Year End Review – Comprehensive State Specific Action Plans for 24×7
“Power for all”
Energy Shortage reduced to 2.3%; Peak Shortage to 3.2%
‘UDAY’ to ease Financial Crunch of Discoms
National Initiatives to curb Carbon Emissions & Promote Energy Efficiency
In view of the growing need of the Indian economy, the NDA Government has embarked upon a massive programme to provide 24×7 power across the country by 2019. This means connecting to the grid 1,25,000 of the six lakh villages in the country. Providing 24×7 power also means lot of other innovative steps. Conscious of this fact, several landmark decisions have already been taken in thermal power generation, hydel and more importantly in solar, wind and other green energy, besides strengthening of transmission and distribution, separation of feeder and metering of power to consumers. Special focus has also been given to North East by giving approval to the North Eastern power system improvement project and comprehensive scheme for strengthening of transmission and distribution in the North Eastern States.
In the reform and restructuring front, various amendments are being brought in the Electricity Act and Tariff policy. Comprehensive State-specific action plans for 24×7 power to all homes are being prepared in partnership with respective states, encompassing generation, transmission and distribution. The Power Ministry has already signed a memorandum of understanding with various State Governments under its ‘Power for all’ initiative that aims to cover the entire country. The Government is also implementing an ambitious Rs 43,033 crore plan to supply separate electricity through separate feeders for agricultural and rural domestic consumption to ensure round-the-clock power rural households. Also, Rs.32,612 crore Integrated Power Development Scheme has been launched for strengthening sub-transmission and distribution systems. Plan is afoot to reduce transmission losses by 5 per cent, which is significant and it stood at around 27 per cent. A five per cent saving in transmission losses meant that India has additional 15,000 Mw of power without any fresh investment. Creating new power generation capacity of one Mw of power meant and investment ranging from Rs 5-7 crore and 15,000 mw reduction losses meant an additional Rs 75,000 to Rs 1.05 lakh crore is available for other investments.
The Union Cabinet recently approved Ujwal Discom Assurance Yojna or UDAY to ease the financial crunch faced by power distribution companies. The scheme was launched to tackle debt of Rs 4.3 lakh crore on discoms utilities besides measures to cut power thefts and align consumer tariff with cost of generating electricity. UDAY assures the rise of vibrant and efficient DISCOMs through a permanent resolution of past as well as potential future issues of the sector. It empowers DISCOMs with the opportunity to break even in the next 2-3 years. This is through four initiatives of improving operational efficiencies of DISCOMs, reducing power costs, decreasing interest cost of DISCOMs and enforcing financial discipline on DISCOMs through alignment with State finances. The scheme is getting great support from several states. Twelve states namely Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh , Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Gujarat , Haryana ,Punjab, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh & Uttarakhand have given their in-principle nod to join UDAY as on 19 December 2015,
The NDA government has initiated National Smart Grid Mission to make the Indian Power infrastructure cost effective, responsive and reliable. Smart grids use sensors, meters, digital controls and analytic tools to automate, monitor and control the two-way flow of energy across operations—from power plant to plug. This is a very ambitious programme and the 100 smart cities to be set up will also have smart grids resulting in sizeable savings in power.
To achieve the goal of uninterrupted power supply to consumers, the Ministry has taken several steps in coordination with State Governments. The measures are as under:
(i) Capacity addition of 1,18,537 MW (including 88,537 MW conventional and 30,000 MW renewable) during the 12th Plan, i.e. by 2016-17.
(ii) Construction of 1,07,440 ckm transmission lines and setting up of 2,82,740 MVA transformation capacity during the 12th Plan, i.e. by 2016-17.
(iii) Preparation of State specific Action Plans for providing 24X7 Power For All (PFA) in partnership with the States.
(iv) Strengthening of sub-transmission and distribution networks and segregation of agricultural feeders to give adequate and reliable supply and reduce line losses through new schemes of Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY) and Integrated Power Development Scheme (IPDS).
(v) Promotion of energy conservation, energy efficiency and other demand side management measures.
(vi) New Scheme Ujwal Discom Assurance Yojana ( UDAY) notified on 20.11.2015 for operational & Financial turnaround of Discoms.
(vii) Expeditious resolution of issues for facilitating early completion of generation and transmission projects.
(viii) Providing support from Power System Development Fund (PSDF) for stranded gas based generation.
To curb carbon emissions and encourage energy efficiency in the country, Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi launchedNational Programmes on 5th January, 2015 to convert all conventional street lights with LED street lights and Domestic Efficient Lighting Programme (DELP) to provide LED bulbs to domestic households. Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), a public sector entity under the administration of Ministry of Power, is given charge of distributing LED bulbs for domestic use . EESL hasdistributed over 3.90 crore ( as on 18th Dec,2015) LED bulbs under its flagship initiative, the Domestic Efficient Lighting Programme (DELP). Also, all Central Ministries and Departments have been asked to replace CFL and Incandescent bulbs with LED bulbs. After the recent devastating Hudhud cyclone in Vizakhapattanam, Energy Efficiency Services Limited has replaced 91,000 street lights with LED lights. Chennai and Mumbai municipalities too have started replacing CFL and sodium vapour lamps with LED street lights in certain areas.
The details of year round achievements of the Ministry of Power are as follows:
24X7 POWER FOR ALL
Shri Piyush Goyal, Union Minister of State (IC) for Power, Coal and New & Renewable Energy said, “Government of India to provide 24×7 power across the country by 2019 by creating cost effective infrastructure which was sustainable and inclusive of clean energy solutions”. The Union Government is working tirelessly to achieve this milestone before time. It has also taken a joint initiative with States for preparation of State specific documents for 24X7 Power for All. Documents for 10 States namely Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Meghalaya, Goa, Jharkhand, Assam , Telangana , Bihar , Uttarakhand and Chhattisgarh have already been signed till today. The preparation of documents for other States is proposed to completed by end of this month.
Power generation during the 2015-16 (April-November, 2015) is 739.915 BU showing a growth rate of 4.55% over the previous year same period. Coal based power generation during the current year is 561.423 BU showing growth rate of 6.4% over the previous year same period.
During 2014-15 against the generation target of 1023 BU, the achievement was 1048.4 BU registering Y-O-Y growth of 8.4%. The annual generation crossed 1 Trillion Units and registered highest growth in last two decades.
GENERATION CAPACITY ADDITION
The generation capacity addition during 2015-16 (April-November, 2015) is 9,466 MW against the annual target of 20,037. The capacity addition during the first 3 years and 8 months (1-April-2012 to 08-December-2015) of the 12th Plan is 70,480 MW which has not only exceeded the capacity addition of 54,964 MW of the entire 11th Plan (2007-2012) but also constitute 79.6% of the total 12th Plan target of 88,537 MW.
Out of 9,466 MW added during the period April-November, 2015, contribution of the thermal sector was significant i.e 7,616 MW (80.5% of the total). It includes NTPC’s Bongaigaon (300 MW) and Vindhyachal Stage-V (500 MW) in Thermal and remaining 2 units of Koldam (200 MW each) in Hydro and NLC’s Tuticorin (500 MW).
During 2014-15 against the target 17830.30 MW generation capacity of 22,566.30 MW was achieved. This was highest ever capacity addition in a single year (126.6% of target), registering a growth of 26% over the capacity addition in 2013-14.
Efforts have been made to increase the domestic coal production to meet the requirement of power plants. The growth in domestic coal supplied to power plants during 2014-15 was 10.4%. Government of India has sanctioned a scheme for utilization of gas based power generation capacity for the years 2015-16 and 2016-17. The scheme envisages supply of imported spot Re-gasified liquefied natural gas (RLNG) to the stranded gas based plants as well as plants receiving domestic gas, selected through a reverse e-bidding process.
Consequent to several steps taken by the Government for expediting forest clearances and intensive monitoring of critical transmission lines , 20,534 circuit kilometers (ckm) of transmission lines have been commissioned during the period April-November, 2015 against 14,685 ckm commissioned during the same period last year, thus having a growth of 39.8%. This is 86.6% of the annual target of 23,712 ckm fixed for 2015-16. Similarly, the overall increase in the transformation capacity has been 33,181 MVA during April-November, 2015 constitutes 65.7% of the target of 50,542 fixed for 2014-15.
The major Inter-State Transmission System (ISTS) commissioned during April-November, 2015 includes 800KV HVDC Biswanath Chariyali – Agra Bi-pole line, which would facilitate power flow between North East and Northern / Western Region.765 KV D/C Dharamjaygarh – Jabalpur line commissioned recently will help in evacuating power from generation projects in Odisha, which would further connect to National Grid. Also commissioning of 400 KV D/C Barh – Gorakhpur (Quad) line will act as an immediate evacuation system with Barh Thermal Power Station. The commissioning of 765KV D/C Narendra (New Kudgi) – Kolhapur line (initially charged at 400KV) will strengthen the transmission system in Southern Region and improve the power supply in the region. 765KV D/C Aurangabad – Solapur line will facilitate power flow between Western Region and Northern Region. 400KV D/C Vijayawada – Nellore line would strengthen the transmission system in Southern Region. 400KV D/C Silchar – Purba Kanchan Bari line (charged at 132KV) in North Eastern Region is helping evacuation of power from Pallantana Gas Based Power Project and Bongaigaon Thermal Power Station (BTPS).
The huge capacity addition coupled with higher generation and improve transmission capacity has resulted in considerably reducing the Electricity Energy Shortage from a level of 7 to 11% during the last two decades to only 2.3% and Peak Shortage to 3.2% lowest ever during the period April-November 2015.
UDAY (UJWAL DISCOM ASSURANCE YOJANA)
Ministry of Power has launched its ambitious Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojna or UDAY on 5th November, 2015. The scheme provides for the financial turnaround and revival of Power Distribution companies (DISCOMs), and importantly also ensures a sustainable permanent solution to the problem.
Under the scheme state governments can take over 75 percent of their debt as of September 30 and pay back lenders by selling bonds and for the remaining 25 percent, discoms will issue bonds. The central government is also ready to ease rules to allow the states participating in the scheme to borrow more and help with the additional burden. The scheme will reduce the interest cost on the debt taken over by the States to around 8-9%, from as high as 14-15%; thus improving overall efficiency. Further provisions for spreading the financial burden on States over three years, will give States flexibility in managing the interest payment on the debt taken over, within their available fiscal space in the initial few years. A permanent resolution to the problem of DISCOM losses is achieved by States taking over and funding at least 50% of the future losses (if any) of DISCOMs in a graded manner.
NATIONAL SMART GRID MISSION
The Government of India has approved the National Smart Grid Mission (NSGM) earlier this year.The mission is an institutional mechanism for planning, monitoring and implementation of policies and programs related to Smart Grid activities. The total outlay for NSGM activities for 12th Plan is Rs 980 crore with a budgetary support of Rs 338 crore.
NSGM has three tier structure. At the apex level, NSGM has a Governing Council headed by the Minister of Power. Members of the Governing Council are Secretary level officers of concerned Ministries and departments. Role of Governing Council is to approve all policies and programme for smart grid implementation. At the second level, the NSGM has an Empowered Committee headed by Secretary (Power). Members of the Empowered Committee are Joint Secretary level officers of concerned Ministries and departments. Role of Empowered Committee is to provide policy input to Governing Council and approve, monitor, review specific smart grid projects, guidelines / procedures etc. In a supportive role, NSGM has a Technical Committee headed by Chairperson (CEA). Members of the Technical Committee are Director level officers of concerned Ministries & departments, representatives from industries and academia. Role of Technical Committee is to support the Empowered Committee on technical aspect, standards development, technology selection guidelines etc.
The major activities envisaged under NSGM are development of smart grid, development of micro grids, consumer engagements and training & capacity building etc. NSGM entails implementation of a smart electrical grid based on state-of-the art technology in the fields of automation, communication and IT systems that can monitor and control power flows from points of generation to points of consumption, the Minister added.
Prime Minister in his address to the nation on 15th August, 2015, made the announcement that remaining 18,500 un-electrified villages would be electrified within next 1000 days. Government of India has decided to electrify all unelectrified villages of the country by 01st May, 2018. The strategy for electrification of un-electrified villages in a mission mode consists of squeezed implementation schedule of 12 months with 12 Stage milestones for village electrification monitoring with defined timelines. The budgetary allocation under the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana is Rs. 4500 Crore for the financial year 2015-16. Several Power Distribution Companies (DISCOMs) of various states, including Rajasthan have large outstanding debts. ‘Gram Vidyut Abhiyanta’ (GVA) at District / Block level- 309 GVAs have been appointed in 177 Districts of 12 States.
All remaining un-electrified villages to be electrified through grid connection have been sanctioned. Against the target of connecting 3500 un-connected villages during 2015-16, during April-October, 2240 villages have already been connected.
There are 18452 villages left for electrification as on 01.4.2015 in 19 States as given below:-
|State-wise details of Un-electrified villages|
|Sl. No||State||Total un-electrified villages
(As on 01.04.15)
|Villages electrified during 2015-16
(As on 30.11.15)
|Balance un-electrified villages
(As on 30.11.15)
|6||J & K||132||26||106|
‘Grameen Vidyutikaran’ Mobile App was launched by Shri Piyush Goyal, Union Minister of State (IC) for Coal, Power and New and Renewable Energy, to ensure real time updation of progress of electrification process through web portal/ Mobile App.
The ‘Grameen Vidyutikaran’ Mobile App can be downloaded from the ‘Google Play Store’ athttps://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.phonegap.kyrovidyut
INTEGRATED POWER DEVELOPMENT SCHEME (IPDS)
To facilitate State utilities to ensure quality and reliable 24X7 Power supply in urban areas, Government approved the IPDS with total outlay of Rs.32, 612 cr including budgetary support of 25,354 cr. The main component of the scheme are strengthening of sub-transmission and distribution networks in urban areas, metering of distribution transformers/feeders/consumers in urban areas and IT enablement of distribution sector. During 2015-16 against the target of 360 towns, 229 towns have already been declared Go Live during April-October. AT&C loss reduction has been reported in 630 towns out of 940 towns (64%).
SCHEME FOR GAS BASED POWER PLANTS
Government of India has sanctioned a scheme for importing spot RLNG for the stranded gas and partly stranded gas based plants selected through a reverse e-bidding process. The scheme provides for financial support from PSDF (Power System Development Fund). The outlay for the support from PSDF has been fixed at Rs. 7500 crores (Rs. 3500 crores and Rs. 4,000 crores for the year 2015-16 and 2016-17 respectively).
Auctions for the 1st phase (1st June to 30th September, 2015) of PSDF Support to gas based power plants was held in the months of May, 2015. A combined total of 10,270 MW plants were able to secure gas allocation. The entire process was completed in less than a month and gas supply by GAIL started on 1st June 2015.
Auctions for 2nd Phase (1st October, 2015 to 31st March, 2016) were held in the month of September, 2015 and will help in revival of gas based generation plants with installed capacity of 11,717.72 MW. Total incremental electricity expected to be generated under phase II is 12472.6 million units.
A three year action plan has been chalked out with a set of concrete measure to enhance the energy savings from current level of 6% to 10% by 2018. Prime Minister launched the 100 cities National Programme on 5th January, 2015 to convert all conventional street lights with LED street lights and Domestic Efficient Lighting Programme (DELP) to provide LED bulbs to domestic households.
Under the Street Lighting National Programme (SLNP), 303 Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) have been enrolled. Replacement of conventional street lights with energy efficient LED street lights have been completed in 20 ULBs in States of Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Tripura. More than 4 Lac conventional street lights have been replaced with LED lights. In addition, work is in progress in 83 more urban local bodies.
Details about the National level initiative is detailed as under:
|No of street lights to be replaced||3.5 crore (approx.)|
|Expected annual energy savings||9000 million KWh (approx.)|
|Expected reduction of installed street light load||1500 MW (approx.)|
|Estimated capital investment(excluding O&M)||Rs. 35,000 crore (approx.)|
|Annual estimated greenhouse gas emission reductions||6.2 million tonnes of CO2 (approx.)|
Under Domestic Efficient Lighting Programme (DELP), 186 cities/towns have been enrolled. As on 18th December 2015, EESL has successfully distributed more than 3.90 crore LED bulbs across India. At present, LED distribution is under progress in 74 cities/towns in eighteen States .
The details of States covered under Domestic Efficient Lighting Programme (DELP) along with number of LED bulbs distributed to the Consumers till 18/12/2015 State-wise are as follows:-
|Sl. No||State||Number of bulbs distributed so far (as on 18/12/2015)|
In order to provide information on real time to general public, policy makes and stakeholders , National DELP Dashboard, was launched recently by Shri Piyush Goyal , Union Minister of State (IC) for Power, Coal, and New & Renewable Energy . It is an integrated, real-time, and web-based dashboard which dynamically refreshes at an interval of 15-sec to display in real-time, number of LEDs distributed at national level. As on 18 December 2015 12.49 pm, 3,90,21,906 LED bulbs have been distributed across the country.
The link to National DELP Dashboard is as follows:
The Government targets to replace 77 crore bulbs in the country by LED bulbs by March, 2019. As a result of such replacement, savings will be as follows:
- Energy saved per year – 100 billion Units (Approx.)
- Avoided Peak Demand – 20000 MW (Approx.)
- Cost saving per year – Rs.40,000 crore (Approx.)
- CO2 Reduction per year – 80 million Tones CO2 (Approx.)
In an effort to spread awareness about energy efficiency , ‘Star Rating’ mobile app was launched on 14 December,2015 which is linked to the Standards and Labeling database . It provides the user a platform to compare personalized energy saving devices across the same class and get a real-time feedback from consumers and other stakeholders so they can make an informed purchase decision.
Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between India and the Republic of Korea on cooperation in the field of electric power development and new energy industries. It will provide an enabling framework for establishing contact between governmental entities and public authorities of both countries in the field of electric power development and new energy industries. It would also facilitate exchange of knowledge and experience aiming to create opportunities for investment in both countries. The focus of attention will be bilateral cooperation in the areas of electric power development, renewable energy, smart grids and power Information and Technology, transmission and distribution of electric power, energy efficiency and energy storage systems, etc. Measures in these areas will improve energy security and reliability of supply, improve energy access and facilitate sustainable economic growth. The Railway Ministry signed four MoUs with ministry of Power and its organisations for cooperation in areas of Electricity Transmission and Energy Conservation in a time bound manner
SWACHH BHARAT ABHIYAAN
The Power Ministry in association with Ministries of Coal and New & Renewable Energy were committed to construct a total of 1 Lac Toilets in Government Schools within one year under Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan. CPSUs namely NTPC, REC, PGCIL, PFC, NHPC, SJVNL, THDC, NEEPCO, CIL, NLC and IREDA participated in the Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan. The three ministries collectively completed construction of more than 1.28 lakh numbers of toilets in schools across the country in short span of one year, surpassing the commitment of 1 lakh nos. given by Shri Piyush Goyal Union Minister of State ( IC)for Coal, Power and New & Renewable Energy . The program was monitored at the highest level in the Ministry on a daily basis. Uploading of information was done by using latest technology on a specially designed web portal.
Company wise Number of toilets constructed in schools under the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan by PSUs of Ministry of Power are as follows:
|S.No.||PSU||Total toilets completed||States covered|
|2||REC||12,379||Uttar Pradesh, MP, Bihar, Telengana, Punjab, Rajasthan|
|3||PGCIL||9,983||UP, Bihar, MP, Chattisgarh, AP, Orissa, Assam|
|5||NHPC||7,547||Assam, West Bengal, J&K|
|6||SJVN||2,387||Himachal Pradesh, Bihar, Uttrakhand and Arunachal Pradesh|