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International yoga Day

Happy and Healthy Pregnancy through Yoga

Smt. Maneka Sanjay Gandhi  mgandhui

Union Minister for Women and Child Development 

Pregnancy is an odd time for the mother. On the one hand one is filled with joy and anticipation, on the other there are worries about whether the baby will be normal and healthy.  As the mother’s body changes, there are mood swings, fatigue, cramps, difficult breathing.

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Being physically fit and emotionally strong directly affects the baby’s physical, neurological & psychological development. Practicing Prenatal Yoga during pregnancy gives you the ability to stay calm and eases most physical problems during these nine months.

Pregnant-Exercise

Prenatal yoga experts and medical professionals emphasise that prenatal yoga paired with cardiovascular exercises (such as walking) can ease the discomforts of pregnancy and help you prepare for the rigors of labour.

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Pranayama, or the group of several breathing exercises, have been found to have exceptional benefits during pregnancy. It must be incorporated in the daily regime all through the three trimesters as it helps release negative emotions.

Two most useful forms of pranayama or breathing exercises are: Ujjayi, a long, strong, deep breath that helps women redirect their concentration to the present moment and maintain calm; and Nadi Shodhana, (alternate nostril breathing), which helps to balance the body’s energy flows. However, avoid any kind of breath retention or hyperventilation that could limit the baby’s oxygen supply.  The postures and exercises differ for each of the three trimesters of pregnancy.

First Trimester (0 to 13 weeks)

The first trimester brings nausea and fatigue. Severe biological and musculoskeletal alterations take place in the body. Yoga experts advise that one must be extremely cautious while practicing yoga in this trimester as a wrong posture can obstruct the implantation of the fetus and placenta.

The following asanas are ideal for this trimester:

  • Marjariasana(cat stretch): Stretches the neck and shoulders, lessening body stiffness and keeps the spine flexible because the back has to support more body weight as the pregnancy advances.
  • Konasana(standing sideways bending arm): Keeps the spine flexible and helps alleviate constipation, a common symptom of pregnancy.
  • Badhakonasana(butterfly pose): Improves flexibility in the hip and groin region, stretches the thighs and knees, relieving pain, alleviates fatigue and helps facilitate smooth delivery when practiced until late pregnancy.
  • Yoga Nidra (yogic sleep): Reduces tension and anxiety, helps regulate blood pressure and relaxes every cell in the body.

Second Trimester (14 to 28 weeks)

During the second trimester, the volume of blood in the body expands 50-60% to support the fetus and placenta, the blood circulates faster, the rate of metabolism increases and heart rate rises. The body’s sugar gets used up faster and important reserves are used to support the placenta and fetus.

The following asanas are beneficial during this trimester:

  • Vajrasana(diamond pose) –Enhances digestion and can be done directly after meal.It also helps strengthen the pelvic muscles and assist women in labour too.
  • Kati Chakrasana(spinal twist pose) – Relieves physical and mental tension and tones waist, hip and back.
  • Tadasana (mountain pose)– Helps stretch and loosen the entire spine and also helps in developing mental and physical balance.
  • Uthanasana(standing forward fold)– Strengthens muscles of uterus, thighs, back and ankles.

Third Trimester (29 to 40 weeks)

By the third trimester, the body has already undergone drastic physical and biological changes and also the movement of the baby is strong now. The protruding belly and additional weight are likely to challenge one’s balance. Simple balancing postures can make women feel lighter and more aligned. It is advisable to practice yoga with a prenatal teacher at this stage. If you ever feel uncomfortable doing any posture, stop.

Basic balancing postures like Utthita Trikonasana (extended triangle pose), Utthita Parsvakonasana (extended side angle pose), Virabhadrasana (hero pose) and Vrksasana (tree pose) are ideal for building strength in the legs, for proper alignment in the spine and for easing blood circulation.

According to a review of recent research studies, prenatal yoga drastically lowers the chances of pregnancy complications, stress levels and pain, and possibly even the risk of the baby being small for her gestational age.

As we mark the 4th International Day of Yoga, I urge all expecting mothers to join prenatal yoga classes. Not only will you feel better but you will probably make friends with other soon-to–be mothers and your children can become friends!

Cherish this time.

Celebration of International Yoga Day 2018

Glimpses of  4th International Day of Yoga at FRI, Dehradun

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Achievements of Ministry of AYUSH during 2017

Year End Review- Ministry of AYUSH

All India Institute of Ayurveda Inaugurated by the Prime Minister at New Delhi 

NAM Extended for another Three Years with an Outlay of Rs. 2400 crore

First ever International Conference and Exhibition on AYUSH organised 

The Ministry of AYUSH continued to work tirelessly in 2017 to propagate, publicise and popularise the alternate system of medicine with an aim of minimizing the gap between demand and supply of medical facilities in the country.  During the year 2017 the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi dedicated the All India Institute of Ayurveda to the Nation, Union Cabinet has approved three years extension of National AYUSH Mission(NAM), Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) for international cooperation in the field of AYUSH were signed with many countries, grand celebration of International day of Yoga and National Ayurveda Day and organization of international conferences are some of the most credible accomplishments of the Ministry.

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National AYUSH Mission (NAM)

The Union Cabinet has approved the continuation of National AYUSH Mission (NAM) as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme from 1st April, 2017 to 31st March, 2020 with financial outlay of Rs.2400.00 Crore. The Mission was launched on September 2014 for promotion of AYUSH healthcare in the country.

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Under Mainstreaming of AYUSH component, 8994 PHCs, 2871 CHCs and 506 District Hospitals have been co-located with AYUSH facilities. Under NAM, Ministry  intends to set up fifty bedded hospitals in all the districts in next 10 years. So far 66 fifty bedded integrated AYUSH hospitals and 992 yoga wellness centres have been assisted. An amount of Rs Rs. 490 Crores for the year 2017 18 has been released to various States/UTs under NAM.

National Ayurveda Day Celebration

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi dedicated the All India Institute of Ayurveda, to the Nation on 2ndNational Ayurveda Day on 17th October, 2017. The first ever All India Institute of Ayurveda (AIIA) is set up along the lines of AIIMS.

Ministry celebrated 2nd National Ayurveda Day with the following events:-

 

 

  • Organized Conference on 16th October, 2017 at India Habitat Centre, New Delhi to bring all Stake holders of Ayurveda Sector and create a platform for constructive discussion on the road map to triple the Industry’s potential in just five year time.
  • Organized the Ayurveda Conclave Vision 2022- Taking of Ayurveda Sector from $2.5 Billion to $ 8 Billion Industry.
  • All India Institute of Ayurveda (AIIA), SaritaVihar, New Delhi dedicated to the Nation by the Hon’ble Prime Minister on 17th October, 2017.

Financial assistance has been provided for 23 Health Melas and 10 Seminars/Workshops

International Day of Yoga

The Third International Day of Yoga was celebrated with great enthusiasm across the country with mass yoga demonstrations at National and International level in various places. The main event of Mass Yoga Demonstration was organized at Ramabai Ambedkar Ground, Lucknow on 21st June, 2017 where the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, participated in the mass Yoga demonstration event.

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To commemorate the celebration of 3rd International Day of Yoga (IDY), the Ministry of AYUSH organized an “International Conference on Yoga for Wellness” at New Delhi during 10-11 October 2017.

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The Conference was inaugurated by the Vice President of India, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu. Nearly 600 Indian and foreign delegates including 80Yoga experts/ enthusiasts from 44 countries attended the Conference.

International AROGYA 2017

Ministry of AYUSH in collaboration with Department of Commerce, Ministry of Commerce and Industry; Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) and Pharmexcil organized the ‘International AROGYA 2017’ – First Edition of International Exhibition and Conference on AYUSH and Wellness on the theme ‘Enhancing the export potential of AYUSH’ during 4-7 Dec. 2017.

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The event was attended by International Ayurveda Experts/ Academicians/ Scientists/ Regulators/ Manufacturers. During the International Conference and Regulators Meet, important topics relating to standardization and quality control in AYUSH sector; enhancing the export potential of AYUSH and business opportunities; and integrative healthcare, etc. were extensively deliberated.

BIMSTEC Task Force on Traditional Medicine

1st Meeting of BIMSTEC Task Force on Traditional Medicine in India was organised by the Ministry of AYUSH during 24-25 October, 2017 at New Delhi.

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Wherein delegations from the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, the Kingdom of Bhutan, the Republic of India, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka and the Kingdom of Thailand along with the BIMSTEC Secretariat participated.

International Cooperation

Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs)

Federal level MoU signed with 11 countries and Institute level MoUs signed with 24 Countries so far. 28 AYUSH Information Cells have been set up in 25 countries so far.

Three MoUs were signed by the Central Council for Research In Homoeopathy, an autonomous body under Ministry of AYUSH with:

  • Scientific Society for Homoeopathy (WissHom), Germany for cooperation in the field of research and education in Homoeopathic Medicine
  • Federal University of Rio De Janerio- UFRJ for cooperation in the field of Research and Education.
  • Institute for the History of Medicine, Robert Bosch Foundation, Stuttgart, Germany for cooperation in the field of development of museum on AYUSH system and   archives on homoeopathy.

The Joint Declaration of Intent (JDI) between the Federal Ministry of Health of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Ministry of AYUSH of the Republic of India regarding cooperation in the sector of Alternative Medicine was signed during 4th Indo-German Intergovernmental Consultations (IGC) at Berlin on 1st June 2017.

The High Commission of India in Singapore organized a Symposium cum Seminar on the theme “Preventive Health Care and Immunity Betterment – The Ayurvedic Way” as a part of celebration of 3rd International Day of Yoga on 21st June 2017 in Singapore in collaboration with Ayurvedic Practitioners Association of Singapore (APAS).

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Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga (MDNIY) and Institute of Post Graduate Teaching & Research In Ayurveda (IPGTRA) have been redesignated as WHO Collaborative Centres in Traditional Medicine under WHO’s reference number WHO CC No. IND-118 and WHO CC No. IND-117.

An MOU has been signed between CCRAS & University of Debrecen, Hungry on 01st October, 2017 for establishment of European Institute of Ayurvedic Sciences (EAIS).

A Homoeopathy Chair has been deputed at the Yerevan State Medical University, Armenia consequent to signing of MoU between CCRH and Yerevan State Medical University, Armenia for setting up of AYUSH Academic Chair.

National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB)

NMPB in collaboration with Federation on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Stakeholders (FEDMAPS), New Delhi had organized an International Symposium on “National Policy Drafting of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of India” on 19th & 20th January, 2017.

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The purpose of said event was to draft the National Policy Document of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (MAPs) of India. The review meeting was conducted on 22nd November 2017 and finalization of draft National Policy on Medicinal Plants is in the process.

Achievements under Central Sector Scheme for Conservation, Development and Sustainable Management of Medicinal Plants during 2017-18 till December 2017 are supported 2845.07 hectares under Resource Augmentation of Medicinal Plants, Supported 1000 hectares of area for five Medicinal Plants Conservation and Development Areas (MPCDAs), Supported 43 Joint Forest Management Committees (JFMCs) in States, for livelihood augmentation, through value addition activities and supported projects for setting up of Herbal Gardens, School Herbal Gardens and Home Herbal Gardens.

In collaboration with Federation of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Stakeholders (EFDMAPS), New Delhi, NMPB is sourcing the monthly Mandi price of 100 high demanded medicinal plants from 25 major herbal mandies of India. These monthly prices will be published in ‘e-charak’ portal and website of NMPB for all the stakeholders.

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Preventive study of Dengue and Chikungunya during 2017 (Ongoing)

Protocol for the study titled ‘Effectiveness of Eupatorium perfoliatum vis-à-vis health awareness in preventing dengue & chikungunya fever during outbreak – an open cluster level study.’ was approved by different committees of the Council and study was initiated on 1st July 2017. This is an open cluster level study. The study participants are enrolled from the slum areas with high mosquito exposure but apparently healthy. The study shall be conducted at JJ colony of Mayapuri, Piragadi, Zakira, Chunna Bhatti, Keshav Vihar and Madhav Vihar at New Delhi. Enrolled individuals received Eupatorium perfoliatum 30 once in a week for 10 weeks. Total 70,000 participants enrolled and under follow up study is ongoing.

Central Council for Research in Siddha (CCRS) has a collaborative research project underway on standard care in Dengue with Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi. It is a “Multi-centre open labelled non-randomised parallel group Phase III clinical trial to compare the effectiveness of Siddha, Ayurveda and Homeopathy standard care in Dengue infection/post infective Dengue arthralgia”.

Pharmacopoeia Commission for Indian Medicine & Homoeopathy

Publication and revision of Ayurvedic, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathic Formularies/ Pharmacopoeia/ Codex and of such addenda or supplementary compendia

Three Pharmacopoeial publications namely Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India Part-I, Volume IX, Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India Part – II, Volume IV and Unani Pharmacopoeia of India Part – II, Volume III were released at the hands of Sh. Shripad Naik, Honourable Minister of State I/c, Min. of AYUSH, during Silver Jubilee celebration & Inauguration of 21st Convocation of CRAV and National Seminar on “Evidence Based Ayurvedic Approach to Diagnosis, Prevention and Management of Diabetes and Its Complications” held on 29th May, 2017.

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Development of pharmacopoeial standards

The APC was reconstituted for the period of three years consequent upon expiry of tenure of previous committee. Work regarding development of pharmacopoeial standards for 30 single drugs and formulations each alongwith hydro-alcoholic and water extracts of 5 drugs each has been allotted in project mode. Progress of the work is being closely monitored. Apart from it, drafting of Veterinary Formulary and revision of Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India Part I, Vol. I and Ayurvedic Formulary of India, Part-I & II are also going on.

The SPC was reconstituted for the period of three years consequent upon expiry of tenure of previous committee. Work regarding development of pharmacopoeial standards for 20 single drugs and formulations each has been allotted in project mode. Apart from it, manuscripts of two new publications namely Siddha Pharmacopoeia of India Part I, Vol. III and Siddha Formulary of India (SFI), Part III (Tamil) alongwith revised editions of SFI Part I (Tamil), SFI Part I (English) and SFI Part II (English) are being worked out.

The UPC was reconstituted for the period of three years consequent upon expiry of tenure of previous committee. Revision of National Formulary of Unani Medicine (NFUM), Part I to VI and Unani Pharmacopoeia of India, Part I, Vol. I-VI is under process.

The tenure of HPC was extended for a period of one year suppressing expiry of the incumbent committee. Work regarding development of pharmacopoeial standards for 10 single drugs has been allotted in project mode. Progress of the work is being closely monitored. Apart from it, revision of Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of India Vol. I-IX is also going on.

Achievements under Extra Mural Research (EMR) Scheme during the year 2017-18

 New projects clearly/conditionally approved by PAC – 12

 Grant in-Aid approved for ongoing projects – 23

 Projects completed – 11

 Research papers published in reputed journals – 2

AYUSH Education Reforms

In order to raise the levels of the AYUSH education, Ministry is planning a country-wide collective of AYUSH students which will serve as a platform for students for organizing various activities.

National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET) for all AYUSH Educational Institutions for admission of undergraduate Course through designated Authority. For all system of AYUSH, minimum 50% marks should be obtained by the candidates to be eligible for admission in Under Graduate Course.

National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET) for all AYUSH Educational Institutions for admission of Post graduate Course / Exit Exam through designated Authority. For all system of AYUSH, minimum 50% marks should be obtained by the candidates to qualify the test. By assessing the percentage of qualifying students in PG NEET / Exit examination of a particular AYSUH Institution, the due benefits should be given to that particular college and the same will be incorporated in MSR of both ASU & H system.  Colleges shall be exempted from obtaining permission from Central Government for one year, if 70% of the students of the previous batch qualify the PG-NEET / Exit exam.

AYUSH National Teachers Eligibility Test shall be conducted for appointment of all teachers in AYUSH Institutions, and a unique verification code for such teachers shall be allotted by CCH / CCIM before their appointment.

The attendance of Teaching Staffs in all AYUSH Medical Colleges shall be through geo location based system, which shall be made accessible by the relevant Council (CCIM / CCH) as well as the Ministry.

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