) coal mines auctioned under the provisions of the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015, mining operations have commenced/mine opening permission granted in 12 coal mines. The remaining 3 Schedule II coal mines are awaiting various clearances for operationalization. In respect of these 3 non-operational Schedule II coal mines, action has been/is being taken as per the provisions of Coal Mine Development and Production Agreement.
  • Further, out of the 10 Schedule III coal mines, 1 coal mine was granted Mining Opening Permission. Remaining Schedule III coal mine are scheduled to be operational from June 2018 onwards as they were not operational at the time of the allocation.
  • Allotted coal mines– Out of the 18 operational (Schedule II) coal mines allotted to Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs)/GENCOS, 4 coal mines are operational as on date. Out of 42 Schedule III & I coal mines (24 Schedule III+ 18 Schedule I) 06 coal mines have been granted Mining Opening Permission. Schedule III & I coal mines are scheduled to be operational from June 2018 onwards as they were not operational at the time of the allocation.
  • Status of Coal  Production:

A total of 56.13 MT coal has already been produced till October 2018 from the operational coal mines after allocation under the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act’ 2015.

  • Revenue Generated:

A total revenue of Rs. 6096.50/- Crores (excluding Royalty, taxes, cess, etc.) comprising of the upfront payments and monthly payments upto November 2018 , has already been generated from the coal mines on account of auction/allotment proceeds from allocation of said mines.

  • Coal Block Allocation under MMDR Act, 1957
    • Identification of 137 additional Non-CIL coal blocks out of which 89 coal blocks are available for allocation under MMDR Act, 1957.
    • Deocha Pachami Coal Block has been allocated under MMDR Act, 1957 to the West Bengal Power Development Corporation Limited (WBPDCL) on 06.06.2018.
    • 6 Coal Blocks have been decided to allocate under MMDR Act, 1957 to Coal India Ltd./its Subsidiaries.
    •  Agreement on one Lignite Block (Bharkandam) has been signed on 30.01.2018.
  • Exploration of Coal

CMPDIL drilling target for FY 2018-19 under the sub scheme of Promotion (Regional) Exploration is 2,22,000 Meters which is 47,000 Meters more than previous year drilling. And under the sub scheme of Detailed Drilling in Non-CIL blocks is 512500 Meters which is 13000 Meter more than previous year drilling.

  • Safety Audit

Mine Rescue Team of WCL, a subsidiary of CIL achieved “Most Active Team” Award in the International Mines Rescue Competition (IMRC) 2018 held at Yekaterinburg, Russia. An in-house Rock Testing Laboratory established in Nagpur, WCL for determination of Rock Mass Rating (RMR) of strata was accredited with NABL certificate.

  •  Grading of Quality of Coal

During 2017-18, random sampling (3 sets) by CCO teams for 333 seams/seam fractions & sidings of CIL Subsidiaries and SCCL were carried out under the Colliery Control Rules, 2004 and the Coal Mines (Conservation and Development) Rules, 2011 for approving grades for FY 2018-19. No. of mines involved were 177, in which re-gradation was done for 124 mines which resulted in down gradation of 78 mines and up gradation of 46 mines.

Research and Development

The research & Development (R&D) activity is administered through an Apex Body namely, Standing Scientific Research Committee (SSRC) with Secretary (Coal as its Chairman.

As on 01.04.2018, there were Seventeen (17) on-going research projects, out of which four (4) projects have been completed till date.

Ongoing research projects cover the following Areas:

  • Improvement in production, productivity and safety in coal mines,
  • Coal beneficiation
  • Protection of environment and ecology.
  • Clean coal technology

Total approved outlay of the 17 on-going research projects are amounting to Rs. 104.57 Crore.

Status of ongoing projects

  • There are 117 ongoing mining projects costing Rs 20 crore and above under implementation in CIL. Out of these 117 projects, 63 projects (54%) are on schedule and 54 projects (46%) are delayed.  In SCCL, there are 20 Mining projects (14 opencast and 6 underground) costing Rs. 20 Crore and above under various stages of implementation in SCCL with sanctioned capital cost of Rs. 6865.72 Crore, of which, 14 Projects are on schedule (as per FR/RCE), 6 Projects are delayed.
  • The main reasons for delay are Forestry Clearances, land acquisition and related R&R problems, adverse geo-mining conditions etc. Coal companies are regularly monitoring implementation of the project at various levels and interacting with concerned authorities at State and Central levels to resolve the issues coming in the way of projects implementation.

New Projects

  • During the period 2017-18, CIL has approved five opencast projects having an annual total capacity of 24.85 MTY and sanctioned capital of Rs 4264.90 Crore.

Rail infrastructure for evacuation of coal

  • In order to address the issue of evacuation of coal from three potential coalfields viz. North Karanpura in Jharkhand, lb-valley in Odisha and Mand-Raigarh in Chhattisgarh, Government of India has taken up implementation of 3 railway projects namely Tori-Shivpur-Katotia in North Karanpura, Jharkhand; Jharsuguda-Barpalli-Sardega in lb-valley, Odisha and Bhupdeopur-Korichapar-Dharamjaigarh in Chhattisgarh.
  • The construction of the Tori-Shivpur new BG Rail line of 44.37 km, with a revised capital outlay of Rs. 2399 Crore has been completed in the month of September 2018 (single line). The doubling of the rail line, OHE and signaling works are in progress. The works are being executed by East Central Railway. The construction of the Shivpur-Kathotia section of 49.085 km length, with a revised capital outlay of Rs. 1799.64 Crore has been taken up by a Rail JV company “Jharkhand Central Railway limited” (JCRL) formed with CCL (64%), IRCON (26%) and Govt. of Jharkhand (10%). The DPR and Inflated Mileage have been communicated by EC Railway and Railway Board on 27-02-2018 and 13-06-2018 respectively. Signing of Concession Agreement with EC Railway and Financial Closure of JCRL is under progress. Centre line pegging has been completed; physical work is expected to start by Jan. 2019 after financial closure and forest clearance
  • The construction of the Jharsuguda-Barpali-Sardega new BG Rail line of 52.41 km, with a revised capital outlay of Rs. 1044 Crore has been completed in the month of March 2018. The single line was commissioned on 08.03.2018 and coal loading started from 05.04.2018. The work was executed by South East Railway.
  • For development of Bhupdeopur-Korichapar-Dharamjaigarh Rail infrastructure two Special Purpose Vehicle (SPVs) were formed to develop the East and West coal corridors, namely Chhattisgarh East Railway Limited (CERL) & Chhattisgarh East-West Railway Limited (CEWRL) with equity participation of SECL (64%), lRCON (26%) and Govt. of Chhattisgarh (10%).
  • Land acquired under CBA(A&D) Act, 1957:

Land acquired under Coal Bearing Areas (Acquisition & Development) Act, 1957 [CBA (A&D) Act, 1957] during the period from 01.04.2018 till date are as under:

S.No Name of the Company Name of the Project Area in Hectares
1 RRVUNL (A state Govt. undertaking) Parsa Coal Block, District Surguja and Surajpur, Chhattisgarh 1252.447
2 DVC (A Govt. Corporation under M/o Power Tubed Coal Block, Distt. Latehar, Jharkhand 460.00
3 SECL Risdi-Sonpuri Block, District Korba, CG 1050.593
4 ECL Jhanjra-Jamgora Block, Distt. Burdwan, WB 30.00
5 CCL Pichhri Opencast Project-II, District Bokaro, Jharkhand 31.93
Total:   2824.970

International Co-operation

An MOU was signed between Central Mine Planning & Design Institute Limited (CMPDI) and Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia on 16.11.2018.

A key focus of this MOU will be on fostering opportunities for innovative collaboration among scientific leaders and the focus areas would be:

Encourage substantial research cooperation in some or all of the fields of:

  • 2D/3D Seismic Data Analysis for Mapping Coal Seam Including Thin Seams
  • Hydro-Geological Modelling
  • Thick Seam Mining Using Long wall Technology Top Coal Caving
  • High Productive Underground Mining Technology
  • Coal Mine Methane
  • Ventilation Air Methane Mitigation Technologies
  • Drill Hole Geophysical Logging and Data Analysis for Geotechnical Characterisation
  • Mine Gas Capture and Utilisation
  • Strata Control in Underground Coal Mines
  • Slope Stability in Opencast Mines and Overburden Dumps Stability
  • Remediation of Dust from Opencast Mines
  • Coal Cleaning and Preparation (Development of Cost-Effective and High Efficiency Technologies)
  • Coal Blending for Combustion and Gasification Applications
  • Elemental Study (Ash Analysis) for Coal Characterisation
  • Study of Trace Elements and Rare Earth in Coal and Non-Coal Strata
  • Mine Reclamation and Rehabilitation Using Remote Sensing
  • Intelligent Mining, Sensing, and Automation
  • Data Driven Mining Decisions
  • Online Coal Quality Monitoring and Management


वर्ष 2018 के दौरान पर्यटन मंत्रालय की मुख्य उपलब्धियां

                  वर्षांत समीक्षा- 2018: पर्यटन मंत्रालय 

भारतीय पर्यटन मार्ट का पहला संस्‍करण नई दिल्‍ली में आयोजित  

नई ‘अतुल्‍य भारत’ (इन्‍क्रेडीबल इंडिया) वेबसाइट और मोबाइल ऐप शुरू  

धरोहर गोद लें परियोजना के अंतर्गत 10 समझौता ज्ञापनों पर हस्‍ताक्षर  

नोएडा और तिरूपति में भारतीय पाक शास्‍त्र संस्‍थान के परिसरों का उद्घाटन

पर्यटन मंत्रालय पर्यटन के विकास और उसे बढ़ावा देने के लिए राष्‍ट्रीय नीतियां और कार्यक्रम तैयार करने वाली शीर्ष एजेंसी है। इस प्रयास में, मंत्रालय विभिन्‍न केन्‍द्रीय मंत्रालयों/एजेंसियों, राज्‍य सरकारों/संघशासित प्रशासनों और निजी क्षेत्र के प्रतिनिधियों सहित क्षेत्र के अन्‍य साझेदारों के साथ परामर्श और उनके साथ मिलकर काम करता है। पर्यटन आर्थिक विकास का प्रमुख इंजन और भारत सहित अनेक देशों में विदेशी मुद्रा अर्जित करने का एक महत्‍वपूर्ण स्रोत है। इसमें बड़े पैमाने पर विविध प्रकार के रोजगार सृजित करने की क्षमता है जिनमें विशेषज्ञता से लेकर अप्रशिक्षित रोजगार शामिल है। पर्यटन रोजगार के अतिरिक्‍त अवसर सृजित करने में प्रमुख भूमिका निभा सकता है। यह इक्विटी के साथ विकास हासिल करने में भी महत्‍वपूर्ण भूमिका निभा सकता है। इसका मुख्‍य उद्देश्‍य भारत में पर्यटन को बढ़ावा देना और उसे सुगम बनाना है। मंत्रालय की कुछ जिम्‍मेदारियों में पर्यटन के बुनियादी ढांचे में वृद्धि, वीजा को आसान बनाना, पर्यटन सेवा प्रदाताओं की सेवाओं में गुणवत्‍ता पूर्ण मानकों का भरोसा देना आदि शामिल हैं।

पर्यटन संबंधी आंकड़े

जनवरी-नवम्‍बर 2018 की अवधि के दौरान 93,67,425 विदेशी पर्यटक भारत आए जबकि जनवरी-नवम्‍बर 2017 में केवल 88,67,963 पर्यटक आए थे जो 5.6% की वृद्धि को दर्शाता है।

  • जनवरी-नवम्‍बर 2018 के दौरान ई-पर्यटन वीजा पर 20,61,511 पर्यटकों का आगमन हुआ जबकि जनवरी-नवम्‍बर 2017 में यह संख्‍या केवल 14,56,615 थी जो 41.5% की वृद्धि को दर्शाता है।
  • जनवरी-अक्‍तूबर 2018 के दौरान विदेशी मुद्रा से 1,58,846 करोड़ रुपये की आमदनी हुई जबकि जनवरी-अक्‍तूबर 2017 में यह केवल 1,41,965 करोड़ रुपये थी जो 11.9% की वृद्धि को दर्शाता है।
  • राज्‍यों/संघ शासित प्रदेशों में 2017 के दौरान आने वाले घरेलू पर्यटकों की संख्‍या 1652.5 मिलियन थी जबकि 2016 में यह केवल 1615.4 मिलियन थी जो 2016 के मुकाबले 2017 में 2.3% की वृद्धि को दर्शाता है।

पर्यटन के बुनियादी ढांचे का विकास:

  • पर्यटकों को पर्यटन के बेहतर अनुभव प्रदान करने के लिए पर्यटन ढांचे के विकास को प्राथमिकता दी जा रही है। पूरे देश में स्‍वदेश दर्शन योजना के अंतर्गत विषय वस्‍तु आधारित सर्किटों को विकसित किया जा रहा है। वर्ष 2018-19 के दौरान 384.67 करोड़ रुपये की कुल राशि से 7 परियोजनाओं को मंजूरी दी गई। इसके साथ ही इस योजना के अंतर्गत अब तक 5873.99 करोड़ रुपये की राशि से कुल 73 परियोजनाओं को मंजूरी दी जा चुकी है। इसमें देश के 30 राज्‍यों और संघशासित प्रदेशों को शामिल किया गया है।
  • स्‍वदेश दर्शन योजना के अंतर्गत अगस्‍त से दिसम्‍बर 2018 के बीच मणिपुर, अरुणाचल प्रदेश, आन्‍ध्र प्रदेश, नागालैंड, छत्‍तीसगढ़ और मध्‍य प्रदेश राज्‍यों में 9 परियोजनाओं की शुरूआत की गई। पर्यटन सुविधा केन्‍द्र, ईको लॉग हट्स, ध्‍वनि और प्रकाश शो, हेलीपैड कैफेटेरिया, सड़क किनारे सुख-सुविधाएं, ग्रामीण क्षेत्र में पगडंडियां, जेटी, बोट क्‍लब, एडवेंचर जोन, विवेचना केन्‍द्र, जल क्रीड़ाएं, शिल्‍प ग्राम, जनजातीय विषय वस्‍तुओं पर आधारित ग्राम, जगमगाहट आदि जैसी सुविधाएं उपरोक्‍त परियोजनाओं के अंतर्गत विकसित की गई हैं।
  • तीर्थयात्रा कायाकल्प और आध्यात्मिक, विरासत वृद्धि अभियान पर राष्‍ट्रीय मिशन (प्रशाद) योजना के अंतर्गत कुछ पहचाने गए तीर्थ स्‍थलों के समन्वित विकास का काम हाथ में लिया गया है। वर्ष 2018-19 के दौरान 39.24 करोड़ रुपये की कुल धनराशि के साथ एक परियोजना को मंजूरी दी गई। इस योजना के अंतर्गत 727.16 करोड़ रुपये की लागत से अब तक कुल 24 परियोजनाओं की मंजूरी दी जा चुकी है।
  • पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने वर्ष 2018-19 के दौरान बुनियाद ढांचे के विकास के लिए कोच्चि बंदरगाह ट्रस्‍ट और मोरमू गांव बंदरगाह ट्रस्‍ट को केन्‍द्रीय वित्‍तीय सहायता प्रदान की।

एक धरोहर गोद लो’ परियोजना:

  • पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने संस्‍कृति मंत्रालय और भारतीय पुरातत्‍व सर्वेक्षण (एएसआई) के सहयोग से “एक धरोहर गोद लो’’ परियोजना की शुरूआत की ताकि विभिन्‍न प्राकृतिक/सांस्‍कृतिक धरोहर स्‍थलों, स्‍मारकों और पर्यटन के अन्‍य स्‍थलों पर विश्‍व स्‍तर की पर्यटन सुविधाएं प्रदान की जा सकें। इस परियोजना की योजनाओं में धरोहर स्‍थलों/स्‍मारकों और पर्यटन के अन्‍य स्‍थलों को निजी क्षेत्र की कम्‍पनियों, सार्वजनिक क्षेत्र की कम्‍पनियों और व्‍यक्तियों को सौंपना शामिल है ताकि विभिन्‍न पर्यटन सुविधाओं का विकास किया जा सके। निम्‍नलिखित स्‍थलों पर पर्यटन सुविधाएं विकसित करने के लिए समझौता ज्ञापनों पर हस्‍ताक्षर किए गए हैं:
  1. गंगोत्री मंदिर के आसपास का क्षेत्र और गोमुख, उत्‍तराखंड जाने का मार्ग
  2. माउंट स्‍टोक कांगड़ी मार्ग, लद्दाख, जम्‍मू और कश्‍मीर
  3. लाल किला, नई दिल्‍ली
  4. गंडीकोटा किला, आन्‍ध्र प्रदेश
  5. सूरजकुंड, हरियाणा
  6. जंतर मंतर, दिल्‍ली
  7. कुतुब मीनार, दिल्‍ली
  8. अजन्‍ता गुफाएं, महाराष्‍ट्र
  9. लेह किला, जम्‍मू और कश्‍मीर
  10. हम्‍पी (हजारा राम मंदिर), कर्नाटक

प्रतिष्ठित पर्यटन स्‍थलों का विकास:

    • पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने प्रतिष्ठित पर्यटन स्‍थलों के रूप में विकसित करने के लिए 12 समूहों के 17 स्‍थानों की पहचान की। प्रतिष्ठित पर्यटन स्‍थलों के रूप में विकसित करने के लिए पहचाने गए स्‍थलों के नाम हैं- ताज महल, फतेहपुर सीकरी, अजंता, एलोरा, हुमांयु का किला, कुतुब मीनार, लाल किला, कोलवा समुद्र तट, आमेर का किला, सोमनाथ, धोलावीरा, खजुराहो, हम्‍पी, महाबलीपुरम, काजीरंगा, कुमारकोम और महाबोधी मंदिर। मास्‍टर प्‍लान तैयारी के अंतिम चरणों में है।

भारत पर्व:

  • पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने गणतंत्र दिवस समारोहों के दौरान 26 से 31 जनवरी, 2018 तक लाल किला, दिल्‍ली में भारत पर्व का आयोजन किया। इस पर्व को आयोजित करने का मुख्‍य उद्देश्‍य देश प्रेम जागृत करना, देश की समृद्ध सांस्‍कृतिक विविधता को बढ़ावा देना, आम जनता की अधिक भागीदारी सुनिश्चित करना और ‘एक भारत श्रेष्‍ठ भारत’, ‘देखो अपना देश’ और ‘सभी के लिए पर्यटन’ की संकल्‍पना को लोकप्रिय बनाना है। भारत पर्व का मुख्‍य आकर्षण गणतंत्र दिवस की झांकियां, सांस्‍कृतिक कार्यक्रम, सशस्‍त्र सेनाओं के बैंड, खाद्य और हस्‍तशिल्‍प की दुकानें थीं।

पर्यटन पर्व:

  • पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने केन्‍द्रीय मंत्रालयों, राज्‍य सरकारों/संघशासित प्रशासनों आदि के सहयोग से राष्‍ट्रीय स्‍तर पर पर्यटन पर्व, 2018 मनाया। इस पर्व का आयेाजन 16 से 27 सितम्‍बर, 2018 के दौरान किया गया जिसमें पर्यटन के महत्‍व के बारे में जागरुकता पैदा करने के लिए 32 राज्‍यों/संघशासित प्रदेशों में 3200 से अधिक गतिविधियां आयोजित की गईं। 
      पर्यटन पर्व, 2018 का उद्देश्‍य ‘देखो अपना देश’ के संदेश का प्रसार करना था, ताकि भारतीयों को देश के विभिन्‍न पर्यटन स्‍थलों की यात्रा करने के लिए प्रोत्‍साहित किया जा सके और ‘सभी के लिए पर्यटन’ के संदेश को फैलाया जा सके। पर्व के दौरान राज्‍य के पैवीलियन, शिल्‍प की दुकानें, खाने-पीने की दुकानें, सांस्‍कृतिक कार्यक्रम, पाकशास्‍त्र प्रदर्शन आदि आगुन्‍तकों के लिए आकर्षण का प्रमुख केन्‍द्र थे।

भारतीय पर्यटन मार्ट 2018:

भारतीय पर्यटन मार्ट 2018 के पहले संस्‍करण का आयोजन भारतीय पर्यटन और आतिथ्‍य एसोसिएशन के महासंघ (फेथ) ने पर्यटन मंत्रालय और राज्‍य सरकारों/संघशासित प्रशासनों के सहयोग से 16 से 18 सितम्‍बर, 2018 तक अशोक होटल, चाणक्यपुरी, नई दिल्‍ली में किया।

भारतीय पर्यटन मार्ट ने पर्यटन से जुड़े विभिन्‍न साझेदारों को विदेशी खरीदारों के साथ संपर्क साधने और व्‍यवसाय करने के लिए एक मंच प्रदान किया।

अतुल्‍य भारत वेबसाइट:

  • पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने 14 जून, 2018 को नई अतुल्‍य भारत (इन्‍क्रेडीबल इंडिया) वेबसाइट की शुरूआत की। इस वेबसाइट में भारत को आध्‍यात्‍म, धरोहर, साहस, संस्‍कृति, योग, स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य और अन्‍य प्रमुख अनुभवों के आसपास घूमने वाले एक पूर्णतावादी स्‍थल के रूप में दर्शाया गया है। वेबसाइट में अंतर्राष्‍ट्रीय मानकों वाली प्रवृत्तियों और प्रौद्योगिकियों को अपनाया गया है जिनका उद्देश्‍य भारत को एक ‘‘अवश्‍य यात्रा करने वाले’’ स्‍थल के रूप में बताया गया है। वेबसाइट की अनेक उपयोगी विशेषताएं हैं जिन्‍होंने इसे अधिक संवादमूलक बनाया है और वेबसाइट यात्रियों को आकर्षित करती है।

ऑनलाइन अध्‍ययन प्रबंधन प्रणाली:

  • पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने पर्यटन सहायकों के रूप में कार्य करने के लिए कुशल मानव शक्ति सृजित करने के लिए ऑनलाइन अध्‍ययन प्रबंधन प्रणाली की शुरूआत की। इस पहल से देश के सुदूरवर्ती भागों में रहने वाले युवक कौशल हो सकेंगे और अखिल भारतीय स्‍तर पर पर्यटकों की मदद कर सकेंगे। ऑनलाइन अध्‍ययन कार्यक्रम से नौकरियां सृजित की जा सकेंगी और उचित दामों पर पर्यटकों को मदद दी जा सकेगी। अतुल्‍य भारत पर्यटन सहायक प्रमाणीकरण के लिए इस समय देशभर के 3800 से अधिक नाम लिखे हुए हैं।

अतुल्‍य भारत मोबाइल ऐप:

  • पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने 27 सितम्‍बर, 2018 को अतुल्‍य भारत मोबाइल ऐप की शुरूआत की। अतुल्‍य भारत मोबाइल ऐप में भारत को आध्‍यात्‍म, धरोहर, साहस, संस्‍कृति, योग, स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य और अन्‍य प्रमुख अनुभवों के आसपास घूमने वाले एक पूर्णतावादी स्‍थल के रूप में दर्शाया गया है। मोबाइल ऐप को आधुनिक यात्रियों की प्राथमिकताओं को ध्‍यान में रखकर तैयार किया गया है और इसमें अंतर्राष्‍ट्रीय मानकों वाली प्रवृत्तियों और प्रौद्योगिकियों को अपनाया गया है। यह ऐप प्रत्‍येक चरण में भारत की यात्रा करने वाले यात्रियों की सहायता करने के लिए विशेषताओं से सज्जित है।

अंतर्राष्‍ट्रीय बौद्ध सम्‍मेलन-2018:  

  • पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने महाराष्‍ट्र, बिहार और उत्‍तर प्रदेश की सरकारों के साथ सहयोग करके ‘‘बुद्ध मार्ग-सजीव धरोहर’’ शीर्षक से अंतर्राष्‍ट्रीय बौद्ध सम्‍मेलन-2018 (आईबीसी-2018) का आयोजन किया। राष्‍ट्रपति ने 23 अगस्‍त, 2018 को नई दिल्‍ली के विज्ञान भवन में इस सम्‍मेलन का उद्घाटन किया। 
      इस कार्यक्रम के बाद अजन्‍ता (महाराष्‍ट्र), राजगीर, नालन्‍दा और बोधगया (बिहार) और सारनाथ (उत्‍तर प्रदेश) स्थित स्‍थलों की यात्रा का आयोजन किया गया। इस सम्‍मेलन का सहयोगी देश जापान था। सम्‍मेलन के दौरान ‘आधुनिक समाज में सजीव बौद्ध धरोहर की भूमिका’ विषय पर विचार-विमर्श, विदेशी और भारतीय टूर ऑपरेटरों के बीच बी2बी बैठक, निवेशकों का शिखर सम्‍मेलन तथा पर्यटन मंत्रालय और राज्‍य सरकारों द्वारा प्रस्‍तुतियों का आयोजन किया गया। बौद्ध सम्‍मेलन के उद्घाटन सत्र के दौरान पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने अपनी वेबसाइट की शुरूआत की और देश के बौद्ध स्‍थलों के बारे में एक 60 सेकेंड की नई फिल्‍म दिखाई गई।

प्रसार और प्रचार:

    • पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने भारतीय पर्यटन के लिए प्रमुख और संभावित स्रोत बाजारों को शामिल करते हुए विदेशी बाजारों में ग्‍लोबल मीडिया मुहिम शुरू की। ये मुहिम इलेक्‍ट्रॉनिक, ऑनलाइन और प्रिट मीडिया में जारी की गई जिसमें डिजीटल और सोशल मीडिया तथा विभिन्‍न उपभोक्‍ता प्राथमिकताओं को पूरा करने के लिए विषय क्षेत्र संबंधी रचनात्‍मकता के इस्‍तेमाल पर विशेष ध्‍यान दिया गया।
    • टेलीविजन, सोशल मीडिया और ऑनलाइन पोर्टलों पर दुनियाभर में योग, स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य, वन्‍य जीव, विलासिता और पाक शैली विषय पर बनी 5 प्रचारात्‍मक फिल्‍में दिखाई गईं। दिल्‍ली, मुम्‍बई और चेन्‍नई में भी स्‍थान के बारे में प्रचार करने वाली फिल्‍में बनाई गईं।
    • सोशल मीडिया 5 फिल्‍मों और बुद्ध की भूमि फिल्‍म को 189 मिलियन व्‍यूज (मत) मिले। सभी फिल्‍में ( 5 फिल्‍में- योग, स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य, वन्‍य जीव, विलासिता और पाक शैली) अंग्रेजी में बनाई गई थीं- जिनमें 9 अंतर्राष्‍ट्रीय भाषाओं (जर्मन, फ्रेंच, स्‍पेनिश, इटेलियन, रूसी, चीनी, जापानी, कोरियाई और अरेबिक) में पार्श्‍व स्‍वर दिए गए थे। इन फिल्‍मों को दुनियाभर के ग्‍लोबल टेलीविजन चैनलों/प्रवासी भारतीय चैनलों के साथ-साथ चैनलों के भाषाई फीड में भी दिखाया गया।
  • पूर्वोत्‍तर क्षेत्र, जम्‍मू और कश्‍मीर, पर्यटन स्‍थलों पर स्‍वच्‍छता, योग (अंतर्राष्‍ट्रीय योग दिवस के साथ पड़ने वाले), प्रतिष्ठित स्‍थलों, स्‍टेच्‍यू ऑफ यूनिटी तथा मंत्रालय द्वारा आयोजित भारत पर्व और पर्यटन पर्व के प्रसार के लिए टेलीविजन, ऑनलाइन पोर्टलों और वेबसाइटों सहित विभिन्‍न मीडिया, आउटडोर डिजीटल, सिनेमाघरों, रेडियों, एयरलाइन बोर्डिंग पासों, रेलवे टिकटों आदि पर घरेलू प्रचार किया गया।
  • पर्यटन मंत्रालय के सोशल मीडिया अकाउंट पर सक्रिय प्रचार किया गया। इसके अलावा इस बात को ध्‍यान में रखा गया कि किसी भी स्‍थान की ब्रांडिग और मार्केटिंग के लिए सोशल मीडिया एक प्रभावी साधन हो सकता है। मंत्रालय ने फरवरी 2018 में एक ‘सोशल मीडिया की इन्‍फ्लूऐंसर’ अभियान ‘‘द ग्रे‍ट इंडियन ब्‍लॉग ट्रेन’’ का आयोजन किया, जिसमें दुनियाभर के ब्‍लॉगरों को विभिन्‍न राज्‍यों में चलने वाली लग्‍जरी ट्रेनों में यात्रा करने के लिए आमंत्रित किया गया। भारत सहित 23 देशों के कुल 57 ब्‍लॉगरों ने चार लग्‍जरी ट्रेनों यानी पैलेस ऑन व्‍हील्‍स, महाराजा एक्‍सप्रेस, डेक्‍कन ओडिसी और गोल्‍डन चेरियट में एक सप्‍ताह यात्रा की। इस अभियान से लग्‍जरी ट्रेनों और ब्‍लॉगरों द्वारा अपने यात्रा अनुभवों के बारे में प्रकाशित ब्‍लॉगों, वीडियो और फोटो के जरिए व्‍यापक प्रचार हुआ।


  • ई-वीजा की पांच उप-श्रेणियां यानी ई-पर्यटन वीजा, ई-बिजनेस वीजा, ई-मेडिकल वीजा, ई-मेडिकल सहायक वीजा और ई-सम्‍मेलन वीजा हैं।
  • ई-वीजा 26 निर्दिष्‍ट हवाई अड्डों ( अहमदाबाद, अमृतसर, बागडोगरा, बेंगलुरू, कालीकट, चेन्‍नई, चंडीगढ़, कोच्चि, कोयम्बटूर, दिल्‍ली, गया, गोवा, गुवाहाटी, हैदराबाद, जयपुर, कोलकाता, लखनऊ, मदुरै, मुम्बई, नागपुर, पुणे, तिरुचिरापल्‍ली, त्रिवेन्‍द्रम, वाराणसी और विशाखापत्‍तनम) तथा 5 निर्दिष्‍ट बंदरगाहों (कोचीन, गोवा, मंगलौर, मुंबई, चेन्‍नई) में प्रवेश के लिए वैध है।
  • वर्तमान में ई-वीजा योजना 166 देशों के नागरिकों के लिए उपलब्‍ध है।

लीगेसी विंटेज होटल:

  • पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने लीगेसी विंटेज होटलों की अवधारणा की शुरूआत की ताकि धरोहर संपत्तियों/ईमारतों की सामग्री से निर्मित होटलों (यानी ऐसी संपत्तियां अथवा इमारतें जिनका निर्माण वर्ष 1950 से पहले हुआ है) को शामिल किया जा सके बशर्ते होटल के निर्माण में इस्‍तेमाल कम से कम 50% सामग्री धरोहर संपत्तियों अथवा इमारतों से प्राप्‍त की गई हो। ऐसे होटल प्राचीन युग का माहौल और परिवेश बनाने में मदद करेंगे। ऐसे होटलों को 3 उप-श्रेणियों लीगेसी विंटेज (बेसिक), लीगेसी विंटेज (क्‍लासिक) और लीगेसी विंटेज (ग्रेंड) के अंतर्गत वर्गीकृत किया जाएगा।

राष्‍ट्रीय होटल प्रबंधन और खानपान टेक्‍नोलॉजी परिषद (एनसीएचएमसीटी):  

  • वर्ष 2018-19 के दौरान 5,759 छात्रों ने बी.एससी प्रोग्राम, 121 छात्रों ने एम.एससी प्रोग्राम और 3,735 छात्रों ने एनसीएचएमसीटी से संबद्ध होटल प्रबंधन संस्‍थानों और फूड क्राफ्ट संस्‍थानों से आतिथ्‍य और होटल प्रशासन में डिप्‍लोमा और क्राफ्ट पाठ्यक्रम पास किया।

भारतीय यात्रा और पर्यटन प्रबंधन संस्‍थान (आईआईटीटीएम):

  • वर्ष 2018-19 के दौरान एमबीए के 330 छात्रों ने भारतीय यात्रा और पर्यटन प्रबंधन संस्‍थान से यात्रा और पर्यटन प्रबंधन की पढ़ाई की।

भारतीय पाक शास्‍त्र संस्‍थान (आईसीआई), नोएडा कैम्‍पस:

  • पाक शास्‍त्र पाठ्यक्रमों को शुरू करने के लिए भारतीय पाक शास्त्र संस्थान (आईसीआई), नोएडा कैम्पस का उद्घाटन 27 अप्रैल, 2018 को किया गया। यह आतिथ्‍य और पाक कला में अनुसंधान और विकास के क्षेत्र में विशेषज्ञता प्राप्‍त कुशल मानवशक्ति के सृजन की प्रतिबद्धता की तर्ज पर बनाया गया। आईसीआई के नोएडा कैम्‍पस में आधुनिक ‘‘भारतीय पाक शास्‍त्र संग्रहालय’’ होगा जहां समृद्ध ऐतिहासिक और विविध पाक शैली वस्‍तुएं तथा अन्‍य साहित्‍य को रखा जाएगा। यह भारतीय पाक शैली की विरासत को सुरक्षित रखने का एक अनोखा मंच प्रदान करेगा। आईसीआई, नोएडा का परिसर और इमारत का निर्माण 2,31,308 वर्ग फुट क्षेत्र में किया गया है और इसे समय पर पूरा किया गया। इसमें विश्‍व स्‍तर की बुनियादी ढांचा सुविधाओं का निर्माण करने में दो वर्ष लगे।

भारतीय पाक शास्‍त्र संस्‍थान (आईसीआई), तिरुपति:

  • भारतीय पाक शास्‍त्र संस्‍थान (आईसीआई) कैम्‍पस,तिरूपति का उद्घाटन 24 सितम्‍बर 2018 को किया गया। तिरूपति स्थित पाक शास्‍त्र संस्‍थान, 14 एकड़ भूमि में फैला हुआ है और इस परियोजना को 97.92 करोड़ रूपये की लागत से पूरा किया गया। आईसीआई तिरूपति कैम्‍पस में आधुनिक रसोई, प्रयोगशालाओं और कक्षाओं के साथ एक शैक्षिक खंड; व्‍यावसायिक रेस्‍तरां; पाक शास्‍त्र संग्रहालय, अधिकारी गैस्‍ट हाउस, वीआईपी कॉटेज, लड़के और लड़कियों के लिए छात्रावास तथा कर्मचारियों के लिए आवास है।  भारतीय पाक शास्‍त्र संस्‍थान (आईसीआई) स्‍थापित करने का मुख्‍य उद्देश्‍य भारतीय पाक कला के बारे में जानकारी को सुरक्षित रखना, दस्‍तावेज बनाना, उसे बढ़ावा देना और जानकारी का प्रसार करना है ताकि भारतीय पाक कला के प्रति विशेष दिलचस्‍पी रखने वालों की जरूरतों को पूरा करने के अलावा ‘भोजन’ को आला पर्यटन उत्‍पाद के रूप में बढ़ावा दिया जा सके।

स्‍वच्‍छ भारत मिशन :

  • पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने 15 सितम्‍बर से 2 अक्‍तूबर 2018 तक स्‍वच्‍छता ही सेवा अभियान चलाया। देश भर के विभिन्‍न पर्यटन स्‍थलों पर स्‍वच्‍छता कार्यों को हाथ में लिया गया जिसमें स्‍थानीय समुदायों, साझेदारों, पर्यटन मंत्रालय के अंतर्गत भारतीय पर्यटन कार्यालयों और राज्‍य/संघ शासित सरकारों ने बढ़-चढ़कर हिस्‍सा लिया। पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने 16 से 30 सितम्‍बर 2018 तक रोजाना स्‍वच्‍छ पखवाड़ा भी मनाया। इसके अंतर्गत देश भर के विभिन्‍न स्‍थलों/स्‍थानों पर पर्यटन मंत्रालय, होटल प्रबंधन संस्‍थानों और पर्यटन और यात्रा प्रबंधन संस्‍थानों के अधिकारियों ने विभिन्‍न कार्यक्रम किए। स्‍वच्‍छता पर होटल प्रबंधन संस्‍थान (आईएचएम) के छात्रों के लिए राष्‍ट्रीय स्‍तर के क्विज़ और निबंध प्रतियोगिता का आयोजन किया गया और विजेताओं को  पुरस्‍कार दिए गए। पर्यटन मंत्रालय ने वर्ष 2018-19 के लिए स्‍वच्‍छता कार्य योजना का कार्य हाथ में लिया है जिसे देश भर से चुने गए 29 राज्‍यों/संघ शासित प्रदेशों में 180 स्‍थलों/स्‍थानों (540 गतिविधियां) में भारतीय पर्यटन और यात्रा प्रबंधन संस्‍थान (आईआईटीटीएम) द्वारा कार्यान्वित किया गया है। एसएपी गतिविधियों में पर्यटकों, स्‍कूल/कॉलेज के छात्रों और पर्यटन साझेदारों के बीच स्‍वच्‍छता के बारे में जागरूकता पैदा करना शामिल है। एसएपी के अंतर्गत इन कार्यों का दायित्‍व देश भर के केन्‍द्रीय और राज्‍य आईएचएम द्वारा भी लिया गया है।



Year End Review – 2018 Ministry of Defence

Ministry of Defence

It was an eventful year for Ministry of Defence. Government of India took policy decision to set up two Defence Production Corridors, one each in Uttar Pradesh (UP) and Tamil Nadu. These would go a long way in making India self-reliant in defence production through ‘Make in India’ initiatives. It was also a year of another milestone for women empowerment in the country when the first-ever all-women crew circumnavigated the globe in an indigenously built 56-foot Indian Navy Sailing Vessel, ‘INSV Tarini’.


The achievement can be gauged from the fact that Prime Minster Shri Narendra Modi started his address to the nation from the ramparts of Red Fort on the 72nd Independence Day this year mentioning the feat only. He aptly said, “We have been celebrating this festival of independence, at a time when our daughters from states of Uttarakhand, Himachal, Manipur, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh have come back after circumnavigating the seven seas. They have come back amongst us by (unfurling tricolour in seven seas) turning the seven seas into the colour of our Tricolour.”

The 10th edition of biennial ‘DefExpo’ was organised from April 11-14, 2018 in Chennai, Tamil Nadu successfully. It was inaugurated by the Prime Minister on April 12, 2018.


The tagline of the event was ‘India: The Emerging Defence Manufacturing Hub’. India joined the elite group of nation which have developed the Air-to-Air refuelling system for military class aircraft when Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) ‘Tejas’ successfully completed mid-air refuelling trial by wet (actual) engagement, transferring 1,900 kgs fuel from IAF IL78 mid-air refuelling tanker on September 10, 2018.

Raksha Mantri Smt Nirmala Sitharaman launched ‘Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti’ on November 27, 2018. The main idea behind this is to migrate from the culture of seeking Transfer of Technology (ToT) from foreign sources to generating Intellectual Property in India, to achieve the goal of self-reliance in Defence sector.

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi attended the Combined Commanders’ Conference at Air Force Station, Jodhpur on September 28, 2018 and also launched ‘Parakram Parv’, there. Ministry of Defence enhanced financial decision-making powers of the Vice Chiefs of the three Services by five times to Rs 500 crores in order to expedite the decision making process involved in the revenue procurements of the Armed Forces.

Raksha Mantri took this important decision to augment the arms and ammunition reserves of the Armed Forces to enhance their operational preparedness.Minister of External Affairs Smt Sushma Swaraj and Minister of Defence Smt Nirmala Sitharaman and Secretary of State of the United States Mr Michael Pompeo and Secretary of Defence Mr James Mattis had inaugural India-US Ministerial 2+2 Dialogue in New Delhi on September 6, 2018.

The four span of temporary bridge on the old Ferozpur-Lahore highway over river Satluj River (Hussainiwala Barrage) connecting Hussainiwala Enclave from Ferozpur has been replaced by constructing a new bridge. The bridge was dedicated to the nation by Raksha Mantri Smt Nirmala Sitharaman on August 12, 2018. Hussainiwala is the place where freedom fighters Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev, who made supreme sacrifice for their motherland, were cremated.

Whenever the nation has faced calamities, the Armed Forces have been standing firm with helping hand in trying times. This year was no different. Armed Forces played pivotal role in Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) during natural disasters that include cyclone‘Titli’, Kerala floods, cyclone ‘Gaja’ saving many lives, livestock and property.

Department of Defence Production

  • Government of India has decided to set up two Defence Production corridors, one each in Uttar Pradesh (UP) and Tamil Nadu. The Prime Minister during the UP Investors Meet held on February 21 to 22, 2018 alsoannounced setting up of one such corridor in the Bundelkhand Region of UP. For setting up of the proposed Corridor in UP, six nodal points have been identified viz. Aligarh, Agra, Chitrakoot, Jhansi, Kanpur and Lucknow. The proposed corridors in Tamil Nadu are: Chennai, Coimbatore, Hosur, Salem and Tiruchirappalli. The scheme envisages support to 06 to 08 Defence Testing Infrastructure (DTI), depending upon the requirement of the lab, to be set up with a total assistance grant ofRs 400 crore. The assistance for individual DTI set up under the scheme shall be 75 per cent of the approved project cost. The implementation of the scheme will be through a Special Purpose  Vehicle(SPV) which will carry out the business of setting up, operating and maintaining the DTI or througha Government agency.
  • The 10th edition of ‘DefExpo’ was organised from April 11 to 14, 2018 in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. The DefExpo 2018 was formally inaugurated by the Prime Minister on April 12, 2018. It for the first time projected India’s Defence manufacturing capabilities to the world. This was also reflected in the tagline for the Expo i.e. ‘India: The Emerging Defence Manufacturing Hub’.
  • Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX) a scheme of Department of Defence Production (DDP), formulated in collaboration with Start Up India and Atal Innovation Mission, with the objective of bringing Start-ups to solve problems of defence production, innovate new technologies required by defence forces and reduce dependence on imported technology was launched by the PM during DefExpo 2018 on 12.04.2018. iDEX is aimed at creation of an ecosystem to foster innovation and technology development in Defence and Aerospace by engaging Industries including MSMEs, Start-ups, Individual Innovators, R&D institutes and Academia and provide them grants/funding and other support to carry outR&D.
  • Asregardsland systems, OFB unveiled its 155mmx52Calibre Mounted Gun System (MGS) and also showcased it prime product 155mm x 45 Calibre ‘Dhanush’ Artillery gun, Tank T-90, T-72 Bridge Layer Tank as part of live demonstration equipment. OFBdisplayed its various weapon systems along with ammunition and related accessories. The other attractions of OFB pavilion was its AK-630 Naval gun, CRN-91, 20mm Anti Material Rifle “Vidhvansak”, 7.62×51 mm Assault Rifle, 7.62x39mm Assault Rifle “GHAATAK”, JVPC, 12 Bore Pump Action Gun, Assault Rifle 5.56mm INSAS IC, .32 revolver and dummy of large, medium and small calibre ammunition as well as special protective clothing.
  • A Defence Investor Cell has been made functional in Department of Defence Production (DDP). It will play an important role in acting as one-step solution for all types of defence production related queries. Nodal Officers have been designated, subject wise to respond to the queries.
  • A new and simplified Make-II procedure has been launched in January 2018 for simplification of collaboration between Government and Private Indian Industry for indigenous design,development and manufacture of defence equipment.
  • Maiden flight of indigenously developed Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS) integrated on LCH has been conducted successfully by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) on January 31, 2018. The flight was of 20 min duration and engagement of this system was flawless through out the flight.
  • The improved design of HTFE-25(Core-2)engine run was successfully carried out by HAL on January 10, 2018. The HTFE-25 Core-2 light up was flawless in the very first attempt. Its engine has an improved HP Compressor spool configuration to cater to upcoming twin-spool Full Engine development.
  • 3rd Scorpene Submarine of Project-75, ‘Karanj’ was launched by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited(MDL) on 31.01.2018.
  • DDP has declared 236 items as Non-core in two phases which are being produced by Ordnance Factory Board(OFB). Incontinuation to the same, 39 more items have been added to the list on 16.01.2018. Therefore, we have now 275 items in total which have been declared as Non-core and these items can be procured by the Indian Defence Forces directly from the trade without seeking No Objection Certificate (NOC) from OFB.
  • AoN (Acceptance of Necessity) has been accorded for procurement of 7.44 lakh nos of Assault Rifles, 3.64 lakh nos of Close Quarter Carbines and 0.41 lakh nos of Light Machine Gun from the Indian Defence Industry. Twenty-five per cent of the above quantities have been reserved for OFB and the remaining 7 per cent will be procured from Indian Defence Industry through competitive bidding wherein OFB would be allowed to participate.
  • Raksha Mantri and Telangana Minister for Industries and Information and Technology, Shri KT Rama Rao inaugurated the Tata Boeing Aerospace facility, a joint venture between Boeing Corporation and the Tata Group firm Tata Advanced Systems (TASL), for manufacturing of the fuselage for the AH-64 Apache combat helicopters at Hyderabad on March 1, 2018. The Company expects to begin commercial supply from its newly-opened facility by the end of the year.
  • The 3rd submarine of the Scorpene/Project-75 (Karanj), was launched by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL) on January 31, 2018.
  • Prime Minister of Sri Lanka commissioned GSL built ‘SLNS Sindurala’ in Sri Lanka Navy on 19 April 2018 at Colombo Port. With delivery of this vessel on 22 March 2018, GSL has successfully completed this prestigious export project for constructing two large sized Advanced Off shore Patrol Vessels (AOPVs) for Sri Lanka Navy.
  • All the DPSUs have migrated their website from.(dot)com to.(dot)in.
  • An Intellectual Property Rights Facilitation Cell has been created in DGQA with members drawn from OFB and DPSUs to facilitate innovations from the Ordnance FactoriesandDPSUs. It is established to create a structured mechanism and to boost IP culture which would enhance the intellectual capital i.e., vital for encouraging in house R&D in these organisations. Some of the role and responsibilities of the IPF Cell are to provide general advisory about IPRs, such as patents, trademarks, designs and copyrights etc. For initiating, the IPR training and lectures are being conducted.
  • As per provisional figures, Value of Production in respect of OFB and DPSUs has been increased by 8.21 per cent CAGR in Financial Year 2017-18 to Rs 58,759 crore against Rs 55,357 crore last FY

(Rs in crore)

SI. DPSU 2016-17 2017-18 CA GR
1 OFB 14825 14,829 9.28%
2 HAL 17104 17,200 1.83%
3 BEL 9244 10,667 17.01
4 BEML 2624 3,196 7.12%
5 BDL 4661 4,584 18.28%
6 MDL 3523 4,250 5.76%
7 GRSE 928 1,343 -5.92%
8 GSL 1030 1,370 33.95%
9 HSL 618 590 27.90%
10 MIDHANI 800 730 4.48%
TOTAL 55357 58,759 8.21%

  • All DPSUs have registered on Trade Receivables Discounting System (TReDS) platform which enables buyers to negotiate better terms with MSME vendors and facilitates financing of Trade receivables of MSME.
  • A comprehensive Cyber Security Framework for DDP has been formulated to ensure a strong, robust and resilient Cyber Security environment within DDP and organizations under it. The Framework is based on a comprehensive risk management approach and its governance by considering Cyber Security risks. As a capacity building activity, workshop for CISOs of various subordinate offices of DDP is proposed to be conducted on November 19,2018 in NewDelhi.
  • On 26/06/2018, the Department of Defence Production notified a simplified procedureforissueofAuthorisationforexportofdefenceitems.Thesimplificationsinclude thefollowing:-
    • In repeat orders of same product to the same entity, consultation process has been done away with and permission is issued immediately.
    • For the repeat order of same product to different entity, the consultation earlier done with all stake holders is now limited only with MEA.
    • In Intra-Company business (which is especially relevant for outsourcing of work by defence related parent company aboard to its subsidiary in India), the earlier requirement of getting End User Certificate (EUC) from the Government of importing country has been done away with and ‘Buying’ Company is authorized to issue theEUC.
    • The legitimate export of the parts and components of small arms and body armour for civil use are now being permitted after prior consultation with MEA.
    • For export of items for exhibition purposes, the requirement of consultation with stakeholders has been done way with (except for select countries).
    • Delegation of powers to DRDO, DGOF, and CMD’s of DPSUs for exploring export opportunities and participation in global tenders.
  • Ordnance Factory in Avadi, Chennai ‘Engine Factory Avadi (EVA)’ has successfully indigenised two tank heavy vehicle engines viz. 1000 HP engine V92S2 engine for T-90 Bhisma Tank and V-46-6 engine for T-72 Ajeya Tank and its variants which were hitherto imported. The cost of indigenised engine is nearly 50 per cent of imported engines and based on committed demand of Indian Army. This effect is expected to save Rs800 crore to Government over next 10 years.
  • Raksha Mantri Smt Nirmala Sitharaman launched ‘Defence India Startup Challenge‘ in Bengaluru on 4, August 2018 with the overall objective of making India self-reliant for meeting the requirements of national defence.


  • In addition, following initiatives were launched by RM in this event.
    • SPARK: Support for Prototype & Research Kickstart (in Defence)
    • Framework for iDEXPartners
    • ‘Promotion of Startups under Make-II procedure of DPP 2016’
  • As a major boost to Defence export, the Department of Defence Production notified an Scheme for Promotion of Defence Exports on 04.10.2018. The Scheme provides two options:
    1. Ministry of Defence will certify products “Fit for Indian Military Use” if technically qualified during procurement process but not eventually selected for procurement.
    2. Potential Defence Exporters can get certification of products by Ministry of Defence (against a given set of specifications) even if product is not required by Indian Defence Forces. The scheme is expected to address a long-standing demand of defence and aero space industry.
  • It has been decided to hold the 12th edition of “Aero India 2019” at Air Force Station, Yelahanka, Bengaluru, from 20 to 24 February, 2019. This five-day event will combine a major trade exhibition for the aerospace and defence industries with public air shows. Aero India is a flagship event of MoD held every two years. banner3banner4As envisaged in Digital India Programme of Government of India, Aero India portal the single window online facility for all interfaces with industry and public. It has made an arrangement for registration by participants, booking of space by exhibitors, bookings of meetings/venues, etc. completely online through website (­India).The payments being received for these booking are totally online and the exhibitors are able to monitor online the space booked by them. This has made the system easy and transparent with no room for interference from any one, which is similar to other world famous international events being organised these days. Till 31st October,almost70 per cent ofthe space available at the venue is already booked. Since, early bird discount was offered up to that date.
  • HAL’s Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) ‘Tejas’ has successfully completed mid-air refuelling trial by wet (actual) engagement, transferring 1900 kgs fuel from IAF IL78 mid-air refuelling tanker on  September10, 2018. The refuelling was carried out at an altitude of 20,000 feet and air craft speed of 270k not store fuel all the internal tanks and droptanks. With this, India joins the elite group of countries who have developed the Air-to-Air (AAR) refuelling system for military class of aircraft.
  • In order to simplify Defence Exports, DDP has further amended the Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) on 01.11.2018. This is third such amendment which has significantly enhanced ease-of-doing business in defence exports. A new software for submission of application by the Industry and for processing the application in the Department has also been launched in the month of October, 2018. The digitally signed export authorisation is accessible to the exporters. The new online system also provides for online consultation with the stakeholders including MEA, DRDO, Indian Army, Air Force and Navy.
  • Raksha Mantri Smt Nirmala Sitharaman launched ‘Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti’ on November 27, 2018. It is part of the ongoing initiatives to enhance self-reliance in defence, the Department of Defence Production has instituted a new framework titled ‘Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti’ which aims to provide a boost to the Intellectual Property Rights culture in indigenous defence industry. DtEcr0rWoAIz4Aldefence_minister_launches_mission_raksha_gyanshaktiThe main idea behind this is to migrate from the culture of seeking Transfer of Technology (ToT) from foreign sources to generating Intellectual Property in India, to achieve the goal of self-reliance in Defence sector.
  • Ministry of Defence enhanced financial decision-making powers of the vice chiefs of Tri-Services by five times in order to expedite the decision making process involved in the revenue procurements of the Armed Forces. With the new delegation, the Vice Chiefs will be able to exercise financial powers upto five times more than the existing powers with an enhanced ceiling of Rs. 500 crores. This is likely to give another fillip to the capacity of the three Armed Forces. Raksha Mantri Smt Nirmala Sitharaman took this important decision to augment the arms and ammunition reserves of the Armed Forces to enhance their operational preparedness.
  • Minister of External Affairs Smt Sushma Swaraj and Minister of Defence Smt Nirmala Sitharaman and Secretary of State of the United States Mr Michael Pompeo and Secretary of Defence Mr James Mattis had inaugural India-US Ministerial 2+2 Dialogue in New Delhi on September 6, 2018. 636718710429295984.22-wave-@USAmbIndiaCelebrating over 70 years of diplomatic cooperation, they reaffirmed their view that India and the US, as sovereign democracies founded on the values of freedom, justice and commitment to the rule of law, must continue to lead global efforts to promote peace, prosperity and security. Recognising their two countries are strategic partners, the Ministers committed to work together on regional and global issues, including in bilateral, trilateral and quadrilateral formats. The Ministers reaffirmed the strategic importance of India’s designation as a Major Defense Partner (MDP) of the United States and committed to expand the scope of India’s MDP status and take mutually agreed upon steps to strengthen defence ties further and promote better defence and security coordination and cooperation.

Indian Army

download (1).png

  • Internal Security Situation in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K): The security situation in J&K despite a lot of challenges has been brought under control. Relentless operations by the Army both, along the Line of Control (LoC) and in the hinterland have thwarted the designs of giving a fillip to the proxy war being waged against India. Army along with CAPF and JKP continues to put in pressure to bring back normalcy to the Kashmir Valley.
  • Internal Security Situation in North East: Intelligence based operations have been launched along the Inda-Myanmar border to maintain peace in the region and to effectively neutralise the terrorists. Indian Army has continued the people friendly operations to help the locals.
  • Situation along LAC: Indian Army is well poised all along the LAC and status quo is being ensured.

Training Events & Military Exercises

  • lndo-French Joint Military Exercise: lndo-French joint military exercise was conducted at Mailly Le Camp, France from January 28 to February 04, 2018. The aim of the exercise was to acquaint both forces with their operating procedures for counter insurgency and counter terrorism operations under UN mandate.
  • lndo-Malaysian Joint Military Exercise: The first ever joint exercise between Indian and Malaysian armies ‘HARIMAU SHAKTI – 2018’ was held from April 30 to May 13, 2018 in the forests of Sengai Perdik Hulu Langat, Malaysia. 4 grenadiers from Indian Army and 1 Royal Ranger Regiment and Royal Malay Regiment participated in the exercise. The first ever such exercise between the two countries aimed at training of troops in counter insurgency operations in jungle terrain. It has laid the groundwork for future editions.
  • lndo-Nepal Joint Military Exercise: ‘SURYA KIRAN – XIII’ was conducted in Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand from May 30 to June 12, 2018. The battalion level exercise focused on counter terrorism operations in mountainous terrain.
  • lndo-Thailand Joint Military Exercise: lndo-Thai Joint Military Exercise ‘MAITREE’ was held in Thailand from August 06-19, 2018. The exercise was aimed at training the troops in counter insurgency & counter terrorism operations under the United Nations mandate. Both sides jointly trained, planned and executed a series of well-developed tactical drills for neutralization of likely threats that may be encountered in urban warfare scenario.
  • Multinational Joint Military Exercise SCO Peace Mission 2018: India participated for the first time in the fifth edition of the joint multinational military exercise SCO Peace Mission between August 24-29, 2018. The joint exercise exhibited the combat power and dominance of the participating armies over extremist groups in simulated realistic situation.
  • lndo-US Joint Military Exercise: The 14th edition of lndo¬ US Joint military Exercise ‘YUDHABHYAS 2018’ was conducted at Chaubatia, Uttarakhand from September 16 to 29, 2018. The two week-long event saw both the armies hone their tactical and technical skills in countering insurgency and terrorism in a UN peacekeeping scenario involving a combined deployment at a brigade level. The Indian contingent was represented a battalion from Garud Brigade, Surya Command while the US contingent was from 1st Infantry Battalion of 23 Infantry Regiment, 2 Stryker Brigade Combat Team and 7 Infantry Division.
  • lndo-Kazakhstan Joint Military Exercise: The third edition of joint military training exercise between Indian Army and Kazakhstan Army was held at Otar Military station, Kazakhstan. Ex KAZIND 2018, a 14 day long joint exercise was conducted from September 10 to 23, 2018. The Kazakh contingent was represented by Military Base 85395 while the Indian side was represented by 5 Ladakh Scouts Regiment. Both sides jointly trained, planned and executed a series of well developed tactical drills for neutralisation of likely threats that may be encountered in urban warfare scenario.
  • Multinational Joint Exercise of BIMSTEC Nations: Military field training exercise for BIMSTEC nations, MILEX-2018, was conducted between September 10-16, 2018. Aaim of the exercise was to collectively train BIMSTEC nations in planning and conduct of counter terrorist operations in a semi urban focus of the exercise was to train and equip the contingents to undertake joint counter insurgency and counter terrorist operations in urban and semi-urban terrain. Training contingents comprised of platoon strength from 1st Gorkha Rifles of the Army and 32 Regiment from Japanese ground Self Defence Forces.
  • lndo-Japan Joint Military Exercise: The first of its own kind, an lndo-Japan joint military exercise DHARMA GUARDIAN 2018 was conducted at CIJWS, Vairengte from November 01 to 14, 2018. The primary aim was to in and equip the contingents undertake joint counter insurgency and counter terrorist operations in urban and semi urban terrain. The training contingents comprised of platoon strength from 1st Gorkha Rifles of the Indian Army and 32 Regiment from the Japanese ground Self Defence Forces.
  • lndo-Russia Joint Military Exercise: Tenth edition of lndo-Russian joint military Exercise INDRA was conducted at Sabina Military station from November 18 to 28, 2018. The aim of the exercise was to practice joint planning and conduct to enhance interoperability of the two armies in peace keeping and enforcement environment under the aegis of United Nations.
  • lndo-Maldives Joint Military Exercise: Ninth edition of lndo-Maldives joint military exercise EKUVERIN 2018 was conducted at Maafilaafushi, Maldives between December 14-29, 2018. The Indian Army contingent comprised of officers and troops from the MADRAS Regiment while Maldives was represented by officers and marines of MNDF. The primary focus of the exercise was to train and equip the contingents to undertake joint counter insurgency and counter terrorist operations in rural/ urban environment.
  • Officers’ Training Academy, Chennai training Afghan lady officers: As part of a continued effort of training being imparted by the Army to women officers from abroad, the women officers of the Afghan Army and Air Force were trained on basic military aspects including physical training, weapon training, tactics, communication skills and leadership at OTA, Chennai from November 26 to December 22, 2018.
  • lndo-China Joint Military Exercise: 7th Sino -India joint exercise Hand-in-Hand 2018 was held from December 10 to 23, at Chengdu, China. Company size contingents of 11 SIKHLI from Indian Army and a regiment from Tibetan Military District of People’s Liberation Army participated in the exercise. The Indian contingent was led by Col Puneet Pratap Singh Tomar, Commanding Officer, 11 SIKHLI, while the Chinese contingent was led by Col Zhou Jun. The exercise will consist of a balance of indoor classes and outdoor training activities: The aim of the exercise is to build and promote close relations between armies of both the countries and to enhance ability of the joint exercise commander to take military contingents of both nations under command. The exercise will involve tactical level operations in an international counter insurgency/counter terrorism environment under UN mandate.

Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief

  • Floods in North Eastern States of India (June 2018): Army columns were deployed for rescue and relief operations during floods and landslides in the north eastern states of Assam, Manipur, Mizoram and Tripura. Approximately six lakh people were affected by the floods. A total of 430 people in Manipur and 930 people in Tripura were rescued by Assam Rifles and Indian Army.
  • Kerala Floods (August 2018): Army columns were deployed for rescue and relief operations in the devastated flood affected areas Kerala’s Kannur, Wayanad Kozhikode Malappuram, ldukki and Ernakulam districts. Indian Army deployed ten columns and ten Engineering Task Force (ETF) teams with 60 boats and 100 life jackets. Army also constructed 13 temporary bridges to reconnect 38 remote areas and evacuated 3,627 people.

Sports & Adventure

  • Asian Dragon Boat Championship: Naib Subedar Suraj Singh Negi participated in the 5th Asian Dragon Bat Championship at Dali, China between May 05-08, 2018 as captain of 10 metre mixed 500 metre event and won bronze medal for the country.
  • Youth Olympic Games: Jeremy Lalrinnuga, trained in Boys Sports Company, Army Sports Institute Pune created history by lifting total of 274 kilogramme of weight and winning first ever Gold medal for India in 62 kg weight category in the 3rd Youth Olympic Games at Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Asian Yoga Sports Championship: Gunner (Operator) Sandeep Chate of Artillery Regiment bagged a Gold representing India and beating 15 other participants from different countries at 8th Asia Yoga Sports Championship held at Thiruvananthapuram between September 27-30, 2018.
  • Junior Asian Athletics: Recruit Ajeet Kumar of Madras Engineers Group, Bangalore won Gold in 5,000 meter race in Junior Asian Athletics Championship held at Gifu.

Miscellaneous Events

  • President awards Padma Shri Sepoy Murlikant Rajaram Petkar (Retd): President Shri Ram Nath Kovind presented Padma Shri to Sepoy Murlikant Rajaram Petkar, retired war veteran of victorious 1965 war on March 20, 2018, who later won Paralympic Gold in 50 metre free style swimming. He sustained grave injuries, including multiple gunshot wounds but trained relentlessly and achieved inspiring glory.
  • Visit of President to Siachen Glacier: President Shri Ram Nath Kovind, Supreme commander of armed forces, visited the world’s highest battlefield, Siachen Glacier on May 10, 2018. He addressed troops at the Siachen Base camp and profusely praised the efforts of the soldiers deployed in the harsh climatic conditions assuring that their interests are paramount in the heart of the nation.
  • Army’s Kashmir Super-30 (Medical) Initiative: On June 12, 2018; a prestigious centre for Kashmir Super 30 (medical) project was inaugurated by the Chinar Corps commander, Srinagar. The project has been conceptualised by the Army which is a residential programme providing coaching and guidance to children for medical coaching and guidance to children for medical entrance exam for 12 months.
  • Samba Super 40: Samba Super 40 Project under the aegis of Gurj Div was initiated to provide quality training to young NOA/CDS aspirants of Samba area as per UPSC curriculum. The project involved identification, screening and selection of potential candidates. Extensive interactions were done by Army officers of Samba brigade at Samba, Vijaypur and Kathua schools and colleges. 36 students were shortlisted out of which two boys and one girl have cleared the written exam. They will now be coached further for SSB.
  • Rescue by Indian Army in Arunachal Pradesh: Indian Army rescued locals and tourists in 320 vehicles who were stuck in sub-zero temperature on March 12, 2018 in an unexpected heavy snowfall near Sela Pass in Arunachal Pradesh. Three teams of Indian Army worked relentlessly till the last person and vehicle were brought to safety.
  • Celebration of Parakram Parv: Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi attended the Combined Commanders Conference at the Air Force Station in Jodhpuron September 28, 2018 and also launched ‘Parakram Parv’ there.
  • He also paid homage to martyrs at Konark War Memorial in the city. In the visitors’ book, the PM wrote that the country is proud of the Armed Forces who are dedicated and committed to protecting the Motherland. Raksha Mantri Shrimati Nirmala Sitharaman inaugurated ‘Parakram Parv’ celebrations at India Gate on September 29, 2018. The ceremony was attended by military and civil dignitaries and large number of school children and NCC cadets. Similar celebrations were observed at various locations around the country.

Indian Navy


Overseas Operations


  • Western Fleet (WF) Overseas Deployment (OSD): Western Fleet ships comprising Mumbai and Trikand were deployed for Western FleetOverseas Deployment from April 15 to May 23, 2018. During the deployment, the ships along with P8I aircraft participated in Phase III of EX-VARUNA, at/off Reunion Island, from May 01-07, 2018. Western Fleet ships comprising Kolkata and Trikand participated in exercise IBSAMAR at Simons Town, South Africa from October 01-13, 2018.
  • Malabar 18 and RIMPACEastern Fleet ships comprising SahyadriKamorta and Shaktiwere deployed for Eastern Fleet Overseas Deployment. The ships along with P8I aircraft participated in Exercise Malabar at Guam. On completion of Malabar 18, Kamorta and Shaktireturned Visakhapatnam on July 07, 2018. Sahyadri thereafter participated in exercise RIMPAC at Hawaii and Kakadu at Darwin and finally arrived at Visakhapatnam on September 29, 2018.
  • International Fleet Review at Jeju: Eastern Fleet ship INSRana was deployed for Eastern FleetOverseas Deployment from September 17 to November 24, 2018. The ship participated in International Fleet Review at Jeju, South Korea between October 08-15, 2018. The ship participated in IND-INDO Bilateral exercise at Surabaya, Indonesia from November 12-16, 2018.
  • Overseas Deployment of 1 Training Squadron (1TS): Ships of 1 Training Squadron consisting of IN Ships Tir, Sujata, Sudarshini, Shardul and ICG Ship Sarathi were deployed in South-East Asia as part of training deployment from September 20 to October 22, 2018. The ships visited Lumut, Malaysia, Singapore and Jakarta, Indonesia. During the deployment IN ships Tir, Sujata and Shardul were diverted off Palu, Indonesia, to provide relief assistance to the Tsunami affected Island of Sulawesi.

Naval Operations/activities


  • Mission Based Deployments Mission Based Deployments were implemented by Indian Navy (IN) in a phased manner, with an aim to safeguard national maritime interests and maintain continuous/near continuous presence in areas of significant maritime importance in the IOR. These deployments are in consonance with the PM’s vision of ‘Security and Growth for All in the Region (SAGAR)’. Since the inception of Mission Based Deployment in June 2017, IN ships and aircraft are being regularly deployed in the Gulf of Oman/Persian Gulf, Gulf of Aden/Red Sea, South and Central Indian Ocean Region (IOR), off Sunda Strait, Andaman Sea/ approaches to Malacca Strait and Northern Bay of Bengal.
  • IN Operational Exercises: In order to remain combat ready at all the time IN conducted Command level operational exercises ENCORE-18 (Eastern Naval Command), XPL-18 (Western Naval Command) and SHIKSHA-18 (Operational level war gaming exercise). These exercises also saw participation from the Army, Air Force and Coast Guard. The exercises facilitate refining of IN war plans, address Op Logistics issues and provide platform for smooth transition from peace to conflict.

Foreign Cooperation

  • Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS):     The IONS presently has 24 member countries with eight countries with observer status. Iran is the current ‘Chair’ of IONS. The construct has become an important Maritime construct to promote maritime cooperation amongst the member countries. During the Conclave of Chiefs held in Tehran in April 2018, it was decided to conduct the IONS Anti-piracy exercise by Iran in 2019 and India assumed Chairmanship of IWG Information Sharing and Interoperability (IS&I). Indian Navy also conducted commemorative activities for IONS 10th anniversary between November 13-14, 2018 at Kochi. Events included commemorative Seminar, Tall ship sail together from Kochi to Muscat and release of Special Day cover. Chiefs of 11 navies and 27 countries participated in the event.
  • MILAN-18 MILAN-18 was conducted at Port Blair from March 06-13, 2018. More than 30 delegates from 16 countries and 11 ships from eight countries participated in the MILAN. A Table-Top Exercise focussing on ‘Enhancing Regional Cooperation for Combating Unlawful Activities at Sea’ and a seminar on the theme ‘In pursuit of Maritime Good Order – Need for Comprehensive Information Sharing Apparatus‘ was conducted during the ‘Harbour Phase’. In the ‘Sea Phase’ participating ships undertook various exercises aimed at harnessing inter-operability in a variety of maritime scenarios including ‘Search and Rescue’ and ‘Maritime Interdiction Operations’.
  • Supply of 2nd Dornier to Seychelles Second Dornier aircraft was handed over to Seychelles Air Force on June 25, 2018 at a ceremony held in New Delhi. Deputy Chief of Naval Staff represented IN along with other Flag Officers during the ceremony. The first Dornier was supplied to Seychelles in January 2013.
  • 37th Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica: Hydrographic survey team consisting of one Long Hydrography course qualified officer and one Hydrographic sailor participated in the 37th Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica from December 2017 to March 2018 for surveying India Bay area.

Important Events of Interest

  • MLAs/MPs/State Government Officials Day at Sea: Prime Minister during Combined Commanders’ Conference 2015 directed IN to conduct day at sea for MP/MLA and State Government officials of the Coastal states of India. Till date, familiarisation sorties have been conducted for the states of West Bengal, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. MLAs/ MPs/State Government officials ‘Day at Sea’ for Maharashtra was conducted on April 08, 2018, off Mumbai. A total of 146 MPs/MLAs/State Government officials including the Chief Minister embarked five IN ships for the ‘Day at Sea’.
  • North Indian Ocean Hydrographic Commission: The 18th North Indian Ocean Hydrographic Commission (NIOHC) Conference was conducted from April 09-12, 2018 at Vasco-da-Gama, Goa by the Indian Naval Hydrographic Department (INHD). The Conference was chaired by VAdm Vinay Badhwar, NM, Chief Hydrographer and Chairman NIOHC. A total of 64 foreign delegates from International Hydrographic Organisation, Member States/countries and industries participated.
  • Artificial Intelligence: In pursuance of Govt. of India’s initiative for harnessing technological advancements in the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI), a Task Force to study strategic implementation of AI for National Security and Defence was set up by MoD/DDP in February 2018. The Task Force consisted of eminent personalities from DRDO, BARC, IITs, Defence PSUs, industry and members from the three services. The Task Force report, which was submitted to Raksha Mantri on June 30, 2018, broadly included AI ‘Use Cases’ for implementation by three services, allocation of a portion of defence budget for AI projects, building up AI expertise and setting up AI command structure. INon its part has divided the AI use cases on the basis of short, medium and long term basis for implementation and is progressing four AI based proof-of-concept projects.
  • Navika Sagar Parikrama: INSV Tarini returned to India on May 21, 2018, on completion of the first Indian all-women circumnavigation of the globe. This is the first-ever Indian circumnavigation of the globe by an all-women crew.The vessel was flagged-in by Raksha Mantri Smt Nirmala Sitharaman at Goa. The crew met Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modiin New Delhi on May 23, 2018 and President at Rashtrapati Bhawan on June 01, 2018. The vessel covered 22,300 Nm during the voyage and met all the following criteria of circumnavigation. The expedition was in consonance with the National policy to empower women to attain their full potential. It also depicted ‘Nari Shakti’ on the world platform and helped discard the societal attitudes and mindset towards women in India by raising visibility of their participation in challenging environs. Also, the indigenously built 56-foot sailing vessel, INSV Tarini showcased the ‘Make in India’ initiative on the International forum.


  • Diving and Rescue Assistance:  The Navy continued to provide rescue assistance to local authorities for Search and Rescue (SAR) of personnel having fallen into water bodies or drowned therein. In the on-going year, assistance has been provided for 110 requests. For SAR of a boat capsized in Godavari river on May 15, 2018, extensive air searches were provided by two Chetak helicopters, one UH3H and one DO.
  • Cyclone Berguitta – Mauritius:  A Tropical depression ‘Berguitta’ crossed Mauritius on January 18, 2018. Based on request from HCI, Mauritius and MoD directives, INS Sarvekshak handed over relief materiel comprising provisions, clothing items and medicines to the Government of Mauritius on January 27, 2018.
  • Transhipment of Humanitarian Aid to Chittagong: IN ship Airavat was deployed for transhipment of Humanitarian aid to Chittagong from 05 – 14 May 18. A total of 345 tons of relief material was handed over to the Bangladesh Government.
  • Very Severe cyclone’Titli’:  On October 11, 2018, information was received at Eastern Naval Command, Vishakhapatnam regarding landfall of Very Severe cyclone‘Titli’ at Srikakulam. Based on assistance sought by the State Governments of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha, IN provided HADR and SAR assistance including air dropping of 3,000 food packets and 5,500 kgs of relief material at various locations, in coordination with the State administration. The IN teams were de-inducted on October 15, 2018.
  • Golden Globe Race:  Commander Abhilash Tomy participated in the Golden Globe Race 2018, which is a 30,000 nautical mile solo sailing race around the world. It was started on July 01, 2018 from Les Sables-d’Olonne, France. On September 21, 2018, whilst Cdr Abhilash Tomy was contesting in the 3rd position, his yacht ‘SV Thuriya’ dismasted in rough seas in the Indian Ocean, injuring him. He was stranded 3,200 km off the coast of Western Australia after the incident. In a joint rescue operation (India, France and Australia), led by the Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre Canberra, Cdr Tomy was rescued on 24 Sep 18 by the French fishing vessel Osiris and brought to Ile De Amsterdam for receiving medical care. IN ship Satpura embarked Cdr Tomy from Ile De Amsterdam and brought him back to India.

International Level Sports Championships

  • Hong Kong Gymnastics Championship: Rakesh Patra, (CPO PT), participated in Honk Kong Gymnastics Competition held between January20-21, 2018 and won 03 Gold medals.
  • President Cup:NT Lalbiakkima, SEA II (GS), of Navy Boxing team represented the country during President Cup held between June04-11, 2018 at Astana, Kazakhistan and won Bronze medal.
  • International Masters, Dubai: Rohit Kumar, PO ELA (R) and Surjeet, PO (GS), of Navy Kabaddi team represented the country in International Masters, Dubai from June 22-30, 2018 and won Gold medal.
  • Asian Wrestling Championship: Sachin Rathi, Sea II (GW), of Navy Wrestling team won Gold medal during the Junior Asian Wrestling Championship held from July 20-22, 2018 at New Delhi.
  • 2018 World Wrestling Championship: Vijay, SEA II (GW), won silver medal the World Wrestling Championship held between September 17-23, 2018 at Tranav, Slovakia.

Mountaineering Adventures

  • All Women Expedition to Mt Deotibba: An all women Naval Mountaineering Expedition to Mt Deotibba was successfully conducted from May 28, 2018. Mt Deotibba is the second highest peak (6,001 mtr) in the Pir-Panjal range of Himachal Pradesh. The expedition has laid foundation for all women mountaineering team to scale many more challenging peaks in the near future. The team summited the peak on June 10, 2018.
  • Mt Menthosa (6,443 mtr) Expedition  A ten member mountaineering expedition to Mt Menthosa was flagged off from Kochi on Sep 21, 2018. The team successfully submitted the peak on Oct 16, 2018. The team comprised of three officers and seven sailors.





  • Rafale Rafale is an omni-role fighter aircraft which will provide long range capability to engage targets in depth and will provide a strong weapons and systems capability edge over our adversaries. The weapon package includes air-to-air Beyond Visual Range (BVR) METEOR missile and long range SCALP precision guided air-to-ground weapon. In addition, the Rafale for IAF has specific enhancements, including capability for high altitude engine start for undertaking high altitude operations.
  • Hercules C-130J-30:C-130J is a medium sized, all weather transport aircraft capable of inter theatre and intra theatre airlift operations. It is capable of delivering combat troops/personnel or cargo by airdrop or air-landed operations.  IAF has also enhanced the night operational capability of the aircraft by procuring latest generation Night Vision Goggles.
  • Chinook Heavy Lift Helicopters: Fifteen Chinook Heavy Lift Helicopters will be delivered to the IAF from March 2019 onwards.  A team of aircrew and ground crew have commenced training on the Chinook in USA.


  • Mirage-2000 Upgrade: Upgrade of Mirage-2000 aircraft is being undertaken by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL). The upgrade programme includes a new, more powerful upgraded radar, new avionics suite and integration of weapons. The upgrade was undertaken in two phases. Initial Operation Clearance (IOC) Design and Development (D&D), was completed at OEM facilities’ in France and the Final Operational Clearance (FOC) D&D was completed in March 2018.
  • MiG-29 Upgrade: The MiG-29 Upgrade Contract was signed with the OEM for upgrade and life extension of MiG-29 aircraft. The first phase of the project was Design & Development (D&D), which was completed on six aircraft in Russia. The second phase was Series Upgrade of the remaining aircraft at the Base Repair Depot of the Indian Air Force. The upgraded aircraft are now being used for routine operations in frontline squadrons. The upgraded aircraft is equipped with state of the art avionics, an array of smart air-to-air and air-to-ground weapons and in-flight refuelling.
  • UAV Upgrade: A combined case for upgrade of Heron UAV systems for three Services (IAF-10) is in progress and IAF is the lead service. Identification of Friend or Foe and Traffic Collision Avoidance System are some features that will be part of the upgrade. Contract negotiations have been concluded.


  • Aircraft Accident Rates:   The annual aircraft accident rates, calculated as number of Cat I accidents per 10,000 hours of flying during the financial year, have shown a progressive decline over the years.
  • Flying Effort:  There has been an increase in flying effort and reduction of accident rate, which indicates proactive safety measures undertaken by the IAF. Financial year wise flying efforts by IAF for the past ten financial years are as follows:

Make Projects

  • AEW&C (Indigenous): The Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) sanctioned the Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) Project on October 06, 2004. Centre for Airborne Systems (CABS) was designated as nodal agency to indigenously design and develop operational AEW&C systems for IAF. The AEW&C System is a system of systems consisting of Primary Radar (PR), Secondary Surveillance Radar (SSR), Electronic Support Measures (ESM) system, and Communication Support Measures (CSM) system, Self-Protection Suits (SPS), Mission Communication System (MCS) and Data Links on board Embraer-145 aircraft. The aircraft is capable of air-to-air refuelling for achieving extended endurance.
  • AWACS (India): Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS-India) consists of sensors mounted on a transport aircraft for locating airborne and sea surface targets and picking up hostile emissions. The aircraft sensors provide comprehensive information to the onboard mission controllers and ground stations through a sophisticated communication data link. The system provides advance warning for approaching low flying hostile targets.


  • Ex Gagan Shakti: IAF conducted PAN India Exercise Gaganshakti 2018 between April 08-22, 2018. The aim of the exercise was real time coordination and employment of air power in a short and intense battle scenario. A major highlight of the exercise was a very high availability and reliability of all combat assets including aircraft, missile systems and radars. High tempo operations also enabled the IAF to ascertain sustainability of the logistics chain.
  • Ex Pitch Black-2018(OUT EX): Ex Pitch Black (Ex PB) is a biennial exercise conducted by Royal Australian Air Force. Ex PB-18 was the inaugural exercise for IAF conducted from Jul 19 to August 18, 2018, at Darwin, Australia. IAF participated with 04 x Su-30MKI, 01 x C-17 and 01 x C-130J aircraft along with 145 IAF personnel. Hop exercise was conducted at Subang, Malaysia during the transit to Malaysia.
  • International Army Games-2018 (OUT EX): Two observers (each) represented IAF in “UAV Competition” at Kazakhstan from 06-08 Aug 18 and in “Ex Aviadarts (Air to Ground firing competition)” at Russia from August 03-04, 2018.
  • Ex Aviaindra-2018 [Phase-I (IN Ex) & Phase-II (OUT Ex)]:  The exercise was planned in two phases. Phase-II was held at Lipetsk, Russia between September 17-28, 2018 and Phase-I was held at Jodhpur, India from December 10-21, 2018. Russian IAF participated with 30 members during the exercise.
  • Ex Cope India-18:  United States Air Force and Indian Air Force participated in an exercise, ‘Cope India’. It was conducted at Kalaikunda and Panagarh from December 03-14 18. USAF participated with 12X F15 C/D and 03XC-130. Observers from Japan Air Self Defence Force also participated in the exercise.


  • HADR Seminar: HQ Western Air Command conducted a seminar on Human Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) in May 2018. It was attended by representatives of the Army, HQ Integrated Defence Staff and State Disaster Management Authorities of J&K, HP, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand and Delhi.
  • Annual Jt HADR Exercise: Based on the directions of Prime Minister, Annual Jt HADR exercise was conducted at Allahabad between September 25-26, 2018. Scenario of earthquake along Dehradun, Bareilly and Gorakhpur axis was simulated as part of the exercise. The exercise was conducted by IAF and various agencies involved in HADR operations including NDMA, NDRF, state govt and other civil agencies till the municipal level participated in the exercise.
  • Flash Floods Maharashtra: On 07 Jul 18, helicopter undertook rescue of five stranded civilians near Chinchoti waterfall in Palghar, Maharashtra.
  • Flood Relief in Kerala. IAF launched rescue and relief operations after the devastating floods in Aug 2018. Fortyseven aircraft (05xC-17, 03xIL-76, 05xC-130 and 10xAn-32 and 24 helicopters) took part in the rescue and relief operations in Kerala. During the HADR mission, IAF ac airlifted 4,209 passengers and 1,554 T of load and flew 1,121 sorties and 1404 hrs.

Publicity Efforts

  • Maintenance of Career Website: IAF maintains a career website, which contains all the induction and selection related information. The website is used for online registration and conduct of online examination. Information regarding various stages of selection process i.e., from releasing of advertisement to final merit lists are upgraded regularly on the website.
  • Print Advertisement:  Advertisement for all the entries is released in Employment News, various magazines and also as newspaper advertisement in vernacular language on pan India basis.


  • e-Training.  In line with Digital India initiative of Government of India, IAF has taken a lead to bring about a paradigm change in the present training methodology for ab-initio air-warriors. Towards this, a pilot e-training project was introduced for 400 ab-initio trainees of Elect fit trade at Electrical and Instrumentation Training Institute (E & ITI) at Air Force Station Jalahalli, Bengaluru. Trainees and instructors were provided with ‘tablets’, integrated through a wireless network. Users are able to refer to training material loaded into a central server at their own place, within the Wi-Fi coverage area of the unit. The Pilot Project (Phase I) to implement e-training has proven to be very successful and is planned to be implemented at all training establishments and training institutes.

Women Empowerment

  • Induction of Women Pilots in the Fighter Stream.  The IAF has been at the vanguard of providing greater opportunities to women and has pioneered the entry of women as officers in the flying and ground duty branches.  Since 1993, women are being inducted as Short Service Commissioned officers in all branches and streams of the IAF except the fighter stream. The IAF has recently revised Short Service Commission (SSC) scheme to induct women into the fighter stream on an experimental basis for a period of five years. The first batch of three women officers were commissioned into the fighter stream in 2016.  These three women fighter pilots are posted to frontline fighter squadrons.


  • Vintage Flight.  IAF maintain and operates Tiger Moth, Harvard and Dakota vintage aircraft. These aircraft represent an important part of Indian aviation and IAF heritage. These aircraft are presently operating in IAF colours and have regaled audiences all over the country, as they have been an integral part of most flypasts and air displays of National importance. Their presence over Indian skies serves to remind Indian Citizens of our rich aviation heritage and motivates countless youngsters to become a part of the IAF.
  • ATF Online Payment.  CDA (AF) has started releasing payment online to M/s IOCL against the ATF bills received through ‘ATF DIP’ (OJAS) software and the same has been successfully implemented by IAF.

Indian Coast Guard


Indian Coast Guard.jpg


  • Extended EEZ surveillance: In addition to undertaking maritime surveillance in Maritime Zone of India, ICG ships and aircraft are also deployed for undertaking maritime surveillance of littoral states. In 2018, ICG undertook three extended EEZ deploymentsin the Maldivian EEZ, by ICG ship Sarathi in February-April, 2018 and ICGS Samarth in April-May, 2018 followed by one ICG Dornier Aircraft in July-August 2018.

Coastal Security

  • Coastal Security Exercises:   Indian Coast Guard, in coordination with Navy, has been undertaking patrolling and surveillance of the entire coastline.  Since 2009, a total of 180 Coastal Security Exercises have been conducted for ensuring effectiveness of the coordinated patrolling and validation of Standard Operating Procedure.
  • Coastal Security Operations:   With the sustained impetus on Coastal Security total of 351 Coastal Security Operations have been conducted since 2009, in coordination with all stakeholders.

Search and Rescue

  • Indian Coast Guard is the national coordinating agency for maritime search and rescue in the vast 4.6 million square kiolometres of Indian Search and Rescue Region. Director General Indian Coast Guard is the Chairman of National Maritime Search and Rescue Board which is responsible to coordinate M-SAR related matters.
  • Distress Beacon Exercise:   In order to enhance efficacy of M-SAR construct, series of Beacon exercises are being conducted. The 14th and 15th exercise was conducted on May, 23-25 and September, 26-28, 2018 respectively. Active participation was witnessed from Defence and Civil and a total of 96 beacons were tested in 2018.
  • SAR Exercises: With imperatives to validate the National Maritime SAR plan and to exercise the resource agencies for enhanced operability towards collaborative approach for strengthening the maritime SAR mechanism, Maritime Search and Rescue exercises were conducted under the aegis of NMSAR Board. Large scale participation of National Maritime SAR Board Member agencies, stake holders, resource agencies, national and international observers was witnessed during the exercises conducted in 2018 which are as under:-
    • National Maritime Search and Rescue Workshop & Exercise (SAREX-18) conducted between January 16-17, 2018 off Chennai. The SAR exercise was in series of the biennial exercise conducted by ICG.
    • Regional Maritime Search and Rescue Exercise Mar 19 & 21, 2018 off Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • Maritime SAR Workshop & Interactive Sessions  Under the aegis of NMSAR Board, ICG took the initiative of conducting Maritime SAR Workshop & interactive session for mariners, fisherman and stake holders. These initiatives were aimed towards building up a collaborative approach for strengthening safety of fisher-folks and mariners and enthusing safety consciousness among coastal communities.
  • SAR Communication Exercise: With a view to reinforce our operational linkages with leading Maritime SAR service providers in the Indian Ocean Region, MRCC (Mumbai), MRCC (Chennai) and MRCC (Port Blair) conducted Search and Rescue Communication  Exercises (SARCOMEX) with friendly countries in the year 2018, that include Oman, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Malaysia, Qatar, South Korea, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Australia.
  • XVII National Maritime Search and Rescue (NMSAR) Board Meeting.The XVII National Maritime Search and Rescue (NMSARB) meeting was held at Vigyan Bhawan Annex, New Delhi on Jul 05, 2018 under the chairmanship of Director General, ICG and Chairman, National Maritime Search & Rescue Board, Shri Rajendra Singh.The meeting was attended by all the board members alongwith other special invitees alongwith Fisheries department representatives from five States.  Various issues related with safety of fishermen and mariners were reviewed and discussed.  During the meeting annual NMSAR awards were also distributed by the Chairman, NMSAR Board. The ‘ICG SAR Award for Fisherman’ was awarded to Shri Milan Shankar Tare, Owner & Master of fishing boat ‘Dharti’ for saving 12 lives from sinking fishing boat ‘Shivneri’ 33 NM off Tarapur, Maharashtra.

Aid to Civil Authority

  • Ganesh Utsav-2018:   During immersion ceremony of idols of Lord Ganesh along the Mumbai coast, CGRHQ (West) conducted ‘Operation Utsav’ from 13 – 23 Sep 18 to carry out surveillance and provide SAR cover during the ceremony. ICG ships and aircraft provided search and rescue cover to the devotees on September 14, 17, 19 and 23, 2018.
  • Assistance to Civil Authority – Kerala Flood: In response to the Kerala floods in August 2018, ICG launched a large scale Disaster Response & Relief Operation code named ‘Op Rahat’. ICG mobilised eight ships, four Dorniers and three helicopters during the operation. Thirty six Disaster Response Teams, each comprising 7-9 ICG personnel were deployed in the flood affected districts of Kerala.
  • ICG Efforts Towards cyclone ‘LUBAN’ in Arabian Sea:   Consequent to formation of cyclone Luban in South East Arabian Sea on October 01, 2018, ICG launched a large scale rescue and relief operation. CG Disaster Response teams were formed at Kochi and Gemini, life boats were kept standby for deployment at short notice. On an average 10-12 Ships, 05-06 Dornier aircraft and 01-02 helicopter were deployed for warning/ sensitizing fishermen at sea and guiding them to return harbour.
  • ICG Efforts Towards cyclone ‘Titli’ in Bay of Bengal: ICG again launched a large scale rescue and relief operations during the onset of cyclone ‘Titli’, which formed in the Bay of Bengal on October 08, 2018. Three CG Disaster Response teams were employed at Gopalpur while 04 CGDRTs at Paradip and 06 CGDRTs at Haldia were kept standby. On an average 08 Ships and03-04 Dornier aircraft were deployed for warning/ sensitizing fishermen at sea and guiding them to return harbour.
  • ICG Efforts Towards cyclone ‘Gaja’:   Consequent to formation of low pressure in North Andaman sea around November 08-09, 18, Indian Coast Guard initiated series of pre-emptive measures from November 09, 2018 onwards to ensure safety of fishermen operating at sea.

International Cooperation

  • Memorandum of Understanding (MoUs) India has acceded to various international conventions dealing with maritime safety and security and marine environment protection. Accordingly, ICG endeavours for making seas safe, secure and clean with its international partners. ICG has signed MoUs with the Bangladesh CG, Japan CG, Korea CG, Royal Oman Police CG, Sri Lanka CGand Vietnam CG for cooperation on CG-relevant maritime issues. In addition ICG and Pakistan Maritime Security Agency have established a communication link as part of MoU between the Ministries of Defence of both Governments.

Bilateral Interactions

  • Signing of MoU between ICG and SLCG: A Memorandum of Understanding between ICG and the Coast Guard of Sri Lanka was signed on May 09, 2018 in Colombo for the establishment of a collaborative relationship to combat transnational illegal activities at sea and develop regional cooperation between the ICG and Sri Lanka Coast Guard.

Joint Exercise

  • Joint Exercise with Bangladesh Coast Guard: BCG ship Tajuddin visited Chennai between May 25-28, 2018 for joint exercise under the provisions of MoU. The ship also visited Vizag from May 30 to June 02,  2018 for professional interaction with ICG.
  • Joint Exercise with Japan Coast Guard: ICG-JCG annual joint exercise was conducted off/at Chennai between January 16-17, 2018. The JCG ship Tsugaru ship alongwith integral helicopter participated in the joint exercise.

Marine Environment

  • Signing of MoU for Cooperation on the response to Oil and Chemical Pollution in the South Asian Seas Region: Director General ICG on behalf of Government of India has deposited instrument of consent to Director General, South Asia Cooperative Environment Programme (SACEP), Colombo, Sri Lanka on               May 12, 2018 in respect of MoU for cooperation on the response to oil and chemical pollution in the South Asian Seas Region (comprising of maritime nations – India, Bangladesh, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka).
  • International Coastal Cleanup Day – 2018:  Towards ongoing efforts of the Government for the ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ and Prime Minister’s appeal for mass cleanliness and sanitation campaign, through “Swachhta Hi Seva”, the Indian Coast Guard conducted International Coastal Cleanup Day-2018 (ICC-2018) in all Coastal States/Union Territories on September 15, 2018. Nationwide, a total of 22,026 volunteers participated in the ICC-2018 campaign, which resulted in collection of 71,220 kilogrammes of marine litter.

Fisheries Protection   

  • Apprehension of Foreign Fishing Vessels:   Coast Guard apprehended 04 foreign fishing boats alongwith 26 foreign crew under the provisions of the MZI Act, 1981 since January 2018.
  • Repatriation of Indian and Foreign Fishing Boats:   The repatriation operations are directly coordinated by the Coast Guard Headquarters which involves extensive committed liaison with MEA, the Indian High Commission in the respective countries, State Fisheries departments and District Administration. Coast Guard repatriated 11 Sri Lankan and 26 Pakistani fishermen from India and 155 Indian fishermen from Sri Lanka have been undertaken since January 2018.


  • 16 Advanced Light Helicopters (ALH) MKIII: Contract towards supply of 16 ALH MK-III has been concluded with M/s Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) on March 29, 2017 and successful ground run of first Green aircraft has been carried out in June 2018. Integration and certification of systems is in progress and delivery of first two helicopters is scheduled in March 2020. These helicopters are equipped with state-of-the-art technology and are capable of surveillance, interdiction, standoff support for ship boarding parties and pollution response from ships.

Defence Research and Development Organisation 


  • Long Range Surface-to-Surface Ballistic Missile ‘Agni-5’: During the year, Agni-5 was successfully flight tested thrice in Jan, June& December 2018. A total of seven flight trials have been conducted so far and all the missions have been successful.
  • Ballistic Missile Defence (Programme AD): Interceptor missiles have been developed by DRDO as a strategic weapon against ballistic missile attacks. Successful trials of endo interceptor missile (AAD) and exo interceptor missile (PDV) were carried out in August 2018 and September 2018 respectively.
  • Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile ‘Astra’: Beyond visual range air-to-air missile ‘Astra’ possessing high single shot kill probability has been developed by DRDO to engage and destroy highly manoeuvring supersonic aerial targets. A series of flight trials of the missile by IAF were conducted at ITR, Balasore as part of final development trials of the missile in September/October 2018.
  • New Generation Anti-Radiation Missile (NGARM): DRDO is involved in the design and development of NGARM having a range of 100 km. AKU-58 launcher after suitable modification will be used for missile integration on Su-30 MKI aircraft. Successful static firing of integrated P-I & P-II rocket motor was conditioned at high & low temperatures in Jun & Jul 2018 respectively. Captive Flight Trials were also successfully conducted in September 2018.
  • Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM): MPATGM is a 3rd generation ATGM with ‘Fire & Forget’ and ‘Top Attack’ capabilities, which can be day and night. Design & development of MPATGM weapon system is undertaken for deployment by Infantry and Parachute Battalions of the Army. During the year, sub-systems for control flight trial were acceptance tested and lined up for missile integration which was followed by successful Program Control Flight Trials of the missile system in September 2018.
  • Stand-off Anti-Tank (SANT) Guided Missile: During the year, SANT Guided Missile mission-01 campaign was conducted during May 2018 at Jaisalmer, Rajasthan during which successful firing of SANT from Mi-35 helicopter platform was demonstrated. SANT Release Flight Trials (RFT) with mathematical model of seeker was also conducted in Nov 2018 wherein safe separation from Mi-35, transfer alignment algorithm, launch release sequence and latex/roll control auto pilot algorithms was demonstrated.
  • Smart Anti Air Field Weapon (SAAW): SAAW is long-range, stand-off, precision air-to-surface weapon capable of engaging ground targets. Impact trial of SAAW was conducted in May 2018 to access penetration capability of SAAW in full configuration mode. Three tests of SAAW were also carried out during August 2018 from IAF aircraft. The weapon has undergone eight developmental flight trials till date.
  • Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) ‘TAPAS BH’: TAPAS-BH, a multi-mission UAV is being developed with an endurance of 24 hours to carry out the intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) roles for the three Armed Forces. It is being designed to operate at 30,000 ft Above Mean Sea Level (AMSL) altitude and is capable of carrying Electronic Warfare and Electro-Optic & Synthetic Aperture Radar (EO & SAR) payloads. During the year, a total of 63 taxi trials (LSTT & HSTT) have been completed. The first block of User Configuration flights commenced in February 2018. As on date, 25 User configuration flight trials have been completed.
  • Guided Pinaka Rocket System: Guided Pinaka Rocket system is being developed by DRDO to engage targets from 20 km to 80 km range. The rocket uses propulsion system developed for Pinaka Mk-II rocket and has canard based aerodynamic control and Inertial Navigation System (INS)/Global Positioning System (GPS) based guidance. The system was successfully test fired from PXE, Chandipur in May 2018 and met all its mission objectives.
  • New Family of Munitions (NFMS): Six types of munitions are being designed and developed by DRDO viz. Soft Target Blast Munition ‘NIPUN’, Anti-Tank Point Attack Munition ‘VIBHAV’, Anti-Tank Bar Munition ‘VISHAL’, Directional Fragmentation Munition ‘PARTH’, Anti-Tank Munition ‘PRACHAND’ and Jumping Fragmentation Munition ‘ULKA’ to improve the existing munitions and enhance its performance. During the year, PSQR based User Trials of PRACHAND was completed.
  • Arjun Armoured Recovery and Repair Vehicle (Arjun ARRV): ARRV is intended for carrying out recovery, repair and replenishing functions pertaining to MBT Arjun in operational areas under a wide variety of field conditions. During the year, 1st prototype was successfully demonstrated during DRDO internal trials and 2nd prototype is under developmental trials.
  • Advance Light Towed Array Sonar (ALTAS): ALTAS is an efficient sensing system for detection, localization and classification of submarines operating especially in the below surface layer ocean conditions. It is useful in Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) operations and is the apt sensor for warships to locate silent submarines capable of launching high speed torpedoes. User Evaluation Trials of the system onboard INS Sharda are under progress. Almost 75 NSQR parameters including parameters pertaining to towing characteristics and functions of launch/recovery unit have been demonstrated during the trials.
  • USHUS – 2: USHUS-2 is submarine sonar to be installed onboard four EKM submarines considering the long term requirements of the submarine arm and to combat the component obsolescence in the existing Russian sonars onboard these submarines. Design and development of engineered model of USHUS-2 is carried out in NPOL and produced at M/s. BEL, Bengaluru. During the year, Sea Acceptance Trials (SATs) Phase-1 of USHUS-2 onboard INS Sindhukesari was completed successfully in Russia.
  • Portable Diver Detection Sonar (PDDS): DRDO/NPOL is involved in the design and development of a PDDS system that is capable of detecting small targets such as divers and diver delivery vehicles in and around harbours. It will be deployable and retrievable as and when required. During the year, PDDS deployment system has been developed. Field evaluation of the deployment system will be by early 2019.
  • Advanced Light Weight Torpedo (ALWT): ALWT is an anti-submarine torpedo launched from ship, helicopter or fixed wing aircraft. It has dual speed capability and endurance of 25 km at low speed (25 knots) and 12 km at high speed (50 knots). During the year, discharge test of 70 kw battery was conducted with full torpedo assembled. Static test was conducted at sea off Vizag to prove operation of recovery aids used in ALWT viz. STRS, IPRS, Noise maker and BSAT. Automated electrical firing of it from single tube launcher and dynamic sea trials was conducted wherein torpedo made full run as per mission sequence.
  • Software Defined Radio (SDR): The development of a family of network-enabled, interoperable and modular SDRs is to provide wireless secure communication capability to both mobile and fixed forces as required by the Navy are: Naval Combat (SDR-NC), Tactical (SDR-TAC), Airborne (SDR-AR), Manpack (SDR-MP) and Hand held (SDR-HH). During the year, Acceptance Test (ATP) and User Evaluation Trials of SDR-TAC were completed on five ships at Vizag. Flight trials of SDR-AR for selected bands were also completed.
  • Air Defence Fire Control Radar (ADFCR) ‘Atulya’: ADFCR ‘Atulya’ in conjunction with anti-aircraft guns, forms a ground based air defence system whose main purpose is effective point defence against all air threats at short and very short ranges during day and night. During the year, DRDO evaluation of the radar system was completed and integrated test firing of ADFCR with guns and targets were carried out. 18.
  • Air Defence Tactical Control Radar (ADTCR): ADTCR has been developed for Army AD for surveillance, tracking and Identification of Friend/Foe (IFF) of aerial targets and transmission of data to multiple Air Defence command posts/weapon systems. During the year, DRDO internal evaluation of ADTCR system was completed. All the PSQR parameters were complied and verified by demonstration/analysis. The system is ready for User trials.

Border Roads Organisation


Landmark events/achievements pertaining to Border Roads Organisation are as under:

At present, Border Roads Organisation (BRO) is working on 883 roads of length 27,404.18 kilometres, out of which 352 roads of length 7,991.98 kilometres are under maintenance only and balance roads are under construction/improvement to double lane. BRO is also maintaining seven airfields besides snow clearance of 126 roads (4,800 kms) to ensure connectivity of border regions with rest of the country.

Achievements of work targets: BRO has achieved the following targets of road construction during the period from January 2018 to November 2018.

Item     A/U      Achievement upto November 20, 2018

Formation Works                                Kms     Eqvt Cl-9          843.40

Surfacing Works                                  Kms     Eqvt Cl-9          1,716.24

Resurfacing Work                               Kms                             1,945.37

Permanent Works                               Lakhs                           1,19,248.28

Major Bridges                                     Mtr                              2,290.18

Tunnel                                                 Lakhs                           31,531.28

Details of Important works undertaken during this FY are as under:

(a) Connectivity on Op Critical ICBR up to Bidak (Km 16) on Tama Chung-Chung- Maja Road: A significant boost was given for this task last year by launching 200 ft Bailey bridge at Gelensiniak (the first single span bridge over the River Subansiri on October 24, 2017) which provided additional attack points to speed up the pace of work. Accordingly road connectivity to Bidakh established on January 30, 2018.

(b) Launching of 60 ft Bailey Bridge: Launching of 60 feet Bailey bridge at Km 31.36 on road Tama-Chung-Chung-Taksing was completed on January 31, 2018 by air lifting stores weighing almost 40 MT from Limeking, now the road will remain through for traffic even during the monsoon season.

(c) Re-launching of 190 ft TDR: Existing 190’ Double Double Bailey bridge   (Cl-24) at Gangori Garh at Km 31 on Dharasu-Gangotri road on NH-34 collapsed on April 01, 2018 due to plying of heavy loaded civil  vehicles. The alternative diversion was made operational using Hume pipes within 12 hrs and traffic was restored. Now Triple Double Reinforced 190 ft BB of Cl-40 was launched on April 20, 2018.

(d) Inauguration of Kawaranglui Bridge: Construction of Multi Span PSC Box Girder permanent bridge 72.50 m span over river Kawaranglui on road Lawngtlai-Dirtlang-Parva has been completed and inaugurated by Governor of Mizoram Lt Gen (Retd) Nirbhaya Sharma, on February 12, 2018.

(e)  Inauguration of Theng Tunnel: To negotiate frequent landslides at Km 86.00 on road Gangtok-Chungthang, a Horse Shoe shaped tunnel of NHDL specification having length 542 m has been completed. This tunnel has been dedicated to the nation by Raksha Rajya Mantri Dr Subhash Bhamre on June 07, 2018.

(f) Inauguration of Damchu-Chukha Road in Bhutan: The Damchu-Chukha Road, 29.20 Km to Assian Highway Standards constructed by BRO, was formally inaugurated by His Excellency Lyonchhen Dasho Tshering Tobgey, Prime Minister, Royal Government of Bhutan on July 18, 2018. New road will reduce the travel time between Phuntsholing –Thimphu by one hour and reduce journey by around 19.5 Km of steep uphill driving.

(g)  Inauguration of Hussainiwala Bridge: The four span of temporary bridge on the old Ferozpur-Lahore highway over river Satluj River (Historical Hussainiwala Barrage) connecting Hussainiwala Enclave from Ferozpur has been replaced by constructing a new bridge with load class 70 R at the cost ofRs 238 Lakh. The bridge was dedicated to Nation by Raksha MantriSmt Nirmala Sitharaman on August 12, 2018.Hussainiwala is the place where freedom fighters Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev, who made supreme sacrifices for the motherland, were cremated. A memorial has been built as a mark of respect for these brave hearts, whom the whole nation can never forget.

(h) Approval of Alignment Plan Akhnoor – Poonch Road: Alignment Plan of the road has been approved by MoRT&H vide letter No RW/NH-12037/1214/Misc-New NHs/2014/NH-I/Zone-II dated 05 Sep 2018 Approved final alignment plan with feasibility report submitted by consultant to BRO on September 06, 2018.

(i)   Launching of Composite Bailey Bridge: A composite br (BSB 400 ft+140 ft DSRBB & 2X130 ft DSRBBs) across the Lohit River was launched at Meshai/in Lohit Valley of Arunachal on Sep 25, 2018.

(j)  Sela tunnels: Administrative Approval for design and construction of two tunnels of length 0.475 kilometre and 1.79 kilometre at Sela Pass along with the approach Roads of length 9.775 Km on B-C-T Road for Rs 687.11 crore has been accorded and further tendering action is under process.

(k) Chardham Projects: Prestigious Chardham Pariyojana Projects have been started. Preparation of DPRs for 18 packages on Chardham Roads through EPC Mode are under process. Out of which BRO has awarded contracts for 8 packages and balance are under progress.

(l)  Progress on Indo-China Border Roads (ICBRs):   Out of 61 ICBRs of length 3,418 kilometre have been entrusted to BRO, 28 roads have been completed. Work on the balance roads are in different stages of completion. However, out of 3418 kilometre overall completed length of ICBR is 2316.62 kilometre (68 per cent) and connected length is 3144 kilometre (90 per cent). The package wise status of connectivity of ICBRs are as under:

Moreover, Border Roads Organisation has taken initiative for updating the data of personnel by launching GREF Abhilekh Application. Lt Gen Harpal Singh, AVSM, VSM, DGBR implemented and launched the Mobile App ‘GREF ABHILEKH’ which will immensely benefit the 36,000 GREF Personnel serving in remote areas of our country. The Mobile App will provide real time personnel and career management information to all serving GREF Personnel. The App is compatible with all Android / Window / ioS based mobile phone.

Ex-Servicemen Welfare


  • Employment Generated by DGR: The details of employment generated by the DGR under various schemes during 2014 to 2018 (Till Nov 2018) are as under:
Location Date Participation Job Vacs


Secunderabad 20 Jan 2018 35 1552 1493
Kochi 08 Mar 2018 32 1400 765
Chandigarh 26 Jun 2018 30 1307 525
Mumbai 24 Oct 2018 35 1095 1874
Chennai 14 Nov 2018 49 1056 6025
Nagpur 29 Nov 2018 36 567 3280
Pune 06 Dec 2018 31 9001 709
Bangalore 26-28 Dec 18 Scheduled to be organised.
  • Achievements in DGR Resettlement Training Courses

The details of resettlement training imparted for Officers & JCOs/OR during   the last five years (FY) are as under:

Sl No. Category 2018-19
(a) Officers 360
(b) Junior Commissioned Officers/Other Ranks 3,434
  Total 3,794

* Courses at Regimental Centres being conducted by Service HQs.

  • ESM Healthcare
    • Orders issued for empanelment of 85 medical facilities with ECHS vide letter No. 22B(l5)/2017/WE/D(Res-I) dated January 04, 2018.
    • Sanction issued for shifting of polyclinic from Shimla to Ranrnur with the approval of Raksha Rajya Mantri vide letter No.22D(29)/2017/WE/D(Res) dated March 26, 2018.
    • Orders shifting the PCs from Along and Khonsa to Tenga and Twang in Arunachal Pradesh issued vide letter No. 22D(29)/2017/WE/D(Res-I) dated May 7, 2018.
    • The Orders regarding supply of medicines to ECHS beneficiaries was amended making it easier for empanelment of Authorised Local Chemists in smaller towns & cities, rural areas and remote and far flung areas vide letter No. 22D(02)/2016/WE/D(Res-I) dated June 25, 2018.
    • Vide letter No. 18(54)/2018/WE/D(Res-I) dated August 2, 2018 the system of referral was changed by the Government to exclude name of the empanelled centre of ECHS and enable ECHS beneficiaries to go to any ECHS empanelled centre of their choice.
    • Vide letter No. 22D(l8)/2017/WE/D(Res-I) dated Aug 7, 18 the travelling allowance Rule for medical treatment of ECHS beneficiaries was liberalised to include journeys by the private car and taxis.
    • Vide letter No. 22B(06)/2017/WE/D(Res-I) dated August 8, 2018 ECHS beneficiaries have been permitted to avail medical facilities under the alternative system of medicines Ayush in Government Ayush Hospitals/Colleges/National Institutes of Ayush/all government dispensaries/Distt. Hospitals/Sub Distt. Hospitals/PHC/CHC/Municipality Hospitals funded by Central/States/Local Government and having facility for treatment in Ayush system of medicines.
    • Vide letter No. 18(77)/2017/WE/D(Res-I) dated September 18, 2018 sanction of the competent authority was granted to make the provisions of the OM No.4-24/96-C&P/CGHS(P)/EHS dated May 7, 2018 of MoH&FW applicable to ECHS beneficiaries in r/o dependent unmarried sons of ECHS beneficiaries beyond 25 years of age w.r.t. definition of ‘permanent disability’.
    • Vide letter No. 18(107)/WE/D(Res-I) dated September 28, 2018 approval of the Government was granted for establishment of a new type D ECHS polyclinic at Indore, Madhya Pradesh.
    • Raksha Rajya Mantri inaugurated the Polyclinics at Tenga and Tawang on October 16, 2018. With operationalisation of both PCs all 426 PCs sanctioned by MoD will have become functional.

Welfare Measures

  • Financial Assistance

An amount of Rs. 46,16,84,000/- (Rupees forty six crores sixteen lakh eighty four thousand only) was disbursed to 14,205 beneficiaries under the welfare schemes of the RMEDF in the year 2018-19. This has resulted in much higher user satisfaction amongst the ESM, and much fewer complaints.

  • 57,545 beneficiaries were disbursed an amount of Rs. 146.99 crore during 2014-15 to 2017-18 under PM’s Scholarship Scheme (PMSS). 11,572 beneficiaries were disbursed Rs 29.79 crore (March-December 2018) under PM’s Scholarship Scheme (PMSS).
  • Disbursal of Central share to States/UTs amounting to total of approx. Rs 25.67 crore (March-December 2018) out of Defence Services Estimates.
  • Pension

(i) Inclusion of Line of Actual Control (LAC) for the purpose of Liberalised family pension:

Vide Govt. order No. 2(3)/2012/D(Pen/Pol).Vol. II dated 7.3.2018, following amendments have been carried out under Category D of Para 1 clause (iii) of Ministry’s letter No. 2(1)/2011/D(Pen/Policy) dated 3.2.2011:

“Accidental death/injury sustained due to natural calamities such as flood, avalanches, landslides, cyclone, fire and lightening or drowning in river while performing operational duties/movement in action against enemy forces and armed hostilities in operational area to include deployment on International Border or Line of Control or Line of Actual Control.

(ii) Enhancement of Ex-gratia ad-hoc allowance:

Vide Govt. order No. 1(5)/2017/D(Pen/Policy) dated April 9, 2018, it has been decided to sanction enhancement, on compassionate grounds, ex-gratia ad-hoc allowance to following category of pensioners/ family pensioners from Rs 3,500/- per month to Rs 9,000/- pm with effect from January 1, 2016.

  1. Armed Forces pensioners/family pensioner migrated from Pakistan.
  2. Burma Army pensioners/family pensioner who are Indians and drawing their pension in India.
  3. Burma Army pensioners of Nepalese origin who are drawing pension in Indian and Indian Embassy, Pension Paying Offices in Nepal.

(iii) Revision of Non-practicing Allowance (NPA):

Vide Govt. order No. 1(7)/2014-D(Pen/Policy) dated May 24, 2018, it has been decided that all kind of pension/family pension in respect of Medical officers of Armed Forces who retired/died during January 1, 2016 to June 30, 2017 and were drawing NPA at old rates on the date of retirement/death, shall be further revised w.e.f. 1.7.2017 by adding NPA@ 20 per cent to the basic pay on the date of retirement.

 (v) Orders for delinking of qualifying service in the cases of PSU Absorbee:

Vide Govt order No. 1(04)/2007/D(Pen/Pol) dated June 20, 2018, it has been decided that while determining the revised pension of those Defence pensioners who had drawn lump sum payment on absorption in Public Sector Undertaking/Autonomous Bodies after expiry of commutation period of 15 years from the date of payment of 100 per cent lump sum amount, with effect from January 1, 2006, the pension/family pension shall also be revised in accordance with the provisions contained in this Ministry’s letter dated September 30, 2016.

National Cadet Corps

Activities & Achievements

  1. Training of the cadets is the core function of National Cadet Corps (NCC). Training curriculum has been designed to achieve the objectives, which have been delivering desired results. However, in the recent past there has been a growing perception that our training philosophy has to be suitably modified to accommodate the changing aspirations of our youth, and expectations of our society from our youth.  The activities of the NCC as follow:
  2. Institutional Training: This forms the major portion of the total training peculiar to Army Wing, Naval Wing and Air Wing and is carried out in schools and colleges. Respective services provide all facilities for contact programmes/affiliated training.
  3. Camp Training: Camp training constitutes the most important part of NCC training. Every cadet in the NCC is expected to attend at least two camps. Therefore, nearly 70 per cent of the enrolled strength gets this opportunity every year. Various camps conducted during the year are Annual Training Camps (organised at state level), Centrally Organised Camps including 35 Ek Bharat Shrestitha Bharat (EBSB) camps, Six  Leadership Camps, Thal Sainik CampVayu Sainik CampNau Sainik Camp, Eight  Rock Climbing Camps and the Republic Day Camp (RDC).
  4. Army Wing Activities: There are 677 Army units covering all the States and Union Territories. In addition to Institutional Training, NCC Army Wing cadets are also given an opportunity to live and work in regular service units in the form of Attachment Training. Every year 440 officers and 20,000 cadets including 60 women officers and 560 senior wing girl cadets get attached to various units of the Army for a duration of two weeks. Around 1,000 senior wing girl cadets are also attached with various military hospitals every year. In addition, every year 120 SD cadets are given attachment training with Indian Military Academy, Dehradun and 48 SW girl cadets are given attachment training with Officers’ Training Academy, Chennai. This year during the ThalSainik Camp, conducted at New Delhi between September 17-28, 2018; a total of 1,360 cadets (680 SD and 680 SW) participated.
  5. Naval Wing Activities: There are 62 Naval Units covering all States and Union Territories. Naval training activities conducted during the year included Sea Training and attachment, Naval Academy attachment, scuba diving, sailing expeditions, technical camps for engineering and electrical students at Technical College of Navy and the All India Yachting Regatta (INS, Chilika, Orissa). A Nau Sainik Camp is conducted to train 600 naval cadets each year at Karwar.  This year a special training camp for yachting was organised in Goa.
  6. Air Wing Activities: At present, there are 61 Air Squadron, including 50 Flying Squadron and 11 Technical Squadron. These Air Squadron cover most of our States and Union Territories. The major Air Wing activities include Microlite Flying, Aero Modeling and attachment training. A Vayu Sainik Camp conducted each year at Jodhpur to train 600 Air Force.
  7. Social Service & Voluntary Community Development Programmes: The aim of Social Service and Community Development programmes is to sensitise the youth to the problems faced by society and help them to contribute positively towards solving them. The various Social Service and Community Development activities in which the cadets take part are:
    1. Environment Protection Project: Drives to generate awareness about ill effects of using plastic was conducted by all Directorates during the year, wherein NCC cadets actively participated in Tree Plantation drives/door to door campaigns/interaction with local residents to spread awareness. Over 1.25 lakh saplings were planted.
    2. Anti Drugs/Tobacco Programme: As part of National Drive approx. 78,000 NCC cadets participated in various Anti Drugs activities on June 26.
    3. Mission Indradhanush: To assist in the national goal of immunising children in the affected districts pan India NCC cadets have ensured this year atleast 14,700 children have been immunised.
    4. International Yoga Day:In keeping up with its set tradition this year also on June 21 on International Yoga Day over 7 lakh cadets participated in the event in around 6000 different venues.
    5. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan: A massive focus is laid each year on swachhta based programmes throughout the different states.  From September 15 to October 02, this year over 10.5 lakh cadets took part voluntarily in various cleanliness drives.
    6. Swasth Bharat Yatra: To commemorate 150 yrs of Mahatma Gandhi birth centenary, ‘Swasth Bharat Yatra’, a pan India Cyclothon and related events is being organised by FSSAI. The event is partnered by 14 Ministries of the UOI including MoD and the related departments of all State Govts and UT Administration. The “Yatra” envisages covering a distance of 18,000 kilometre split over six cycling legs of about 3,000 kilometre each. Each leg of yatra will cover approximately 50-60 kilometre each day with 25 cyclists each. The yatra will commence simultaneously from each of the six legs on Octber 16, 2018 and culminate simultaneously on January 27, 2019 at New Delhi.
    7. Disaster Relief: NCC has always extended a helping hand during natural and other calamities. Over the years, NCC cadets have rendered a yeoman service during floods, earthquakes, cyclones and other natural disasters. NCC cadets were actively involved in assisting the civil administration in relief operations during the Kerala floods and the damage due to cyclone in Kerala.
  1. Youth Exchange Programme (YEP): The aim of YEP is a country to country exchange of cadets belonging to NCC/equivalent Govt/Youth Organisations of friendly countries and participation in NCC activities of the host country to create an increased awareness among participants and appreciation of each other’s socio-economic and cultural realities. The exchange program acts as the ‘third tier of diplomacy’ by supplementing the efforts of our diplomats and leaders in building bonds with other friendly nations. Presently, the NCC has youth exchange with Eleven countries (Nepal, Bhutan, Singapore, Vietnam, Russia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Maldives and Kyrgyzstan) on reciprocation basis.
  2. Sports: (a) All India Mavalankar Shooting Championship (2018). Firing being one of the core training activities of NCC, shooting discipline enjoys special place in NCC sporting activities. NCC conducts inter NCC State Directorate competition to select the NCC team which participates in the National Rifle Association of India (NRAI) events like All India GV Mavalankar Shooting Competition (AIGVMSC). The NCC shooting teams have been performing well in this event for several years. This year 55 cadets participated and NCC shooting team won following medals in all India GV Mavlankar shooting Championship Competition 2018 :-

(i)         Gold                             –           03

(ii)        Silver                           –           05

(iii)       Bronze                         –           01

            Total                                        09

 (b) Subroto Cup Football Tournament: NCC teams in Jr Boys, Sub-Jr Boys and Junior Girls categories participated in the prestigious Subroto Cup Football Tournament 2018, where they played against some of the best National and International teams. This year, our Under 14, sub Jr Boys team from Odisha reached the finals.

(c) Jawaharlal Nehru Hockey Cup: NCC teams in Junior Boys, Junior Girls and sub Jr Boys participated in the tournament.  This year in Jr Boys category our team from Odisha also reached the finals.


Create a free website or blog at

Up ↑

%d bloggers like this: