Search

Press Information Bureau

Government of India

Month

October 2018

देश को एकता के सूत्र में पिरोने वाले आधुनिक भारत के निर्माता को विशेष श्रद्धांजलि

unnamed

नरेन्‍द्र मोदी, भारत के प्रधानमंत्री

वर्ष 1947 के पहले छह महीने भारत के इतिहास में अत्‍यंत महत्‍वपूर्ण रहे थे। साम्राज्‍यवादी शासन के साथ-साथ भारत का विभाजन भी अपने अंतिम चरण में पहुंच गया था। हालांकि,  उस समय यह तस्‍वीर पूरी तरह से साफ नहीं थी कि क्‍या देश का एक से अधिक बार विभाजन होगा। कीमतें आसमान पर पहुंच गई थीं, खाद्य पदार्थों की कमी आम बात हो गई थी, लेकिन इन बातों से परे सबसे बड़ी चिंता भारत की एकता को लेकर नजर आ रही थी, जो खतरे में थी।

इस पृष्‍ठभूमि में ‘गृह विभाग’ का बहुप्रतीक्षित गठन वर्ष 1947 के जून महीने में किया गया। इस विभाग का एक प्रमुख लक्ष्‍य उन 550 से भी अधिक रियासतों से भारत के साथ उनके रिश्‍तों के बारे में बातचीत करना था जिनके आकार, आबादी, भू-भाग अथवा आर्थिक स्थितियों में काफी भिन्‍नताएं थीं। उस समय महात्‍मा गांधी ने कहा था कि, ‘‘राज्‍यों की समस्‍या इतनी ज्‍यादा विकट है कि सिर्फ ‘आप’ ही इसे सुलझा सकते हैं।’’ यहां पर ‘आप’ से आशय किसी और से नहीं, बल्कि सरदार वल्‍लभभाई पटेल से है जिनकी जयंती आज हम मना रहे हैं और जिन्‍हें हम भावभीनी श्रद्धांजलि दे रहे हैं।

अपनी विशिष्‍ट सरदार पटेल शैली में उन्‍होंने सटीक तौर पर सुदृढ़ता और प्रशासनिक दक्षता के साथ इस चुनौती को पूरा किया। समय कम था और जवाबदेही बहुत बड़ी थी। लेकिन, इसे अंजाम देने वाली शख्सियत कोई साधारण व्‍यक्ति नहीं, बल्कि सरदार पटेल ही थे, जो इस बात के लिए दृढ़प्रति‍ज्ञ थे कि वह किसी भी सूरत में अपने राष्‍ट्र को झुकने नहीं देंगे। उन्‍होंने और उनकी टीम ने एक-एक करके सभी रियासतों से बातचीत की और इन सभी रियासतों को ‘आजाद भारत’ का अभिन्‍न हिस्‍सा बनाना सुनिश्चित किया।

सरदार पटेल ने पूरी तन्‍मयता और लगन से दिन-रात एक करते हुए इस कार्य को पूरा किया और इसी शैली की बदौलत ही आधुनिक भारत का वर्तमान एकीकृत मानचित्र हम देख रहे हैं।

19

कहा जाता है कि वी. पी. मेनन ने स्वतंत्रता मिलने पर सरकारी सेवा से अवकाश लेने की इच्छा व्यक्त की। इस पर सरदार पटेल ने उनसे कहा कि समय आराम करने या सेवा निवृत्त होने का नहीं है। सरदार पटेल का ऐसा दृढ़ संकल्प था। वी. पी. मेनन विदेश विभाग के सचिव बनाए गए। उन्होंने अपनी पुस्तक ‘द स्टोरी ऑफ द इंटीग्रेशन ऑफ इंडियन स्टेट्स’ में लिखा है कि किस तरह सरदार पटेल ने इस मुहिम में अग्रणी भूमिका निभाई और अपने नेतृत्‍व में किस प्रकार पूरी टीम को परिश्रम से काम करने के लिए प्रेरित किया। उन्होंने लिखा है कि सरदार पटेल के लिए सबसे पहले भारत की जनता के हित थे, जिस पर कोई समझौता नहीं किया जा सकता।

हमने 15 अगस्त, 1947 को नए भारत के उदय का उत्सव मनाया। लेकिन राष्ट्र निर्माण का कार्य अधूरा था। स्वतंत्र भारत के प्रथम गृह मंत्री के रूप में उन्होंने प्रशासनिक ढांचा बनाने का काम प्रारंभ किया जो आज भी जारी है- चाहे यह दैनिक शासन संचालन का मामला हो तथा लोगों विशेषकर, गरीब और वंचित लोगों के हितों की रक्षा का मामला हो।

सरदार पटेल अनुभवी प्रशासक थे। प्रशासन में उनका अनुभव विशेषकर 1920 के दशक में अहमदाबाद नगरपालिका में उनकी सेवा का अनुभव, स्वतंत्र भारत के प्रशासनिक ढांचे को मजबूत बनाने में सहायक साबित हुआ। उन्होंने अहमदाबाद में स्वच्छता कार्य को आगे बढ़ाने में सराहनीय कार्य किए। उन्होंने पूरे शहर में स्वच्छता और जल निकासी प्रणाली सुनिश्चित की। उन्होंने सड़क, बिजली तथा शिक्षा जैसी शहरी अवसंरचना के अन्य पहलुओं पर भी जोर दिया।

आज यदि भारत जीवंत सहकारिता क्षेत्र के लिए जाना जाता है तो इसका श्रेय सरदार पटेल को जाता है। ग्रामीण समुदायों, विशेषकर महिलाओं को सशक्त बनाने का उनका विजन अमूल परियोजना में दिखता है। यह सरदार पटेल ही थे, जिन्होंने सहकारी आवास सोसाइटी के विचार को लोकप्रिय बनाया और इस प्रकार अनेक लोगों के लिए सम्मान और आश्रय सुनिश्चित किया।

सरदार पटेल निष्ठा और ईमानदारी के पर्याय रहे। भारत के किसानों की उनमें प्रगाढ़ आस्था थी। वह किसान पुत्र थे, जिन्होंने बारदोली सत्याग्रह के दौरान अगली कतार से नेतृत्व किया। श्रमिक वर्ग उनमें आशा की किरण देखता था, एक ऐसा नेता देखता था जो उनके लिए बोलेगा। व्यापारी और उद्योगपतियों ने उनके साथ इसलिए काम करना पसंद किया, क्योंकि वे समझते थे कि सरदार पटेल भारत के आर्थिक और औद्योगिक विकास के विजन वाले दिग्गज नेता हैं।

2

 

उनके राजनैतिक मित्र भी उन पर भरोसा करते थे। आचार्य कृपलानी का कहना था कि जब कभी वह किसी दुविधा में होते थे और यदि बापू का मार्गदर्शन नहीं मिल पाता था तो वह सरदार पटेल का रूख करते थे। 1947 में जब राजनैतिक समझौते के बारे में विचार-विमर्श अपने चरम पर था, तब सरोजिनी नायडू ने उन्‍हें ‘‘संकल्‍प शक्ति वाले गतिशील व्‍यक्ति’’ की संज्ञा दी।

उनके शब्‍दों और उनकी कार्य प्रणाली पर सभी को पूरा विश्वास था। जाति, धर्म, आयु से ऊपर उठकर सभी लोग सरदार पटेल का सम्‍मान करते थे।

इस वर्ष सरदार की जयंती और अधिक विशेष है। 130 करोड़ भारतीयों के आशीर्वाद से आज ‘स्‍टैच्‍यू ऑफ यूनिटी’ का उद्घाटन किया जा रहा है। नर्मदा के तट पर स्थित ‘स्‍टैच्‍यू ऑफ यूनिटी’ दुनिया की सबसे ऊंची प्रतिमाओं में से एक है। धरती पुत्र सरदार पटेल हमारा सिर गर्व से ऊंचा करने के साथ हमें दृढ़ता प्रदान करेंगे, हमारा मार्गदर्शन करेंगे और हमें प्रेरणा देते रहेंगे।

मैं उन सभी को बधाई देना चाहता हूं जिन्‍होंने सरदार पटेल की इस विशाल प्रतिमा को हकीकत में बदलने के लिए दिन-रात काम किया। मैं 31 अक्‍टूबर, 2013 के उस दिन को याद करता हूं जब हमने इस महत्‍वाकांक्षी परियोजना की आधारशिला रखी थी। रिकॉर्ड समय में, इतनी बड़ी एक परियोजना तैयार हो गई और प्रत्‍येक भारतीय को इससे गौरवान्वित होना चाहिए। मैं आप सभी से आग्रह करता हूं कि आने वाले समय में ‘स्‍टैच्‍यू ऑफ यूनिटी’ को देखने आएं।

DpyefCTV4AAhWgX

स्‍टैच्‍यू ऑफ यूनिटी’ दिलों की एकता और हमारी मातृभूमि की भौगोलिक एकजुटता का प्रतीक है। यह याद दिलाता है कि आपस में बंटकर शायद हम डटकर मुकाबला नहीं कर पाएं। एकजुट रहकर, हम दुनिया का सामना कर सकते हैं और विकास तथा गौरव की नई ऊंचाइयों को छू सकते हैं।

सरदार पटेल ने उपनिवेशवाद के इतिहास को ढहाने के लिए अभूतपूर्व गति से काम किया और राष्‍ट्रवाद की भावना के साथ एकता के भूगोल की रचना की। उन्‍होंने भारत को छोटे क्षेत्रों अथवा राज्‍यों में विभाजित होने से बचाया और राष्‍ट्रीय ढांचे में सबसे कमजोर हिस्‍सों को जोड़ा। आज, हम, 130 करोड़ भारतीय नये भारत का निर्माण करने के लिए कंधे के कंधा मिलाकर काम कर रहे हैं जो मजबूत, समृद्ध और समग्र होगा। प्रत्‍येक फैसला यह सुनिश्चित करके किया जा रहा है कि विकास का लाभ भ्रष्‍टाचार अथवा पक्षपात के बिना समाज के सबसे कमजोर वर्ग तक पहुंचे जैसा कि सरदार पटेल चाहते थे।

                                                                               ***

Advertisements

A special tribute to a great unifier & the maker of modern India

unnamed.jpg Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India

The first half of 1947 was a critical period in India’s history. The end of colonial rule was certain and so was India’s partition but what was uncertain was whether there would be more than one division. Prices were rising, food shortages were common but over and above everything else, the unity of India was under severe strain.

It was in these circumstances that the States Department came into being in the middle of 1947. Among the chief aims of this Department was to negotiate India’s relationship with the over 550 Princely states, which were as diverse as they could get, be it in size, population, terrain or economic situation. No wonder Mahatma Gandhi remarked, “The problem of the states is so difficult that YOU alone can solve it.”

19.jpg

The YOU in question is none other than Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, whose Jayanti we are marking today and to whom we pay our tributes. In vintage Sardar Patel style, he went about his work with precision, firmness and administrative efficiency. Time was less and the task was herculean…but this was no ordinary person, it was Sardar Patel, who was determined not to let his nation down. One by one, he and his team negotiated with the Princely states and ensured that they all became a part of free India.

It was due to the round the clock effort of Sardar Patel that the map of India is what it is today!

Once freedom was won, VP Menon, it is said, wanted to retire from government service, only to be told by Sardar Patel that this was neither the time rest nor the time to retire. Such was Sardar Patel’s firm resolve.VP Menon was made the Secretary of the States Department. In his book ‘The Story of the Integration of Indian States’, he writes about how Sardar Patel led from the front and inspired the entire team to work assiduously. He also writes that Sardar Patel was clear- first and foremost came the interests of the people of India, there would be no compromise on that.

2.jpg

On 15th August 1947, we celebrated the dawn of a new destiny but the work of nation building was far from complete. As Independent India’s first Home Minister, he set the stage for an administrative framework that continues to serve the nation be it in matters of day to day governance and protecting the interests of the people, particularly the poor and marginalized.

Sardar Patel was a veteran administrator. His own experience in governance, particularly in the 1920s, when he served the Ahmedabad municipality, was extremely handy when he worked towards strengthening independent India’s administrative framework. While in Ahmedabad, he did commendable work in furthering cleanliness in the city. He ensured clean and functioning drainage systems across the city. He also focussed on other aspects of urban infrastructure such as roads, electricity and education.

Today, if India is known for a vibrant cooperative sector, a large part of the credit goes to Sardar Patel. The roots of Amul can be traced back to his vision for empowering local communities, particularly women. It was Sardar Patel who also popularized the idea of cooperative housing societies, thus ensuring dignity and shelter for many.

Two traits synonymous with Sardar Patel are trust and integrity. The farmers of India had unparalleled faith in him. Afterall, he was a Kisan Putra, who led from the front during the Bardoli Satyagraha. The working class saw him as a ray of hope, a leader who would speak up for them. Traders and industrialists preferred to work with Sardar Patel because they felt here was a stalwart who had a vision for India’s economic and industrial growth.

His political peers too trusted him. Acharya Kripalani remarked that whenever they faced an issue and if Bapu’s guidance was not available, they would turn to Sardar Patel. When political negotiations were at their peak in 1947, Sarojini Naidu called him “the man of decision and man of action.”

Everyone trusted him, his words and his actions. Sardar Patel continues to be respected across caste, creed, faith, age!

DpyefCTV4AAhWgX.jpg

This year’s Sardar Jayanti is even more special. With the blessings of 130 crore Indians, the ‘Statue of Unity’ is being inaugurated today. Situated on the banks of the Narmada, the ‘Statue of Unity’ is among the tallest in the world. ‘Dharti Putra’ Sardar Patel will stand tall in the skies, to guide us and inspire us.

 

I congratulate all those who have worked day and night to ensure that this grand statue in tribute of Sardar Patel becomes a reality. My mind goes back to 31st October 2013, when we laid the foundation stone for this ambitious project. In record time, a project of such scale has become ready and this should make every Indian proud. I urge you all to visit the ‘Statue of Unity’ in the times to come.

The ‘Statue of Unity’ is a symbol of both the unity of hearts and the geographical integrity of our motherland. It is a reminder that divided, we may not be even able to face ourselves. United, we can face the world and scale new heights of growth and glory.

Sardar Patel worked with astonishing speed to dismantle the history of imperialism and create the geography of unity with the spirit of nationalism. He saved India from Balkanization and integrated even the weakest of limbs into the national framework. Today, we, the 130 crore Indians are working shoulder to shoulder to build a New India that is strong, prosperous and inclusive. Every decision is being taken to ensure that the fruits of development reach the most vulnerable, without any corruption or favouritism, just as Sardar Patel would have wanted it.

****

How Bapu united India: Today we have a similar opportunity to build the India of Gandhiji’s dreams

Today we mark the beginning of the 150th birth anniversary celebrations of our beloved Bapu. He remains a shining beacon of hope for millions of people across the world who seek a life of equality, dignity, inclusion and empowerment. The impact he left on human society has few parallels.

 

Mahatma Gandhi connected India, in letter and spirit, in thought and action. As Sardar Patel rightly said, “India is a land of diversity. If there was one person who brought everyone together, made people rise above differences, to fight colonialism and enhanced India’s stature at the world stage, it was Mahatma Gandhi.” In the 21st century, the thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi remain as essential as they were in his time and offer solutions to several problems the world faces. In a world where terrorism, radicalisation, extremism and mindless hate are dividing nations as well as societies, his clarion calls of peace and ahimsa have the power to unite humanity.

H2018100255157.JPG

At a time when inequalities are not uncommon, Bapu’s emphasis on equal and inclusive growth can herald an era of prosperity for the millions on the margins. In an era where climate change and environmental degradation have become central issues of discussion, the world can refer to the thoughts of Gandhiji. More than a century ago, in 1909 he differentiated between human wants and human greed. He urged both restraint and compassion while utilising natural resources and, he himself led by example in doing this. He cleaned his own toilets, ensuring clean surroundings. He also ensured minimal wastage of water and when he was in Ahmedabad, he took great care to ensure that unclean water did not merge with the Sabarmati.

 

 

Sometime back, a crisp, comprehensive and concise document caught my attention. In 1941, Bapu wrote the ‘Constructive Programme: Its meaning and place’, which he subsequently modified in 1945, when there was renewed fervour around the freedom movement. In that document, Bapu has talked about a wide range of topics ranging across rural development, strengthening agriculture, enhancing sanitation, promoting Khadi, empowerment of women, economic equality among other issues.

I would urge my fellow Indians to have a look at Gandhiji’s ‘Constructive Programme’ and make it a guiding light on how we can build the India of Bapu’s dreams. Many topics are absolutely relevant today and the government of India is fulfilling many of the points venerable Bapu raised seven decades ago but remain unfulfilled even today.

One of the most beautiful aspects of Gandhiji’s personality was that he made every Indian feel that he or she is working for India’s freedom. He instilled the spirit of self-belief that a teacher, lawyer, doctor, farmer, labourer, entrepreneur, in whatever they were doing they were contributing to India’s freedom struggle. In the same light, today, let us embrace those aspects we think we can act upon that will fulfil Gandhiji’s vision. It can start with something as simple as ensuring zero waste of food to imbibing values of non-violence and togetherness.

Let us think about how our actions can contribute to a cleaner and greener environment for the future generations. Almost eight decades ago, when the threats of pollution were not as much, Gandhiji took to cycling. Those in Ahmedabad recall him cycling from Gujarat Vidyapith to Sabarmati Ashram. In fact, I read that one of Gandhiji’s first protests in South Africa was against a set of laws that prevented people from cycling. Despite a prosperous legal career, Gandhiji would use the bicycle to travel in Johannesburg. Can we emulate this same spirit today?

The festive season is here and people across India would be shopping for new clothes, gifts, food items and more. While doing so, remember the wise thoughts Gandhiji gave us in the form of his talisman. Let us think about how our actions can light the lamp of prosperity in the lives of our fellow Indians. By buying what they make, be it a khadi product, or a gift item or foodstuffs, we are helping our fellow Indians in pursuit of a better life. We may never have seen them or may not do so for the rest of our lives. However, Bapu would be proud of us that in our actions we are helping fellow Indians.

Over the last four years, 130 crore Indians have paid tributes to Mahatma Gandhi in the form of the Swachh Bharat Mission. Completing four years today, it has emerged as a vibrant mass movement with commendable outcomes. Over 85 million households now have access to toilets for the first time. Over 400 million Indians no longer have to defecate in the open. In a short span of four years, sanitation coverage is up from 39% to 95%. Twenty-one states, Union territories and 4.5 lakh villages are now open defecation free.

IITBombay.png

An overwhelming majority of Indians today did not have the good fortune of being a part of the freedom struggle. We could not die for the nation then but now, we must live for the nation and do everything possible to build the India our freedom fighters envisioned. Today we have a great opportunity to fulfil Bapu’s dream. We have covered substantial ground and I am confident we will cover a lot more in the times to come.

One of Bapu’s favourite hymns was “vaishnav jan to tene kahiye je, peer parayee jaane re,” which means “a good soul is one who feels the pain of others.” It was this spirit that made him live for others. Today, we, the 1.3 billion Indians are committed to working together to fulfil the dreams Bapu saw for a country for which he gave his life.

Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com.

Up ↑

%d bloggers like this: