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Revive a millennial partnership: Singapore has played a major role in India’s closer integration with ASEAN

21.PNG Author: Lee Hsien Loong (Prime Minister of Singapore)

While we commemorate 25 years of ASEAN-India relations, India’s ties with Southeast Asia date back more than 2,000 years. Ancient trade between India and countries such as Cambodia, Malaysia, and Thailand is well-documented. Southeast Asian cultures, traditions, and languages have been profoundly influenced by these early linkages. We see Indic Hindu-Buddhist influences in historical sites such as the Angkor Temple Complex near Siem Reap in Cambodia, the Borobudor and Prambanan temples near Yogyakarta in Indonesia, and the ancient candis in Kedah in Malaysia. The Ramayana is embedded in many southeast Asian cultures, including in Indonesia, Myanmar, and Thailand. Singapore’s Malay name is Singapura, derived from Sanskrit and meaning ‘lion city’.

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Singapore has always advocated India’s inclusion in the ASEAN community. India became an ASEAN Sectoral Dialogue Partner in 1992, a full ASEAN Dialogue Partner in 1995, and participated in the East Asia Summits (EAS) from 2005. The EAS is a key component of an open, inclusive and robust regional architecture, and the region’s main strategic leaders-led forum.

ASEAN-India relations were further elevated to a strategic partner­ship in 2012, the 20th anniversary of ASEAN-India relations. Today, ASEAN and India enjoy multi-faceted cooperation across Asean’s political-security, economic and socio-cultural pillars. Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ‘Act East’ policy and 3-C (Commerce, Connectivity, Culture) formula for strengthening engagement with ASEAN speaks to our broad-based cooperation. We have around 30 platforms for cooperation, including an annual Leaders’ Summit and seven Ministerial Dialogues. India has participated actively in ASEAN-led platforms including the ASEAN Regional Forum, the ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting Plus, and the East Asia Summit.

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With the ASEAN-India Free Trade Area (AIFTA), ASEAN-India trade has risen steadily from $2.9 billion in 1993 to $58.4 billion in 2016. On the socio-cultural front, programmes like the ASEAN-India Students Exchange Programmes and the annual Delhi Dialogue foster closer people-to-people relations. Through these platforms, our youth, academics and businessmen get to meet, learn and deepen ties.

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To mark this Silver Jubilee of ASEAN-India relations, both sides have held many commemorative activities. The recent Pravasi Bharatiya Divas in Singapore recognized the contributions of the Indian diaspora. Today’s ASEAN-India Commemorative Summit marks the culmina­tion of these celebrations. It is an honor for all the ASEAN leaders to be in New Delhi for this occasion. ASEAN leaders are also deeply honored to be invited as chief guests at tomorrow’s 69th Republic Day Parade.

Major global trends are reshaping the strategic outlook, presenting both challenges and opportunities. The strategic balance is shifting. Demographic, cultural and political changes are underway in many parts of the world. The consensus on globalization and free trade is fraying, but the Asian story continues to be a positive one. We need to push on with economic integration. We must also be resolute in dealing with emerging transboundary challenges, including terrorism, cybercrime and climate change.

This geopolitical uncertainty gives new impetus to ASEAN’s cooperation with key partners like India. ASEAN and India share common interests in peace and security in the region, and an open, balanced and inclusive regional architecture. India is located strategically along major sea-lanes from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific. These sea lanes are also vital trade routes for many ASEAN member states. Both sides share an interest in preserving these vital maritime conduits of trade.

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ASEAN and India’s combined population of 1.8 billion represents one-quarter of the world’s population. Our combined GDP exceeds $4.5 trillion. By 2025, India’s consumer market is expected to become the fifth largest in the world, while in southeast Asia middle-class house­holds will double to 163 million.  Both regions are also experiencing a demographic dividend – 60% of Asean’s population is below 35 years old, while India is projected to be the world’s youngest country with an average age of 29 by 2020. ASEAN and India also have fast-growing internet user bases, which will help us grow the digital economy. Against this backdrop, we still have much scope to grow our ties – India accounted for only 2.6% of Asean’s external trade in 2016.

May I suggest three promising areas of mutually beneficial collaboration.

First, ASEAN and India should redouble efforts to promote trade and investment. We need to keep existing pathways up to date and relevant, including the AIFTA. We should work together to conclude a high-quality Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), surpassing the existing AIFTA. This would create an integrated Asian market comprising nearly half the world’s population and a third of the world’s GDP. Stream­lining rules and regulations will stimulate investments in both directions, complement India’s ‘Act East’ policy and facilitate ‘Made in India’ exports to the region.

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Second, our peoples will benefit greatly from greater land, air, and maritime connectivity. We appreciate India’s efforts to improve land connectivity, including the extension of the trilateral India-Myanmar-Thailand Highway, and India’s $1 billion line of credit to promote infrastructure connectivity with ASEAN. We look forward to working closely with India to boost our physical connectivity, including by expeditiously concluding the ASEAN-India Air Transport Agreement. This will enhance people-to-people flows across the region and help both Indian and ASEAN carriers tap new and emerging markets, especially for business, investment and tourism.

Digital connectivity is another important area of cooperation and can shape people-to-people connections for the future. India’s Aadhaar system creates many new opportunities, for instance, to harmonise our Fintech platforms or connect e-payment systems.

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Finally, we continue to look for new synergies. One objective of Singapore’s chairmanship is to develop an ASEAN Smart Cities Network, and here Singapore and India are natural partners. India is rapidly urbanizing and has set itself a goal of establishing 100 smart cities. Singapore, an urbanized city-state, is ready to partner India on this journey and help develop urban solutions based on our own experience. Andhra Pradesh’s new capital city of Amaravati is one example.

As ASEAN chair, Singapore is committed to deepening ASEAN-India ties. If both sides use our historical and cultural links to tackle today’s challenges and build bridges for the future, our youth and next generation stand to gain the most.

Published originally on Times of India Blog

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वर्ष 2017 के दौरान सूक्ष्म, लघु और मध्यम उद्यम मंत्रालय की मुख्य उपलब्धियां

              वर्षांत समीक्षा 2017-सूक्ष्म, लघु और मध्यम उद्यम मंत्रालय
         
    2017 में सूक्ष्म, लघु और मध्यम उद्यमों (एमएसएमई) की प्रमुख नीतिगत पहल और उपलब्धियां

 सूक्ष्म, लघु और मध्यम उद्यम मंत्रालय (एमएसएमई) संबंधित मंत्रालयों / विभागों, राज्य सरकारों और अन्य हितधारकों के साथ मिलकर खादी, ग्राम और नारियल उद्योग सहित एमएसएमई क्षेत्र में वृद्धि और विकास को बढ़ावा देने हेतु एक जीवंत एमएसएमई क्षेत्र की कल्पना करता है तथा साथ ही मौजूदा उद्यमों को समर्थन प्रदान करने और नए उद्यमों की स्थापना को बढ़ावा देने के लिए पूर्ण सहयोग भी प्रदान करता है।

एमएसएमई मंत्रालय के लिए वर्ष 2017 बहुत महत्वपूर्ण रहा है जिसके दौरान एमएसएमई क्षेत्र को बढ़ावा देने के लिए विभिन्न पहल की गई, जिसमें डिजिटल एमएसएमई योजना का शुभारंभ, एमएसई के समर्थन के लिए पैकेज में वृद्धि हुई, विमुद्रीकरण की पृष्ठभूमि में एमएसएमई को समर्थन देने के लिए कई पहल की गई, आठ शहरों में प्रौद्योगिकी केंद्र स्थापित करने का काम शुरू किया गया, एमएसएमई विलंबित भुगतान पोर्टल का शुभारंभ किया गया और इसके साथ ही सार्वजनिक खरीद पोर्टल की भी शुरूआत की गई।

इस वर्ष के दौरान मंत्रालय के प्रमुख पहलुओं का उल्लेख नीचे दिया गया है:

डिजिटल एमएसएमई योजना का शुभारंभ:

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डिजिटल एमएसएमई स्कीम क्लाउड कंप्यूटिंग पर आधारित है जो एमएसएमई द्वारा स्थापित इन-हाउस आईटी आधारिक संरचना के मुकाबले लागत प्रभावी और व्यवहार्य विकल्प के रूप में उभर रहा है। क्लाउड कंप्यूटिंग में, एमएसएमई इंटरनेट के उपयोग के साथ-साथ टेलर द्वारा बना आईटी आधारिक संरचना का उपयोग करता है जिसमें सॉफ्टवेयर की व्यावसायिक प्रक्रियाओं को प्रबंधित करने के लिए सॉफ्टवेयर होते हैं।

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क्लाउड कंप्यूटिंग हार्डवेयर/सॉफ्टवेयर और बुनियादी सुविधाओं पर निवेश से मुक्त होता है। यह योजना एमएसएमई के नए दृष्टिकोण जैसे आईसीटी प्रक्रिया में क्लाउड कंप्यूटिंग को प्रोत्साहित करता है।

सूक्ष्म और लघु उद्यमों (एमएसई) को समर्थन देने के लिए पैकेज को मंजूरी दी गई—- सूक्ष्म एवं लघु उद्यम क्रेडिट गारंटी निधि ट्रस्ट (सीजीटीएमएसई) समूह के लिए संवर्धित: 

  1. ट्रस्ट की राशि 2,500 करोड़ रुपये से बढ़ाकर 7,500 करोड़ रुपये करना संवर्धित और यह पूरी तरह भारत सरकार द्वारा वित्त पोषित होगा।
  1. क्रेडिट गारंटी योजना के अंतर्गत ऋण की रकम 1 करोड़ रुपये से बढ़ाकर 2 करोड़ किया गया।
  1. गैर बैंकिंग वित्तीय कंपनियों द्वारा सूक्ष्म और लघु उद्यमों को ऋण को क्रेडिट गारंटी योजना के तहत बढ़ाया गया है।

 विमुद्रीकरण की पृष्ठभूमि में एमएसएमई के लिए की गई पहल: 

  1. सीजीटीएमएसई द्वारा लागू एमएसई के लिए क्रेडिट गारंटी योजना के अंतर्गत आने वाले ऋणों का दायरा 1 करोड़ रूपये से बढ़ा कर 2 करोड़ रुपए कर दिया गया है।
  2. एनबीएफसी द्वारा एमएसएमई को दिए गए ऋण के लिए क्रेडिट गारंटी योजना भी बढ़ा दी गई है।
  3. वित्त मंत्रालय के वित्तीय सेवा विभाग (डीएफएस) ने एमएसई के लिए कार्यशील पूंजी / नकदी ऋण सीमा बढ़ाने के संबंध में बैंकों को परामर्श जारी किया है।

आठ शहरों जैसे-पुड्डुचेरी, विशाखापट्टनम, रोहतक, दुर्ग, बढ्ढी, भिवाड़ी, बेंगलुरू और सितारगंज में प्रौद्योगिकी केंद्र स्थापित किए जा रहे हैं

एमएसएमई विलम्बित भुगतान पोर्टल—एमएसएमई समाधान  http://samadhaan.msme.gov.in का शुभारंभ: 

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यह पोर्टल देश भर में सूक्ष्म और लघु उद्यमियों को केंद्रीय मंत्रालयों/विभागों/ सीपीएसई/राज्य सरकारों द्वारा भुगतान में देरी से संबंधित मामलों को सीधे पंजीकृत करने में सक्षम रहेगा।यह पोर्टल सीपीएसई / केंद्रीय मंत्रालयों, राज्य सरकारों आदि के साथ एमएसई के व्यक्तिगत लंबित भुगतान के बारे में भी जानकारी देगा।पीएसई के सीईओ और मंत्रालयों के सचिव भी देरी से भुगतान के मामलों की निगरानी कर सकते हैं और मुद्दों को हल करने के लिए आवश्यक निर्देश भी जारी करने के लिए अधिकृत होंगे। पोर्टल विलम्बित भुगतान को अधिक प्रभावी तरीके से निगरानी की सुविधा भी प्रदान करेगा। पोर्टल की जानकारी सार्वजनिक डोमेन में उपलब्ध होगी, जिसके कारण डिफ़ॉल्ट संगठनों पर नैतिक दबाव भी बना रहेगा। एमएसई को भी पोर्टल तक पहुंचने और उनके मामलों की निगरानी करने का भी अधिकार दिया जाएगा।

एमएसई के लिए सरकारी खरीद पोर्टल—-एमएसएमई संबंध http:// sambandh.msme.gov.in का शुभारंभ: 

यह पोर्टल केंद्रीय सार्वजनिक क्षेत्र के उद्यमों (सीपीएसई) द्वारा एमएसई से सार्वजनिक खरीद के कार्यान्वयन की निगरानी में भी मदद करेगा। इस ऑनलाइन पोर्टल का उपयोग करते हुए, मंत्रालय और सीपीएसई अपने प्रदर्शन का आकलन भी कर सकते हैं।

लघु और मध्यम उद्यमों और नई पद्धति (खोज) के क्षेत्र में सहयोग के लिए भारत और संयुक्त अरब अमीरात (यूएई) के बीच हस्ताक्षरित समझौता ज्ञापन (एमओयू): 

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इस एमओयू से भारतीय एसएमई को काफी फायदा होगा और न्यायसंगत तथा समावेशी विकास को नई दिशा मिलेगी। इसके माध्यम से विदेश में भारतीय एसएमई को सुधार करने और अपनी क्षमता बढ़ाने एवं नई पद्धियों पर काम करने के लिए एक अच्छा अवसर भी मिलेगा। इसके माध्यम से भारतीय एसएमई क्षेत्र को संयुक्त अरब अमीरात के एसएमई क्षेत्र के साथ पारस्परिक रूप से लाभप्रद संबंध बनाने और अपने बाजारों का पता लगाने के लिए एक सुयोग्य अवसर भी मिलेगा।

राष्ट्रीय एससी / एसटी हब योजना के तहत एससी-एसटी उद्यमियों को कौशल विकास प्रशिक्षण प्रदान करने के लिए 4 सेक्टर कौशल परिषदों के साथ समझौता ज्ञापन पर हस्ताक्षर किए गये

राष्ट्रीय एमएसएमई नीति पर रिपोर्ट प्रस्तुत किया गया।

 प्रबंधन विकास संस्थान (एमडीआई), गुरूग्राम द्वारा प्रधान मंत्री रोजगार सृजन कार्यक्रम (पीएमईजीपी) का मूल्यांकन प्रस्तुत किया गया।

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वर्ष 2017 के दौरान संसदीय कार्य मंत्रालय  की मुख्य उपलब्धियां

                  वर्षांत समीक्षा 2017: संसदीय कार्य मंत्रालय  

बजट सत्र 2017:

भारतीय विधायिका के इतिहास में पहली बार केंद्रीय बजट अग्रिम रूप से 01 फरवरी को प्रस्‍तुत किया गया। यह एक बहुत बड़ा वित्‍तीय सुधार है ताकि मंत्रालयों को अपनी विकासात्‍मक परियोजनाओं के कार्यान्‍वयन हेतु पूरी निधियां उपलब्‍ध कराई जा सके। बजट अग्रिम रूप से प्रस्‍तुत किये जाने के बाद लेखानुदान की भी जरूरत नहीं पड़ी।

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2017 में सामान्‍य बजट तथा रेलवे बजट भी पहली बार मिला दिया गया तथा एकीकृत केंद्रीय बजट प्रस्‍तुत किया गया। बजट सत्र के दौरान लोकसभा की उत्‍पादकता 113.27 प्रतिशत तथा राज्‍यसभा की 92.43 प्रतिशत रही। बजट सत्र 2017 के दौरान संसद के दोनों सदनों द्वारा 18 बिल पारित किए गए।

सामान और सेवा कर (जीएसटी): बजट सत्र 2017 के दौरान जीएसटी को समर्थ बनाने वाले सभी अधिनियम पारित करवा लिए गए। केंद्रीय सामान एवं सेवा कर बिल 2017, एकीकृत सामान और सेवा कर बिल 2017, सामान और सेवा कर (राज्‍य क्षतिपूर्ति) बिल 2017 तथा संघ शासित प्रदेश सामान और सेवा कर बिल 2017 नामक 4 ऐतिहासिक बिल संसद के दोनों सदनों द्वारा पारित किए गए, जिसके कारण सामान और सेवा कर 01 जुलाई, 2017 से पूरे देश में लागू किया जा सका।

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मानसून सत्र 2017

  • लोकसभा में 17 बिल पेश किए गए।
  • दोनों सदनों द्वारा 13 बिल पास किए गए।
  • मानसून सत्र के दौरान ‘भारत छोड़ो आंदोलन’ की 75वीं वर्षगांठ मनाने के लिए 09.08.2017 को दोनों सदनों में ‘भारत छोड़ो आंदोलन’ की 75वीं वर्षगांठ पर एक विशेष चर्चा आयोजित की गई तथा सभी पार्टियों के बीच व्‍यापक सहमति से ‘2022 तक नया भारत’ बनाने हेतु ‘संकल्‍प से सिद्धि’ का संकल्‍प पहली बार लिया गया।

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  • सामान और सेवा कर (जीएसटी) का जम्‍मू एवं कश्‍मीर राज्‍य तक विस्‍तार मानसून सत्र 2017 के दौरान एक ऐतिहासिक उपलब्धि थी क्‍योंकि संबद्ध बिलों के पारित होने से राज्‍य की शेष देश के साथ आर्थिक एकता का मार्ग प्रशस्‍त होगा।
  •  लोकसभा की उत्‍पादकता 77.94 प्रतिशत जबकि राज्‍यसभा की 79.95 प्रतिशत थी।

शीतकालीन सत्र 2017 (26.12.2017 तक) 

  • लोकसभा में 9 बिल प्रस्‍तुत किए गए।
  • संसद के दोनों सदनों द्वारा 2 बिल पारित किए गए।

विदेशों में अपने समकक्षों तथा अभिमतदाताओं के साथ राष्‍ट्रीय नीतियों तथा विभिन्‍न उपलब्धियों पर चर्चा करने तथा भारत के पक्ष में उनकी सद्भावना तथा पक्ष सुनिश्चित करने के दृष्टिकोण से 29 मई से 6 जून, 2017 तक तत्‍कालीन संसदीय कार्य राज्‍यमंत्री श्री सुरेन्‍द्रजीत सिंह अहलुवालिया के नेतृत्‍व में विभिन्‍न राजनैतिक पार्टियों (लोकसभा/राज्‍यसभा) के 10 नेताओं/सांसदों के भारतीय संसदीय सद्भावना शिष्‍टमंडल ने स्‍वीडन, नार्वे तथा इजरायल का भ्रमण किया।

तत्‍कालीन संसदीय कार्य राज्‍यमंत्री श्री एस.एस अहलुवालिया ने केंद्रीय विद्यालयों के लिए 29वीं राष्‍ट्रीय युवा संसद प्रतियोगि‍ता 2016-17 तथा दिल्‍ली के विद्यालयों के लिए 51वीं युवा संसद प्रतियोगिता 2016-17 के लिए पुरस्‍कार वितरित किए। 25 केंद्रीय विद्यालयों तथा 33 दिल्‍ली के विद्यालयों के विद्यार्थियों, प्रधानाचार्यों तथा प्रभारी अध्‍यापकों ने मंत्री से ट्रॉफियां एवं पुरस्‍कार प्राप्‍त किए।

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युवा संसद योजना का उद्देश्‍य युवा पीढ़ी को स्‍व-अनुशासन की भावना, विविधमत के प्रति सहनशीलता, विचारों की सही अभिव्‍यक्ति तथा जीवन के प्रजातांत्रिक ढंग के अन्‍य गुण समझाना है। इसके अलावा इस योजना में विद्यार्थियों को संसद की प्र‍क्रिया एवं कार्यविधि, चर्चा तथा बहस करने की तकनीकों से अवगत कराना और उनमें स्‍वाभिमान, नेतृत्‍व का गुण तथा प्रजातंत्र के हालमार्क प्रभावी वक्‍तृता की कला और कौशल विकसित करना है।

भारत छोड़ो आंदोलन की 75वीं वर्षगांठ: मंत्रालय ने भारत छोड़ो आंदोलन की 75वीं वर्षगांठ मनाने तथा भारत की स्‍वतंत्रता की 75वीं वर्षगांठ ‘2022 तक नया भारत’ बनाने के संकल्‍प के रूप में फिर से भावना जगाने के लिए अगस्‍त-अक्‍टूबर 2017के महीनों के दौरान पूरे देश में 39 विभिन्‍न स्‍थानों पर एक प्रदर्शनी एवं सांस्‍कृतिक कार्यक्रम आयोजित करने की योजना समन्‍वित की।

‘नया भारत करके रहेंगे’ शीर्षक प्रदर्शनी आयोजित की गयी। इसके अलावा न्‍यू डिजिटल भारत की अवधारणा के अनुरूप 65 प्रतिशत सामग्री डिजिटल, विडियो तथा संवादात्‍मक प्ररूप में रखी गयी।

प्रदर्शनियां 1857 से 1947 तक के भारतीय स्वतंत्रता आंदोलन पर केंद्रित थीं जिनमें अंगेजी शासन से स्‍वतंत्रता हासिल करने के लिए शुरू की गयी विभिन्‍न गतिविधियेां-‘स्‍वतंत्रता का प्रथम संग्राम-1857’, ‘चम्‍पारण सत्‍याग्रह’, ‘असहयोग आंदोलन’, ‘डांडी यात्रा’ तथा ‘भारत छोड़ो आंदोलन’ का प्रदर्शन किया गया।

यह कार्यक्रम भारत के प्रधानमंत्री श्री नरेन्‍द्र मोदी के छ: सूत्री संकल्‍प यथा भ्रष्‍टाचार मुक्‍त, गरीबी मुक्‍त, गंदगी मुक्‍त, साम्प्रदायिकता मुक्‍त, आतंकवाद मुक्‍त तथा जातिवाद मुक्‍त देश के लिए शुरू किए गए जन अभियान के अनुरूप था।

                                                                        **********

वर्ष 2017 के दौरान आयुष मंत्रालय की मुख्य उपलब्धियां

 

                     वर्षांत समीक्षा2017-आयुष मंत्रालय

      प्रधानमंत्री द्वारा नई दिल्ली में अखिल भारतीय आयुर्वेद संस्थाईन का उद्घाटन

2400 करोड़ रुपये के परिव्‍यय से एन ए एम का और तीन वर्ष के लिए विस्‍तार

आयुष पर पहले अन्‍तर्राष्‍ट्रीय सम्‍मेलन तथा प्रदर्शनी का आयोजन

 देश में चिकित्‍सा सुविधाओं की मांग और आपूर्ति के बीच अंतर को न्‍यूनतम स्‍तर पर लाने के उद्देश्‍य से आयुष मंत्रालय, चिकित्सा की वैकल्पिक पद्धति के प्रसार, प्रचार तथा लोकप्रियता के लिए 2017 में अनवरत कार्य करता रहा। वर्ष 2017 के दौरान प्रधानमंत्री श्री नरेन्‍द्र मोदी ने अखिल भारतीय आयुर्वेद संस्‍थान राष्‍ट्र को समर्पित किया, केन्‍द्रीय मंत्रिमंडल ने राष्‍ट्रीय आयुष मिशन (एनएएम) को तीन वर्ष के विस्‍तार की स्‍वीकृति प्रदान की, आयुष के क्षेत्र में अन्‍तर्राष्‍ट्रीय सहयोग के लिए बहुत से देशों के साथ समझौता ज्ञापन पर हस्‍ताक्षर किए गए, अंतर्राष्‍ट्रीय योग दिवस तथा राष्‍ट्रीय योग आयुर्वेद दिवस के विशाल आयोजन तथा अन्‍तर्राष्ट्रीय सम्‍मेलनों का आयोजन, मंत्रालय की कुछ अत्‍यधिक प्रामाणिक उपलब्धियॉं हैं।
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राष्‍ट्रीय आयुष मिशन (एनएएम) :

केन्‍द्रीय मंत्रिमंडल ने 2400 करोड़ रुपये के वित्‍तीय परिव्‍यय के साथ 1 अप्रैल, 2017 से 31 मार्च, 2020 तक राष्‍ट्रीय आयुष मिशन (एनएएम) को केन्‍द्रीय प्रायोजित योजना के रूप में जारी रखने की स्‍वीकृति प्रदान की है। यह मिशन देश में आयुष स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य-सेवा की प्रोन्‍नति के लिए सितम्‍बर, 2014 में शुरू किया गया था।

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आयुष घटकों को मुख्‍यधारा में लाने के तहत 8994 प्राथमिक स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य केन्‍द्र, 2871 सामुदायिक स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य केन्‍द्र तथा 506 जिला अस्‍पतालों को आयुष सुविधाओं से सुसज्जित किया गया है। मंत्रालय अगले 10 वर्षों के दौरान सभी जिलों में एनएएम के अन्‍तर्गत 50 बिस्‍तरों वाले अस्‍पताल स्‍थापित करना चाहता है। अब तक 50 बिस्‍तर वाले 66 एकीकृत आयुष अस्‍पतालों तथा 992 योग स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य केन्‍द्रों को सहायता प्रदान की जा चुकी है। एनएएम के अन्‍तर्गत विभिन्‍न राज्‍यों/संघशासित प्रदेशों को वर्ष 2017-18 के लिए 490 करोड़ रुपये की राशि जारी की गई है।

राष्‍ट्रीय आयुर्वेद दिवस का आयोजन:

प्रधानमंत्री श्री नरेन्‍द्र मोदी ने 17 अक्‍टूबर, 2017 को द्वितीय राष्‍ट्रीय आयुर्वेद दिवस के दौरान अखिल भारतीय आयुर्वेद संस्‍थान राष्‍ट्र को समर्पित किया।

अपनी प्रकार का पहला अखिल भारतीय आयुर्वेद संस्‍थान (एआईआईए) एआईआईएमएस की तर्ज पर स्‍थापित किया गया है।

मंत्रालय ने निम्‍नलिखित कार्यक्रमों के साथ द्वितीय राष्‍ट्रीय आयुर्वेद दिवस का आयोजन किया:

  1. आयुर्वेद क्षेत्र के सभी हितधारकों को एक मंच पर लाने तथा केवल पांच वर्ष की अवधि में उद्योग की उत्‍पादकता को तिगुना करने की दिशा में सृजनात्‍मक विचार-विमर्श के लिए मंच तैयार करने हेतु 16 अक्‍टूबर, 2017 को इंडिया हेबिटेट सेन्‍टर में सम्‍मेलन आयोजित किया गया।
  2. आयुर्वेद सेक्‍टर को 2.5 बिलियन डॉलर से 8 बिलियन डॉलर के उद्योग तक लाने के लिए आयुर्वेदा कन्‍कलेव विजन 2022 का आयोजन किया गया।
  • माननीय प्रधानमंत्री ने 17 अक्‍टूबर, 2017 को अखिल भारतीय आयुर्वेद संस्‍थान (एआईआईए), सरिता विहार, नयी दिल्‍ली राष्‍ट्र को समर्पित किया।

23 स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य मेलों तथा 10 सेमिनारों/कार्यशालाओं के लिए वित्‍तीय सहायता प्रदान की गयी।

अंतर्राष्ट्रीय योग दिवस का आयोजन :

तृतीय अंतर्राष्‍ट्रीय योग दिवस बड़े उत्‍साह के साथ मनाया गया, जिसके दौरान विभिन्‍न स्‍थानों पर राष्‍ट्रीय और अन्‍तर्राष्‍ट्रीय स्‍तर पर भारी संख्‍या में योग प्रदर्शन आयोजित किए गए। सामूहिक योग प्रदर्शन का मुख्‍य कार्यक्रम 21 जून, 2017 को लखनऊ के रामबाई अम्‍बेडकर मैदान में आयोजित किया गया, जहां प्रधानमंत्री श्री नरेन्‍द्र मोदी ने सामूहिक योग प्रदर्शन कार्यक्रम में भाग लिया।

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तृतीय अंतर्राष्‍ट्रीय योग दिवस (आईडीवाई) के आयोजन के अभिनंदन में आयुष मंत्रालय ने 10-11 अक्‍टूबर, 2017 को नई दिल्‍ली में ‘स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य हेतु योग पर अंतर्राष्‍ट्रीय सम्‍मेलन’ का आयोजन किया।

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इस सम्‍मेलन का उद्घाटन भारत के उपराष्‍ट्रपति श्री एम वेंकैयानायडु ने किया। 44 देशों के 80 योग विशेषज्ञों/उत्‍साही व्‍यक्तियों सहित लगभग 600 भारतीय तथा विदेशी प्रतिनिधियों ने सम्‍मेलन में हिस्‍सा लिया।

अन्‍तर्राष्‍ट्रीय आरोग्‍य (एआरओजीवाईए) 2017 :

आयुष मंत्रालय ने वाणिज्यिक विभाग, वाणिज्‍य मंत्रालय तथा उद्योग; फेडरेशन ऑफ इंडियन चेम्‍बरर्स ऑफ कॉमर्स एंड इंडस्‍ट्री (फिक्‍की) तथा फार्मेक्सिल के सहयोग से ‘अंतर्राष्‍ट्रीय आरोग्‍य 2017’ – 4 से 7 दिसम्‍बर, 2017 के दौरान ‘आयुष में निर्यात संभावना की अभिवृद्धि’ थीम पर आयुष एवं स्‍वास्थ्‍य संबंधी अंतर्राष्‍ट्रीय प्रदर्शनी तथा सम्‍मेलन के प्रथम संस्‍करण का आयोजन किया गया।

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इस कार्यक्रम में अन्‍तर्राष्‍ट्रीय आयुर्वेद विशेषज्ञ/शिक्षक/वैज्ञानिक/प्रबन्‍धकर्ता तथा निर्माता उपस्थित रहे। अन्‍तर्राष्‍ट्रीय सम्‍मेलन तथा प्रबन्‍धकर्ताओं की बैठक के दौरान आयुष सेक्‍टर में मानकीकरण तथा गुणवत्‍ता नियंत्रण से संबंधित महत्‍वपूर्ण विषयों; आयुष की निर्यात संभावना तथा व्‍यापार सुविधाओं में वृद्धि; तथा एकीकृत स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य जांच इत्‍यादि जैसे महत्‍वपूर्ण विषयों पर गहन चर्चा हुई।

परम्‍परागत औषध पर कार्यदल बिमस्‍टेक (बीआईएमएसटीईसी) :

भारत में परम्‍परागत औषधियों पर बिमस्‍टेक कार्यदल की पहली बैठक 24-25 अक्‍टूबर, 2017 के दौरान नई दिल्‍ली में आयुष मंत्रालय द्वारा की गई, जिसमें बंग्‍लादेश जन गणतंत्र, भूटान साम्राज्‍य, भारतीय गणतंत्र, म्‍यामांर संघीय गणतंत्र, नेपाल संघीय प्रजातांत्रिक गणतंत्र, श्रीलंका प्रजातांत्रिक समाजवादी गणतंत्र तथा थाईलैंड साम्राज्‍य के प्रतिनिधियों सहित बिमस्‍टेक सचिवालय ने भागीदारी की।

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अन्‍तर्राष्‍ट्रीय सहयोग :

समझौता ज्ञापन (एमओयू) – अब तक 11 देशों के साथ संघीय स्‍तर पर समझौता ज्ञापन तथा 24 देशों के साथ संस्‍थानिक स्‍तर पर समझौता ज्ञापनों पर हस्‍ताक्षर किए गए। अब तक 25 देशों में 28 आयुष सूचना प्रकोष्‍ठ स्‍थापित किए जा चुके हैं।

आयुष मंत्रालय के अधीन एक स्‍वतंत्र निकाय, होम्‍योपैथी केन्द्रीय अनुसंधान परिषद द्वारा निम्नलिखित के साथ तीन समझौता ज्ञापनों पर हस्‍ताक्षर किए गए :

  1. होम्‍योपैथी चिकित्सा पद्धति में अनुसंधान तथा शिक्षा के क्षेत्र में सहयोग हेतु साइंटिफिक सोसायटी फॉर होम्‍योपैथी (विसहोम), जर्मनी
  2. अनुसंधान तथा शिक्षण के क्षेत्र में सहयोग हेतु फेडरल युनिवर्सिटी ऑफ रियो डी जेनेरियो-यूएफआरजे
  • आयुष पद्धति पर संग्रहालय तथा होम्‍योपैथी पर ऐतिहासिक अभिलेखों के विकास के क्षेत्र में सहयोग हेतु इंस्‍टीच्यूट फार दी हिस्‍ट्री ऑफ मेडिसन, रार्बट बोस्‍क फाउंडेशन, स्‍टटगर्ट, जर्मनी

वैकल्पिक चिकित्सा के क्षेत्र में सहयोग से संबंधित आशय की संयुक्‍त घोषणा(जेडीआई) पर जर्मनी संघीय गणराज्‍य के संघीय स्‍वस्‍थ्‍य मंत्रालय तथा भारत गणराज्‍य के आयुष मंत्रालय के बीच 1 जून, 2017 को बर्लिन में चतुर्थ भारतीय-जर्मन अन्‍तराजकीय परामर्श (आईजीसी) के दौरान हस्‍ताक्षर किए गए।

21 जून, 2017 को तीसरे अंतर्राष्‍ट्रीय योग दिवस के आयोजन के हिस्‍से के रूप में ‘स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य सेवा के उपाय तथा प्रतिरक्षा अभिवृद्धि-आयुर्वेदिक पद्धति’ थीम पर सिंगापुर में भारतीय उच्‍चायोग ने सिंगापुर आयुर्वेदिक चिकित्‍सा संघ (एपीएएस) के सहयोग से एक परिसंवाद एवं सेमीनार का आयोजन किया।

मोरारजी देसाई राष्‍ट्रीय योग संस्‍थान (एमडीएनआईवाई) तथा आयुर्वेद स्‍नातकोत्‍तर शिक्षण तथा अनुसंधान संस्‍थान (आईपीजीटीआरए) को विश्‍व स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य संगठन के संदर्भ संख्‍या डब्‍ल्‍यूएचओ सीसी नं आईएनडी-118 तथा डब्‍ल्‍यूएचओ सीसी नं आईएनडी-117 के तहत परम्‍परागत चिकित्सा पद्धति में विश्‍व स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य संगठन सहयोग केन्‍द्रों के रूप में पुनर्पदनामित किया गया है।

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यूरोपीय आयुर्वेदिक विज्ञान संस्‍थान (ईएआईएस) की स्‍थापना के लिए 1 अक्‍टूबर, 2017 को सीसीआरएएस तथा युनिवर्सिटी ऑफ डेब्रीसेन, हंगरी के बीच समझौता ज्ञापन पर हस्‍ताक्षर किए गए।

आयुष शिक्षण प्रकोष्‍ठ की स्‍थापना के लिए सीसीआरएच तथा अर्मेनिया की येरेवन स्‍टेट मेडिकल युनिवर्सिटी के बीच एक समझौता ज्ञापन पर हस्‍ताक्षर किए जाने के परिणाम स्‍वरूप अर्मेनिया की येरेवन स्‍टेट मेडिकल युनिवर्सिटी में एक होम्‍यापैथी प्राध्‍यापक पद की प्रतिनियुक्ति की गई है।

राष्‍ट्रीय औषधीय पादप बोर्ड (एनएमपीबी) :

एनएमपीबी ने औषधीय तथा सुगंधदायक पादप हितधारक संघ (एफईडीएमएपीएस) नई दिल्‍ली के सहयोग से 19 तथा 20 जनवरी, 2017 को ‘भारतीय औषधीय एवं सुगंधदायक पादप राष्‍ट्रीय नीति निर्माण’ विषय पर एक अन्‍तर्राष्‍ट्रीय संगोष्ठी का आयोजन किया था। इस कार्यक्रम का प्रयोजन भारत के औषधीय तथा सुगंधदायक पादप की राष्‍ट्रीय नीति (एमएपीज) का आलेख तैयार करना था। 22 नवम्‍बर, 2017 को समीक्षा बैठक आयोजित की गई थी तथा औषधीय पौधों संबंधी राष्‍ट्रीय नीति के प्रारूप को अंतिम रूप दिए जाने की प्रक्रिया जारी है। 2017-18 के दौरान दिसम्‍बर, 2107 तक औषधीय पौधों के संरक्षण, विकास तथा दीर्घकालिक प्रबंधन हेतु केन्‍द्रीय क्षेत्रक योजना के अन्‍तर्गत उपलब्धियों में, औषधीय पादप संसाधन अभिवृद्धि के तहत 2845.47 हेक्‍टेयर की व्‍यवस्‍था, पांच औषधीय पादप संरक्षण तथा विकास क्षेत्र (एमपीसीडीएज) के लिए 1000 हेक्‍टेयर क्षेत्र की व्‍यवस्‍था, राज्‍यों में 43 संयुक्‍त वन प्रबंधन समितियां (जेएफएमसीज), जीविका अभिवृद्धि के लिए, मूल्‍य अनुवृद्धि कार्यकलापों तथा हर्बल गार्डन, स्‍कूल हर्बल गार्डन तथा गृह हर्बल बागानों की स्‍थापना के लिए परियोजनाओं को सहयोग देना शामिल है।

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औषधीय तथा सुगंधदायक पादप हितधारक संघ (एफईडीएमएपीएस) नई दिल्‍ली के सहयोग से एनएमपीबी भारत के 25 प्रमुख हर्बल मंडियों से 100 उच्‍च मांग वाले औषधीय पौधों के मासिक मंडी मूल्‍य मंगवा रहा है। इन मासिक मूल्यों को ‘ई-चर्क’ पोर्टल में तथा एनएमपीबी की वेबसाइट पर सभी हितधारकों की जानकारी के लिए प्रकाशित किया जाएगा।

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2017 के दौरान डेंगू तथा चि‍कनगुनिया की रोकथाम हेतु अध्‍ययन(जारी है):

‘बुखार के प्रकोप के दौरान डेंगू तथा चिकनगुनिया की रोकथाम में यूपेटोरियम परफोलियटम की कारगरता एवं स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य निगरानी-एक खुला समूह स्‍तरीय अध्‍ययन’ शीर्षक अध्‍ययन के लिए नयाचार को परिषद की भिन्‍न-भिन्‍न समितियों ने स्‍वीकृति प्रदान की तथा 1 जुलाई, 2017 से अध्‍ययन शुरू कर दिया गया। यह एक खुला समूह स्‍तरीय अध्‍ययन है। इस अध्‍ययन में भाग लेने वाले उन स्‍लम क्षेत्रों से लिए जाते हैं, जहां मच्‍छरों का बाहुल्‍य है परन्‍तु स्‍पष्‍टत: वे स्‍वस्‍थ्‍य हैं। यह अध्‍ययन नई दिल्‍ली में मायापुरी, पीरागढ़ी, जखीरा, चुना भट्टी, केशव विहार तथा माधव विहार की जे जे कालोनियों में आयोजित किया जाएगा। नामित व्‍यक्तियों को 10 सप्‍ताह के लिए प्रति सप्‍ताह 30 औंस यूपेटोरियम परफोलियटम दी गई। कुल 70,000 भागीदार नामित किए गए थे अनुवर्ती अध्‍ययन अभी जारी है।

सिद्धा में केन्‍द्रीय अनुसंधान परिषद द्वारा मौलाना आजाद मेडिकल कॉलेज, नई दिल्‍ली के साथ डेंगू में मानक देखरेख पर एक सहयोगी अनुसंधान परियोजना चलाई जानी है। यह डेंगू के संक्रमण/संक्रमणोपरांत डेंगू आर्थरलजिया में सिद्धा, आयुर्वेद तथा होम्‍योपैथिक मानक निगरानी की प्रभावकारिता की तुलना के लिए एक खुला स्‍तरीय गैर-तरतीब समांनातर समूह चरण-।।। चिकित्‍सीय परीक्षण बहुल -केन्‍द्र है।

फार्माकोपोइया कमीशन फॉर इंडियन मेडिसन एंड होम्योपैथी:

आयुर्वेदिक, सिद्धा, युनानी तथा होम्‍योपैथिक फॉरमलरिज/फार्माकोपोइया/कोडेक्‍स तथा ऐसे परिशिष्ट या पूरक सार-संग्रह का प्रकाशन तथा संशोधन

29 मई, 2017 को आयोजित सीआरएवी के 21वें दीक्षांत समारोह के उद्घाटन तथा रजत जयंती समारोह तथा ‘इ‍विडेंस बेस्‍ड आयुर्वेदिक अप्रोच टू डायग्‍नोसिस, प्रीवेंसन एंड मेनेजमेंट ऑफ डायबिटीज एंड इट्स कम्‍पलीकेशंस’ विषय पर राष्‍ट्रीय संगोष्ठी के दौरान आयुष मंत्रालय में राज्‍यमंत्री (स्‍वतंत्र प्रभार) माननीय श्री श्रीपद नायक द्वारा तीन फार्माकोपियल प्रकाशनों यथा आयुर्वेदिक फार्माकोपोइया ऑफ इंडिया भाग-1, खंड-9, आयुर्वेदिक फार्माकोपोइया ऑफ इंडिया भाग-2, खंड-4 तथा यूनानी आयुर्वेदिक फार्माकोपोइया ऑफ इंडिया भाग-2, खंड-3 का विमोचन किया गया था।

फार्माकोपोइयल मानकों में सुधार

पिछली समिति के कार्यकाल की समाप्ति पर तीन वर्ष की अवधि के लिए एपीसी का पुनर्गठन किया गया। हाइड्रो-एल्कोहोलिक वाली 30 एकल औषधियों तथा संरूपणों तथा प्रत्येक 5 औषधियों के जल-तत्वों के फार्माकोपोइयल मानकों में सुधार संबंधी कार्य परियोजना रूप में आबंटित किया गया है। इस कार्य की प्रगति पर गहन निगरानी रखी जा रही है। इसके अलावा पशु चिकित्सा फार्मुलेरी का प्रारूप तैयार करने तथा आयुर्वेदिक फार्मुलेरी ऑफ इंडिया भाग-1और 2 के संशोधन का काम भी चल रहा है।

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पिछली समिति का कार्यकाल समाप्त हो जाने के परिणामस्वरूप तीन वर्ष की अवधि के लिए एसपीसी का पुनर्गठन किया गया था। 20 एकल औषधियों तथा प्रत्येक फार्मुलेशनों के लिए फार्माकोपोइयल मानकों का सुधार संबंधी कार्य परियोजना रूप में आबंटित किया गया है। इसके अलावा दो नए प्रकाशनों यथा सिद्धा फार्माकोपोइयल ऑफ इंडिया भाग 1 खंड-3  तथा सिद्धा फार्मुलेरी ऑफ इंडिया (एसएफआई), भाग-3 (तमिल), साथ ही एसएफआई भाग 1 (तमिल), एसएफआई भाग 1 (अंग्रेजी) तथा एसएफआई भाग-2 (अंग्रेजी) के संशोधित संस्करणों का कार्य भी चल रहा है।

 पिछली समिति की अवधि समाप्त हो जाने के परिणामस्वरूप तीन वर्ष की अवधि के लिए यूपीसी का पुनर्गठन किया गया था। नेशनल फार्मुलेरी ऑफ यूनानी मेडिसिन (एमएफयूएम) भाग 1 से 6 तथा यूनानी फार्माकोपोइया ऑफ इंडिया, भाग-1, खंड 1-6 का संशोधन भी प्रक्रियाधीन है।

वर्तमान समिति की अवधि की समाप्ति को दरकिनार कर एचपीसी का कार्यकाल एक वर्ष तक और बढ़ा दिया गया था। 10 एकल औषधियों के लिए फार्माकोपाइल मानकों के सुधार संबंधी कार्य को परियोजना रूप में आबंटित किया गया है। कार्य की प्रगति पर गहन नजर रखी जा रही है। इसके अलावा, होम्योपैथिक फार्माकोपोइया ऑफ इंडिया, खंड 1-9 के संशोधन का कार्य भी चल रहा है।

एक्स्ट्रा मुराल अनुसंधान (ईएमआर) योजना के अंतर्गत 2017-18 के दौरान उपलब्धियां

  • पीएसी द्वारा स्पष्टतः/सशर्त स्वीकृत नई परियोजनाएं-12
  • चालू परियोजनाओं के लिए स्वीकृत सहायता अनुदान-23
  • पूरी की गई परियोजनाएं-11
  • सुप्रसिद्ध पत्रिकाओं में प्रकाशित अनुसंधान पेपर्स-2

आयुष शिक्षा सुधार

आयुष शिक्षा के स्तर को बढ़ाने के उद्देश्य से मंत्रालय आयुष विद्यार्थियों का एक देश व्यापी संगठन बनाने की योजना बना रहा है, जो विभिन्न कार्यक्रम आयोजित करने के लिए विद्यार्थियों को एक मंच प्रदान करेगा।

नामित प्राधिकरणों के माध्यम से सभी आयुष शिक्षण संस्थानों में पूर्वस्नातक पाठ्यक्रमों में प्रवेश के लिए राष्ट्रीय पात्रता प्रवेश परीक्षा (एनईईटी) की शुरूआत की जा रही है। आयुष की सभी पद्धतियों के लिए पूर्वस्नातक पाठ्यक्रम में प्रवेश की पात्रता के लिए अभ्यर्थियों को कम से कम 50 प्रतिशत अंक प्राप्त करने होंगे।

नामित प्राधिकरणों के माध्यम से सभी आयुष शिक्षण संस्थानों में स्नातकोत्तर पाठ्यक्रम/ एग्जिट परीक्षा में प्रवेश के लिए राष्ट्रीय पात्रता प्रवेश परीक्षा (एनईईटी) की शुरूआत की जा रही है। आयुष की सभी पद्धतियों के लिए परीक्षा में अहर्ता प्राप्ति हेतु अभ्यर्थियों को कम से कम 50 प्रतिशत अंक प्राप्त करने होंगे। किसी आयुष संस्थान विशेष की स्नातकोत्तर एनईईटी/ एग्जिट परीक्षा में अहर्ता प्राप्त विद्यार्थियों के प्रतिशत का आकलन करके उस विशेष महाविद्यालय को देय लाभ प्रदान किया जाना चाहिए तथा उसका उल्लेख दोनों एएसयू तथा एच प्रणाली के एमएसआर में किया जाएगा। यदि पिछले बैच के 70 प्रतिशत विद्यार्थी स्नातकोत्तर एनईईटी/ एग्जिट परीक्षा में अहर्ता प्राप्त करते हैं तो ऐसे महाविद्यालयों को एक साल के लिए केंद्र सरकार से अनुमति लेने से छूट दी जाएगी।

आयुष संस्थानों में सभी शिक्षकों की नियुक्ति के लिए आयुष राष्ट्रीय शिक्षक पात्रता परीक्षा आयोजित की जाएगी तथा ऐसे सभी शिक्षकों के लिए उनकी नियुक्ति से पूर्व सीसीएच/ सीसीआईएम द्वारा एक अनन्य जांच कूट आबंटित किया जाएगा।

सभी आयुष चिकित्सा महाविद्यालयों में शिक्षण स्टॉफ की उपस्थिति भू-स्थल आधारित पद्धति (जियो-लोकेशन बेस्ड सिस्टम) से सुनिश्चित की जाएगी, यह पद्धति संगत परिषद (सीसीआईएम/सीसीएच) एवं मंत्रालय द्वारा उपलब्ध कराई जाएगी।

                                                                     ********

Achievements of Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs during 2017

 

Year End Review 2017 : Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs

Budget Session 2017

For the first time in Indian Legislative history, the presentation of Union Budget was advanced to 1stFebruary. This is a big financial reform so as to make full funds available to line Ministries for execution of their developmental projects. Vote on Account was also dispensed with because of advancement of the Budget.

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Also for the first time the General Budget and Railway Budget were merged in 2017 and integrated Union Budget was presented.  During the Budget Session, the Productivity of Lok Sabha was  113.27% and of Rajya Sabha was 92.43%; 18 Bills were passed by both Houses of Parliament during the Budget Session 2017.

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Goods & Services Tax (GST): Passing of all the enabling acts of the GST was achieved in Budget Session 2017. Passing of 4 historic Bills namely, the Central Goods and Services Tax Bill, 2017, the Integrated Goods and Services Tax Bill, 2017, the Goods and Services Tax (Compensation to States) Bill, 2017 and the Union Territory Goods and Services Tax Bill 2017 by both Houses of Parliament enabled implementation of Goods and Services Tax across the country w.e.f. 1st July, 2017.

Monsoon Session 2017

Number of Bills introduced in Lok Saha was 17

Number of bills passed by both Houses  was 13

A Special Discussion on 75th Anniversary of the ‘Quit India Movement’ was held in both Houses on 09.08.2017 to commemorate the 75th Anniversary of the ‘Quit India Movement’ and it is for the first time that the pledge of ‘Sankalp se Siddhi’ for building a New India by 2022 was taken with wide consensus among all parties during Monsoon Session 2017.

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Extension of Goods and Services Tax (GST) to the State of Jammu & Kashmir was a historic achievement during Monsoon Session 2017, as passing of the related bills will lead to the Economic Integration of the State with the rest of the country.

The productivity of Lok Sabha was 77.94% whereas in Rajya Sabha it was 79.95%.

Winter Session 2017 (As on 26.12.17)

Number of Bills introduced in Lok Sabha was 9

Number of Bills passed by both Houses of Parliament was 2

Indian Goodwill Delegation of Parliamentarians under the leadership of Shri Surendrajeet Singh Ahluwalia, the then Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs, consisting of 10 Leaders/Members of Parliament of various political parties (Lok Sabha/Rajya Sabha) had visited Sweden, Norway and Israel from 29th May-6th June, 2017 with a view to discussing the nation’s policies and achievements in different fields with their counterparts and opinion makers in foreign countries and securing their goodwill and support in favour of India.

l20170713111145.jpgShri S.S. Ahluwalia, the then Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs, distributed Prizes for the 29th National Youth Parliament Competition, 2016-2017 for Kendriya Vidyalayas and 51st Youth Parliament Competition, 2016-17 for Delhi Schools. Students, Principals and teachers in charge of 25 Kendriya Vidyalayas and 33 Delhi Schools received Trophies and Prizes from the Minister. The Youth Parliament Scheme aims at inculcating among the younger generations the spirit of self-discipline, tolerance of diverse opinion, righteous expression of views and other virtues of a democratic way of life. Besides, the scheme also acquaints the students with the practices and procedures of Parliament, techniques of discussion and debate and develops in them self-confidence, quality of leadership and the art and skill of effective oratory – the hallmarks of democracy.

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75th Anniversary of Quit India Movement: The Ministry planned and coordinated organizing of an Exhibition cum Cultural Event throughout the country at 39 different locations during the months of August – October 2017 to celebrate 75th Anniversary of Quit India Movement and to rekindle its spirit in the form of Resolve to Make a ‘New India by 2022’, the 75th Anniversary of India’s Independence.

This exhibition titled as ‘Naya Bharat Karke Rahenge’ was organized. Further, in tune with the concept of New Digital India, 65% of the content was kept in digital, video and interactive formats.

The exhibitions were focused on India’s freedom movement from 1857 to 1947 showing various activities initiated to attain the freedom from the British rule- “The First War of Independence, 1857”, “The Champaran Satyagrah”, “The Non-cooperation Movement”, “The Dandi Yatra” and “The Quit India Movement”.

This programme was in tune with the mass campaign started by the Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi to take the six resolves to make the country- free of corruption; free of poverty; free of filth; free of communalism; free of terrorism and free of casteism.

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Achievements of Ministry of Coal during 2017

Year End Review 2017: Ministry of Coal

Production of raw coal touched 396.53 MT. (April-November, 2017-18) compared to 388.68 MT during the corresponding period 2016-17.  Coal production and coal offtake of Coal India Limited was 329.30 MT and 367.90 MT respectively during April-November, 2017-18 period.

Transparent coal allocation policy for power sector – SHAKTI issued in May 2017.

Third party sampling procedure put in place to address concerns of Grade slippage and other quality issues of coal consumers.

The flexibility provided in the utilization of coal for optimum utilization of coal mines under Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015.

Coal Block Allocation Rules, 2017 notified repealing Auction by Competitive Bidding of Coal Mines Rules, 2012. 

Inter-company Safety audit of all 366 operative mines of Coal India Limited completed. 

8.21 lakh meters of drilling for exploration carried out against the target of 7.38 lakh meters.

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Coal Block allocation

Under the provisions of the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015 and Rules made thereunder, so far 84 coal mines (53-Allotment, 31-Auction) have been successfully allocated. Out of which, allotment order/vesting order has been issued so far in respect of 80 coal mines including Allotment order that is issued w.r.t. Amelia coal mine in the year 2017.

Details of 84 coal mines/blocks is given as under-

S. No. Mode of Allocation Schedule End-use

‘Power’

End-use

‘NRS’

Sale of

Coal

Total Operational* coal

mines/blocks

1. Auction II 5 12 0 17 12
III 4 10 0 14 01
Sub-total 9 22 0 31 13
2. Allotment II 17 1 0 18 03
III 21 3 1 25 02
I 3 0 7 10 00
Sub-total 41 4 8 53 05
Total (S. No.1+2) 50 26 8 84 18

* Operational coal mines also includes those coal mines for which mine opening permission has been granted by CCO but production is yet to be started.

Operationalization status of 31 Auctioned Coal Mines/Mines

Out of the 17 (Schedule II) coal mines under the provisions of the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015, 12 coal mines are operational and remaining Schedule II coal mines are awaiting various clearances for operationalization. Further, out of the 14 (Schedule III) coal mines, 1 coal mine has been granted Mining Opening Permission and remaining Schedule III coal mine are scheduled to be operational from 2018 onwards as they were not operational at the time of their allocation.

Operationalization status of 53 Allotted Coal Mines/Mines

Out of the 18 (Schedule II) coal mines allotted to Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs)/GENCOS, 3 coal mines are operational and remaining Schedule II coal mines are awaiting various clearances/judgment for operationalization. Further, out of 35 (Schedule III-25 + Schedule I-10) coal mines, 2 coal mines of schedule III have been granted Mining Opening Permission. Remaining Schedule III & I coal mines are scheduled to be operational from 2018 onwards as they were not operational at the time of their allocation.

Status of Production of coal and revenue generated

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Since allotment, a total of 36.25 MT coal has been produced till October, 2017 from the operational coal mines allocated under the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act’ 2015 and rules made thereunder. Further, a total revenue of Rs. 4109.31crores (excluding royalty, cess, taxes etc.) has been generated till November, 2017 from the above said coal mines.”

A High Power Expert Committee has been constituted on 18.12.2017 to examine efficacy and challenges of the current bidding system to suggest changes for conducting future auction of coal mines.

A Technical Committee has been constituted on 29-11-2017 to operationalize the methodology for flexibility in utilization of coal extracted from the coal mines allotted under the CMSP Act, 2015 for optimum utilization of coal mine for the same end uses in the public interest and to achieve cost efficiencies. So far, two meetings have been held by the said Committee.

Two-level Monitoring Committee (level-1 under the chairmanship of Hon’ble Minister of Coal and level-2 under the chairmanship of Secretary (Coal) has been constituted for review of development/operationalization of coal blocks with Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change and Chief Ministers of concerned States along with concerned officials on quarterly basis. The said committee will meet once a month to review the operationalization of allocated coal blocks.

A Scrutiny Committee has been constituted to consider/examine the submissions/replies made by Successful Bidders/Allottees of the coal mines in respect of deviation from the Efficiency Parameter as mentioned in the CMDPA/Allotment Agreement. So far, four meetings have been held by the said Committee.

Directions have been issued by the Central Government to Nominated Authority vide O.M. dated 27.09.17 for allotment of 50% of North of Arkhapal Srirampur (Northern Part) under Rule 8(2)(a)(ii) and Rule 11(1)of the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Rules, 2014 for specified end use ‘ Production of fertilizer’.

Also, directions have been issued by the Central Government to Nominated Authority vide O.M. dated 24.04.2017 for allotment of Kotre Basantpur and Pachmo, Schedule-I coal mines located in the State of Jharkhand to Coal India Limited in accordance with the provisions of Section 5(1) of the Coal Mine (Special Provisions) Act, 2015 read with Rule 11(10) of the Coal Mine (Special Provisions) Rules, 2014.

Further, vide O.M. dated 30.03.2017 directions have also been issued by the Central Government to Nominated Authority for allocation of 13 (Schedule II and Schedule III) coal mines / blocks through e-auction under Section 4 or allotment under Section 5 of the CM(SP) Act, 2015 for the end-use ‘Iron & Steel, Cement and Captive Power Plants [excluding steel (coking)]’.

In addition, vide O.M. dated 30.03.2017, directions have also been issued by the Central Government to Nominated Authority for allocation of 06 Schedule III coal mines through e-auction under Section 4 or allotment under Section 5 of the CM(SP) Act, 2015 for the end-use ‘Production of Iron and Steel’.

Under the provisions of the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015 and Rules made thereunder, auction of coal mines for sale of coal will be undertaken. Accordingly, CCEA Note on the methodology for auction of Coal Mines / Blocks for sale of coal under the Coal mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015 and the Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Act, 1957 has been sent to Cabinet Secretariat on 26th / 27th Oct’17 for consideration by the CCEA. Post approval of the methodology by the CCEA, auction of coal mines for sale of coal will be undertaken.

The Ministry has formulated a methodology to provide the coal block allottee PSU’s with some flexibility in utilization of coal extracted from the coal mines allotted under the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015 for optimum utilization of coal mine for the same end uses in the public interest and to achieve cost efficiencies.

Coal Blocks Development & Production Agreements for 3 coal blocks, viz. Pachwara South, Kerwa and Brahmani have been signed on 22.02.2017, 18.08.2017 and 04.09.2017 respectively.

The Coal Blocks Allocation Rules, 2017 [CBA Rules] have been notified on 13.07.2017 have repealed the Auction by Competitive Bidding of Coal Mines Rules, 2012 [ACBCM Rules].  However, the allocations already made under ACBCM Rules, 2012 has been maintained under the CBA Rules.  Rule 17 of the CBA Rules states that any action taken under the ACBCM Rules shall be deemed to have been done or taken under the corresponding provisions of these rules andany process of allocation pending under the ACBCM Rules, 2012 shall continue and after the final allocation of the coal block the remaining procedure and conditions under the corresponding provisions of CBA Rules shall be applicable.

A Committee has been constituted under the Chairmanship of Additional Secretary, Ministry of Coal to identify additional coal / lignite blocks for allocation under Rule 3(2) of the CBA Rules.

Previous approval of the Central Government under Sections 5(1) of the MMDR Act, 1957 for grant of prospecting licence in favour of Gujarat Mineral Development Corporation Ltd. in respect of Panandhro Extension lignite block has been granted on 24.02.2017.

Previous approval of the Central Government under Sections 5(1) and 6 (1)(b) of the MMDR Act, 1957 for grant of prospecting licence in favour of Rajasthan Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam (RRVUNL) in respect of Kente Extension coal block has been granted on 16.03.2017.

In-principle allotment of Vastan coal block in favour of M/s. Gujarat Industries Power Company Limited (GIPCL) has been cancelled on 04.09.2017.

Gondbahera Ujheni coal block allotted to Madhya Pradesh Power Generating Company Ltd. under the provisions of MMDR Act and ACBCM Rules, 2012 has been de-allocated on 25.09.2017.  The same was done on the basis of request received from Government of Madhya Pradesh since the cost of coal extraction from the said block was envisaged to be too high than the CIL’s notificed price.

Deocha-Pachami block was decided to be jointly allocated to the entities of 6 State viz. West Bengal, Karnataka, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Tamil Nadu.  Due to joint allocation, difficulties were being faced in operationalization of the block. On the suggestion of various joint venture partners and in view of request received from West Bengal Government, it was decided with the approval of competent authority to allocate Deocha-Pachami coal block to one State and separate coal blocks to each of the other States in terms of their requirement.  Accordingly, Deocha Pachami coal block has been de-allocated on 05.12.2017.

Coal Production

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The production of raw coal in the country during  April-November 2017-18 was 396.53 Mte compared to 388.68 Mte during the corresponding period of previous year.

The overall growth in Coal production during April- November, 2017 was 2 %.

CIL coal production and off-take (during April-November 2017)

Coal production and coal dispatch/off-take of Coal India Limited (CIL), the state sector coal mining company, during April-November 2017-18 was 329.30 MT and 367.98 MT respectively.

Production and dispatch growth of CIL was 1.8% and 8.1% respectively during April-November 2017-18.

Generally, it is observed that coal production slows down considerably between June–September every year.

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This trend is evident this year also and the downswing has been greater than previous years due to excessive rain in coal mining areas.

The production has picked up from October onwards.

Fact Apr-Nov. 2017 Apr-Nov 2016 Increase in absolute term Growth
Production of CIL (in MT) 329.30 323.53 5.77 1.8%
Dispatch of CIL (in MT) 367.98 340.31 27.67 8.1%

All India Month Wise Progressive coal Production (in Million tonnes)

  April Till May Till June Till July Till August Till September Till October Till November
2017-18 (Till Nov. 2017) 46.38 96.57 145.57 190.45 235.67 282.53 336.46 396.53
2016-17 (Till Nov. 2016) 46.38 99.99 151.77 195.58 234.89 276.87 328.02 388.68

Reasons for low growth in production of coal by CIL

The reason for the shortfall in achievement of the production target set for the year 2017-18:

EC & FC problems in some mines

Land acquisition and R&R problem

Excessive rainfall in August and September

Law and order problem mainly in CCL & MCL

Evacuation problem

Accumulation of high stock due to less lifting of coal by consumers upto July 2017

Coal Imports

Month Wise Import of Coal  during  2017-18
                                                     (Quantity in Mte & Value in Crore Rs.)
Month 2017-18 (Provisional) 2016-17 (Provisional) Growth% Growth%
Quantity Value Quantity Value in Qty in Value
April’17 18.59 12076 18.63 6882 -0.21 75.47
May’17 18.33 11930 18.73 7153 -2.14 66.78
June’17 15.56 11282 18.92 7647 -17.76 47.53
July ’17 15.00 9907 16.72 6944 -10.29 42.67
August’17 15.80 10132 15.79 6959 0.06 45.60
September’17 16.40 10585 15.05 7065 8.97 49.82
October’17 18.78 13162 15.37 7775 22.19 69.29
November’ 17 18.39 12953 13.61 8896 35.12 45.60
Apri-Nov.17 137.25 92122 134.76 60499 1.85 52.27

 

Source : DGCI&S : Provisional and subject to change.

 Power Sector Linkage Policy – SHAKTI

New More Transparent Coal Allocation Policy for Power Sector, 2017- SHAKTI has been issued on 22.05.2017.

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Clearance has been given to CIL to sign Fuel Supply Agreement (FSA) with 4 Letter of Assurance (LoA) holders having total commissioned capacity of 3570 MW. Coal supply to 19,000 MW (out of 68,000 MW) which could not be commissioned by 31.03.2015 has started for commissioned plants.

Ministry of Coal has approved linkages for 6 Central PSUs and 4 State PSUs on the recommendations of Ministry of Power.

Linkage auction for Independent Power Producers (IPPs) having Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) based on domestic coal conducted from 11 th to 13thSeptember 2017. Maximum Allocable Quantity was 27.18 MT. Almost all the allocable quantity of 27.18 MT was booked with only 402 tons remaining un-booked.

Auction process of Linkages for IPPs without PPA has been initiated.

CIL has requested from CEA for the probable list of participants along with capacity.

Online public notification for interested bidders has been issued by CIL on 06.10.2017.

Auction of Linkages to Non-regulated Sector

Policy for auction of Linkages to Non-regulated Sector was issued on 15.02.2016. All allocations of Linkages/LoAs for non-regulated sector viz. Cement, Steel/Sponge Iron, Aluminium and others (excluding Fertilizer (urea) sector), including their Captive Power Producers (CPPs), shall be auction based.

Tenure of new Fuel Supply Agreements (FSAs) subject to a maximum of 15 years.

In tranche I, II & III a total of 40.24 MT was booked. The percentage gain over notified price of non-power is 8.58%. Total numbers of successful bidders were 719.

Third Party Sampling

In order to address the concerns of coal consumers regarding the grade slippages and other quality issues, a third party sampling procedure has been put in place wherein a tripartite Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) has been signed by the coal company, the coal consumer and CIMFR for sampling and testing of coal at the loading end.

Against Tripartite Agreement of about 513 Million Tons signed by CIMFR with Power Sector, sampling has been commenced for about 492 Million tons (96% of the total agreement signed).

Further, against Tripartite Agreement signed for 20 Million Tons for Special Forward and Linkage Auction schemes, sampling has been commenced for a quantity of about 14 million tons by QCI (70% of the total agreement signed).

The sampling and testing charges are borne equally by the buyer and the seller. The states/gencos are using this platform of 3rdparty sampling for quality assurance.

Rationalization of Linkages

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Inter-Ministerial Task Force was constituted in June, 2014 for review of existing coal sources as also feasibility for rationalization of these sources with a view to optimize transportation cost.

Coal Linkage rationalization in Power sector has resulted in decrease in transportation cost of coal from the mines to the power plants leading to more efficient coal based generation of Power.

Total coal movement rationalization of 54.76 MT has taken place with annual potential savings of Rs.3354 Crore.

BHARAT 22 ETF

Consequent upon the CCEA’s authorisation, the Alternative Mechanism  approved the composition of new exchange traded fund namely Bharat 22 ETF  with 22 constituent entities including CIL and NLCIL. As directed by DIPAM, 19299613 number of shares of CIL and 3974665 number of Shares of NLCIL were transferred to DIPAM’s Pooled Escrow demat account at a total value of Rs 545.91 crores during November, 2017.

OFS of NLCIL 

Alternative Mechanism in its meeting held on 21s March, 2017 approved the proposal to divest 15% paid-up equity capital in NLC India Limited out of Government of India shareholding  in NLCIL. Further, DIPAM vide OM dated 24.10.2017 informed that the Alternative Mechanism (AM) has approved the sale of 5% paid up equity capital in NLC India Limited out of 15% approved. Accordingly 76814501 no of shares were transferred for the Offer For Sale including Offer For Sale for employees during October-November, 2017.

Buyback of shares by NLC India Limited

NLCIL announced the buyback of not exceeding 14,91,41,173 fully paid equity shares with an open date of  06thMarch 2017 and close dated of 20th March’17.

MOC has tendered 14,91,41,173 equity shares of NLC India Ltd. for buyback and out of 14,91,41,173 equity shares tendered by MoC, 14,45,46,266 were transferred in buyback and  Rs 1429.38 crore were transferred to DIPAM as Buyback proceeds.

Safety Audit

Inter-Company Safety Audit of all the 366 operative mines of CIL was completed during Jan-April 2017 and Mines were categorized in high, medium and low category. The Mitigation plan along with time line for mines has been identified.

Grading of Quality of Coal

In order to ensure despatch of quality coal to the consumers, exercise of re-gradation of coal seams of Coal Companies was taken up by Coal Controller organization (CCO). In respect of CIL, CCO drew samples in respect of 392 mines.

 Exploration of Coal

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In respect of exploration of coal, for 2017-18, a target of 12.50 lakh metre of drilling (Departmental: 4.75 lakh meter, Outsourcing: 7.75 lakh metre) was envisaged. As against this, 8.21 lakh metre of drilling has been carried out up to the month of Nov’17 against the target of 7.38 lakh metre.

Research and Development

In respect of Research and Development, sixteen (16) projects are ongoing, out of which one project namely CP-49 started during the year 2017.

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Achievements of Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship during 2017

Year End Review 2017: Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship

Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) completed it 3 successful years since inception in 2014. For the first time, a ministry with its core focus on converging all skill development initiatives in the country under one National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF), was created by the Government of India. Out of 2.5 crores candidates who have been skilled under MSDE programs alone, more than one crore have been trained in 2017.

Investment in Skill Development Infrastructure

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendras: In year 2017, MSDE focused extensively on building industry standardized infrastructure for driving skill development training under which it launched its Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendras (PMKK). PMKK has the potential to become the benchmark of skill development infrastructure, training, and placement in the respective district and; also in the country. It will make skill development quality oriented, sustainable and aspirational.

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As on December 22, 2017, 527 Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendras (PMKKs) have been allocated across 27 states covering 484 Districts and 406 Parliamentary Constituencies (PC). Out of which, 328 PMKKs have been established and work is under progress to establish 150 additional PMKK Centres. Further, 263 PMKKs have been inaugurated by their respective Local Members of Parliament. A total of 211 PMKKs have been inaugurated and 261 PMKKs established in FY2017

MSDE also laid down the Foundation stone of the First Regional Vocational Training Institute (RVTI) of Hyderabad by Hon’ble Vice President of India on September 16th, 2017 in Andhra Pradesh. Currently, there are 15 RVTIs spread across the nation.

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Indian Institute of Skills (IIS): These are state of the art center of excellence being set up across the 5 regions of India on the lines on ITE Singapore. The construction for the first IIS will begin soon in Mumbai, in collaborations Tata Group. Total budget of Rs. 476 Crore has been laid down for building IIS, which will provide “hands-on” training in advanced courses such as energy efficient construction, industrial electronics and automation etc.

Programs and Achievements made

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) and Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL): Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship is implementing flagship scheme known as Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) on pan–India basis. PMKVY enables large number of prospective youth, which also includes tribal, for taking Short Term Training (STT) and Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) through accredited and affiliated training partner/training centers.

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The schemes run across 252 job roles related to 35 Sector Skill Councils, which is a diverse and exhaustive representation of the industry. Under PMKVY, as on 18.12.2017, 40.5 lakh (appx.) candidates have been trained (27.76 lakh STT + 7.76 lakh RPL) / undergoing training (5 lakh appx.) under Short Term Training and Recognition of Prior Learning. In year 2017, under PMKVY (STT) 11 lakhs have been trained and under RPL more than 3.7 lakh people were assessed and certified, under the program.

Fee Based Trainings:  Under the Fee based model of skill development training being implemented by National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), MSDE has trained more than 74 lakhs till date since its inception. In 2017 alone, more than 7 lakh candidates have been enrolled out of which more than 50% have already been placed been in job rob roles which are in demand like Masonry, Filed Sales Technicians, Financial Literacy, Refrigeration mechanic, Certificate in insurance training, Field Technician for Washing Machines etc.

Launch of “New Procedural and Civil Norms” for establishments of ITIs: MSE has launched the same after approval from Chairman National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT) across the country so as to standardize the civil infrastructure of ITIs, so that ITIs across the country have similar buildings and facilities. The procedure for seeking affiliation has also been redefined to make it further simpler and transparent

Long Term Training: Long Term Training: Under the Long-term training module, a total number 13,912 ITIs have been set up out of which 557 have been established in the year 2017. The seating capacity has been increased by 77040 over the last one year to become 22.82 lakhs in total till date. In 2017 a total of 12.12 lakhs candidates passed out from the ITI ecosystem

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Grading of ITIs: Directorate General of Training under the aegis of Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship has launched grading exercise for ITIs to provide “Star Rating” to the performing institutes and give an opportunity to the institutes lagging behind in some of the parameters, to improve upon. The scoring shall be done against each of the 43 defined parameters as per grading framework. The grading of ITIs is voluntary in nature. A total of 5090 ITIs (Govt. & Pvt. ITI) have done online self-rating till the closing date for self-rating. The final rating approved by Core Grading committee will be announced after the physical verification/data validation by the Third party external auditor for the self-rated ITIs.

SANKALP & STRIVE:  MSDE In October 2017 got approval by Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by the Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, on the “Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP)” and “Skills Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement (STRIVE)” which are all set to boost the Skill India Mission in the country. SANKALP is Rs 4455 Crore centrally sponsored project including Rs. 3300 Crore support from World Bank whereas STRIVE is a Rs. 2200 crore – central sector project, with half of the project outlay as World Bank assistance. SANKALP and STRIVE are outcome focused projects marking a shift in government’s implementation strategy in vocational education and training from inputs to results building in a strong shift to an outcome based skill ecosystem.

Takshashila (Trainers and Assessors Portal) – National Portal for Trainers and Assessors is an initiative by NSDC under Skill Indian Mission. The portal is a dedicated platform towards the management of trainers and assessors training life-cycle and would function as the central repository of information concerning the development of quality Trainers and Assessors in the Indian skill eco-system. It is built in with a feature to search trainers and assessors trained by SSCs across states, sectors and job roles for access to a pool of qualified and skilled professionals.

MoU signing with Ministry of Water resources: An MoU was signed on 15th July, 2017 between Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship [MSDE) and Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation (MWR, RD & GR) for developing skilled manpower for the afore mentioned projects and ensuring its execution and maintenance

MoU signing with BSF and Assam Rifles: An MoU was signed on 31st July, 2017, between National Skill Development Fund (NSDF), National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) and Border Security Force (BSF) with the objective to provide gainful employment to the serving, retiring and retired BSF personnel and their families ensuring the successful alignment to NSQF based skill training to them at multi-skill development centers run by BSF.  A similar MoU has been signed with Assam Rifles as well. 

MoU for Urja Ganga Gas Pipeline Project: In order to provide the skilled manpower for Urja Ganga Gas Pipeline Project, a quadripartite agreement has been signed today between National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), GAIL, Skill Development Institute (SDI), Bhubaneswar and LabourNet. MoU is to promote and enhance seamless skill development activities related to Urja Ganga Gas Pipeline Project to ensure high levels of quality and productivity in the execution of the project & provide gainful employment to large number of youth.

National Entrepreneurship Awards 2017 In order to reorganize the entrepreneurial spirit of India’s youth and encourage more young Indians to become entrepreneurs, MSDE presented the National Entrepreneurship Awards for the 2nd year on 09-11-2017 the third foundation day of the Ministry, in New Delhi to 10 Young Entrepreneurs (Award track winners with a cash prize of Rs 5 lakh per award) and 02 (two) awards (Recognition Track Winner @10 lakhs per award) to Institutes/organizations as well as three awards to individual (Mentors) carrying a prize money of 5 lakhs each

HIM_3320.JPGRecognition to States and Enterprises promoting Entrepreneurship: Further, in recognition of achievement for engaging apprentices, one best State, one best Central Public Sector Enterprise (CPSE), one best State Public Sector Enterprises (SPSE), and one best Private establishment were also conferred with “Champions of Change” award on this occasion. The award winners are i) State Government of Haryana (Best State Category), ii) Bharat Heavy Electronicals Limited (BHEL)

Special Projects under PMKVY especially focused on tribal populations have been initiated in 2017. Below are few of them:

 (i) Bru Project: The project aims for skilling of   BRU TRIBE of Mizoram, who were displaced   and currently living in the Internally Displaced Person (IDP) camps in the districts of North Tripura. Under the project, 556 candidates have been benefited. 

(ii) Katkari primitive tribe: Project aims to skill 1020 candidates from the Katkari tribe in Maharashtra. 

(iii) Skilling in Odisha: Project aims to skill 12,000 candidates from 62 indigenous communities (tribes) of Odisha, of which 13 are classified as primitive. 

(iv) Project YUVA with Delhi Police under PMKVY: Ministry of Skill Development also this year initiated Project YUVA which is a joint initiative of NSDC and the Delhi Police under which Delhi Police is connect young 3,000 deprived youth and across the capital, 8 police stations under phase 1 of the project with training partners so that they can upgrade their skill as per their capability post which, they will be given placement assistance. This mission is being undertaken to prevent the youth from committing crime and delinquent acts as well as to encourage them to partner with police in maintaining law and order, management of crime and connecting with the community at large. At present, 715 candidates have been enrolled of which 390 have been trained and 240 have been placed in companies like Burger King, Lemon Tree Premier, Sodexo India and Hotel Taurus Sarovar Portico.

International Collaborations and Platforms of engagement

MoC with Government of Japan: A Memorandum of Cooperation (MoC) on Technical Intern Training Program (TITP) was signed between the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) and Government of Japan on 17th October, 2017 at Tokyo. This MoC was earlier approved by the Union Cabinet in its meeting held on llft October,2017. The MoC on TITP is expected to significantly expand the bilateral cooperation between India and Japan in the field of skill development. India is the third country with which Japan has signed the MoC as per requirements of the Technical Intern Training Act scheduled to enter into force in November,2017

MoC Signing ceremony between India and Japan

44th WorldSkills International competition was held in Abu Dhabi from 14th to 19th October 2017. In this event, a team of 28 competitors represented India wherein more than 1,300 participants from 59 World Skills member countries competed each other in 51 skills and trades.

 

Team India, led by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) under the guidance of the MSDE, competed in 26 skills at the event. This year was one of the most successful year for Team India, which won 1 Silver, 1 Bronze and 9 Medallions for Excellence at the competition. This is the best medal tally that India had since it started participating at this competition in 2007.

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Indian Winning Team @WorldSkills2017 Abu Dhabi

Partnership with Ministry of Belarus: An MoU has been signed between MSDE and M/o Education of the Government of the Republic of Belarus for Cooperation in the field of Vocational Education and Training (TVET). Along with transfer of knowledge and expertise, the two countries will also extend advisory services, in order to enhance planning, management and delivery of Vocational Education and Training and Skill Development.

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 India – Africa Knowledge Exchange Mission: The Ministry in collaboration with World Bank arranged an India – Africa Knowledge Exchange Mission in New Delhi with Minister Level participations from Five African Countries viz. Rwanda, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Ghana and Uganda besides 12 Technical Members and 2 members from PASET (Partnership for Skills in Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology), World Bank

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Achievements of CSIR during the Year 2017

The Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR), known for its cutting-edge R&D knowledge base in diverse Science & Technology areas, is a contemporary Research & Development (R&D) organization. Having pan-India presence, CSIR has a dynamic network of 38 national laboratories, 39 Outreach Centres, 3 Innovation Complexes and 5 units. CSIR’s R&D expertise and experience is embodied in about 4600 active scientists supported by about 8000 scientific and technical personnel.

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CSIR covers a wide spectrum of science and technology – from radio and space physics, oceanography, geophysics, chemicals, drugs, genomics, biotechnology and nanotechnology to mining, aeronautics, instrumentation, environmental engineering and information technology. It provides significant technological intervention in many areas with regard to societal efforts which include environment, health, drinking water, food, housing, energy, farm and non-farm sectors. Further, CSIR’s role in S&T human resource development is noteworthy.

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Pioneer of India’s intellectual property movement, CSIR today is strengthening its patent portfolio to carve out global niches for the country in select technology domains. CSIR is granted 90% of US patents granted to any Indian publicly funded R&D organization. On an average CSIR files about 200 Indian patents and 250 foreign patents per year. About 13.86% of CSIR patents are licensed – a number which is above the global average. Amongst its peers in publicly funded research organizations in the world, CSIR is a leader in terms of filing and securing patents worldwide.

CSIR has pursued cutting-edge science and advanced knowledge frontiers. The scientific staff of CSIR only constitute about 3-4% of India’s scientific manpower but they contribute to 10% of India’s scientific outputs. In 2012, CSIR published 5007 papers in SCI Journals with an average impact factor per paper as 2.673. In 2013, CSIR published 5086 papers in SCI journals with an average impact factor per paper as 2.868.

CSIR has operationalized desired mechanisms to boost entrepreneurship, which could lead to enhanced creation and commercialization of radical and disruptive innovations, underpinning the development of new economic sectors.

CSIR has put in place CSIR@80: Vision & Strategy 2022 – New CSIR for New India. CSIR’s mission is “to build a new CSIR for a new India” and CSIR’s vision is to “Pursue science which strives for global impact, technology that enables innovation-driven industry and nurture trans-disciplinary leadership thereby catalysing inclusive economic development for the people of India”.

CSIR is ranked at 84th among 4851 institutions worldwide and is the only Indian organization among the top 100 global institutions, according to the Scimago Institutions Ranking World Report 2014. CSIR holds the 17th rank in Asia and leads the country at the first position.

This has been a year of great significance for CSIR.Some of the major achievements during 2017 are as follows:

  • CSIR at the Ninth Position Worldwide – SCImago Institutions Ranking World Report 2017

CSIR has been ranked 9th in the world amongst the 1207 government institutions, with an overall global ranking of 75 in the world, covering 5250 institutions. In the Asiatic region, it ranks at 14 overall out of 1431 entities, and at No 3 among 284 Government-funded research bodies, with only Chinese Academy of Sciences and Japan Science and Technology Agency ahead of the Council. CSIR is the only Indian Organization among the Top 100 global institutions. A total of 252 Indian organizations are covered in the evaluation.

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According to the Nature Innovation Index 2017, CSIR is ranked at 162 and IITs at 185 in the Top 200 institutions world-wide. Among Top 50 global institutions by normalized WIPO patent families, CSIR is at 16, and is the only Indian organization in this top 50 list.

  • CSIR Aroma Mission

CSIR has contributed significantly in the development, nurturing and positioning of essential oil-based aroma industry in the country. This has led to creation of an ecosystem benefitting the industry, farmers and next generation entrepreneurs. The effort has had been aimed at socio-economic development on one hand and creation of desired capability and capacity on the other. In doing so, several CSIR laboratories have developed and deployed desired technologies in the domain.  The segment is maturing and there is global connect in a significant manner, providing newer opportunities which are associated however with several challenges. Industry thus needs to reposition itself in this important segment. CSIR has committed itself to contribute for the purpose in a mission mode. CSIR Aroma Mission has been conceptualized for the purpose and is being made operational.

  • The objectives of the Mission have been divided into eight verticals. These include:
    • Development of superior varieties and their agro-technologies and assessment of their suitability for specific agro-climatic regions;
    • Promotion of cultivation and processing of aromatic crops, enhancing area under selected aromatic crops along with enabling interventions including setting up of distillation units and catalysing setting up of cooperatives for marketing of the produce;
    • Value-addition of aromatic crops (High-end aroma chemicals and products) ;
    • Skill development activities;
    • Intellectual property generation, valuation and management;
    • Entrepreneurship development/Spin-offs;
    • Business development; and
    • Making public aware of Mission activities and achievements using appropriate interface.
  • CSIR Phytopharmaceuticals Mission

Medicinal plants have played a key role in human health since time immemorial. Plants and their parts have been in use since ancient times as medicines for the treatment of a range of diseases. In spite of the great advances observed in modern medicine in recent decades, plants still make an important contribution to global healthcare. As per World Health Organization (WHO), because of poverty and lack of access to modern medicine, about 65-80% of the world’s population living in developing countries depends essentially on plants for primary healthcare.

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The CSIR Mission on phytopharmaceuticals aims to improve the availability (through cultivation) of such medicinal plants which are in high demand by global and domestic industry involved in the preparation of medicines of Indian traditional systems. Under this mission it is proposed to prevent exhaustion of medicinal plants from their native locations by identifying the elite germplasm and conserving it by cultivation and in gene banks. Improved varieties along with their agrotechnologies will be developed to increase productivity and profitability per unit land area, and to make use of such areas which are affected by abiotic stresses such as drought, salinity, flood, shade etc. Chemical processes will be developed for the preparation of standardized extracts and enriched fractions of selected medicinal plants to transfer the value-addition technologies to the entrepreneurs to promote use and export of value-added material instead of the raw plant material. Efforts would be made to translate the potential clinical leads in different CSIR laboratories to develop them into phyto-pharmaceutical drugs which would be affordable and acceptable at global standards.

  • The verticals are:
    • Captive cultivation of medicinal plants;
    • Conservation and revival of engendered and threatened medicinal plant species;
    • Technology Packages for production of GMP grade medicinal plant extracts;
    • Phytopharmaceutical development from important medicinal plants;
    • Intellectual Property generation, valuation and management;
    • Design & Development of Digital Library of Indian Medicinal Plants & Natural Products; and
    • Showcasing CSIR technologies / products / services with appropriate interface.
  • CSIR Mission on Sickle Cell Anemia

Sickle Cell Anemia (SCA) is the most common blood related disorder in India with a high prevalence among ethnic groups that have a socio-economic disadvantage, such as tribal populations. Every year approximately 5,00,000 children are born with SCA worldwide with India accounting for nearly 50% of the cases.

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SCA is a genetic disease caused by a point mutation in the sixth codon of the β-globin expressing gene resulting in the replacement of glutamic acid by valine, which under deoxygenation state oligomerizes with α-globin and gives rise to a type of haemoglobin named as HbS (Haemoglobin sickle). The mutated valine favours the hydrophobic interactions between the β subunits of the hemoglobin tetramers leading to the HbS polymerization and formation of long hemoglobin fibers. These fibers deform the disc shaped RBCs to sickle shaped cells. The sickle shaped cells lose flexibility with reduced oxygen carrying capacity and induce dehydration in the cells. Due to irregular shape of these cells, they are prone to physical stress leading to hemolysis and capillary occlusion. Individuals suffering from sickle cell disease show symptoms such as body pain, clotting, dyspnea, anaemia, jaundice, pneumonia, repeated infection etc. Their lifespan is usually reduced to 5-25 years with 50% of children with SCA dying before the age of 5. Hence early and affordable detection, treatment as well as preventive measures are important in managing this disease.

CSIR has developed a Mission Mode Project on Sickle Cell Anaemia through brainstorming and domain expert group discussions. The CSIR Mission on Sickle Cell Anaemia aims at:

  • Managing Genetic Burden of Sickle Cell Anaemia and Understanding Genetic Basis of Differential Response to Hydroxyurea Therapy;
  • Drug discovery and development for management of SCA;
  • Genome editing and stem cell research approach for the treatment of SCA; and
  • Development and on-ground implementation of an affordable, accurate and accelerated diagnostic kit.

The project will be implemented by CSIR-IIIM, Jammu; CSIR-CCMB, Hyderabad; CSIR-IICB, Kolkata; CSIR-IMT, Chandigarh; CSIR-IGIB, Delhi; CSIR-NCL, Pune and CSIR-URDIP, Pune.

  • CSIR hosts Atal Incubation Centre – Support for Start-Up India

CSIR constituent laboratory, CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), Hyderabad has been identified as one of the ten organisations in the country to host a Atal Incubation Centre to be supported by NITI Aayog. The initiative is part of the Atal Innovation Mission set up by Union government to promote innovation and entrepreneurship in the country. CSIR-CCMB would offer its scientific expertise, infrastructure and business management to the start-ups.

  • CSIR’s Integrated Skill Development Initiative

CSIR has launched an Integrated Skill Development Initiative for gainful utilization of its state-of-the-art infrastructure and human resources through specific industry oriented skilling programmes. The plan is for expanding the present 30 programmes to 75 in diverse areas with varying duration (8 weeks to 52 weeks) by end of the year. The skill development programmes include the following areas: Leather process Technology; Leather Footwear & Garments; Paints & coatings for corrosion protection; Electroplating & Metal Finishing; Lead Acid Battery maintenance; Glass Beaded Jewellery / Blue Pottery; Industrial Maintenance Engineering; Internet of Things (IoT); and Regulatory – Preclinical Toxicology.

Recently CSIR and Andhra Pradesh Scheduled Caste Co-operative Finance Corporation Ltd. (APSCCFC) have signed an Agreement for Skill training and Entrepreneurship in Leather Sector. The initiative is set to benefit 10,000 Scheduled Caste Candidates from Andhra Pradesh, creating income generation assets to the households and thus enabling social and economic development. An investment of Rs. 30 Crore is being made by APSCCFC in next 2-3 years.

  • JIGYASA: Inculcating Scientific Temper in Youth through Vibrant Scientists-Students Interactions

CSIR has launched a program named JIGYASA in collaboration with the Ministry of Human Resource Development.

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The focus is on connecting school students and scientists so as to extend the classroom learning of students with experiential education based on a very well planned research laboratory environment.

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“JIGYASA” aims to inculcate the culture of inquisitiveness on one hand and scientific temper on the other amongst the school students and their teachers. The Programme is expected to connect 1151 Kendriya Vidyalayas with 38 National Laboratories of CSIR targeting 100,000 students and nearly 1000 teachers annually.

  • CSIR’s Jammu Kashmir Arogya Gram Yojana: Value Addition to Farmer Income and Better Land Utilization through Medicinal and Aromatic Plants

CSIR has achieved multiple breakthroughs in developing medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) that grow in different kinds of soils e.g. water logged soils, saline lands, desert prone and semi-arid soils, drought hit regions, snow bound areas or waste lands.

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CSIR developed varieties not only harness all available cultivable land but enhance incomes to farmers. Returns are much higher than conventional agriculture. The estimated area under cultivation over the years from such interventions by CSIR is more than 3.5 lakh hectares with an estimated value of Rs 4000 crores and generated employment of more than 7.00 crore man-days.

CSIR’s ‘Jammu Kashmir Arogya Gram Yojana’ was launched in July 2015 as an effort for handholding of farmers to enable value added agriculture of aromatic and medicinal plants. 10 Districts (Kathua, Udhampur, Reasi, Doda, Ramban, Kishtwar, Samba, Poonch, Jammu and Rajouri) comprising kandi land/rainfed/ wasteland/unutilized land/snow bound areas are covered under this initiative. Through this initiative 107.82 ha of land has been brought under cultivation, which has resulted in employment generation of 26,959 mandays, and benefitted 399 farmers. The efforts that targeted at rural skill set enhancement through farm based activities and technology support, provided training to 1760 personnel on specific agro-technologies.

CSIR has also developed agri-implements such as Krishi-Shakti (tractor for small land holdings), Air-Assisted Electrostatic Sprayer for Crops, Inter-row rotary cultivator for wide-row crops, Digital Grain Moisture Analyser, etc. for enhancing productivity and reducing drudgery of farmers.

Recently, CSIR has launched two Mission programmes – Aroma and Phytopharmaceuticals – with significant stakeholder focus, targeting niche yet cost effective agri- and value-add technologies for high national impact.

  • CSIR Developed Improved Samba Mahsuri:  A Diabetic Friendly Rice

Samba Mahsuri (SM) is one of India’s most popular and highly prized rice varieties because of its high yield and excellent cooking quality. It is cultivated in more than 2 million hectares of land in the country. However, SM is highly susceptible to many pests and diseases including the serious bacterial blight (BB) disease. BB is one of the serious production constraints of rice in India, limiting rice yields by upto 30 % in many of the states in which SM is cultivated. This disease is a particular problem because effective chemicals for managing the disease are not available.

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Recognizing the seriousness of the problem of BB, CSIR-CCMB and ICAR-IIRR     jointly developed BB resistant derivatives of SM and one of the breeding lines was released as a new variety under the name, Improved Samba Mahsuri (ISM) in the year 2008. The BB resistant lines of SM, when evaluated across the country through multi-location trials, exhibited high yield and grain quality similar to the original parent, SM and also showed excellent resistance to BB in disease in locations prone to BB infection.

After its release of ISM, its cultivation area has been steadily increasing and upto 2016 it is estimated to have been cultivated in an area of 130,000 hectares across the country. ISM matures 7-10 days earlier than Samba Mahsuri and farmers in East Godavari attested that it is more tolerant to lodging than other popular varieties. ISM has another unique feature of low glycemic index (i.e. a value of 50.99), which is amongst the lowest value for several rice varieties tested. Foods with glycemic index (GI) value below 55, like ISM, are considered highly suitable for consumption by patients suffering from diabetes as consumption of foods with low GI results in slow release of glucose into the bloodstream, thus reducing the ill effects of the diabetes. Therefore, ISM, in addition to possessing desirable attributes like high yield, fine-grain type, bacterial blight resistance, premium market price etc., also has a unique advantage of low GI, thus enhancing its market potential and profit earned by the farmers.

Popularization of ISM amongst rice farmers was supported by CSIR through its CSIR-800 program. The ongoing research in this collaborative program of CSIR-CCMB and ICAR-IIRR is aimed at developing derivatives of Samba Mahsuri that have higher yield, mature early and possess tolerance to other biotic stresses.

  • CSIR Developed Handheld GPS-Enabled ‘Ksheer Tester’ – System for Detection of Adulteration in Milk to Reduce Public Health Risk

n order to address the grave problem of adulteration in milk, CSIR has developed an electronic system, named ‘Ksheer-Scanner’, a low cost portable system with user friendly features, which detects contaminants in just 40-45 seconds. The system is useful for on-the-spot milk testing by food inspectors. Over 55 Ksheer-Scanner systems have been deployed at dairies in Goa, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.

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Recently, a new handheld GPS-enabled ‘Ksheer Tester’, a variant of the benchtop system, Ksheer-Scanner, has been developed by CSIR for checking adulteration in milk. The device would enable any person to track the location of the tested sample of milk and receive the test results through SMS on the device. The handheld milk adulteration tester, with system capabilities comparable to those of Ksheer Scanner which was meant for dairy-level inspection, is aimed for domestic usage. User friendly salient features include single button operation, fast measurement time (less than 60 Seconds) and the ability to detect contaminants like urea, salt, detergent, soap, boric acid and hydrogen peroxide down to low levels ranging from fractions of a percent to parts per million depending on the adulterant. A cost of below Rs. 10,000 per piece enables small communities and dairy-processing businesses to adopt this cost-effectively.

  • CSIR developed Mercury-free UV lamps for Water Purifiers – Green Solutions for Societal Problems

The CSIR-Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute (CSIR-CEERI), Pilani has developed mercury-free plasma (MFP) UV-lamp for water disinfection systems which would provide water free of environmentally and health hazardous mercury.

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The developed MFP-UV-lamp is a better alternative for mercury-based UV lamps and has been well-tested in the household water purifier systems. This is a first of its kind worldwide. The technology can also be used for sterilization of food, medical equipment, surfaces, ill-skin conditions, air-conditioners and air fresheners for hospitals, etc. The technology has been transferred to two companies for its mass production.

  • CSIR Developed Oneer : An Electronic device for drinking water disinfection

The device is based on the principle of anodic oxidation. The device is particularly useful for the treatment of drinking water supplies that have microbial contamination to disinfect pathogenic microorganisms and to provide safe drinking water to communities as per National and International standards [World Health Organization (WHO) and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) USA] prescribed for potable water. This has high disinfection efficiency of >8 Log reduction of bacteria (E coli) and is maintenance-free. It is a low-cost water disinfection device that can even treat brackish or turbid water unlike UV technology. Cost of treated water is less than 1 paisa per litre. Domestic device can supply 10 litres of water for homes and small establishments while the online version can supply 450 litres of safe water for communities.

  • CSIR Developed Easy to assemble Cost – Effective Toilets – Towards Swachh Bharat

CSIR has developed a cost-effective toilet that weighs less than 500kg and has a life of 25-30 years suitable for areas where toilet coverage is still incomplete. It can be made in-situ and even assembled in less than five hours. A Memorandum of Understanding was signed with M/s. Smart Built Prefab Pvt. Ltd., Hyderabad, for technology transfer for manufacturing textile reinforced concrete (TRC) panels for the construction of such toilets. The TRC panels are manufactured using textile reinforced concrete prototyping technology (TRCPT), an innovative all-in-one technology developed by the CSIR laboratory.

  • CSIR Developed Waterless Chrome Tanning Technology – Enabling the Indian Leather Industry for Global Competitiveness at Reduced Environmental Impact

Chromium, a toxic element with significant adverse environmental and public health impact, is widely used as part of tanning agents with about 2.0 billion sq. ft. of leather being made in India. About 20 thousand tons of chrome tanning agent is discharged in the consequent wastewater. CSIR has developed a “Waterless tanning technology” that a) completely eliminates two processes before and after tanning, b) eliminates the use of water in tanning, c) reduces the total dissolved solids in wastewater from this process by 20% and d) brings down the usage of chromium by 15-20%, resulting in material saving. The technology has been widely accepted in the country, with over 100 tanners in all clusters enrolling for its adoption. Several countries including Ethiopia, South Africa, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Vietnam and Brazil have evinced interest in this CSIR technology.

  • CSIR Developed Cost-effective technology to treat Tannery Effluents – Towards Swachh Bharat

A technology that separates sodium chloride and sodium sulphate found in waste in common effluent treatment plants (CETP) has been developed by CSIR-Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute (CSIR-CSMCRI), Bhavnagar. Once separated, the salts can be reused in preserving hides and in tanning process. The technology will drastically cut down the cost of treating effluents from tanneries. The CSIR constituent laboratories, CSIR-Central Leather Research Institute (CSIR-CLRI), Chennai and CSIR-CSMCRI have signed an MoU with All India Skins and Hides Merchants Association to initiate the trials of the technology in Gujarat.

  • CSIR Developed Divya Nayan – Portable Reading Machine for Visually Impaired and Low-literacy Populations

Portable Reading Machine (PRM) is an assistive device for visually impaired that helps them reading printed documents, e-books, or recorded speech. It is based on the principle of contact scanning of a printed document and converting it into speech.

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The device is stand-alone, portable, wireless and uses open source hardware and software. The device can analyze a multi-column document and provide seamless reading. It is capable of page, sentence and word level navigation while reading. It helps visually impaired to read print media as well as electronic files such as eBooks. It has support for speaking Hindi, English and is further compatible for other Indian languages such as Bengali, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, etc. The device may also be readily configured for major foreign languages, and find application extensions in low-literacy populations for improved understanding of written documents.

  • CSIR Developed Integrated Drishti-Aviation Weather Monitoring System (D-AWMS)

The first Indigenous Aviation automatic Weather Monitoring System has become functional at the Mangalore International Airport w.e.f. 25th June 2017. This integrated Weather Monitoring system has been developed and deployed jointly by CSIR-National Aerospace Laboratories (CSIR-NAL) and India Meteorological Department.

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The main feature of this system is that it measures Wind Speed, Wind Direction, Pressure, Temperature and Relative Humidity along with Visibility which are critical for aviation safety. A mandatory system required for Airport operations has been developed, as per the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) requirements. In view of indigenous efforts, saving of foreign exchange to the country also accomplished.

  • Timescale of ISRO’s GPS ‘NavIC’ gets synchronized to the Indian Standard Time (IST) generated by the “Primary Atomic Clocks” of CSIR-NPL

A symposium on Indian Strategy on Quality Infrastructure was held on 29th November, 2017 to highlight the role of accurate and precise measurements for building the quality infrastructure of the country. The symposium highlighted the importance of measurements and the ways through which it facilitates international trade, and enhances the quality of life and the environment. The symposium was attended by more than 400 foreign delegates from 31 countries.

The symposium witnessed a landmark occasion, as the Timescale of Indian GPS (NavIC – NAVigation with Indian Constellation) developed by Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) was synchronized to the Indian Standard Time (IST) generated by the “Primary Atomic Clocks” of CSIR-NPL. The link was dedicated to the Nation.

  • MoU between CSIR and ISRO for Time and Frequency Traceability

CSIR-NPL is the custodian of Indian Standard Time (IST) and has the national responsibility for realization, establishment, maintenance and its dissemination.  As a ‘National Metrology Institute’, CSIR-NPL has the mandate to maintain ‘Indian Standard Time’ (IST) using the most up-to-date technologies. The National Time Scale is contributing to the Universal Coordinated Time (UTC) maintained by International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) and has uncertainty of 20 nano-second.

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A MoU was signed between CSIR and ISRO on August 04, 2017 under which CSIR will provide time and frequency traceability to ISRO.   Under the MoU, CSIR-NPL will provide the UTC traceability to the Time Scale of the Indian Regional Navigational Satellite System (IRNSS), an independent navigation satellite system, being developed by ISRO. The all in view GPS P3 technique will be used by CSIR-NPL for providing traceability to ISRO’s time scale. Due to the criticality of precise time signals for satellite navigation, Two Way Satellite Time and Frequency Transfer (TWSTFT) system between CSIR-NPL’s Laboratory in New Delhi and ISRO’s Laboratories in Bangalore and Lucknow has been setup to provide few nanoseconds uncertainty to the ISRO’s time scale.

In satellite based navigation systems, the spatial resolution is decided by precise synchronization of the clocks embedded in the end user’s device with clocks in the satellites. The accuracy of satellite navigation systems depends on the proper synchronization of on-board clocks. For navigation purpose atleast four satellites are needed to know someone’s position accurately. The time have to be incredibly accurate as light travels 30 centimetres in one nanosecond (or 300 million metres in one second) so that any tiny error in the time signal could put a defined activity by a very long way.

  • Lithium Ion Battery: India’s First Fabrication Facility by CSIR

CSIR has developed the following technologies in this area: High performance kish graphite anode materials for Li-ion batteries;

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High performance lithium transition metal oxides cathode materials for Li-ion batteries; Advanced polymer separators for Li-ion batteries; Magnesium-Organic Battery Technology (6V / 200 Ah); Ni-MH battery for EV applications (12V/50Ah); and Ni-Fe battery for EV applications (12V/60 Ah). India’s first lithium ion battery fabrication facility based on indigenous novel materials for making 4.0 V/14 h standard cells has been established. The so developed technology on the Li-ion batteries is to be commercialized soon.

  • CSIR’s Certification for Coal used in Power Plants

CSIR entered into an MoU with Coal Supplying Companies and Power Utilities for quality analysis of coal being supplied to power utilities by coal supplying companies. This collaboration will enhance efficiency of use of coal by power sector. As a part of the MoU, CSIR-CIMFR would make use of its knowledgebase support in maintaining the quality of coal at national level for the entire power sector. It is estimated that about 300 million metric tons of coal samples would be analyzed for quality per year. The contract value of the project is around Rs. 250 crore per annum.

The CSIR effort will result in improvement in performance of power plants, besides leveraging benefits to the consumer in particular and society as a whole as a result of more efficient power generation and less pollutants at generation stage.

  • CSIR’s Twinning Programme with the Metal Industries Development Institute (MIDI), Ethiopia          

CSIR has entered into an agreement with the Metal Industries Development Institute (MIDI), Ethiopia on June 7, 2017 to implement a twinning programme. CSIR won the seven million US dollar assignment through a process where many international organisations, including from European countries, were initially considered by Ethiopia for the programme.

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CSIR will enhance the capacity and capability of MIDI under the twinning arrangement and thereby enable it to contribute more efficiently towards the development of Metals and Engineering sectors in Ethiopia and thus enhance their competitiveness. The MIDI will be positioned to emerge as a globally competitive center of excellence in the field of Metals and Engineering, through the twinning programme.

  • CSIR Agreement with Agricultural Skill Council of India: For Skill Upgradation in Aquaculture and Fisheries

CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography (CSIR-NIO), Goa has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Agricultural Skill Council of India (ASCI), to collaborate for capacity-building programmes focused on upgrading local workers’ skills in aquaculture and fishery.

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ASCI aims to create an ecosystem for quality vocational education in agriculture and allied sectors. CSIR-NIO will support it in developing national occupational standards, curriculum and course content for various segments connected to fishery.

  • CSIR-IMTech and Johnson & Johnson Enter into Partnership for Collaborative Research on New Drugs for Tuberculosis

A MoU was signed between CSIR-IMTech and global multinational healthcare company, Johnson & Johnson Private Limited on 16 August 2017 for Collaborative Research on New Drugs for Tuberculosis.

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The MoU between CSIR-IMTECH and Johnson and Johnson will enable collaborative research and facilitate scientists from both organizations working together on a R&D program to explore potentially more effective, safer, all-oral treatment regimens to tackle multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB), as well as new molecular entities to treat TB patients.

The collaboration with companies like Johnson & Johnson will bring a paradigm shift in drug discovery approaches for TB in India, where CSIR-IMTech will provide microbiology and medicinal chemistry expertise and Johnson & Johnson will provide its preclinical resources and drug development support. The research collaboration will help support the ambitious national plan of eliminating TB by 2025.

The collaboration resonates with the Government of India’s mission of ‘Swasth Bharat’ (Healthy India) and ‘Make in India’ especially for new drug discovery and development. Over the years, CSIR has contributed significantly in the domain of affordable health care. The capacity of generic drug industry in the country which produces the cheapest drugs in the world today has been built based on CSIR’s end to end contributions.

  • CSIR Agreements with Technology Transfer Company (i.e. NRDC) and Industry Association (i.e. CII) – Towards Ease of Doing Technology Business

CSIR has entered into Agreement of cooperation with the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and National Research Development Cooperation (NRDC). These efforts are to enhance the technology commercialization and deployment of CSIR interventions and also focus on aligning the Council’s R&D efforts to India’s key aspirations under Make in India, Digital India, Start-up India, Skill India, Clean India etc. Enabling synergy with the needs of the line ministries will also be pursued through the cooperation. The cooperation is envisaged to lead to development and deployment of critical platform technologies/product technologies for value addition to the manufacturing sector of the country.

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Achievements of Department of Consumer Affairs

Year-End Review-2017: Department of Consumer Affairs

Following are the major highlights of the activities of the Department of Consumer Affairs during the year 2017:

PRICE MONITORING CELL (PMC)

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Price Stabilization Fund (PSF)

  • Buffer stock of upto 20 lakh tonnes of pulses has been built through domestic procurement and import for effective market intervention to  stabilize their prices
    • As on date, 17.14 lakh MT of pulses are available in the buffer after disposal of 3.36 lakh MT from 20.50 lakh tonnes, of which 3.79 lakh tonnes was imported and 16.71 lakh tonnes was procured domestically.
    • Of 16.71 lakh tonnes procured domestically, 15.52 lakh tonnes was procured from KMS 2016-17 and RMS 2017-18 benefiting around 849,128 farmers
    • Procurement and import of Onions undertaken through NAFED, SFAC and MMTC for stabilizing prices.
  • Pulses from the buffer are being utilized for supply to States for distribution through their schemes;  Ministries/Departments of Central Government having schemes with a nutrition component  as well as those providing hospitality services either directly or through Private Agencies.  In addition, pulses are also being disposed through auction in Market.
  • These interventions, inter-alia, has ensured that prices of pulses remain at reasonable level during the year.

Strengthening of Price Monitoring Cell (PMC)

The Price Monitoring Cell is being strengthened at State level also by way  of grants released to the State Government. Prices are stabilised by making appropriate policy recommendation and market intervention.

LEGAL METROLOGY

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  • Amendment made in the Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities) Rules, 2011 to safeguard the interest of consumers and ease of doing business – (will come into force  w.e.f. 01.01.2018):
    • Goods displayed by the seller on e-commerce platform shall contain declarations required under the Rules.
    • Specific mention is made in the rules that no person shall declare different MRPs (dual MRP) on an identical pre-packaged commodity.
    • Size of letters and numerals for making declaration is increased, so that consumer can easily read the same.
    • The net quantity checking is made more scientific.
    • Bar Code/ QR Coding is allowed on voluntarily basis.
    • Provisions regarding declarations on Food Products have been harmonized with regulation under the Food Safety & Standards Act.
    • Medical devices which are declared as drugs, are brought into the purview of declarations to be made under the rules.
  • Permission to display revised MRP due to reduction of rates of GST up to  31st December, 2017
    • On account of implementation of GST w.e.f. 1st July, 2017, there may be instances where the retail sale price of a pre-packaged commodity is required to be changed. In this  context, Shri Ram Vilas Paswan, Union Minister for Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution had allowed the manufacturers or packers or importers of pre-packaged commodities to declare the revised retail sale price (MRP) in addition to the existing retail sale price (MRP), for three months w.e.f. 1st July 2017 to 30th September, 2017.  Declaration of the changed retail sale price (MRP) was allowed to be made by way of stamping or putting sticker or online printing, as the case may be, after taking into account the input tax credit.
    • Use of unexhausted packaging material/wrapper had also been allowed upto 30th September, 2017 after making the necessary corrections.
    • Considering the requests received to extend the permission for some more time,  display on the revised MRP due to implementation of GST by way of stamping or putting sticker or online has been extended up to 31st March, 2018.
    • Further Government has reduced the rates of GST on certain specified items, permission has been granted under sub-rule (3) of rule 6 of the Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities) Rules, 2011,  up to 31st March, 2018 to affix an additional sticker or stamping or online printing for declaring the reduced MRP on the pre-packaged commodity.  In this case also, the earlier Labelling/ Sticker of MRP will continue to be visible.
    • This relaxation is also applicable in the case of unsold stocks manufactured/ packed/ imported after 1st July, 2017 where the MRP would reduce due to reduction in the rate of  GST post 1st July, 2017.
  • Advisories issued
    • For ease of doing business, an advisory was issued to all stakeholders that loose readymade garments are not covered under the Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities) Rules, 2011.
    • In the interest of consumers, advisory was issued to the Controllers of Legal Metrology of all States/UTs to enforce provisions related to overcharging and dual MRP. Govt. of Maharashtra issued notices for compliance of provisions of Rules related to overcharging to Vankhade Stadium, Mumbai, after which they have  asked their vendors to comply with the provisions of Rules.
    • To safeguard the interest of consumers, advisory has been issued to all State Governments to ensure all declarations including MRP on all medical devices.
    • Advisory in the interest of consumers was also issued to all State Governments to ensure the correct quantity of petrol/ diesel and LPG Cylinders.

BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS (BIS) ACT 2016

A new Bureau of Indian standards (BIS) Act 2016 which was notified on 22nd March, 2016, has been brought into force with effect from 12th October, 2017.

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The Act establishes the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) as the National Standards Body of India. It has enabling provisions for the Government to bring under compulsory certification regime any goods or article of any scheduled industry, process, system or service which it considers necessary in the public interest or for the protection of human, animal or plant health, safety of the environment, or prevention of unfair trade practices, or national security. Enabling provisions have also been made for making hallmarking of the precious metal articles mandatory. The new Act also allows multiple type of simplified conformity assessment schemes including self-declaration of conformity against a standard which will give simplified options to manufacturers to adhere to the standards and get certificate of conformity. The Act enables the Central Government to appoint any authority/agency, in addition to the BIS, to verify the conformity of products and services to a standard and issue certificate of conformity. Further, there is provision for repair or recall, including product liability of the products bearing Standard Mark but not conforming to the relevant Indian Standard. The new Act will further help in ease of doing business in the country, give fillip to Make In India campaign and ensure availability of quality products and services to the consumers. Bureau of Indian Standards Rules, 2017 were also notified on 13th October, 2017.

CONSUMER PROTECTION UNIT

An international conference on consumer protection was held on 26-27 October, 2017 in New Delhi in association with UNCTAD having participation from countries in the East, South and South-East Asia with the theme “Empowering Consumers in New Markets”. Around 1800 delegates including around 60 foreign delegates participated in the conference.

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The main issues discussed were United Nations Guidelines for Consumer Protection and their Implementation; Stakeholder Participation in Consumer Protection; Protection of Online Consumers; Fostering Consumer Inclusion in Financial Services; Consumer Education and Empowerment; and Special Challenges in Protecting Vulnerable and Economically Disadvantaged Consumers.

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The Conference inter-alia drew conclusions such as – comprehensive implementation of the United Nations Guidelines for Consumer Protection as a priority for Governments and stakeholders in ensuring more effective and better-coordinated protection efforts in all countries and across all areas of commerce; Protection of consumers’ rights in the digital context as a key for a sustainable and inclusive development of e-commerce, which also needs to address cross-border cooperation and enforcement etc.

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  • The Union Government has approved on 20.12.2017 the introduction of new Consumer Protection Bill, 2017 in Parliament to further protect the interest of consumer by:
    • Strengthening the existing Act,
    • Faster redressal of Consumer Grievances,
    • Empowering Consumers, and
    • Modernizing legislation to keep pace with ongoing change in market.

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